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Journal Articles

Improvement of the longitudinal phase space tomography at the J-PARC synchrotrons

Okita, Hidefumi; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Saha, P. K.; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2687, p.07200_1 - 072005_7, 2024/01

Longitudinal phase space tomography is an effective measurement tool for acquiring the longitudinal phase space distribution. For the J-PARC synchrotrons, tomography, which can take into account the beam dynamics such as longitudinal space charge effect and nonlinearity, is desired, as the beam power increases. In this study, for the J-PARC synchrotron, the CERN's tomography, which employs the hybrid algorithm that can consider the beam dynamics for reconstruction, is introduced and benchmarked. The benchmark results show that the CERN's tomography has the ability to measure the longitudinal phase space distribution accurately, in the high-power beam operation at the J-PARC synchrotrons.

Journal Articles

Consideration of high intensity single bunch acceleration in J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Okita, Hidefumi; Hotchi, Hideaki*; Saha, P. K.; Meigo, Shinichiro; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Seiya, Kiyomi*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of 20th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.64 - 68, 2023/11

The J-PARC 3GeV synchrotron (RCS) provides high intensity proton beams to the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) and the Main Ring (MR). The harmonic number (h) of the RCS is 2 and the RCS normally accelerates two bunches. For some experiments at the MLF, a single bunch is preferred. In this case, one of the rf bucket is filled with protons and the other is empty. Therefore the beam intensity is halved. If the RCS can accelerate with h=1, the intensity per bunch can be doubled, enabling to provide single bunch beams to the MLF with the maximum intensity. This possibly increases the MR beam power by injecting high intensity single bunches eight times. In this presentation, we report mainly on the consideration of h=1 acceleration in the RCS by longitudinal simulations.

Journal Articles

Development of a single-ended magnetic alloy loaded cavity in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Okita, Hidefumi; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2023(7), p.073G01_1 - 073G01_16, 2023/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) employs Magnetic Alloy (MA) loaded cavities. We realize multi-harmonic rf driving and beam loading compensation owing to the broadband characteristics of the MA. The currently installed cavity is the conventional type one which is designed to be driven by tube amplifiers in a push-pull operation. The push-pull operation has some advantages, i.e., suppressing a higher harmonic distortion without the beam acceleration and shortening the cavity length. However, a disadvantage arises at the high intensity beam acceleration where the multi-harmonic rf driving causes a severe imbalance of the anode voltage swing and restricts the tube operation. Although we have achieved an acceleration for the design beam power of 1 MW, the imbalance becomes an issue to further increase the beam power. We have developed a single-ended MA cavity to avoid such difficulty. The cavity has no tube imbalance intrinsically and it is found that the power consumption to drive the cavity can be reduced compared with the conventional one.

Journal Articles

Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library version 5; JENDL-5

Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Minato, Futoshi; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Abe, Yutaka*; Tsubakihara, Kosuke*; Okumura, Shin*; Ishizuka, Chikako*; Yoshida, Tadashi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(1), p.1 - 60, 2023/01

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:99.99(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Design studies on a high-power wide-band RF combiner for consolidation of the driver amplifier of the J-PARC RCS

Okita, Hidefumi; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2420, p.012092_1 - 012092_6, 2023/01

A power upgrade of existing 8 kW solid-state driver amplifier is required for the acceleration of high intensity proton beams on the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron. The development of a 25 kW amplifier with gallium nitride (GaN) HEMTs, based on 6.4 kW modules is on going. The combiner is a key component to achieve such a high output power over the wide bandwidth required for multi-harmonic rf operation. This paper presents preliminary design of the combiner. The circuit simulation setup and results, including the realistic magnetic core characteristics and frequency response of the cable are reported.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of higher harmonics generated in acceleration gaps during the high power beam acceleration at J-PARC RCS

Okita, Hidefumi; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.262 - 266, 2023/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Image recognition technology is used to obtain momentum distribution and longitudinal beam shape from mountain plot image

Nomura, Masahiro; Okita, Hidefumi; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.215 - 217, 2023/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Results of 1-MW operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron, 2

Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nomura, Masahiro; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Fujirai, Kosuke; Kamiya, Junichiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.277 - 281, 2023/01

The J-PARC 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is aiming to provide the proton beam of very high power for neutron experiments and the main ring synchrotron. We have continued the beam commissioning and the output power from RCS have been increasing. In recent years, we have been trying continuous supply of 1-MW high-intensity beam, which is the design value, to a neutron target. We tried to operate continuously for over 40 hours in June 2020. However, some trouble occurred and the operation was frequently suspended. In June 2021, we tried again 1-MW operation but it was suspended due to deterioration of the cooling water performance. Last summer shutdown period, we recovered performance of the cooling water system and retried in this June. In the final case, the outside temperature became extremely high. We could not keep 1-MW power, whereas 600 kW beam was delivered in stable.

Journal Articles

Achievement of low beam loss at high-intensity operation of J-PARC 3 GeV RCS

Saha, P. K.; Okabe, Kota; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Okita, Hidefumi; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1 - 5, 2023/01

Journal Articles

Impact of uncertainty reduction on lead-bismuth coolant in accelerator-driven system using sample reactivity experiments

Katano, Ryota; Oizumi, Akito; Fukushima, Masahiro; Pyeon, C. H.*; Yamamoto, Akio*; Endo, Tomohiro*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 20 Pages, 2023/00

In this study, we have demonstrated that data assimilation using lead and bismuth sample reactivities measured in the Kyoto University Critical Assembly A-core can successfully reduce the uncertainty of the coolant void reactivity in accelerator-driven systems derived from inelastic-scattering cross-sections of lead and bismuth. We re-evaluated and highlighted the experimental uncertainties and correlations of the sample reactivities for the data assimilation formula. We used the MCNP6.2 code to evaluate the sample reactivities and their uncertainties, and performed data assimilation using the reactor analysis code system MARBLE. The high-sensitivity coefficients of the sample reactivities to lead and bismuth allowed us to reduce the cross-section-induced uncertainty of the void reactivity of the accelerator-driven system from 6.3% to 4.8%, achieving a provisional target accuracy of 5% in this study. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the uncertainties arising from other dominant factors, such as minor actinides and steel, can be effectively reduced by using integral experimental data sets for the unified cross-section dataset ADJ2017.

Journal Articles

Present status of the JAEA-AMS-TONO (2022FY)

Fujita, Natsuko; Miyake, Masayasu; Matsubara, Akihiro*; Ishii, Masahiro*; Watanabe, Takahiro; Jinno, Satoshi; Nishio, Tomohiro*; Ogawa, Yumi; Yamamoto, Yusuke; Kimura, Kenji; et al.

Dai-23-Kai AMS Shimpojiumu Hokokushu, p.1 - 4, 2022/12

The JAEA-AMS-TONO facility at the Tono Geoscience Center, JAEA has three accelerator mass spectrometers. We report the present status of the JAEA-AMS-TONO.

Journal Articles

Improvement of longitudinal beam tracking simulation considering the frequency response of the cavity gap voltage monitor

Okita, Hidefumi; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1041, p.167361_1 - 167361_7, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:35.78(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Wideband RF cavities are employed in the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. RF gap voltage generated during the high power beam acceleration includes the wake voltage and distortion derived from the tube amplifier. The signal from RF gap voltage monitors, which measure the RF gap voltage during the acceleration, includes these effects. We developed the longitudinal beam tracking simulation using the measurement of the RF gap voltage monitors. To apply the measurement of the RF gap voltage monitors to the simulation, the theoretical frequency response models of the voltage divider and the coaxial cable, which are the primary components of the cavity gap voltage monitor, are developed. By taking the frequency response into account, the tracking simulation well reproduces the measured bunch shape at 1 MW.

Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1174 - 1205, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:82.38(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Influence of a positive grid biasing on RF system in J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Okita, Hidefumi; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 13th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC 22) (Internet), p.1336 - 1338, 2022/06

In order to accelerate a high intensity beam in the RCS, a large amplitude of the rf current is provided by a tube amplifier to compensate a heavy beam loading. Tetrode vacuum tubes are used in the RCS, and the control grid voltage enters into a positive region to feed such a large rf current. The positive grid biasing affects the waveform of the control grid voltage; it is deformed due to the induced control grid current under the condition of the multi-harmonic rf driving. Furthermore, the DC bias voltage drop on the control grid is observed because of the exceeding the capability for the control grid power supply. We describe the influence of the positive grid biasing in the RCS.

Journal Articles

Protein hydration and its freezing phenomena; Toward the application for cell freezing and frozen food storage

Yamamoto, Naoki*; Nakanishi, Masahiro*; Rajan, R.*; Nakagawa, Hiroshi

Biophysics and Physicobiology (Internet), 18, p.284 - 288, 2021/12

Water is an indispensable solvent for living things. $$sim$$60% of our body is composed of water, the lack of which causes lots of fatal problems. It has also been known that protein function is performed only when it accompanies water molecules around the surface, i.e. hydration water molecules. Therefore, it is essential to understand how water and biological component interact with each other in the view point of structure and dynamics. Freezing is a fundamental and simple phenomenon of water, and thus can be used as a probe for the purpose. Furthermore, preservation of cells and proteins under low temperature is crucial for numerous applications, which in turn triggers a myriad of undesirable consequences because of the freezing.

Journal Articles

Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on corrosion of stainless steel contacted with Zeolite particle

Kato, Chiaki; Yamagishi, Isao; Sato, Tomonori; Yamamoto, Masahiro*

Zairyo To Kankyo, 70(12), p.441 - 447, 2021/12

Zeolite particles have been used in a Cs adsorption vessel for purification of contaminated water in Fukushima Dai-ich Nuclear Power Station (1F). The used Cs adsorption vessels were kept in storage space on 1F site. The risk of localized corrosion of stainless steel used in the vessel was worried. To evaluate the risk of localized corrosion, using specially designed electrochemical testing apparatus was used under gamma-ray irradiation test. And, real size mock-up test conducted. The results showed the potential change caused by creation of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ by water radiolysis decreased by zeolite particles and the enrichment of chloride ion concentration in the vessel do not propagate during dry up procedure of Cs adsorption vessel. These data indicate the risk of localized corrosion of Cs adsorption vessel may stay at considerably low level.

JAEA Reports

Report of the design examination and the installation work for the radiation shield at the beam injection area in the 3 GeV synchrotron

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Horino, Koki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Takeda, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazami

JAEA-Technology 2021-019, 105 Pages, 2021/11

JAEA-Technology-2021-019.pdf:10.25MB

Since a user operation startup, the 3 GeV synchrotron accelerator (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron: RCS) gradually reinforced the beam power. As a result, the surface dose rate of the apparatus located at the beam injection area of the RCS, such as the magnet, vacuum chambers, beam monitors, etc., increases year by year. The beam injection area has many apparatuses which required manual maintenance, so reducing worker's dose is a serious issue. To solve this problem, we have organized a task force for the installation of the shield. The task force has aimed to optimize the structure of the radiation shield, construct the installation procedure with due consideration of the worker's dose suppression. As the examination result of the shield design, we have decided to adopt removal shielding that could be installed quickly and easily when needed. We carried out shield installation work during the 2020 summer maintenance period. The renewal work required to install the shielding has been carried out in a under high-dose environment. For this reason, reducing the dose of workers was an important issue. So, we carefully prepared the work plan and work procedure in advance. During the work period, we implemented various dose reduction measures and managed individual dose carefully. As a result, the dose of all workers could be kept below the predetermined management value. We had installed removal shielding at the beam injection area in the 2020 summer maintenance period. We confirmed that this shield can contribute to the reduction of the dose during work near the beam injection area. It was a large-scale work to occupy the beam injection area during almost of the summer maintenance period. However, it is considered very meaningful for dose suppression in future maintenance works.

Journal Articles

Neutron measurement in the accelerator tunnel of J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Otsu, Satoru*; Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.494 - 498, 2021/10

J-PARC 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) provides more than 700 kW proton beam to the neutron target. In order to investigate the influence of the radiation, we intend to evaluate the radiations such as the neutron and gamma-rays, which are generated due to the proton beam loss. If the amount of beam loss is excessive, it becomes difficult to identify the individual neutron and gamma ray. Therefore, we investigated the signal rate of the extraction point of RCS. Preliminary result indicated that we can enough distinguish the neutron and gamma-ray by the liquid scintillator.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the frequency response of the RF gap voltage monitor of the J-PARC RCS

Okita, Hidefumi; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.840 - 844, 2021/10

The J-PARC RCS employs the dual-harmonic operation, in which the fundamental and the second harmonic RF voltages are used for the beam acceleration. The each harmonic voltage and phase applied for the acceleration gaps are controlled by the multiharmonic vector RF voltage control system using the signal from the cavity gap voltage monitor equipped with the one of the acceleration gaps of the each RF cavity. Since the bunch shape varies depending on the relative phase of each harmonic, it is important to evaluate the frequency response of the cavity gap voltage monitor. The measurements of frequency response of the cavity gap voltage monitor and beam tracking simulation considering the measurement were carried out. As a result, it was confirmed that the bunch shape of the beam tracking simulation reproduces the one measured at the 1MW beam operation well. The details of the frequency response measurement, the beam tracking simulation and the discussion of the cavity gap voltage monitor circuit are reported.

Journal Articles

Performance of the next-generation LLRF control system for the J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Okita, Hidefumi; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; et al.

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.170 - 174, 2021/10

A stable and precise LLRF (Low Level RF) control system is indispensable for acceleration of high intensity proton beam in the J-PARC RCS. The original LLRF control system had been operated without major problems for more than ten years since the start of operation of the RCS, while maintenance of the system became difficult due to the obsolesce of the old FPGAs in the modules. We developed and installed the next-generation LLRF control system based on MTCA.4. The key function of the system is the multiharmonic vector rf voltage control feedback. We describe the system overview and the commissioning results. The performance of the beam loading compensation is significantly improved.

623 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)