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Journal Articles

The $$f$$-electron state of the heavy fermion superconductor NpPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and the isostructural family

Metoki, Naoto; Aczel, A. A.*; Aoki, Dai*; Chi, S.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Griveau, J.-C.*; Hagihala, Masato*; Hong, T.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011123_1 - 011123_6, 2020/03

Rare earths (4$$f$$) and actinides (5$$f$$) provide variety of interesting states realized with competing interactions between the increasing number of $$f$$ electrons. Since crystal field splitting of many-body $$f$$ electron system is smaller than the bandwidth, (1) high resolution experiments are needed, (2) essentially no clear spectrum with well defined peaks is expected in itinerant Ce and U compounds, and (3) Np and Pu is strictly regulated. Therefore, systematic research on magnetic excitations by neutron scattering experiments of localized compounds and rare earth iso-structural reference is useful. We describe the $$f$$ electron states of heavy electron compounds NpPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and actinide and rare earth based iso-structural family.

Journal Articles

Implementation of random sampling for ACE-format cross sections using FRENDY and application to uncertainty reduction

Kondo, Ryoichi*; Endo, Tomohiro*; Yamamoto, Akio*; Tada, Kenichi

Proceedings of International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering (M&C 2019) (CD-ROM), p.1493 - 1502, 2019/00

A perturbation capability of ACE formatted cross section files was developed using the modules of FRENDY. Uncertainty quantification using MCNP was carried out for the Godiva critical experiment by the RS method. We verified the results of the RS method by comparing with those obtained by the conventional sensitivity analyses. Moreover, uncertainty reduction using the bias factor method with the RS technique was applied to kinetic parameter, i.e., neutron generation time.

JAEA Reports

International Noble Gas joint measurement at Mutsu City, Aomori for CTBT verification

Kijima, Yuichi; Yamamoto, Yoichi; Oda, Tetsuzo

JAEA-Technology 2017-028, 33 Pages, 2018/01

JAEA-Technology-2017-028.pdf:38.85MB

The International Noble Gas Experiment related to monitoring network for radioactive noble gas (xenon) has been carried out all over the world, as part of the International Monitoring System (IMS) of CTBT. Thirty IMS radionuclide stations including the Takasaki station in Japan are monitoring radioxenon. The past measurement results show that several stations often detect radioxenon and the major emission source of these radioxenon is medical radioisotope production facilities. And nuclear power plants and medical institutions used radioxenon for nuclear medicine diagnosis, and so on are also considered as the possible sources of radioxenon, and it is therefore important to understand the background behavior of radioxenon originated from above facilities for enhancement of monitoring capability for nuclear tests. The international joint measurement was conducted in 2012 by the Preparatory Commission for the CTBT Organization, US Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Japan Chemical Analysis Center and JAEA at the Ohminato site of JAEA Aomori Research and Development Center in Mutsu city, Aomori, as part of investigation on radioxenon background in East Asia region. In 2014, the additional measurement was carried out at the same place for further investigation. A high sensitive Transportable Xenon Laboratory developed by PNNL was used for this measurement. This paper describes the outline and the results of the joint measurement conducted in 2012 and 2014.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of main magnets for the J-PARC RCS energy upgrade

Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Kinsho, Michikazu; Igarashi, Susumu*; Sato, Yoichi*; Shirakata, Masashi*; Koseki, Tadashi*

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.708 - 711, 2016/11

At the J-PARC Main Ring (MR), there have been various investigation carried out at the moment aiming at the beam operation of MW order. As one of the investigations, a study of the Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) magnets was implemented. Increase of the extraction energy of RCS was needed to reduce beam loss, as beam loss in the MR injection region was large under influence of Space Charge effect at the injection beam of 3GeV. Therefore conceptual design of the extraction energy upgrade using dipole and quadrupole magnets of RCS was performed. In this paper, we will report the contents of the study in extraction energy upgrade of RCS magnets and problems which became clear as a result.

Journal Articles

Universal scaling for the spin-electricity conversion on surface states of topological insulators

Yamamoto, Keita*; Shiomi, Yuki*; Segawa, Koji*; Ando, Yoichi*; Saito, Eiji

Physical Review B, 94(2), p.024404_1 - 024401_6, 2016/05

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:45.55(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have investigated spin-electricity conversion on surface states of bulk-insulating topological insulator (TI) materials using a spin-pumping technique. The sample structure is Ni-Fe/Cu/TI trilayers, in which magnetic proximity effects on the TI surfaces are negligibly small owing to the inserted Cu layer. Voltage signals produced by the spin-electricity conversion are clearly observed and are enhanced with decreasing temperature, in line with the dominant surface transport at lower temperatures. The efficiency of the spin-electricity conversion is greater for TI samples with a higher resistivity of bulk states and longer mean free path of surface states, consistent with the surface spin-electricity conversion.

Journal Articles

Monitoring of radionuclide related to CTBT

Kijima, Yuichi; Yamamoto, Yoichi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 58(3), p.156 - 160, 2016/03

JAEA has built and operated two radionuclide stations and a certified laboratory for monitoring of radionuclide out of facilities of the International Monitoring System (IMS) under the CTBT National Operation System of Japan. JAEA also has developed and operated the National Data Center for analysis and evaluation of radionuclide observation data obtained from the IMS station. In this paper, we explain the outline of the CTBT and the CTBT activities of JAEA, and introduce two examples of detection of some anthropogenic radionuclides including the monitoring case for the DPRK's 3rd nuclear test in February 2013 from all observational results obtained from the CTBT radionuclide stations in Japan.

Journal Articles

Status and upgrade plan of the cERL gun

Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Nagai, Ryoji; Mori, Michiaki; Hajima, Ryoichi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Honda, Yosuke*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Uchiyama, Takashi*; Jin, X.*; Obina, Takashi*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.511 - 515, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Noble gas monitoring at the Takasaki radionuclide station of JAEA; Certification by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) Organization

Yamamoto, Yoichi

Isotope News, (736), p.31 - 33, 2015/08

The Takasaki radionuclide (RN) station for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) has been in operation for monitoring of radioactive noble gases (radioxenon) by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) since 2007, first as a test run prior to receiving the certification. The noble gas system in the station was certified by the CTBT Organization (CTBTO) on December 19, 2014. Monitoring of radioxenon is expected to have a particularly valuable role in detection of an underground nuclear test. The Takasaki RN station detected radioxenon isotopes simultaneously with radioactive concentration exceeding normal background range in April, 2013. This abnormal event was identified as being associated with the nuclear test declared by North Korea in February, 2013. Since the Takasaki RN station is located at the east end of Asia, it is receiving widespread international attention as the station for radionuclides dispersed by the westerlies.

Journal Articles

Pressure-temperature-field phase diagram in the ferromagnet U$$_3$$P$$_4$$

Araki, Shingo*; Hayashida, Minami*; Nishiumi, Naoto*; Manabe, Hiroki*; Ikeda, Yoichi*; Kobayashi, Tatsuo*; Murata, Keizo*; Inada, Yoshihiko*; Wi$'s$niewski, P.*; Aoki, Dai*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(2), p.024705_1 - 024705_8, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:44.65(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of a high-brightness and high-current electron gun for high-flux $$gamma$$-ray generation

Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Nagai, Ryoji; Matsuba, Shunya; Hajima, Ryoichi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Honda, Yosuke*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Uchiyama, Takashi*; Kuriki, Masao*

Nuclear Physics and $$gamma$$-ray sources for Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation, p.321 - 326, 2014/12

Journal Articles

Performance comparison of scintillators for alpha particle detectors

Morishita, Yuki; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Izaki, Kenji; Kaneko, Junichi*; Toi, Kohei*; Tsubota, Yoichi*; Higuchi, Mikio*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 764, p.383 - 386, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:6.08(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Analysis on effects of transverse electric field in an injector cavity of compact-ERL at KEK

Hwang, J.-G.*; Kim, E.-S.*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Honda, Yosuke*; Harada, Kentaro*; Shimada, Miho*; Takai, Ryota*; Kume, Tatsuya*; Nagahashi, Shinya*; Obina, Takashi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 753, p.97 - 104, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:50.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Metamagnetic transition of itinerant ferromagnet U$$_3$$P$$_4$$ under high pressure

Araki, Shingo*; Hayashida, Minami*; Nishiumi, Naoto*; Manabe, Hiroki*; Ikeda, Yoichi*; Kobayashi, Tatsuo*; Murata, Keizo*; Inada, Yoshihiko*; Wi$'s$niewski, P.*; Aoki, Dai*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011081_1 - 011081_6, 2014/06

Journal Articles

Generation of a 500-keV electron beam with milliampere current from a photoemission DC gun

Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Nagai, Ryoji; Matsuba, Shunya; Hajima, Ryoichi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Honda, Yosuke*; Uchiyama, Takashi*; Iijima, Hokuto*; Kuriki, Masao*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.174 - 178, 2014/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a Si-PM based alpha camera for plutonium detection in nuclear fuel facilities

Morishita, Yuki; Yamamoto, Seiichi*; Izaki, Kenji; Kaneko, Junichi*; Toi, Kohei*; Tsubota, Yoichi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 747, p.81 - 86, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:4.24(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Alpha particles are monitored for detecting nuclear fuel material (i.e., plutonium and uranium) at nuclear fuel facilities. In this study, we developed a new alpha-particle imaging system by combining an Si-PM array, which is insensitive to noise, with a Ce-doped Gd$$_{3}$$Al$$_{2}$$Ga$$_{3}$$O$$_{12}$$ (GAGG) scintillator, and evaluated our developed system's fundamental performance. The scintillator was 0.1-mm thick, and the light guide was 3.0 mm thick. An $$^{241}$$Am source was used for all the measurements. We evaluated the spatial resolution by taking an image of a resolution chart. A 1.6 lp/mm slit was clearly resolved, and the spatial resolution was estimated to be less than 0.6-mm FWHM. The energy resolution was 13% FWHM. A slight distortion was observed in the image, and the uniformity near its center was within 24%. We conclude that our developed alpha-particle imaging system is promising for plutonium detection at nuclear fuel facilities.

Journal Articles

Experimental investigation of an optimum configuration for a high-voltage photoemission gun for operation at $$geq$$ 500 kV

Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Nagai, Ryoji; Matsuba, Shunya; Hajima, Ryoichi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Honda, Yosuke*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Iijima, Hokuto*; Kuriki, Masao*; Kuwahara, Makoto*

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 17(5), p.053401_1 - 053401_17, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:18.8(Physics, Nuclear)

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project annual report for fiscal year 2012

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Hikima, Ryoichi*; Tanno, Takeo*; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Onoe, Hironori; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-050, 114 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Review-2013-050.pdf:19.95MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in fiscal year 2012. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2012, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

Journal Articles

Verification and validation procedures of calculation codes for determining corrosive conditions in the BWR primary cooling system based on water radiolysis and mixed potential models

Uchida, Shunsuke*; Wada, Yoichi*; Yamamoto, Seiji*; Takagi, Junichi*; Hisamune, Kenji*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(1), p.24 - 36, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:58.26(Nuclear Science & Technology)

ECP in the BWR primary cooling system can be measured only in the restricted region. In order to determine ECP at any location, ECP should be evaluated by computer simulation codes consisting of water radiolysis models to determine the concentrations of corrosive radiolytic species and mixed potential models to determine ECP based on corrosive species. Mitigation of SCC crack growth rate due to decreasing ECP can be authorized by the JSME Standards, while mitigation of ECP due to hydrogen addition has not been authorized yet. In the paper, standard procedures to authorize the computer simulation codes based on the verification and validation method are proposed. The numerical justification of every code applied as a standard code should be verified and its accuracy and applicability for plant analysis should be validated. Benchmark problems for verification processes are proposed and comparison of the calculated results with the measured ones for the plant of evaluation is required.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project annual report for fiscal year 2011

Kunimaru, Takanori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Hikima, Ryoichi; Tanno, Takeo; Sanada, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-018, 169 Pages, 2013/09

JAEA-Review-2013-018.pdf:15.71MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in 2011 fiscal year. This report shows the results of the investigation, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2011, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

Journal Articles

Progress in a photocathode DC gun at the compact ERL

Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Nagai, Ryoji; Matsuba, Shunya; Hajima, Ryoichi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Honda, Yosuke*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Iijima, Hokuto*; Kuriki, Masao*; Kuwahara, Makoto*

Proceedings of 35th International Free-Electron Laser Conference (FEL 2013) (Internet), p.184 - 188, 2013/08

274 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)