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Journal Articles

Volatilization of B$$_{4}$$C control rods in Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors during meltdown; B-Li isotopic signatures in cesium-rich microparticles

Fueda, Kazuki*; Takami, Ryu*; Minomo, Kenta*; Morooka, Kazuya*; Horie, Kenji*; Takehara, Mami*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Saito, Takumi*; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Onuki, Toshihiko*; et al.

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 428, p.128214_1 - 128214_10, 2022/04

Journal Articles

Formation process of swamp sediments of the Karako Lowland in northern Shimabara Peninsula, Western Japan

Nakanishi, Toshimichi*; Okuno, Mitsuru*; Yamasaki, Keiji*; Hong, W.*; Fujita, Natsuko; Nakamura, Toshio*; Horikawa, Yoshiyuki*; Sato, Eiichi*; Kimura, Haruo*; Tsutsumi, Hiroyuki*

Nagoya Daigaku Nendai Sokutei Kenkyu, 5, p.38 - 43, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Insight into Kondo screening in the intermediate-valence compound SmOs$$_4$$Sb$$_{12}$$ uncovered by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Saito, Yuji; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Yasui, Akira*; Kadono, Toshiharu*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*; Suga, Shigemasa*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Sekiyama, Akira*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(16), p.165152_1 - 165152_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

A Geochemical approach for identifying marine incursions; Implications for tsunami geology on the Pacific coast of northeast Japan

Watanabe, Takahiro; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Yamasaki, Shinichi*; Sawai, Yuki*; Hosoda, Norihiro*; Nara, Fumiko*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Komai, Takeshi*

Applied Geochemistry, 118, p.104644_1 - 104644_11, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:74.86(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Possible tsunami inundation areas can be predicted from the distribution of paleo tsunami deposits, which are mainly composed of marine-derived sands and muds on land. Such exotic sandy and muddy layers have been identified by multiple approaches. However, there still remain uncertainties and other useful proxies need to be investigated for the identification of tsunami deposits. Here we show the geochemical signatures of modern tsunami deposits from the Pacific coast of Northeast Japan (2011 Tohoku tsunami), as well as those paleo tsunami deposits, which were taken from the Tohoku District (Jogan, ca. 1080 calibrated ages before present [cal BP] and Yayoi, ca. 2000 cal BP). A geochemical ternary diagram (Seawater-Rock-(As+Metals)) enables the weathering trend of tsunami deposits over ca. 2000 years in the Sendai Plain in the Tohoku to be shown. In the paleo tsunami layers from the Tohoku, the Na/Ti atomic ratios markedly increased to 23.4, and the average values were 19.3$$pm$$3.0 (Jogan and Yayoi tsunami deposits), which were clearly higher than those of other layers (soil deposits, 10.3$$pm$$3.5 on average). These results show that the Na/Ti ratio is a useful indicator of marine incursions in our case. Our rapid and simple method using the Na/Ti ratio can be easily applied to the Tohoku, and it may contribute to the detection of unrecorded muddy tsunami deposits.

Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:35.83(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Revising the 4${it f}$ symmetry in CeCu$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$; Soft X-ray absorption and hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

Aratani, Hidekazu*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Kawada, Moeki*; Kanai, Yuina*; Yamagami, Kohei*; Fujioka, Shuhei*; Hamamoto, Satoru*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Kiss, Takayuki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(12), p.121113_1 - 121113_6, 2018/09

AA2018-0352.pdf:1.16MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.8(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Evidence for momentum-dependent heavy fermionic electronic structures; Soft X-ray ARPES for the superconductor CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$ in the normal state

Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Mori, Takeo*; Tsuruta, Atsushi*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Yasui, Akira*; et al.

Physical Review B, 97(11), p.115160_1 - 115160_7, 2018/03

AA2018-0003.pdf:1.65MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:16.65(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Impurity effects in the microscopic elastic properties of polycrystalline Mg-Zn-Y alloys with a synchronised long-period stacking ordered phase

Hosokawa, Shinya*; Kimura, Koji*; Yamasaki, Michiaki*; Kawamura, Yoshihito*; Yoshida, Koji*; Inui, Masanori*; Tsutsui, Satoshi*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 695, p.426 - 432, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.7(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Circular dichroism in resonant angle-resolved photoemission spectra of LaNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$

Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Mori, Takeo*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Yasui, Akira*; Yamagami, Hiroshi*; et al.

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 220, p.50 - 53, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:13.25(Spectroscopy)

We report the soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission study for LaNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$ to reveal the electronic structures derived from non-4$$f$$ bands of the heavy fermion compound CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$. The photoemission spectra recorded at the La M$$_{4,5}$$ absorption edges clearly show the enhancement of the La 5$$d$$ components in the valence band spectra. The circular dichroism of photoemission spectra reveals the band-dependent dichroic response due to the orbital symmetry.

Journal Articles

Fungus-promoted transformation of lanthanides during the biooxidation of divalent manganese

Yu, Q.; Onuki, Toshihiko; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tani, Yukinori*

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, p.1 - 12, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:65.4(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Although microorganisms possess high sorption capability for lanthanides (Lns), their biological response affecting Lns migration is unclear. We investigated the effects of microbial activity on transformation of Lns by contact of Lns with Aeremonium strictum under metabolically active condition with Mn(II). A biomolecule that specifically complex to Ce(IV) was found to be released from the fungal cell, facilitating the desorption of Ce(IV) from Mn oxide. This biomolecule was not associated with any other trivalent Lns or Fe, which differed from those non-nuclide-specific organic substances released from resting cells, as reported previously.

Journal Articles

Radioactive Cs in the severely contaminated soils near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Kaneko, Makoto*; Iwata, Hajime; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Masaki, Shota*; Kawamoto, Yuji*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Nakamatsu, Yuki*; Imoto, Jumpei*; Furuki, Genki*; Ochiai, Asumi*; et al.

Frontiers in Energy Research (Internet), 3, p.37_1 - 37_10, 2015/09

The mobility of the aggregates of submicron-sized sheet aluminosilicate in the surface environment is a key factor controlling the current Cs migration in Fukushima.

Journal Articles

Effect of minerals on accumulation of Cs by fungus ${{it Saccaromyces cerevisiae}}$

Onuki, Toshihiko; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Kozai, Naofumi; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Watanabe, Naoko*; Kozaki, Tamotsu*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 144, p.127 - 133, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:28.24(Environmental Sciences)

The accumulation of Cs by unicellular fungus of ${{it Saccaromyces cerevisiae}}$ in the presence of minerals has been studied to elucidate the role of microorganisms in the migration of radioactive Cs in the environment. In the presence of minerals in the agar medium, the radioactivity in the yeast cells was in the order of mica $$>$$ smectite, illite $$>>$$ vermiculite, phlogopite, zeolite. This order is inversely correlated to the ratio of the concentration of radioactive Cs between the minerals and the medium solution. These results strongly suggest that the yeast accumulates radioactive Cs competitively with minerals.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and electronic properties of (LaMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$(SrMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$ superlattice revealed by resonant soft X-ray scattering

Kubota, Masato; Yamada, Hiroyuki*; Nakao, Hironori*; Okamoto, Jun*; Yamasaki, Yuichi*; Sawa, Akihito*; Murakami, Yoichi*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(5S1), p.05FH07_1 - 05FH07_5, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:10.57(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Chemical states of fallout radioactive Cs in the soils deposited at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko; Arisaka, Makoto; Watanabe, Masayuki; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Yamasaki, Shinya; Jiang, M.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 49(5), p.473 - 478, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:54 Percentile:98.07(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Chemical states of radioactive Cs in the contaminated soils by Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident has been characterized by the desorption experiments using appropriate reagents solutions and size fractionation of the contaminated soils. Approximately 70% of radioactive Cs in the residual fraction were associated with the size fractions larger than the elutriated one, even though mica-like minerals were contained in the elutriated one. These results strongly suggest that radioactive Cs was irreversibly associated with soil components other than mica like minerals in the contaminated soil.

JAEA Reports

Research on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste (Progress report for fiscal years 2005 - 2009: H22 report)

Kusano, Tomohiro; Asamori, Koichi; Kurosawa, Hideki; Kokubu, Yoko; Tanikawa, Shinichi; Negi, Tateyuki; Hanamuro, Takahiro; Yasue, Kenichi; Yamasaki, Seiko; Yamada, Kunimi; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-044, 153 Pages, 2011/01

JAEA-Research-2010-044.pdf:12.53MB

This progress report (H22 report) documents progress made during JAEA 1st Midterm Plan (FY 2005 - 2009) to provide the scientific base for assessing geosphere stability for long-term isolation of the high-level radioactive waste. For the current 5-year R&D programme, three major goals have been defined as follows: (1) development and synthesis of investigation techniques for selecting suitable sites in geosphere stability, (2) development, application, and evaluation of prediction models for evaluating the changes of geological environment in thermal, hydraulic, mechanical and geochemical conditions for a long period of time, and (3) development of new dating techniques for providing information about geologic history and the timing of geologic events. In this paper, the current status of R&D activities with previous scientific and technological progress is summarized.

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Scientific programme for fiscal years 2010

Yasue, Kenichi; Asamori, Koichi; Yamada, Kunimi; Kokubu, Yoko; Yamasaki, Seiko; Kurosawa, Hideki; Tanikawa, Shinichi; Negi, Tateyuki; Kusano, Tomohiro; Hanamuro, Takahiro; et al.

JAEA-Review 2010-034, 42 Pages, 2010/09

JAEA-Review-2010-034.pdf:1.15MB

The concept of geological disposal of HLW in Japan is based on a multibarrier system which combines a stable geological environment with an engineered barrier system. Potential geological host formations and their surroundings are chosen, in particular, for their long-term stability, taking into account the fact that Japan is located in a tectonically active zone. This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) for geosphere stability for long-term isolation of HLW in JAEA, in fiscal year 2010. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2010 are described in detail based on the outline of 5 years plan (fiscal years 2010-2014). In addition, the plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

JAEA Reports

Collection of URL measurement data in 2008 at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project

Sano, Michiaki; Ishii, Eiichi; Niinuma, Hiroaki; Fujikawa, Daisuke; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Hiraga, Naoto; Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Yamasaki, Masanao*

JAEA-Data/Code 2009-015, 142 Pages, 2009/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2009-015.pdf:41.84MB

In the Horonobe Underground Laboratory (URL) Project, Construction of the Ventilation Shaft, the East Shaft and the drifts has been conducted as a Phase 2 research. In the research, observation of the lithofacies and fracture, and in-situ tests, simple elastic wave exploration, Schmidt hammer test, Equotip test, point load test are conducted in each face, and measuring instruments such as extensometer, rock-bolt axial force meter, shotcrete stress meter and tunnel lining concrete stress meter are installed in particular face. In addition, for the purpose of the validation of the results of predictive analysis, conducted in Phase 1, about the amount of spring water during construction of Underground facilities, data on the changes of amount of spring water and water quality is obtained. This report summarizes the measurements data acquired at the Ventilation Shaft (GL -161m $$sim$$ -250m), the East Shaft (GL -110m $$sim$$ -140m) and the 140m drift.

Journal Articles

Time variation of particle size distribution of aerosols generated at accelerator facilities

Yokoyama, Sumi; Yamasaki, Keizo*; Oki, Yuichi*; Osada, Naoyuki*

Hoken Butsuri, 43(4), p.333 - 340, 2008/12

To assess internal exposure due to inhalation of radioactive aerosols and gases generated in high-energy accelerator facilities, physicochemical properties such as particle size of aerosols and chemical form of gases are important information. We measured the particle size distribution and concentration of aerosols coexisting with radionuclide formed by high-energy radiation emission in the target room of LINAC and estimated the long term variation of particle size and concentration of radioactive aerosols in high-energy acceleration facilities.

Journal Articles

Synthesis and characterization of bulky mesoporous silica Pd-MCM-41

Nagata, Hidezumi*; Hirao, Norie*; Onoki, Takamasa*; Baba, Yuji; Yamasaki, Yuki*; Nakahira, Atsushi*

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, 116(1350), p.216 - 219, 2008/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:54.91(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Bulky palladium catalyst supported on mesoporous silica (Pd-MCM-41) was successfully synthesized by hydrothermal hot-pressing method. The structure of the palladium species in Pd-MCM-41 bulk before and after heat-treatment process was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). On the basis of these results, the microstructures and mesoporous properties of Pd-MCM-41 were discussed. As a result, it was revealed that the obtained Pd-MCM-41 bulks possessed a high area of over 1000 m$$^{2}$$/g and the electronic state of palladium in Pd-MCM-41 bulk is almost equal to palladium (0) metal.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:74.53(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

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