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Journal Articles

Local structure investigations of accumulated damage in irradiated MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$

Yoshioka, Satoru*; Tsuruta, Konosuke*; Yamamoto, Tomokazu*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Matsumura, Sho*; Sugiyama, Takeharu*; Oba, Yojiro; Ishikawa, Norito; Kobayashi, Eiichi*; Okudaira, Koji*

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 103(8), p.4654 - 4663, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Ceramics)

X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) reveal the damaged structures in MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ spinel induced by swift heavy ions. SAXS indicates the formation of ion tracks with cylindrical shape with a diameter of 5 nm. XANES indicates the cationic disordering between tetrahedral and octahedral sites by the irradiation. Quantitative analysis of XANES also reveals that cations preferably occupy the octahedral sites at high fluence.

Journal Articles

X-ray absorption near edge structure and first-principles spectral investigations of cationic disorder in MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ induced by swift heavy ions

Yoshioka, Satoru*; Tsuruta, Konosuke*; Yamamoto, Tomokazu*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Matsumura, Sho*; Ishikawa, Norito; Kobayashi, Eiichi*

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 20(7), p.4962 - 4969, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:81.51(Chemistry, Physical)

Cationic disorder in the MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ spinel induced by swift heavy ions was investigated using the X-ray absorption near edge structure. With changes in the irradiation fluences of 200 MeV Xe ions, the Mg K-edge and Al K-edge spectra were synchronously changed. The calculated spectra based on density function theory indicate that the change in the experimental spectra was due to cationic disorder between Mg in tetrahedral sites and Al in octahedral sites. These results suggest a high inversion degree to an extent that the completely random configuration is achieved in MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ induced by the high density electronic excitation under swift heavy ion irradiation.

Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Operational experience of CW SRF injector and main linac cryomodules at the Compact ERL

Sakai, Hiroshi*; Enami, Kazuhiro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Kako, Eiji*; Kondo, Yoshinari*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Miura, Takako*; Qiu, F.*; Sato, Masato*; Shinoe, Kenji*; et al.

Proceedings of 56th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL 2015) (Internet), p.63 - 66, 2015/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Plasmonic cyclohexane-sensing by sputter-deposited Au nanoparticle array on SiO$$_{2}$$

Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Yoshikawa, Masahito; Takahiro, Katsumi*

Thin Solid Films, 562, p.648 - 652, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:75.7(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Liquid organic-hydrides such as cyclohexane which can release-absorbing hydrogen in reversible have been proposed approvable carriers to store and transport hydrogen. However, organic-hydrides are known as highly flammable in air. To realize practical use of this hydrogen production process, the monitoring of leakage of organic-hydride gas is strongly required. In the present work, we have examined the plasmonic sensing ability of Au nanoparticle (NP) arrays for dilute cyclohexane. Au NP arrays were prepared on SiO$$_{2}$$ by a sputter deposition technique. The change in an extinction spectrum of Au NP arrays before and after exposure of cyclohexane vapor enabled us to detect it. The Au NP array prepared with 4.4 $$times$$ 10$$^{16}$$ Au atoms/cm$$^{2}$$ deposited at 300$$^{circ}$$C was and demonstrated a high sensitivity for cyclohexane at RT. The experimentally detectable concentration of cyclohexane was as low as 0.5 vol%, much lower than its explosion limit (1.3 vol%).

Journal Articles

Unique Fermi surface and emergence of charge density wave in EuGa$$_4$$ and EuAl$$_4$$

Nakamura, Ai*; Hiranaka, Yuichi*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Miura, Yasunao*; Tsutsumi, Hiroki*; Mori, Akinobu*; Ishida, Kazuhiro*; Mitamura, Katsuya*; Hirose, Yusuke*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011012_1 - 011012_6, 2014/06

Journal Articles

Atomic structure of ion tracks in Ceria

Takaki, Seiya*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Yamamoto, Tomokazu*; Matsumura, Sho*; Ishikawa, Norito

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 326, p.140 - 144, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:4.22(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have investigated atomic structure of ion tracks in CeO$$_{2}$$ irradiated with 200 MeV Xe ions by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). TEM observations under inclined conditions showed continuous ion tracks with diffraction and structure factor contrast, and the decrease in the atomic density of the ion tracks was evaluated. High resolution STEM with high-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) technique showed that the crystal structure of the Ce cation column is retained at the core region of ion tracks, although the signal intensity of the Ce cation lattice is reduced over a region nm in size. Annular bright field (ABF) STEM observation has detected that the O anion column is preferentially distorted at the core region of ion tracks within a diameter of 4 nm.

Journal Articles

Preparation of tungsten carbide nanoparticles by ion implantation and electrochemical etching

Kato, Sho; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Yamamoto, Shunya; Hakoda, Teruyuki; Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro; Kobayashi, Tomohiro*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Terai, Takayuki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 314, p.149 - 152, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We implanted 100 keV W$$^+$$ in unpolished GC substrates at nominal fluences up to $$1.7times10^{17}$$ ions/cm$$^2$$. The implanted samples were electrochemically anodized in a NaOH aqueous solution to etch the surface layer. The analyses were performed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). XPS W 4f spectra indicated the formation of carbides as reported previously. The electrochemical etching clearly increased the W concentration on the surface. According to the RBS results, half of the implanted W atoms were retained in the substrate, while the rest should escape to the etching solution. The cross-sectional TEM image revealed a uniform distribution of WC particles with a diameter of less than 10 nm just near the surface region.

Journal Articles

Defect formation and accumulation in CeO$$_{2}$$ irradiated with swift heavy ions

Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Eto, Motoki*; Sawada, Kenichi*; Yamamoto, Tomokazu*; Yasunaga, Kazufumi*; Matsumura, Sho*; Ishikawa, Norito

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 314, p.185 - 190, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:8.62(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have investigated microstructure evolution in CeO$$_{2}$$ irradiated with 210 MeV Xe ions by using transmission electron microscopy to gain the fundamental knowledge on radiation damage induced by fission fragments in nuclear fuel and transmutation target.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and Fermi surface properties of EuGa$$_4$$

Nakamura, Ai*; Hiranaka, Yuichi*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Miura, Yasunao*; Tsutsumi, Hiroki*; Mori, Akinobu*; Ishida, Kazuhiro*; Mitamura, Katsuya*; Hirose, Yusuke*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(10), p.104703_1 - 104703_10, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:18.58(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Nanoparticle formation by tungsten ion implantation in glassy carbon

Kato, Sho; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Yamamoto, Shunya; Hakoda, Teruyuki; Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro; Kobayashi, Tomohiro*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Terai, Takayuki*

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 38(1), p.81 - 84, 2013/03

Nanoparticles were formed by 100 keV tungsten-ion implantation in unpolished glassy carbon substrates at nominal fluences of $$2.4times10^{16}$$ - $$1.8times10^{17}$$ ions/cm$$^2$$. The implanted samples were analyzed by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, hydrodynamic voltammetry using a rotating disk electrode, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. A significant sputtering effect changed the depth profile during the course of irradiation and limited the amount of tungsten retainable in the substrate in agreement with our calculated distributions. The nanoparticles were composed of tungsten carbide and dispersed uniformly with diameters of around 10 nm.

Journal Articles

Experimental study for the proposal of design measures against cover gas entrainment and vortex cavitation with 1/11th scale reactor upper sodium plenum model of Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor

Yoshida, Kazuhiro*; Sakata, Hideyuki*; Sago, Hiromi*; Shiraishi, Tadashi*; Oyama, Kazuhiro*; Hagiwara, Hiroyuki*; Yamano, Hidemasa; Yamamoto, Tomohiko

Proceedings of 8th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-8) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2012/12

To prevent the vortex cavitations, asymmetric flow in the upper plenum due to the radial slit with upper internal structure (UIS) has been mitigated by installing a cylindrical structure named as dummy plug instead of the fuel handling machine only used for refueling period. In this study, the extended brim and the division plate at the slit of UIS have been proposed in order to improve flow pattern in upper plenum for the purpose of the vortex cavitation prevention.

Journal Articles

Well-ordered arranging of Ag nanoparticles in SiO$$_{2}$$/Si by ion implantation

Takahiro, Katsumi*; Ninakuchi, Yuki*; Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro; Isshiki, Toshiyuki*; Nishio, Koji*; Sasase, Masato*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Nishiyama, Fumitaka*

Applied Surface Science, 258(19), p.7322 - 7326, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:88.33(Chemistry, Physical)

A nanometer-sized metallic particle embedded in a transparent dielectric exhibits a nonlinear susceptibility, and going to be applied to nonlinear optical devices. In the present study, well-ordered arrangements of Ag nanoparticles have been found for Ag-implanted SiO$$_{2}$$. Thermally grown SiO$$_{2}$$ on Si were implanted with 350 keV-Ag ions to fluences of 0.37-1.2 $$times$$ 10$$^{17}$$ ions/cm$$^{2}$$. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy and scanning transmission electron microscopy reveal the presence of a two-dimensional array of Ag nanoparticles of 25-40 nm in diameter located at a depth of $$sim$$130 nm, together with the self-organization of tiny Ag nanoparticles aligned along the SiO$$_{2}$$/Si interface. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction confirm the stability of these Ag nanoparticles embedded in the SiO$$_{2}$$/Si is found to be stable against oxidation and sulfidation when stored in ambient conditions for more than one and a half year.

Journal Articles

Accumulation of radiation damage and disordering in MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ under swift heavy ion irradiation

Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Yamamoto, Tomokazu*; Eto, Motoki*; Kawasoe, Shinji*; Matsumura, Sho*; Ishikawa, Norito

International Journal of Materials Research, 102(9), p.1082 - 1088, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:46.44(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Accumulation and recovery of radiation-induced damage with swift heavy ions instoichiometric magnesium aluminate spinel, MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$, has been investigated. Microstructural change and atomic disordering was examined through transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques, with bright-field (BF) and high-resolution (HR) TEM images, and high angular resolution electron channelling X-ray spectroscopy (HARECXS), for single crystal MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ irradiated with 200 MeV Xe, and 340 or 350 MeV Au ions. The density of core damage region, detected by BFTEM with Fresnelcontrast, increased proportionally with ion fluence at the early stage of accumulation. This result is discussed with a balance between the formation and recovery of the core damage region under irradiation, and the influence region to induce the recovery was evaluated to be 7-9 nm in radius. The structure of the core damage region is found from HR and BFTEM images to be a columnar vacancy-rich region with a low atomic density.

Journal Articles

Blueshift and narrowing of localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles exposed to plasma

Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro; Saito, Masahiro*; Takahiro, Katsumi*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Yoshikawa, Masahito

Plasmonics, 6(3), p.535 - 539, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:74.11(Chemistry, Physical)

Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have optical absorption bands due to localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in visible range. The LSPR of Ag-NPs is being used for optical gas sensors. However, there have been differences in LSPR absorption band between most of the experimental data and calculations. We have demonstrated that plasma treatments for Ag NPs to clear the effect of contamination on surface of Ag NPs for LSPR absorption band. The results show that Ar plasma treatments to Ag NPs bring blue-shift and narrowing in their LSPR absorption band. Raman scattering analysis result that hydrocarbons adsorbed on silver surfaces were removed effectively by plasma exposure. It was found that the decrease in Raman line intensity for hydrocarbons was correlated well with the blue-shift. Our findings indicate that one of the most important factors for difference in LSPR absorption band between the experimental data and calculations is due to the impurity adsorption on silver surfaces.

Journal Articles

1 MV holding and beam optics in a multi-aperture multi-grid accelerator for ITER NBI

Kashiwagi, Mieko; Taniguchi, Masaki; Kojima, Atsushi; Dairaku, Masayuki; Hanada, Masaya; Hemsworth, R. S.*; Mizuno, Takatoshi*; Takemoto, Jumpei; Tanaka, Masanobu*; Tanaka, Yutaka*; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/03

At JAEA, a multi-aperture multi-grid accelerator has been developed for the ITER neutral beam system. A target is H$$^{-}$$ ion beam acceleration of 0.5 A (200 A/m$$^{2}$$) at 1 MeV. In real accelerators, it was found that the voltage holding was about a half of that obtained in an ideal small electrode. After applying necessary gap length and radii of edges of grid supports to lower local electric field concentrations, the accelerator succeeded in sustaining 1 MV for 4000 s. As a result, beam parameters were increased to 879 keV, 0.36 A (157 A/m$$^{2}$$) at perveance matched condition from 796 kV, 0.32 A (140 A/m$$^{2}$$) reported in FEC2008. In the beam acceleration, the beamlet deflections due to magnetic field and space charge repulsion caused direct interceptions, that resulted in limitations in the beam energy and current. Compensation of these beamlet deflections has been tested applying aperture offset and field shaping plate, which were examined in a three-dimensional beam analysis.

Journal Articles

Oxygen reduction activity of N-doped carbon-based films prepared by pulsed laser deposition

Hakoda, Teruyuki; Yamamoto, Shunya; Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Kobayashi, Tomohiro*; Yoshikawa, Masahito

Applied Surface Science, 257(5), p.1556 - 1561, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:47.44(Chemistry, Physical)

Carbon-based films having nitrogen species on their surface were prepared on a glassy-carbon (GC) substrate as a non-platinum cathode catalyst for polymer electrolyte fuel cells by depositing cobalt and carbon in the presence of N$$_{2}$$ gas using a pulse laser deposition method and then removing metal Co by HCl-washing treatment. The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity was electrochemically determined using a rotating disk electrode system where the film samples on the GC substrate were replaceable. The ORR activity increased with elevating temperature of the GC substrate during the deposition. A carbon-based film prepared at 600$$^{circ}$$C in the presence of 66.7 Pa N$$_{2}$$ showed the highest ORR activity among the tested samples; its ORR potential was 0.66 V (vs. NHE). This film was composed of amorphous carbons doped with pyridine-type nitrogen atoms on its surface.

JAEA Reports

Transient phenomena analysis of a DC -1MV power supply for the ITER NBI

Yamamoto, Masanori; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Yamanaka, Haruhiko; Takemoto, Jumpei; Yamashita, Yasuo*; Inoue, Takashi

JAEA-Technology 2010-029, 60 Pages, 2010/08


A power supply for the ITER Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) is a DC ultra-high voltage (UHV) power supply to accelerate negative ion beams of 40 A up to an energy of 1 MeV. Japan Atomic Energy Agency as the Japan Domestic Agency for ITER contributes procurement of dc -1 MV main components such as step-up -1 MV transformers rectifiers, a high voltage deck 2, a -1 MV insulating transformer, a transmission line, a surge reduction system and equipments for site test. Design of the surge suppression in the NBI power supply is one of the key issues to obtain the stable injector performance. This report describes the design study using EMTDC code on the surge suppression by optimizing the core snubber and additional elements in the -1 MV power supply. The results show that the input energy from the stray capacitance to the accelerator at the breakdown can be reduced to about 25 J that is smaller than the design criteria of 50 J for the ITER NBI.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; The Results of the pilot borehole investigation of the ventilation shaft (PB-V01); Geophysical loggings

Funaki, Hironori; Asamori, Koichi; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Hatsuyama, Yoshihiro*; Yamamoto, Takuya*; Ijiri, Yuji*; Matsuoka, Kiyoyuki*; Kimura, Kazuhiro*; Lin, S.*; Kumagai, Toshifumi*

JAEA-Data/Code 2010-002, 151 Pages, 2010/06


JAEA is implementing Horonobe URL Project as research and development of geological disposal. The investigation of the pilot boring was carried out around the Ventilation shaft in order to decide grouting plan and plant of effluent treating. This report summarize as data-code results of geophysical loggings.

JAEA Reports

Plan and reports of coupled irradiation (JRR-3 and JOYO of research reactors) and hot facilities work (WASTEF, JMTR-HL, MMF and FMF); R&D project on irradiation damage management technology for structural materials of long-life nuclear plant

Matsui, Yoshinori; Takahashi, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Masaya; Nakata, Masahito; Yoshitake, Tsunemitsu; Abe, Kazuyuki; Yoshikawa, Katsunori; Iwamatsu, Shigemi; Ishikawa, Kazuyoshi; Kikuchi, Taiji; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-072, 144 Pages, 2010/03


"R&D Project on Irradiation Damage Management Technology for Structural Materials of Long-life Nuclear Plant" was carried out from FY2006 in a fund of a trust enterprise of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The coupled irradiations or single irradiation by JOYO fast reactor and JRR-3 thermal reactor were performed for about two years. The irradiation specimens are very important materials to establish of "Evaluation of Irradiation Damage Indicator" in this research. For the acquisition of the examination specimens irradiated by the JOYO and JRR-3, we summarized about the overall plan, the work process and the results for the study to utilize these reactors and some facilities of hot laboratory (WASTEF, JMTR-HL, MMF and FMF) of the Oarai Research-and-Development Center and the Nuclear Science Research Institute in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

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