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Journal Articles

Flexible heat-flow sensing sheets based on the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect using one-dimensional spin-current conducting films

Kirihara, Akihiro*; Kondo, Koichi*; Ishida, Masahiko*; Ihara, Kazuki*; Iwasaki, Yuma*; Someya, Hiroko*; Matsuba, Asuka*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Saito, Eiji; Yamamoto, Naoharu*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.23114_1 - 23114_7, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:49 Percentile:91.65(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Heat-flow sensing is expected to be an important technological component of smart thermal management in the future. Conventionally, the thermoelectric (TE) conversion technique, which is based on the Seebeck effect, has been used to measure a heat flow by converting the flow into electric voltage. However, for ubiquitous heat-flow visualization, thin and flexible sensors with extremely low thermal resistance are highly desired. Recently, another type of TE effect, the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE), has aroused great interest because the LSSE potentially offers favourable features for TE applications such as simple thin-film device structures. Here we demonstrate an LSSE-based flexible TE sheet that is especially suitable for a heat-flow sensing application. This TE sheet contained a Ni$$_{0.2}$$Zn$$_{0.3}$$Fe$$_{2.5}$$O$$_4$$ film which was formed on a flexible plastic sheet using a spray-coating method known as ferrite plating. The experimental results suggest that the ferrite-plated film, which has a columnar crystal structure aligned perpendicular to the film plane, functions as a unique one-dimensional spin- current conductor suitable for bendable LSSE-based sensors. This newly developed thin TE sheet may be attached to differently shaped heat sources without obstructing an innate heat flux, paving the way to versatile heat-flow measurements and management.

Journal Articles

Direct observation of lattice symmetry breaking at the hidden-order transition in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Tonegawa, Sho*; Kasahara, Shigeru*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Sugimoto, Kunihisa*; Yasuda, Nobuhiro*; Tsuruhara, Yugo*; Watanabe, Daiki*; Mizukami, Yuta*; Haga, Yoshinori; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 5, p.4188_1 - 4188_7, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:91.29(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2011

Kunimaru, Takanori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Hikima, Ryoichi; Tanno, Takeo; Sanada, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-018, 169 Pages, 2013/09

JAEA-Review-2013-018.pdf:15.71MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in 2011 fiscal year. This report shows the results of the investigation, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2011, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

Journal Articles

The Creep rupture strength evaluation in welded joint of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel

Wakai, Takashi; Nagae, Yuji; Takaya, Shigeru; Obara, Satoshi; Date, Shingo*; Yamamoto, Kenji*; Kikuchi, Koichi*; Sato, Kenichiro*

Tainetsu Kinzoku Zairyo Dai-123-Iinkai Kenkyu Hokoku, 52(2), p.147 - 159, 2011/07

By employing high-Cr ferritic steels to the structural materials for JSFR, a compact plant designing can be achieved. It contributes to reduce the construction cost and to enhance the freedom of designing. Among the high-Cr ferritic steels, modified 9Cr-1Mo steel (compatible to ASTM A335 P91) is a candidate of the structural material for the demonstration facility of JSFR, because the steel has superior microstructure stability at elevated temperature for long time. However, remarkable creep strength degradation has been observed in the welded joint of high-Cr ferritic steels, especially in long-term region. It is known as "Type-IV damage". In the elevated temperature designing for the fast reactors, such creep strength degradation must be taken into account properly. Therefore, the creep strength assessment procedure and the allowable stress for the welded joints made of modified 9Cr-1Mo steel have been proposed. In this study, (1) a series of creep rupture tests to verify the validity of the creep strength assessment procedure was performed. (2) Applicability of the creep strength assessment procedure to the creep fatigue strength assessment of the welded joints made of modified 9Cr-1Mo steel was investigated. (3) Metallurgical examinations of creep ruptured specimens were carried out to confirm the contribution of "Type-IV damage". As a result, it was demonstrated that the creep strength assessment procedure was validated using the long-term creep rupture test results less than 30,000h and that the creep strength assessment procedure was applicable to the creep-fatigue strength assessment based on some uniaxial creep-fatigue test results.

Journal Articles

Development on in-reactor observation system using cherenkov light

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kitagishi, Shigeru; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Naka, Michihiro; Kimura, Akihiro; Sano, Tadafumi*; Unesaki, Hironobu*; Yoshimoto, Takaaki*; Nakajima, Ken*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2009, P. 196, 2010/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of cathodic protection of stainless steel for components in fuel reprocessing plant

Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Uchiyama, Yohei*; Kato, Chiaki; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Ebina, Tetsunari*; Shimogawara, Shigeru*; Kano, Yoichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 9(3), p.279 - 287, 2010/09

An application of cathodic protection method with impressed current system to control corrosion of austenitic stainless steel in boiling nitric acid solution was studied to improve corrosion resistance of components in fuel reprocessing plant. Plate and tube type specimens made of ultra low carbon type 304 stainless steel (SUS304ULC) were immersed in boiling nitric acid solutions using electrochemical test cells, electrochemical potentiostatic tests and cathodic protection tests were performed. Corrosion rates in the solution with and without protection were measured. As the results, corrosion rates of plate type specimens with cathodic protection were decreased from 1/40 to 1/10 against without protection. In the case of tube type specimen, loss of outer surface thickness was decreased about 1/8, and no deviation of the loss was observed. Authors were concluded that cathodic protection method was expectative as one of the maintenance methods of components in fuel reprocessing plant.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

JAEA Reports

Plan and reports of coupled irradiation (JRR-3 and JOYO of research reactors) and hot facilities work (WASTEF, JMTR-HL, MMF and FMF); R&D project on irradiation damage management technology for structural materials of long-life nuclear plant

Matsui, Yoshinori; Takahashi, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Masaya; Nakata, Masahito; Yoshitake, Tsunemitsu; Abe, Kazuyuki; Yoshikawa, Katsunori; Iwamatsu, Shigemi; Ishikawa, Kazuyoshi; Kikuchi, Taiji; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-072, 144 Pages, 2010/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-072.pdf:45.01MB

"R&D Project on Irradiation Damage Management Technology for Structural Materials of Long-life Nuclear Plant" was carried out from FY2006 in a fund of a trust enterprise of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The coupled irradiations or single irradiation by JOYO fast reactor and JRR-3 thermal reactor were performed for about two years. The irradiation specimens are very important materials to establish of "Evaluation of Irradiation Damage Indicator" in this research. For the acquisition of the examination specimens irradiated by the JOYO and JRR-3, we summarized about the overall plan, the work process and the results for the study to utilize these reactors and some facilities of hot laboratory (WASTEF, JMTR-HL, MMF and FMF) of the Oarai Research-and-Development Center and the Nuclear Science Research Institute in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

Journal Articles

EUV spectra from highly charged tin ions observed in low density plasma in LHD

Suzuki, Chihiro*; Kato, Takako*; Sato, Kuninori*; Tamura, Naoki*; Kato, Daiji*; Sudo, Shigeru*; Yamamoto, Norimasa*; Tanuma, Hajime*; Ohashi, Hayato*; Suda, Shintaro*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 163, p.012019_1 - 012019_4, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:93.21

We have measured EUV spectra from highly charged tin ions in low density plasmas produced in the Large Helical Device (LHD). The well known dense spectral structure around 13.5 nm is measured when the plasma is rapidly cooled and approaching radioactive collapse, while the sparse spectrum with several unidentified discrete lines from 13.8-14.6 nm is observed if the plasma is cooled more slowly. The dominant charge states in the former case are Sn$$^{11+}$$ -Sn$$^{14+}$$. The latter case may be explained by considering the spectral lines from charge states higher than Sn$$^{19+}$$.

Journal Articles

A New method for separating the $$D$$$$_{3}$$ and $$C$$$$_{2v}$$ isomers of C$$_{78}$$

Han, A. H.*; Wakahara, Takatsugu*; Maeda, Yutaka*; Akasaka, Takeshi*; Fujitsuka, Mamoru*; Ito, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazunori; Kako, Masahiro*; Kobayashi, Kaoru*; Nagase, Shigeru*

New Journal of Chemistry, 33(3), p.497 - 500, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:34.36(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A new chemical method can be applied to isolate the isomers of C$$_{78}$$. The photochemical cycloaddition of a mixture of C$$_{78}$$($$D$$$$_{3}$$) and C$$_{78}$$($$C$$$$_{2v}$$) with disilirane affords only the mono-adduct of the $$C$$$$_{2v}$$ isomer of C$$_{78}$$. The counter part (C$$_{78}$$($$D$$$$_{3}$$)) does not give the mono-adduct with disilirane. The $$D$$$$_{3}$$ isomer itself and the adduct of the $$C$$$$_{2v}$$ isomer of C$$_{78}$$ with disilirane was easily separated by a HPLC procedure. A facile oxidative desilylation of the adduct took place, resulting in the formation of pristine C$$_{78}$$($$C$$$$_{2v}$$). In this context, the separation and the isolation of two isomers of C$$_{78}$$($$C$$$$_{2v}$$) and C$$_{78}$$($$D$$$$_{3}$$) were successfully accomplished by using a silylation-oxidative desilylation process.

Journal Articles

Does Gd@C$$_{82}$$ have an anomalous endohedral structure? Synthesis and single crystal X-ray structure of the carbene adduct

Akasaka, Takeshi*; Kono, Takayoshi*; Takematsu, Yuji*; Nikawa, Hidefumi*; Nakahodo, Tsukasa*; Wakahara, Takatsugu*; Ishitsuka, Midori*; Tsuchiya, Takahiro*; Maeda, Yutaka*; Liu, M. T. H.*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130(39), p.12840 - 12841, 2008/10

 Times Cited Count:70 Percentile:84.61(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We report here the results on single crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis of the Gd@C$$_{82}$$ carbene adduct (Gd@C$$_{82}$$(ad), Ad=adamantylidene). The Gd atom in Gd@C$$_{82}$$(Ad) is located at an off-centered position near a hexagonal ring in the C2v-C$$_{82}$$ cage, as found for M@C$$_{82}$$ (M = Sc and La) and La@C$$_{82}$$(Ad). Theoretical calculation also confirms the position of the Gd atom in the X-ray crystal structure.

Journal Articles

Progress in R&D efforts on the energy recovery linac in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06

Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.

Journal Articles

Single-ended pelletron accelerator at JAERI-TOKAI

Takahashi, Masa; Fujii, Katsutoshi; Tanimura, Yoshihiko; Shimizu, Shigeru; Kajimoto, Yoichi; Kowatari, Munehiko; Yoshizawa, Michio; Yamamoto, Hideaki

Dai-18-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.110 - 113, 2005/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Single-ended pelletron accelerator at JAERI-Tokai

Shimizu, Shigeru; Fujii, Katsutoshi; Kajimoto, Yoichi; Kawasaki, Tomokatsu; Yamamoto, Hideaki

Dai-16-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.32 - 35, 2004/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fabrication of TiO$$_{2}$$ photocatalysts by oxidative annealing of TiC

Choi, Y.; Umebayashi, Tsutomu; Yamamoto, Shunya; Tanaka, Shigeru

Journal of Materials Science Letters, 22(17), p.1209 - 1211, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:45 Percentile:79.28(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Synthesis of sulfur-doped TiO$$_{2}$$ by ion implantation

Umebayashi, Tsutomu; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Yamamoto, Shunya; Tanaka, Shigeru; Asai, Keisuke*

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 28(2), p.461 - 464, 2003/06

TiO$$_{2}$$ is promising as a photocatalytic material. However, it is active only under UV light irradiation because of its wide band gap ($$sim$$3.0 eV). We recently reported that sulfur (S) doping caused the optical absorption edge of TiO$$_{2}$$ to be shifted into the lower energy region. Based on the theoretical analyses using first principles band calculations, mixing of the S 3p states with the valence band was found to contribute to the bandgap narrowing. In this study presented here, S-doped TiO$$_{2}$$ was prepared by ion implantation and subsequent thermal annealing. S$$^{+}$$ was implanted into the single crystals of rutile TiO$$_{2}$$ with a fluence of 8 $$times$$ 10$$^{15}$$ ions/cm$$^{2}$$. According to the results of RBS/channeling analysis, irradiation damage recovered after the annealing at 600 $$^{circ}$$C in air. In the annealed crystal, S atoms occupied O sites to form Ti-S bonds, as assessed by XPS.

Journal Articles

Sulfur-doping of rutile-titanium dioxide by ion implantation; Photocurrent spectroscopy and first-principles band calculation studies

Umebayashi, Tsutomu; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Yamamoto, Shunya; Miyashita, Atsumi; Tanaka, Shigeru; Sumita, Taishi*; Asai, Keisuke*

Journal of Applied Physics, 93(9), p.5156 - 5160, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:288 Percentile:98.71(Physics, Applied)

Sulfur (S)-doped titanium dioxide (TiO$$_{2}$$) was synthesized by ion implantation and subsequent thermal annealing. Compared to the pure TiO$$_{2}$$, a photocurrent was observed in the lower energy regions for the S-doped TiO$$_{2}$$. Based on the theoretical analyses by the first principles band calculations using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave methods within the generalized gradient approximation, the mixing of the S 3p states with the valence band (VB) was found to contribute to the increasing width of the VB. This leads to the bandgap narrowing in the S-doped TiO$$_{2}$$. Therefore, the photon-to-carrier conversion was induced during irradiation by visible light above 420 nm ($$<$$ 2.9 eV).

Journal Articles

UV-ray photoelectron and ab initio band calculation studies on electronic structures of Cr- or Nb-ion implanted titanium dioxide

Umebayashi, Tsutomu; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Sumita, Taishi*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Tanaka, Shigeru; Asai, Keisuke*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 206, p.264 - 267, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:83.46(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Chromium (Cr) and niobium (Nb) were implanted into single-crystalline titanium dioxide (TiO$$_{2}$$; rutile). After annealing at 600$$^{circ}$$C for the Cr-implanted sample or at 1000$$^{circ}$$C for the Nb-implanted sample, the radiation damage was recovered. The implanted metals occupied titanium (Ti) sites in TiO$$_{2}$$ to form metal-oxygen bonds. According to the ultraviolet-ray photoelectron spectra, a localized level due to the implanted metals was formed in band gap of both the crystals. This position was close to the VB edge for the Cr-doped TiO$$_{2}$$, while the Nb-doped TiO$$_{2}$$ had the small peak far from the edge. This is in good agreement with the ab-initio band calculation results. It is considered that the midgap states of Cr- and Nb-doped TiO$$_{2}$$ consist of the Cr t$$_{2g }$$ or Ti t$$_{2g }$$ state, respectively.

Journal Articles

Characterization of metal-doped TiO$$_{2}$$ films by RBS/channeling

Yamamoto, Shunya; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Naramoto, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Shigeru

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 206(1-4), p.268 - 271, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:64.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

Sugihara, Yutaka*; Kubota, Shigeru*; Yamamoto, Takuya*; *; *; *

JNC TJ1400 2001-005, 383 Pages, 2003/03

JNC-TJ1400-2001-005.pdf:18.73MB

no abstracts in English

45 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)