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Journal Articles

Dependence of charge-exchange efficiency on cooling water temperature of a beam transport line

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Saha, P. K.; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Fujirai, Kosuke; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Suganuma, Kazuaki

EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation (Internet), 8(1), p.9_1 - 9_9, 2021/07

The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex supplies a high-intensity proton beam for neutron experiments. Various parameters are monitored to achieve a stable operation, and it was found that the oscillations of the charge-exchange efficiency and cooling water temperature were synchronized. We evaluated the orbit fluctuations at the injection point using a beam current of the injection dump, which is proportional to the number of particles that miss the foil and fail in the charge exchange, and profile of the injection beam. The total width of the fluctuations was approximately 0.072 mm. This value is negligible from the user operation viewpoint as our existing beam position monitors cannot detect such a small signal deviation. This displacement corresponds to a 1.63$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ variation in the dipole magnetic field. Conversely, the magnetic field variation in the L3BT dipole magnet, which was estimated by the temperature change directly, is 4.08$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$. This result suggested that the change in the cooling water temperature is one of the major causes of the efficiency fluctuation.

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional computational modeling and simulation of intergranular corrosion propagation of stainless steel

Igarashi, Takahiro; Komatsu, Atsushi; Motooka, Takafumi*; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Yamamoto, Masahiro

Corrosion Science and Technology, 20(3), p.105 - 111, 2021/06

We constructed three dimensional computational model using cellular automata method to simulate the intergranular corrosion propagation of stainless steel. In the model, the computational system was constructed by three types of cells: grain (bulk), grain boundary (GB), and solution cell. Our simulations revealed that the surface roughness calculated by the model adopted distributed dissolution rates of GBs was greater than that adopted constant dissolution rates of GBs. The cross-sectional images obtained by our simulation were comparable with that obtained by corrosion tests. These results indicate that the surface roughness during corrosion relates the distribution of corrosion rate.

Journal Articles

Commissioning of the next-generation LLRF control system for the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Okita, Hidefumi; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 999, p.165211_1 - 165211_11, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The low level rf (LLRF) control system has key roles for the stable acceleration of the high intensity beam. The original LLRF control system for the RCS of J-PARC has been working nicely without major issues for more than ten years since the operation of the RCS started in 2007. Due to the obsolescence of the key digital devices, it is difficult to maintain the original system for a longer period, therefore we developed the next-generation LLRF control system. All of the LLRF functions of the new system were tested and commissioned. In this article, we describe the commissioning of two key functions, the phase feedback and the multiharmonic vector rf voltage control feedback for twelve cavities. The commissioning methodologies and beam test results are presented. The stable acceleration of the high intensity beam at the design intensity of $$8.3times 10^{13}$$ ppp is achieved. The next-generation LLRF control system has been successfully deployed and commissioned.

Journal Articles

1.2-MW-equivalent high-intensity beam tests in J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011018_1 - 011018_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Flexible chopper gate pulse generation for the J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshii, Masahito*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hotchi, Hideaki; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Harada, Hiroyuki

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011021_1 - 011021_6, 2021/03

Chopped beam injection is employed in the J-PARC RCS to avoid the longitudinal beam losses. A fast beam chopper is installed in the MEBT section of the linac. The chopper is driven by the gate pulses sent from the LLRF control system of the RCS. The delay from the zero crossing of the RCS rf and the width are set so that the beam pulse is injected into the proper phase position of the rf bucket. A unique feature of the J-PARC chopper gate pulse generation is thinning of the pulses. The thinning is useful to control the beam intensity without changing much the condition of the longitudinal painting. Also, the beam macro pulse can be trimmed down to a single intermediate pulse by setting the parameters. In this poster, we present the overview of the generation of the chopper gate pulse in the LLRF control system and various beam commissioning results utilizing the flexibility of it. Also, we discuss the upgrade of the chopper gate pulse generation.

Journal Articles

Operation experience of Tetrode vacuum tubes in J-PARC Ring RF system

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Furusawa, Masashi*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Nomura, Masahiro; Omori, Chihiro*; Shimada, Taihei; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yoshii, Masahito*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011022_1 - 011022_6, 2021/03

A Tetrode vacuum tubes (Thales TH589) are used in the J-PARC ring rf system. The operation has started in 2007, and the total operation time is more than 50,000 hours. There is no tube which reaches the end of life except an initial failure in the 3 GeV synchrotron. TH589 has a thoriated tungsten filament and it is carburized to suppress an evaporation of the thorium. The resistance of the filament decreases through the decarburization process after the filament operation has started. The tube constructor suggests that reduced filament voltage up to 10% compared with the rated value is effective to suppress the decarburization. However, the filament current increases even though the voltage is kept constant due to the resistance reduction, and it is observed that an increment of the power dissipation promotes the decarburization. This means that keeping the filament voltage constant is not enough; keeping the power dissipation constant is necessary to prolong the tube life time, and we employ a procedure to decrease the current regularly.

Journal Articles

Analysis of J-HBC stripper foil for the J-PARC RCS

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Okazaki, Hiroyuki*; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Yamada, Naoto*; Yamagata, Ryohei*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011019_1 - 011019_7, 2021/03

The multi-turn charge-exchange H$$^{-}$$ beam injection scheme with stripper foils is one of the key techniques to achieve a MW-class high power proton beam. The J-PARC RCS adopts Hybrid type Boron-doped Carbon (HBC) stripper foil, which was developed in KEK to improve the lifetime. Indeed, the RCS user operation confirmed that HBC foil has the great advantage of a longer lifetime against high beam irradiation. To examine characteristics of the HBC foils, various beam studies were performed, such as the stripping efficiency measurement and long-term observation with an H$$^{-}$$ beam in the J-PARC RCS, foil analysis using RBS, EDR and PIXE methods, and SEM and TEM observation after the ion beam irradiation in Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) on National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST). Recently, the deposition apparatus for the HBC foils from the KEK Tsukuba-site was relocated to the JAEA Tokai-site, and we started fabrication of new HBC foil in 2017. (The new one fabricated in JAEA we call J-HBC foil.) And, we continue investigations in TIARA with the J-HBC foils. Furthermore, in-depth researches by changing the process parameters of the foil deposition are carried on. Recent results suggest that the amount of the boron doped in the foil is more important parameter than the ratio of the discharge amount of carbon from cathode and anode electrodes. In this presentation, we will report the details of recent analysis of the J-HBC foil.

Journal Articles

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Kenji; Hiroi, Kosuke; Takahashi, Shingo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:78.97(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

High voltage dependence measurement of beam loss monitor in J-PARC RCS

Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Kazami

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.475 - 477, 2020/09

J-PARC accelerators consist of linear accelerator (LINAC), 3GeV synchrotron (RCS) and main ring synchrotron (MR). RCS is an important facility delivering the beam to Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) and MR. In RCS 87 proportional counter type beam loss monitors (PBLM) are installed and it is protecting the equipments on the beam line from the radioactivation by alerting the machine protection system (MPS) when the integrated value of the beam loss in an accelerating cycle gets over the limit. In this presentation, -1000V to -2000V high voltage are adapted to PBLMs and output was measured. In result, some PBLMs where the beam loss is large enough, there are saturations around -1400V to -2000V about the peak value of beam loss but no saturation about integral value of beam loss. Also it is considered the new HV system which solves some issues of the on-going HV system.

Journal Articles

Applying image recognition technology by convolutional neural networks to mountain plot images

Nomura, Masahiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Shimada, Taihei; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Furusawa, Masashi*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.64 - 67, 2020/09

Image recognition using a convolutional neural network (CNN) has been used in a wide range of fields and has produced excellent results. If this image recognition technology is used effectively, it should be possible to obtain information from an image equal to or more than the information that a person can obtain from an image. At J-PARC, researchers with specialized knowledge obtain beam information needed to adjust the equipment from an image called mountain plot. In this study, we applied the image recognition technology by using CNN to this mountain plot image, and tried to obtain the information about the beam necessary for adjustment. As a result, we were able to obtain more information than is currently available by using the image recognition technology. In the future, we plan to adjust the equipment based on the information actually obtained from the image recognition technology and confirm its effectiveness

Journal Articles

Results of 1-MW operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nomura, Masahiro; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Fujirai, Kosuke; Kamiya, Junichiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.209 - 213, 2020/09

The J-PARC 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is aiming to provide the proton beam of very high power for neutron experiments and the main ring synchrotron. We have continued the beam commissioning and the output power from RCS have been increasing. In recent years, just before the summer shutdown period, we have been trying continuous supply of 1-MW high-intensity beam, which is the design value, to a neutron target. First trial was 1-hour continuous operation in July 2018, and second trial was 10-hours continuous in July 2019. In both cases, we achieved almost stable operation. Furthermore, in June 2020, we tried to operate continuously for over 40 hours. But in this case, some trouble occurred and the operation was frequently suspended. Through these continuous operation trials, we have identified issues for stable operation of 1 MW. In this presentation, we will report the results of 1-MW continuous operation and issues obtained from these results.

Journal Articles

Benchmarking of longitudinal calculation code BLonD for Application to J-PARC RCS

Okita, Hidefumi; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; et al.

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.674 - 678, 2020/09

Longitudinal beam simulation code BLonD (Beam Longitudinal Dynamics), which has been developed by CERN in recent years, is being used accelerator facilities around the world. BLonD can simulate longitudinal beam motion considering with wake voltage and space charge effect and is written by Python, which makes it highly readable and general-purpose code. We are currently conducting a benchmark of BLonD aiming at studying for further improvements of acceleration technology and stable operation of the J-PARC 3GeV synchrotron (RCS). The bunching factor, which express the longitudinal beam charge distribution, calculated by BLonD simulation reflected by the current 1MW beam operation parameters reproduce the experimental results well and the validity of BLonD for RCS longitudinal beam simulation was confirmed.

Journal Articles

First measurement and online monitoring of the stripper foil thinning and pinhole formation to achieve a longer foil lifetime in high-intensity accelerators

Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(8), p.082801_1 - 082801_13, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:38.19(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

J-PARC 3-GeV RCS; 1-MW beam operation and beyond

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 15(7), p.P07022_1 - P07022_16, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:30(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effective usage of multiphysics calculation for crevice corrosion

Yamamoto, Masahiro

Keisan Kogaku, 25(3), p.4105 - 4108, 2020/07

Recently, some attempts using Multi-Physics simulation for corrosion problems, especially crevice corrosion, have been increasing. Corrosion undergoes by electrochemical reaction. The numerical calculation procedure is used a non-liner equation. Furthermore, this reaction is affected by environmental factors, i.e. composition, amount and mobility of chemical species and redox potential. These values change with time by corrosion process itself. This report, these needs for Multi-Physics calculations are introduced.

Journal Articles

Aim for computational science on corrosion problems and prompt approach for corrosion of 1F decommissioning in JSCE

Yamamoto, Masahiro

Zairyo To Kankyo 2020 Koenshu (CD-ROM), p.9 - 16, 2020/05

The author has been continuing research and development for corrosion science for about forty years. One of the main targets of his research is applying computational science techniques on corrosion problems. The results are briefly introduced in this article. Also, the author organized some workshop for corrosion problems of 1F decommissioning procedure for several years. Such activities are evaluated for receiving the society award in JSCE.

Journal Articles

Measurement of the angular distribution of $$gamma$$-rays after neutron capture by $$^{139}$$La for a T-violation search

Okudaira, Takuya; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Haddock, C. C.*; Ito, Ikuya*; Yamamoto, Tomoki*; Endo, Shunsuke*; Ishizaki, Kohei*; Sato, Takumi*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 219, p.09001_1 - 09001_6, 2019/12

Parity violating effects enhanced by up to 10$$^6$$ times have been observed in several neutron induced compound nuclei. There is a theoretical prediction that time reversal (T) violating effects can also be enhanced in these nuclei implying that T-violation can be searched for by making very sensitive measurements. However, the enhancement factor has not yet been measured in all nuclei. The angular distribution of the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction was measured with $$^{139}$$La by using a germanium detector assembly at J-PARC, and the enhancement factor was obtained. From the result, the measurement time to achieve the most sensitive T-violation search was estimated as 1.4 days, and a 40% polarized $$^{139}$$La target and a 70% polarized $$^3$$He spin filter whose thickness is 70 atm$$cdot$$cm are needed. Therefore high quality $$^3$$He spin filter is developed in JAEA. The measurement result of the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction at J-PARC and the development status of the $$^3$$He spin filter will be presented.

Journal Articles

Simulations of beam loading compensation in a wideband accelerating cavity using a circuit simulator including a LLRF feedback control

Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Shimada, Taihei; Nomura, Masahiro; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012189_1 - 012189_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

Magnetic alloy cavities are employed in the J-PARC RCS to generate high accelerating voltages. The cavity, which is driven by a vacuum tube amplifier, has a wideband frequency response and the beam loading in the cavity is multiharmonic. Therefore, the tube must generate a multiharmonic output current. An LTspice circuit model is developed to analyze the vacuum tube operation and the compensation of the multiharmonic beam loading. The model includes the cavity, tube amplifier, beam current, and LLRF feedback control. The feedback control consists of the I/Q demodulator including low pass filters, PI control, and I/Q modulator. In this presentation, we present the implementation of the LLRF functions in the LTspice simulations. The preliminary simulation results are also presented. The simulations fairly agree with the beam test results.

Journal Articles

Multiharmonic vector rf voltage control for wideband cavities driven by vacuum tube amplifiers in a rapid cycling synchrotron

Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 22(9), p.092001_1 - 092001_22, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:40.26(Physics, Nuclear)

Beam loading compensation in the rf cavities is a key for acceleration of high intensity beams in 3 GeV RCS of the J-PARC. Since we employ wideband magnetic alloy rf cavities for the J-PARC RCS and the wake voltage contains several harmonics, a multiharmonic beam loading compensation is required. The multiharmonic rf feedforward for the most important six harmonics is implemented in the existing low level rf (LLRF) control system, which has been working fairly well for acceleration of high intensity beams of up to 1 MW. However, we found the degradation of the performance for compensation of the feedforward with very high intensity beams. Therefore, a multiharmonic vector rf voltage control has been developed. The detail of system configuration, commissioning methodology, and beam test results using very high intensity beams are described. The beam loading by the 1 MW equivalent beam in the cavity is successfully compensated.

Journal Articles

Applying neural networks to investigations of the influence of weather conditions on the power consumption of J-PARC

Nomura, Masahiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Shimada, Taihei; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Furusawa, Masashi*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.258 - 261, 2019/07

In recent years, summer temperatures have tended to increase, so understanding the amount of power consumption in summer from weather information has become important in terms of contract power and power saving measures. The relationship between the amount of power consumption and weather conditions is that the accelerator facility has many cooling facilities, so it can be thought that the amount of power used to cool each device increases as the temperature and humidity increase. It seems that it has not been investigated specifically what kind of dependence there is. Therefore, considering the neural network as a kind of fitting function or a model of calculation, we investigated the influence of weather conditions on the power consumption. As a result, it was found that the power consumption of the accelerators mostly depends only on the temperature, and the electric power of Linac and RCS increases by about 1 MW when the temperature of Mito rises by 10$$^{circ}$$C.

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