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Journal Articles

Volatilization of B$$_{4}$$C control rods in Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors during meltdown; B-Li isotopic signatures in cesium-rich microparticles

Fueda, Kazuki*; Takami, Ryu*; Minomo, Kenta*; Morooka, Kazuya*; Horie, Kenji*; Takehara, Mami*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Saito, Takumi*; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Onuki, Toshihiko*; et al.

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 428, p.128214_1 - 128214_10, 2022/04

Journal Articles

Nanosecond laser-induced coloration of radiation resistant lead glasses

Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Kato, Hironori*; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Teshigawara, Makoto

Jikken Rikigaku, 21(4), p.308 - 313, 2021/12

In this study, coloration and damage of radiation-resistant lead glasses by nanosecond pulse laser with visible wavelength are evaluated. Three kinds of radiation resistance glasses with different lead content: PbO-55 wt%, 71 wt% and PbO free glass are used. As a result, the transitional coloration and damage formation with phase differences had observed by nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation at peak power of 1 kW. Although high-lead concentration glass has lower thresholds for coloration in laser intensity, damage-formation thresholds for both PbO glasses were almost the same. On the other hand, no change was observed after laser-irradiation to PbO-free glass. In addition, photochemical and thermal reaction of PbO by nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation is considered from the result of intensity change at wave numbers 200-500$$^{-1}$$ and 1000 cm$$^{-1}$$ in Raman spectrums.

Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:35.83(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Study on irradiation hardening mechanism of RPV steel; Experiments for irradiation temperature control

Ha, Yoosung; Shimodaira, Masaki; Tobita, Toru; Hanawa, Satoshi; Yamasaki, Shota*; Uno, Sadanori*

2018-Nendo Ryoshi Kagaku Gijutsu Kenkyu Kaihatsu Kiko Shisetu Kyoyo Jisshi Hokokusho (Internet), 3 Pages, 2019/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development on laser cutting technique to suppress spatter particles aiming at disposal of radio-active waste

Naoe, Takashi; Teshigawara, Makoto; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Mizutani, Haruki; Muramatsu, Toshiharu; Yamada, Tomonori; Ushitsuka, Yuji*; Tanaka, Nobuatsu*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*

Proceedings of 8th International Congress on Laser Advanced Materials Processing (LAMP 2019) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2019/05

Laser cutting is one of the options in the disposal of radio-active waste, such as spallation neutron target vessel in J-PARC, etc. Due to unique characteristic of laser, such as non-contact system, it is more easily to provide remote-controlled system in comparison with conventional one, such as mechanical cutting machine, etc. However, a demerit of laser cutting is the sputter and fume caused by laser cutting, resulting in contamination with radio-active materials its surroundings. Recently it was developed that the spatter suppression technique by controlling laser beam profile in laser welding process. In order to apply this suppression technique to laser cutting, first of all, we attempted to observe the phenomenon at melting area during laser cutting using a high-speed video camera in order to make the physical model. The result showed that the appearance of fume and sputter were independently confirmed in the time evolution.

Journal Articles

Advanced analysis technology for new material and product development

Sasaki, Hirokazu*; Nishikubo, Hideo*; Nishida, Shinsuke*; Yamazaki, Satoshi*; Nakasaki, Ryusuke*; Isomatsu, Takemi*; Minato, Ryuichiro*; Kinugawa, Kohei*; Imamura, Akihiro*; Otomo, Shinya*; et al.

Furukawa Denko Jiho, (138), p.2 - 10, 2019/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Impurity effects in the microscopic elastic properties of polycrystalline Mg-Zn-Y alloys with a synchronised long-period stacking ordered phase

Hosokawa, Shinya*; Kimura, Koji*; Yamasaki, Michiaki*; Kawamura, Yoshihito*; Yoshida, Koji*; Inui, Masanori*; Tsutsui, Satoshi*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 695, p.426 - 432, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.7(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Radioactive Cs in the estuary sediments near Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Yamasaki, Shinya*; Imoto, Jumpei*; Furuki, Genki*; Ochiai, Asumi*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Sueki, Keisuke*; Namba, Kenji*; Ewing, R. C.*; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*

Science of the Total Environment, 551-552, p.155 - 162, 2016/05

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:75.78(Environmental Sciences)

Cesium-137 ($$^{137}$$Cs) of estuary sediment impacted by the FDNPP was measured. Increasing radioactivity was observed from surface to bottom. 90% of the $$^{137}$$Cs was strongly bound to clay minerals in the estuary sediments. These results suggest that $$^{137}$$Cs is being transported from contaminated paddy fields to the estuary.

Journal Articles

Radioactive Cs in the severely contaminated soils near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Kaneko, Makoto*; Iwata, Hajime; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Masaki, Shota*; Kawamoto, Yuji*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Nakamatsu, Yuki*; Imoto, Jumpei*; Furuki, Genki*; Ochiai, Asumi*; et al.

Frontiers in Energy Research (Internet), 3, p.37_1 - 37_10, 2015/09

The mobility of the aggregates of submicron-sized sheet aluminosilicate in the surface environment is a key factor controlling the current Cs migration in Fukushima.

Journal Articles

Sorption of trivalent cerium by a mixture of microbial cells and manganese oxides; Effect of microbial cells on the oxidation of trivalent cerium

Onuki, Toshihiko; Jiang, M.*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Yu, Q.; Tanaka, Kazuya; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Xia, X.*; Yange, K.*; et al.

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 163, p.1 - 13, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:53.26(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

The association of Ce(III) with the microbial cell surface and the formation of Ce phosphate nano-particles are responsible for suppressing the oxidation of Ce(III) to Ce(IV) in the mixtures.

Journal Articles

Effect of minerals on accumulation of Cs by fungus ${{it Saccaromyces cerevisiae}}$

Onuki, Toshihiko; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Kozai, Naofumi; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Watanabe, Naoko*; Kozaki, Tamotsu*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 144, p.127 - 133, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:28.24(Environmental Sciences)

The accumulation of Cs by unicellular fungus of ${{it Saccaromyces cerevisiae}}$ in the presence of minerals has been studied to elucidate the role of microorganisms in the migration of radioactive Cs in the environment. In the presence of minerals in the agar medium, the radioactivity in the yeast cells was in the order of mica $$>$$ smectite, illite $$>>$$ vermiculite, phlogopite, zeolite. This order is inversely correlated to the ratio of the concentration of radioactive Cs between the minerals and the medium solution. These results strongly suggest that the yeast accumulates radioactive Cs competitively with minerals.

Journal Articles

Adsorption of ytterbium onto ${it Saccharomyces cerevisiae}$ fungal cells; A pH-dependent contribution of phosphoryl functional group

Jiang, M. Y.*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Yamasaki, Shinya; Tanaka, Kazuya*; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 295(3), p.2283 - 2287, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:29.69(Chemistry, Analytical)

The adsorption of Ytterbium on the cells of yeast ${it Saccharomyces cerevisiae}$ has been studied by batch type experiment by changing solution pH. The Yb adsorption species on the yeast cell wall of the ${it Saccharomyces cerevisiae}$ was determined by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy combined with a linear combination analysis at various pHs. The results indicated that the contribution of Yb-phosphoryl species was constant between pH 3 and 5, strongly suggesting that most of the Yb was associated with undeprotonated phosphoryl functional groups.

Journal Articles

A New method for evaluating the specificity of indirect readout in protein-DNA recognition

Yamasaki, Satoshi*; Terada, Toru*; Kono, Hidetoshi; Shimizu, Kentaro*; Sarai, Akinori*

Nucleic Acids Research, 40(17), p.e129_1 - e129_7, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:49.11(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Journal Articles

Accelerator neutron dosimetry using composite-gas-filled proportional counting tube

Usui, Toshihide; Mikami, Satoshi; Hashimoto, Makoto; Nakayama, Naoto; Suzuki, Chihiro*; Tani, Kotaro*; Yamasaki, Keizo*; Misawa, Tsuyoshi*

KURRI Progress Report 2010, P. 209, 2011/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional microstructure and high temperature strength in ODS 9Cr ferritic heat resistant steels

Mitsuhara, Masatoshi*; Harada, Erika*; Yamasaki, Shigeto*; Ikeda, Kenichi*; Hata, Satoshi*; Nakashima, Hideharu*; Otsuka, Satoshi; Kaito, Takeji

Kashika Joho Gakkai-Shi, 31(122), p.98 - 103, 2011/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Generalized conformational energy function of DNA derived from molecular dynamics simulations

Yamasaki, Satoshi*; Terada, Toru*; Shimizu, Kentaro*; Kono, Hidetoshi; Sarai, Akinori*

Nucleic Acids Research, 37(20), p.e135_1 - e135_9, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:14.4(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:74.53(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

A Novel non-intrusive resistance thermometer for sodium in fast breeder reactor

Yamasaki, Hiro*; Honda, Satoshi*; Ueda, Masashi; Endo, Akira*; Fueki, Manabu*

Keisoku Jido Seigyo Gakkai Rombunshu, 43(9), p.756 - 761, 2007/09

A non-intrusive temperature sensing system is proposed. It is developed for temperature measurement of liquid sodium coolant in fast breeder reactor. Liquid sodium is used as coolant due to high heat flux density in the reactor core. In this paper, the results of our feasibility study by 2-dimensional numerical simulation, small size experimental test done by Japan Atomic Energy Agency Oarai Institute, and theoretical analysis are described. The basic principle of temperature measurement is resistant thermometry of liquid sodium. The resistivity of liquid sodium is quite lower than that of the stainless steel (SUS304), which is used in the pipe wall. The resistivity temperature coefficient of liquid sodium(0.337%/deg) is higher than that of stainless steel(0.0865%/deg). If we feed electric current perpendicular to the axis of flow pipe, the current penetrates the pipe wall and flow across the liquid. The current concentrates the liquid sodium, only small portion of the current flows along the pipe wall. The electric potential distribution is almost dominated by resistivity of sodium. The potential distribution can be measured along the out side of the pipe wall. The potential difference between two fixed points on the pipe wall indicates the resistivity of sodium So the sodium temperature can be measured by potential difference. Measurement accuracy of $$pm$$5$$^{circ}$$C is obtained in experimental tests. Better estimation data are obtained by theoretical analysis using three dimensional model.

Journal Articles

Spin multiplicity and charge state of a silicon vacancy (${it T}$ $$_{V2a}$$) in 4${it H}$-SiC determined by pulsed ENDOR

Mizuochi, Norikazu*; Yamasaki, Satoshi*; Takizawa, Haruki; Morishita, Norio; Oshima, Takeshi; Ito, Hisayoshi; Umeda, Takahide*; Isoya, Junichi*

Physical Review B, 72(23), p.235208_1 - 235208_6, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:83.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a simple reprocessing process using selective precipitant for uranyl ions; Engineering studies on systems for precipitating and separating

Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Hanzawa, Masatoshi*; Morita, Yasuji; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 47(1-4), p.414 - 419, 2005/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.79(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The simple reprocessing method based on precipitation using N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) as a selective precipitant for U and Pu ions from dissolved solutions of spent FBR fuels has been developed. On the basis of fundamental studies on precipitation behaviors, we designed and built up the scaled-up laboratory equipments (1/20-scale of future plant capacity of 200 tHM/y) to evaluate technological and economical feasibility. This system, which mainly consists of a precipitator and a precipitate separator, should be operated continuously from economical reasons. From the experimental results, it was confirmed that the precipitator is capable of producing UO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$-NCP precipitate stably with stipulated residence time (approximately 30 min), and the precipitate separator has the highly efficient separation of precipitate from the slurry. Furthermore, the parametric experiments indicated that the rinsing operation increased the efficiency in decontamination of FP elements.

37 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)