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Journal Articles

Experimental evidence for the existence of a second partially-ordered phase of ice VI

Yamane, Ryo*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Gochi, Jun*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; Machida, Shinichi*; Hattori, Takanori; Ito, Hayate*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*

Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.1129_1 - 1129_6, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.36(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Ice exhibits extraordinary structural variety in its polymorphic structures. The existence of a new form of diversity in ice polymorphism has recently been debated in both experimental and theoretical studies, questioning whether hydrogen-disordered ice can transform into multiple hydrogen-ordered phases, contrary to the known one-to-one correspondence between disordered ice and its ordered phase. Here we report a new high-pressure phase, ice XIX, which is a second hydrogen-ordered phase of ice VI. This is the first discovery to demonstrate that disordered ice undergoes different manners of hydrogen ordering. Such multiplicity can appear in all disordered ice, and it widely provides a new research approach to deepen our knowledge, for example of the crucial issues of ice: the centrosymmetry of hydrogen-ordered configurations and potentially induced (anti-)ferroelectricity. Ultimately, this research opens up the possibility of completing the phase diagram of ice.

Journal Articles

Ice I$$_{rm c}$$ without stacking disorder by evacuating hydrogen from hydrogen hydrate

Komatsu, Kazuki*; Machida, Shinichi*; Noritake, Fumiya*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Yamane, Ryo*; Yamashita, Keishiro*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*

Nature Communications (Internet), 11(1), p.464_1 - 464_5, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:13.29(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Water freezes below 0$$^{circ}$$C at ambient pressure ordinarily to ice I$$_{rm h}$$, with hexagonal stacking sequence. Under certain conditions, ice with a cubic stacking sequence can also be formed, but ideal ice I$$_{rm c}$$ without stacking-disorder has never been formed until recently. Here we demonstrate a route to obtain ice I$$_{rm c}$$ without stacking-disorder by degassing hydrogen from the high-pressure form of hydrogen hydrate, C$$_{2}$$, which has a host framework isostructural with ice I$$_{rm c}$$. The stacking-disorder free ice I$$_{rm c}$$ is formed from C$$_{2}$$ via an intermediate amorphous or nano-crystalline form under decompression, unlike the direct transformations occurring in ice XVI from neon hydrate, or ice XVII from hydrogen hydrate. The obtained ice I$$_{rm c}$$ shows remarkable thermal stability, until the phase transition to ice I$$_{rm h}$$ at 250 K, originating from the lack of dislocations. This discovery of ideal ice I$$_{rm c}$$ will promote understanding of the role of stacking-disorder on the physical properties of ice as a counter end-member of ice I$$_{rm h}$$.

Journal Articles

Estimation of hydrogen gas production at transient criticality in uranyl nitrate solution

Yoshida, Ryoichiro; Yamane, Yuichi; Abe, Hitoshi

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.408 - 414, 2019/09

In a criticality accident, it is known that some kinds of radiolysis gases are generated mainly due to kinetic energy of fission fragments. Hydrogen gas (H$$_{2}$$) is one of them, which is able to initiate explosion. The rate of H$$_{2}$$ generation and its total amount can be estimated from the number of fission per second if its G value is known. In this study, it was tried to estimate G value of hydrogen gas (G(H$$_{2}$$)) by using the H$$_{2}$$ concentration measured as time-series data in Transient Experiment Critical Facility (TRACY) which was carried out by Japan Atomic Energy Agency. There was time lag in the measured H$$_{2}$$ concentration from its generation. To overcome those problems, measured profile of H$$_{2}$$ concentration was reproduced based on a hypothetical model and its total amount was evaluated. Based on the model, the obtained G(H$$_{2}$$) was 1.2.

Journal Articles

Partially ordered state of ice XV

Komatsu, Kazuki*; Noritake, Fumiya*; Machida, Shinichi*; Sano, Asami; Hattori, Takanori; Yamane, Ryo*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.28920_1 - 28920_11, 2016/07

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:48.56(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We investigate in-situ neutron diffraction measurements and density functional theory calculations to revisit the structure and stability of ice XV. We find that none of the completely ordered configurations are particular favored; instead, partially ordered states are established as a mixture of ordered domains in disordered ice VI. This scenario in which several kinds of ordered configuration coexist dispels the contradictions in previous studies. It means that the order disorder pairs in ice polymorphs are not one-to-one correspondent pairs but rather have one-to-n correspondence, where there are possible configurations at finite temperature.

Journal Articles

First ISTC/SAC seminar ``New approaches to the nuclear fuel cycles and related disposal schemes; Taking into account the existing excessive quantities of weapon-grade U and Pu, and reactor-grade Pu''

Maekawa, Hiroshi; Mukaiyama, Takehiko; Yamane, Tsuyoshi; *; *; Suzuki, Atsuyuki*; Takeda, Renzo*; *; Kawashima, Masatoshi*; *; et al.

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 40(12), p.963 - 965, 1998/12

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Evaluation of hydrogen gas production at transient criticality in uranyl nitrate solution

Yoshida, Ryoichiro; Yamane, Yuichi; Abe, Hitoshi

no journal, , 

At criticality accident on solution fuel, it is known that hydrogen gas is generated with nuclear fission. Because of the temporary decrease effect on power through density decrease and the possibility which causes secondary accident such as explosion, it is important on safety evaluation at criticality accident that to estimate relating the amount of hydrogen gas and the number of nuclear fissions. The time history data of concentration of hydrogen gas in vent gas when the transition critically used uranyl nitrate solution, which was obtained from Transient Experiment Critical Facility (TRACY), could not be explained by simple diffusion, because of peak about 500 seconds later from reactivity addition and after that long tail. Then, calculating the transition behavior of hydrogen gas in reactor core tank by combining multiple models such as Taylor dispersion, and evaluating concentration of hydrogen gas result reproducing the measured value well. The amount of hydrogen gas also evaluated 4 mol per 10$$^{18}$$ fissions.

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