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Journal Articles

Multiharmonic vector rf voltage control for wideband cavities driven by vacuum tube amplifiers in a rapid cycling synchrotron

Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 22(9), p.092001_1 - 092001_22, 2019/09

Beam loading compensation in the rf cavities is a key for acceleration of high intensity beams in 3 GeV RCS of the J-PARC. Since we employ wideband magnetic alloy rf cavities for the J-PARC RCS and the wake voltage contains several harmonics, a multiharmonic beam loading compensation is required. The multiharmonic rf feedforward for the most important six harmonics is implemented in the existing low level rf (LLRF) control system, which has been working fairly well for acceleration of high intensity beams of up to 1 MW. However, we found the degradation of the performance for compensation of the feedforward with very high intensity beams. Therefore, a multiharmonic vector rf voltage control has been developed. The detail of system configuration, commissioning methodology, and beam test results using very high intensity beams are described. The beam loading by the 1~MW equivalent beam in the cavity is successfully compensated.

Journal Articles

Reduction of the kicker impedance maintaining the performance of present kicker magnet at RCS in J-PARC

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Irie, Yoshiro*; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Togashi, Tomohito; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamamoto, Kazami

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067, p.062007_1 - 062007_8, 2018/10

The present four-terminal kicker at the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has the power-saving benefit due to the doubled excitation currents by shorting two-terminals. On the other hand, beam instabilities are excited by the kicker impedances. In this report, we describe a scheme to reduce the kicker impedances using diodes (nonlinear devices) with resistors, while retaining the benefit of the doubled kicker excitation currents.

Journal Articles

Baseband simulation model of the vector rf voltage control system for the J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Shimada, Taihei; Nomura, Masahiro; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067, p.072030_1 - 072030_6, 2018/10

Vector RF voltage feedback control for the wideband magnetic alloy cavity of the J-PARC RCS is considered to be employed to compensate the heavy beam loading caused by high intensity proton beams. A prototype system of multiharmonic RF vector voltage control has been developed and is under testing. To characterize the system performance, full RF simulations could be performed by software like Simulink, while the software is proprietary and expensive. Also, it requires much computing power and time. We performed the simplified baseband simulations of the system in z-domain by using free software, Scilab and Python control library. It seems to be beneficial for searching the parameters that the baseband simulation can be performed quickly. In this presentation, we present the setup and results of the simulations. The simulations well reproduce the open and closed loop responses of the prototype system.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of a single-ended MA cavity for J-PARC RCS upgrade

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Furusawa, Masashi*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067, p.052014_1 - 052014_6, 2018/10

The J-PARC RCS employs Magnetic Alloy (MA) loaded cavities. The RF power is fed by vacuum tubes in push-pull operation. We realize multi-harmonic RF driving and beam loading compensation thanks to the broadband characteristics of the MA. However, the push-pull operation has disadvantages in multi-harmonics. An unbalance of the anode voltage swing remarkably appears at very high intensity beam acceleration. We propose a single-ended MA cavity for the RCS beam power upgrade, where no unbalance arises intrinsically.

Journal Articles

Next generation LLRF control system for J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1131 - 1135, 2018/08

The LLRF control system for the J-PARC RCS has been playing important roles for acceleration of high intensity proton beams. The key functions of the system are the dual harmonic voltage control and the multiharmonic rf feedforward to compensate the heavy beam loading in the wideband cavities. The system has been working fine for more than ten years, however, the old FPGAs in the system are already discontinued and not supported by current development environment. Maintenance of the system will be difficult soon. We are developing the next generation LLRF control system with the new form factor, MicroTCA.4, while the existing system is based on the VME. In this article, we describe the configuration of the new system, its functions, and the status of the development.

Journal Articles

Reducing the beam impedance of the kicker at the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Chin, Y. H.*; Hayashi, Naoki; Irie, Yoshiro*; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Togashi, Tomohito; Toyama, Takeshi*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(6), p.061003_1 - 161003_15, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Simulation, measurement, and mitigation of beam instability caused by the kicker impedance in the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(2), p.024203_1 - 024203_20, 2018/02

Journal Articles

Measurement of thermal deformation of magnetic alloy cores of radio frequency cavities in 3-GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Shimada, Taihei; Nomura, Masahiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Omori, Chihiro*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 875, p.92 - 103, 2017/12

 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Development of a vector rf voltage control system for the J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.241 - 245, 2017/12

Beam loading compensation in magnetic alloy (MA) cavities is necessary to accelerate high intensity proton beams in the J-PARC 3GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). Because of its wide frequency response, wake voltages in the cavity by the beam contain multiharmonic components and the beam loading compensation must be multiharmonics. The J-PARC RCS utilize the multiharmonic rf feedforward system for the beam loading compensation. Although the performance of the feedforward is good, we have found some limitations of performance due to the open loop configuration of the feedforward system. For the next generation LLRF control system for the RCS, we consider to employ vector rf control in addition to the feedforward for beam loading compensation. We developed a prototype of the vector rf control. The system details, commissioning methodology, and preliminary beam test results are presented.

Journal Articles

A Failure investigation of the beam collimator system in the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Okabe, Kota; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takeda, Osamu*; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.853 - 857, 2017/12

The most important issue is to reduce the uncontrolled beam loss in the high intensity hadron accelerator such as J-PARC proton accelerators. The J-PARC 3 GeV Synchrotron (RCS) has a collimator system which narrows a high intensity beam in the RCS. After startup of RCS in 2007, the collimator system of the RCS worked well. However, in April 2016, vacuum leakage at the collimator system occurred during the maintenance operation. To investigate a cause of the failure, we took apart iron shields of the collimator reducing exposed dose of operators. As a result of inspection, we succeeded to identify the cause of the vacuum leakage failure. In this presentation, we report the failure investigation of the beam collimator system in the RCS.

Journal Articles

Observation of simultaneous oscillations of bunch shape and position caused by odd-harmonic beam loading in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex Rapid Cycling Synchrotron

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2017(11), p.113G01_1 - 113G01_24, 2017/11

Two proton bunches circulates the accelerator ring in the J-PARC 3GeV synchrotoron (RCS). The accelerating voltage is also generated in twice of the revolution frequency. The major Fourier component of the wake voltage should become even harmonics. However, the odd harmonics grow and cause a large number of beam loss. The beam measurement suggests that the odd harmonic wake voltages promote oscillations of not only the bunch position but also the bunch shape. The oscillations continue because they amplify the odd harmonic beam components. A particle tracking simulation can reproduce these simultaneous oscillations. It is found that the odd harmonic wake voltages lead to severe rf bucket distortion that results in beam loss. As a result, introducing a beam loading compensation system for the minor harmonics can prevent the beam loss and it would contribute the stable accelerator operation with the reduction of the activation.

Journal Articles

Achievement of a low-loss 1-MW beam operation in the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 20(6), p.060402_1 - 060402_25, 2017/06

The 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is the world's highest class of high-power pulsed proton driver, aiming for an output beam power of 1 MW. The most important issues in realizing such a high-power beam operation are to control and minimize beam loss for maintaining machine activations within permissible levels. In RCS, numerical simulation was successfully utilized along with experimental approaches to isolate the mechanism of beam loss and find its solution. By iteratively performing actual beam experiments and numerical simulations, and also by several hardware improvements, we have recently established a 1-MW beam operation with very low fractional beam loss of a couple of 10$$^{-3}$$. In this paper, our recent efforts toward realizing such a low-loss high-intensity beam acceleration are presented.

Journal Articles

Coupled bunch instability and its cure at J-PARC RCS

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Saha, P. K.; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Togashi, Tomohito; Toyama, Takeshi*; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.2946 - 2949, 2017/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Theoretical elucidation of space charge effects on the coupled-bunch instability at the 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Chin, Y. H.*; Saha, P. K.; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Irie, Yoshiro*; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Toyama, Takeshi*; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2017(1), p.013G01_1 - 013G01_39, 2017/01

AA2016-0375.pdf:3.07MB

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:26.6(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), whose beam energy ranges from 400 MeV to 3 GeV and which is located in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, is a kicker-impedance dominant machine, which violates the impedance budget from a classical viewpoint. Contrary to conventional understanding, we have succeeded to accelerate a 1-MW equivalent beam. The machine has some interesting features: for instance, the beam tends to be unstable for the smaller transverse beam size, the beam is stabilized by increasing the peak current ${it etc}$. Space charge effects play an important role in the beam instability at the RCS. In this study, a new theory has been developed to calculate the beam growth rate with the head-tail and coupled-bunch modes ($$m,mu$$) while taking space charge effects into account. The theory sufficiently explains the distinctive features of the beam instabilities at the RCS.

Journal Articles

Vacuum tube operation analysis under multi-harmonic driving and heavy beam loading effect in J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Toda, Makoto*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Schnase, A.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 835, p.119 - 135, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:76.09(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A magnetic alloy loaded cavity is used to generate multi-harmonic rf voltage in J-PARC RCS. However, a vacuum tube operation analysis under the multi-harmonic driving is very complicated because many variables should be solved with a self consistency. At the conventional operation analysis, a hand work by tracing the constant current curve of the tube was performed, or an appropriate single harmonic wave form was assumed. We have developed a numerical analysis code which calculates the vacuum tube operation automatically and it realizes the multi-harmonic vacuum tube operation analysis. The code is verified at the high power beam acceleration test and we confirm the calculation results are consistent with the measurement ones. We can calculate the vacuum tube operation precisely by using the code, and it will contribute to improving the quality of the beam in the high intensity proton synchrotron.

Journal Articles

Cavity voltage variation at beam extraction in the J-PARC MR

Tamura, Fumihiko; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.808 - 810, 2016/11

J-PARC MR provides high intensity proton beams of 390 kW to the neutrino experiment. The proton beams are extracted by fast extraction. It has been found that the cavity voltage goes up for about 20 $$mu$$s just after extraction. It is because the rf feed forward system for beam loading compensation outputs compensation signals for its system delay. The MR cavity has a relatively low Q value of 22 and the cavity voltage can varies in the order of 10 $$mu$$s. The voltage variation of the cavity voltage increases with the beam intensity and it is a possible reason of the damage of the gap capacitors. A counter measure using the inhibit function of the summation amplifier in the LLRF system has been applied. In this presentation, we present the details of the cavity voltage variation and the results of the counter measure. Also, we present the analysis of beam loading using the voltage variation.

Journal Articles

A Malfunction of the beam collimator system in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotoron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Okabe, Kota; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takeda, Osamu; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.314 - 318, 2016/11

The 3 GeV Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) project generates 1MW proton beam for the neutron experiments and Main ring accelerator. In case of such high intensity hadron accelerator, the most important issue is to reduce the uncontrolled loss. The beam collimation system is designed for this purpose. In the present design, the physical aperture is 1.5 times wider than the primary collimator aperture and the beam loss can be enough localized on this condition. After a startup of RCS in 2007, the collimator system of RCS worked well. But vacuum leakage occurred during the maintenance period in April, 2016. Since it was expected that the beam collimator was radio-activated very much, we took the influence of radiation into consideration and designed the collimator (ie. a remote clamp system to connect/take off it with a vacuum flange away from itself). Therefore, during the recovery work of the collimator, we were able to reduce the worker dose to less than 60 micro Sv though the collimator block had a residual dose of 40 mSv/h.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of main magnets for the J-PARC RCS energy upgrade

Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Kinsho, Michikazu; Igarashi, Susumu*; Sato, Yoichi*; Shirakata, Masashi*; Koseki, Tadashi*

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.708 - 711, 2016/11

At the J-PARC Main Ring (MR), there have been various investigation carried out at the moment aiming at the beam operation of MW order. As one of the investigations, a study of the Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) magnets was implemented. Increase of the extraction energy of RCS was needed to reduce beam loss, as beam loss in the MR injection region was large under influence of Space Charge effect at the injection beam of 3GeV. Therefore conceptual design of the extraction energy upgrade using dipole and quadrupole magnets of RCS was performed. In this paper, we will report the contents of the study in extraction energy upgrade of RCS magnets and problems which became clear as a result.

Journal Articles

Longitudinal particle tracking code for a high intensity proton synchrotron

Yamamoto, Masanobu

Proceedings of 57th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB 2016) (Internet), p.110 - 114, 2016/07

We have been developing a longitudinal particle tracking code for a high intensity proton synchrotron, especially for the J-PARC Synchrotron. Although some longitudinal particle tracking codes exist, our code can track the particles with a wake voltage and a space charge effect, and also can calculate a beam emittance and a momentum filling factor under a multi-harmonics to evaluate the margin of a rf bucket. Furthermore, we originally have developed the calculation method of a synchronous particle, which realizes the simulation in the case that the revolution frequency of the synchronous particle is not proportional to an acceleration frequency pattern. This is useful to check an adiabaticity. We have achieved 1 MW-eq. beam acceleration at J-PARC RCS by using the code because we can calculate the optimum acceleration conditions for the high intensity beam. We will describe the basic design of the code and the simulation results for the J-PARC RCS and MR.

Journal Articles

Simulation studies and measurements of beam instabilities caused by the kicker impedance at high intensities in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Nomura, Masahiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 7th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '16) (Internet), p.589 - 591, 2016/06

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