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Journal Articles

Development on laser cutting technique to suppress spatter particles aiming at disposal of radio-active waste

Naoe, Takashi; Teshigawara, Makoto; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Mizutani, Haruki; Muramatsu, Toshiharu; Yamada, Tomonori; Ushitsuka, Yuji*; Tanaka, Nobuatsu*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*

Proceedings of 8th International Congress on Laser Advanced Materials Processing (LAMP 2019) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2019/05

Laser cutting is one of the options in the disposal of radio-active waste, such as spallation neutron target vessel in J-PARC, etc. Due to unique characteristic of laser, such as non-contact system, it is more easily to provide remote-controlled system in comparison with conventional one, such as mechanical cutting machine, etc. However, a demerit of laser cutting is the sputter and fume caused by laser cutting, resulting in contamination with radio-active materials its surroundings. Recently it was developed that the spatter suppression technique by controlling laser beam profile in laser welding process. In order to apply this suppression technique to laser cutting, first of all, we attempted to observe the phenomenon at melting area during laser cutting using a high-speed video camera in order to make the physical model. The result showed that the appearance of fume and sputter were independently confirmed in the time evolution.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:74.53(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

A Study on precipitation behavior of plutonium and other transuranium elements with N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone for development of a simple reprocessing process

Morita, Yasuji; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Mineo, Hideaki; Koshino, Nobuyoshi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(3), p.354 - 360, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:69.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Precipitation behavior of Pu and other transuranium elements with N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) has been examined to develop a simple reprocessing based only on precipitation method. From HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions containing only Pu, both Pu(VI) and Pu(IV) were precipitated with NCP, but they required more NCP than in the U(VI) precipitation. Selective U(VI) precipitation from HNO$$_{3}$$ solution containing U(VI) and Pu(IV) was achieved by stirring the solution for sufficient time after addition of NCP with ratio of [NCP]/[U]=1.4. Addition of an enough amount of NCP to U(VI)-Pu(VI) or U(VI)-Pu(IV) solutions gave a quantitative precipitation of both U and Pu. Neither Am(III) nor Np(V) was precipitated in the selective U precipitation and the simultaneous U-Pu precipitation. These results demonstrate the feasibility of the reprocessing by precipitation with NCP.

Journal Articles

Development of a simple reprocessing process using selective precipitant for uranyl ions; Precipitation behaviors of plutonium and other transuranium elements

Morita, Yasuji; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Mineo, Hideaki; Koshino, Nobuyoshi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) can selectively precipitate U(VI) ions in aqueous nitric acid solutions. Utilizing this property, we have been developing a simple reprocessing process of spent nuclear fuel based only on precipitation method. In the first precipitation step, only U is separated by precipitation in a yield of about 70%, and in the second precipitation step both U and Pu are recovered and separated from fission products (FP) and other transuranium elements (TRU). In JAERI, precipitation behaviors of Pu and other TRU were examined experimentally, and the results showed the feasibility of the process establishement.

Journal Articles

Development of a simple reprocessing process using selective precipitant for uranyl ions; Engineering studies for precipitating and separating systems

Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Morita, Yasuji; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Mineo, Hideaki; Koshino, Nobuyoshi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Harada, Masayuki*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2005/10

N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP), can selectively precipitate U(VI) ions in aqueous nitric acid solutions. Utilizing this property, we have been developing a simple reprocessing process of spent nuclear fuel based only on precipitation method. In the first precipitation step, only U is separated by precipitation in a yield of about 70%, and in the second precipitation step both U and Pu are recovered and separated from fission products (FP) and other transuranium elements (TRU). In the present study, a precipitator and a precipitate separator were designed and built up, and were tested with aspets of operationability and system performance.

Journal Articles

Development of a simple reprocessing process using selective precipitant for uranyl ions; Engineering studies on systems for precipitating and separating

Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Hanzawa, Masatoshi*; Morita, Yasuji; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 47(1-4), p.414 - 419, 2005/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.79(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The simple reprocessing method based on precipitation using N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) as a selective precipitant for U and Pu ions from dissolved solutions of spent FBR fuels has been developed. On the basis of fundamental studies on precipitation behaviors, we designed and built up the scaled-up laboratory equipments (1/20-scale of future plant capacity of 200 tHM/y) to evaluate technological and economical feasibility. This system, which mainly consists of a precipitator and a precipitate separator, should be operated continuously from economical reasons. From the experimental results, it was confirmed that the precipitator is capable of producing UO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$-NCP precipitate stably with stipulated residence time (approximately 30 min), and the precipitate separator has the highly efficient separation of precipitate from the slurry. Furthermore, the parametric experiments indicated that the rinsing operation increased the efficiency in decontamination of FP elements.

JAEA Reports

The Nuclear-Fuel Manufacturing Adaptability Study of UNH Crystal-Conversion Products

Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

JNC TJ8420 2004-002, 48 Pages, 2003/12

JNC-TJ8420-2004-002.pdf:1.33MB

Crystallization procedure is considered to have an adaptability to new reprocessing process based on the PUREX process because it has an advantage in recovering rather pure uranium from contaminated uranium solution without reagent. Hydrated uranyl nitrate (UNH) crystal from crystallization procedure is fed to the conversion process into UO2 for the fabrication of nuclear fuel. We have researched for denitration or conversion methods which is suited to UNH crystal and molten salt since. Due to the selection from some denitration or conversion methods, it is very important to research. an adaptability of the product from the denitration or conversion methods.In this study, we investigated some powder properties of the products, as important factors for nuclear -fuel-manufacturing, from the denitration or conversion methods. Next, we selected pelletizing process, viblo-packing fuel process and covered-particle fuel process as major manufacturing-process of nuclear fuel and research the conditions of uranyl oxide required from each processes. From the comparison between these conditions and the result from denitration or conversion methods, we estimated an adaptability of these methods to nuclear -fuel-manufacturing. As a result, we showed that freeze dry method, ADU and AUC method may be suited to pelletizing process. We also showed that electric reduction method, internal gelation method, and external gelation method may be suited to viblo-packing and covered-particle fuel process.

JAEA Reports

The Study of the Feeding and Conveying of UNH Crystal

Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*

JNC TJ8400 2003-031, 62 Pages, 2003/02

JNC-TJ8400-2003-031.pdf:1.64MB

Crystallization procedure is considered to have an adaptability to new reprocessing process based on the PUREX process because it has an advantage in recovering rather pure uranium from contaminated uranium solution without any reagents. Up to now, a small-scale uranium test has been performed to confirm an applicability of crystallization.Hydrated uranyl nitrate (UNH) crystal from crystallization procedure is fed to the conversion process into UO2 for the fabrication of nuclear fuel. UNH crystal as feed material has the advantage over UNH solution because any reagents aren't needed in the conversion process. Therefore we will develop an apparatus for storing and conveying UNH crystal to the conversion process. Flowability of UNH crystal is very important to design the apparatus. Carr's fluidity index is one of the most common expressions for the flowability of powders.In this study, we estimated Carr's fluidity index of UNH crystal. Based on the Carr's fluidity index, we investigated the adaptability of the apparatus to UNH crystal.

Oral presentation

Development of a simple reprocessing process by selective precipitation for uranyl ions

Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Kusama, Makoto*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Hanzawa, Masatoshi*; Koshino, Nobuyoshi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Harada, Masayuki*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

A Method of fabrication meso-nozzle for bubbling

Osone, Ryuji; Bucheeri, A.; Kurishita, Hiroaki*; Kato, Masahiro*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Maekawa, Katsuhiro*; Naoe, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

no journal, , 

Liquid mercury target system for high power spallation neutron sources is being developed. When high intensity proton beams are injected into the target, pressure waves are generated by the thermal shock in mercury and pitting damage will be imposed on the target vessel. Bubble injection into mercury is effective to mitigate the pressure waves. In this work, we propose a method of fabricating meso-nozzle for bubble injection. The method is based on powder metallurgy by inserting thin glass fibers into a metal powder matrix to create a green compact, followed by sintering at a temperature between the melting points of the powder and the fiber. SUS316L and molybdenum powders were used as the nozzle matrix materials. In order to investigate optimum sintering condition, experiments were performed at different combination of pressing load and sintering temperature. We found that in molybdenum high relative density and straight hole with circlar cross section were obtained.

Oral presentation

Role of indirect readout in protein-DNA recognition assessed by a Bayesian approach

Yamasaki, Satoshi*; Fukui, Kazuhiko*; Kono, Hidetoshi; Shimizu, Kentaro*; Sarai, Akinori*; Terada, Toru*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Material properties degradation of radiation shielding lead glasses by laser irradiation

Wakui, Takashi; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Futakawa, Masatoshi

no journal, , 

Pulsed Nd:YAG laser was irradiated to two radiation shielding glasses with the different lead content and a lead-free glass. Although no irradiation damage of the lead-free glass was visually confirmed in the laser irradiation condition of this study, the irradiation damage in the lead glasses could be recognized and the lead glass with the high lead content tends to cause the higher irradiation damage. Vickers hardness, elastic modulus and fracture toughness were evaluated by indentation technique with a Vickers indenter were 82-75%, 90-80% and 71-65% of the lead-free glass, respectively. The yield stresses evaluated by the inverse analysis using Kalman's filter based on load-depth curve obtained by the indentation technique with a spherical indenter were 87-67% of the lead-free glass. The yield stress of the irradiation damage area of the lead glass with the low lead content decreased to 74% of unirradiated area.

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