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Journal Articles

Summary results of subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))"

Koyama, Shinichi; Nakagiri, Toshio; Osaka, Masahiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kurata, Masaki; Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; Onishi, Takashi; Takano, Masahide; et al.

Hairo, Osensui Taisaku jigyo jimukyoku Homu Peji (Internet), 144 Pages, 2021/08

JAEA performed the subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))" in 2020JFY. This presentation summarized briefly the results of the project, which will be available shortly on the website of Management Office for the Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management.

Journal Articles

Proposal of maintenance management of nuclear power plants at R&D stage by taking account of their features

Takaya, Shigeru; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Hayashida, Kiichi; Tagawa, Akihiro; Kubo, Shigenobu; Yamashita, Atsushi

Hozengaku, 15(4), p.71 - 78, 2017/01

A maintenance management suitable to nuclear power plants (NPP) at R&D stage was discussed. Objectives of maintenance management of NPP at R&D stage was first clarified. Next, applicability of codes for maintenance management of commercial NPP to NPP at R&D stage was discussed. Then, requirements and consideration for maintenance management of NPP at R&D stage was proposed. Finally, an example that the proposal was applied to setting maintenance program of sodium-cooled fast reactor was presented.

JAEA Reports

Maintenance management of nuclear power reactors at the stage of research and development

Takaya, Shigeru; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Hayashida, Kiichi; Tagawa, Akihiro; Kubo, Shigenobu; Yamashita, Atsushi

JAEA-Research 2016-006, 66 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Research-2016-006.pdf:3.4MB

A maintenance management required to nuclear power reactors at the R&D stage was discussed. It is the most important to ensure safety of nuclear power plants by taking account of characteristics of nuclear power reactors at the R&D stage. In addition, it is needed to establish a system of maintenance management technologies suitable for reactor types. In this report, objectives of maintenance management of nuclear power reactors at the R&D stage was clarified. Next, requirements and consideration for maintenance management was discussed according to the objectives. "Codes for maintenance management of nuclear power plants" and "Guides for maintenance management of nuclear power plants" were refereed in the discussion. Then, a draft of codes for maintenance management of nuclear power plants at the R&D stage were newly proposed. Finally, an example that the draft codes were applied to components containing sodium, typical components of sodium-cooled fast reactor, was presented.

Journal Articles

Quick measurement of continuous absorption spectrum in ion beam pulse radiolysis; Application of optical multi-channel detector into transient species observation

Iwamatsu, Kazuhiro*; Muroya, Yusa*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Katsumura, Yosuke*

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 119, p.213 - 217, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.27(Chemistry, Physical)

A quick measurement system of a continuous absorption spectrum covering a wide range from 200 to 950 nm was constructed by employing an optical multi-channel detector. Ion beam pulse radiolysis with 12.5 MeV/u He, 18.3 MeV/u C and 17.5 MeV/u Ne ions were performed with the measurement system. Transient absorption spectrum of (SCN)$$_{2}$$$$^{-}$$ was clearly observed in KSCN aqueous solutions within a few minutes in spite of their very small absorbance, demonstrating high sensitivity of 0.001-0.003 in absorbance in the range from 260 to 660 nm as well as short measurement time of a few minutes. Two different absorption peaks attributed to Br$$_{2}$$$$^{-}$$ and Br$$_{3}$$$$^{-}$$ were observed simultaneously in NaBr aqueous solutions, showing powerfulness of the measurement system in overviewing chemical kinetics under ion beam irradiation especially in not well investigated chemical systems.

Journal Articles

Effect of heavy ion irradiation on optical property of radiation-crosslinked hydroxypropyl cellulose gel containing methacrylate monomers

Hiroki, Akihiro; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nagasawa, Naotsugu; Taguchi, Mitsumasa

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 365(Part B), p.583 - 586, 2015/12

Effects of liner energy transfer (LET) and dose rate on the optical property of polymer gel dosimeters were investigated. The dosimeter prepared by using a radiation-crosslinked hydroxypropyl cellulose gel and methacrylate monomers such as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and nonaethylene glycol dimethacrylate showed the color change from colorless to white with the He, C, Fe ions irradiation. Absorbance of the irradiated dosimeters increased with the dose up to 10 Gy. The absorbance of the dosimeters at the same total dose decreased with increasing dose rate in the range of 0.1 to 6.8 Gy/min. The absorbance decreased in order of He, C, Fe ions, which was in agreement with a change of LET. The increase in LET affected the decrease in the number of polymerization initiator such as OH radical and hydrated electron, resulting in the reduction of the absorbance of the dosimeters.

Journal Articles

Mechanism of radiation-induced reactions in aqueous solution of coumarin-3-carboxylic acid; Effects of concentration, gas and additive on fluorescent product yield

Yamashita, Shinichi; Baldacchino, G.*; Maeyama, Takuya*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Muroya, Yusa*; Lin, M.*; Kimura, Atsushi; Murakami, Takeshi*; Katsumura, Yosuke

Free Radical Research, 46(7), p.861 - 871, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:44.74(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Radiation-induced reactions in aqueous solutions of a water-soluble coumarin derivative, coumarin-3-carboxyl acid (C3CA), have been investigated by pulse radiolysis with 35-MeV electron beam, final product analysis after $$^{60}$$Co $${gamma}$$-irradiations, and deterministic model simulations. It was found that C3CA reacts with the hydroxyl radical ($$^{bullet}$$OH) as well as the hydrated electron at nearly diffusion-controlled rate constants: 6.8$${times}$$10$$^{9}$$ and 2.1$${times}$$10$$^{10}$$ M$$^{-1}$$s$$^{-1}$$, respectively. Reactivity of C3CA toward O$$_{2}$$$$^{-}$$$$^{bullet}$$ was not confirmed. Production of a fluorescent molecule 7-hydroxy-coumarin-3-carboxylic acid (7OH-C3CA) was detected by a fluorescence spectrometer coupled with high performance liquid chromatography. Production yields of 7OH-C3CA were in a range from 0.025 to 0.18 (100 eV)$$^{-1}$$, depending on irradiation conditions. A variety of the yield with saturating gas, additive, and C3CA concentration implied that there are at least two pathways from scavenging reaction of C3CA toward $$^{bullet}$$OH to 7OH-C3CA: peroxidation reaction followed by elimination of perhydroxyl radical and disproportionation reaction. A reaction mechanism involving the two pathways was proposed and incorporated into the simulations, showing good explanation of experimentally measured 7OH-C3CA yields with a constant conversion factor from $$^{bullet}$$OH scavenging to 7OH-C3CA production, 4.7%, unless $${t}$$-BuOH is not added.

Journal Articles

Mass production of Nb$$_{3}$$Sn conductors for ITER toroidal field coils in Japan

Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Isono, Takaaki; Hamada, Kazuya; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Matsui, Kunihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kawano, Katsumi; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Oshikiri, Masayuki; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4801904_1 - 4801904_4, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:44.38(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is the first to start the mass production of the TF conductors in Phase IV in March 2010 among the 6 parties who are procuring TF conductors in the ITER project. The conductor is cable-in-conduit conductor with a central spiral. A total of 900 Nb$$_{3}$$Sn strands and 522 copper strands are cabled around the central spiral and then wrapped with stainless steel tape whose thickness is 0.1 mm. Approximately 60 tons of Nb$$_{3}$$Sn strands were manufactured by the two suppliers in December 2010. This amount corresponds to approximately 55% of the total contribution from Japan. Approximately 30% of the total contribution from Japan was completed as of February 2011. JAEA is manufacturing one conductor per month under a contract with two Japanese companies for strands, one company for cabling and one company for jacketing. This paper summarizes the technical developments including a high-level quality assurance. This progress is a significant step in the construction of the ITER machine.

Journal Articles

Production of a fluorescence probe in ion-beam radiolysis of aqueous coumarin-3-carboxylic acid solution, 1; Beam quality and concentration dependences

Maeyama, Takuya*; Yamashita, Shinichi; Baldacchino, G.*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Kimura, Atsushi; Murakami, Takeshi*; Katsumura, Yosuke

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 80(4), p.535 - 539, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:90.93(Chemistry, Physical)

Aqueous coumarin-3-carboxylic Acid (3CCA) solutions were irradiated with eight different ion beams covering LET range from 0.5 to above 2000 eV/nm. $$G$$-values of 7OH-3CCA, one of hydroxylated products in radiolysis of the solutions, have been determined by fluorescence-HPLC technique in 3CCA concentration range from 0.1 to 26 mM. The formation yield of 7OH-3CCA increased with increasing concentration of 3CCA while it decreased with increasing LET value of ion beam. Compared with our previous reports on $$G$$($$^{bullet}$$OH) at a scavenging capacity of 10$$^{7}$$ s with absorption spectroscopy, it was found that $$G$$(7OH-3CCA) is about (4.7$$pm$$0.6)% of $$G$$($$^{bullet}$$OH), which is consistent for all of the ion beams used in the present study. However, 7OH-3CCA yields in high CCA concentration region, especially by using extremely high LET ions, were much higher than expected values based on the above conversion factor and $$G$$($$^{bullet}$$OH) value predicted in theoretical work.

Journal Articles

Determination of the time-dependent OH-yield by using a fluorescent probe; Application to heavy ion irradiation

Baldacchino, G.*; Maeyama, Takuya*; Yamashita, Shinichi; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Kimura, Atsushi; Katsumura, Yosuke; Murakami, Takeshi*

Chemical Physics Letters, 468(4-6), p.275 - 279, 2009/01

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:79.02(Chemistry, Physical)

This paper reports a sensitive method using HPLC-fluorescence detection of $$^{bullet}$$OH in liquid water under high-energy heavy-ion irradiation. The coumarin-3-carboxylic-acid (3CCA) molecule was selected for probing $$^{bullet}$$OH and providing the fluorescent 7-hydroxy-coumarin-3-carboxylic-acid (7OH-3CCA). Since the concentration limit achievable is better than 1 nM, the radiolytic yields were determined with a sensitivity of 2$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$ mol/J for 4.8-GeV-$$^{12}$$C$$^{6+}$$ of and 20-GeV-$$^{40}$$Ar$$^{18+}$$ in the ns time-range. They decrease with the linear energy transfer from 2.8$$times$$10$$^{-7}$$ to 1.3$$times$$10$$^{-7}$$ mol/J ($$^{12}$$C$$^{6+}$$ of 11 eV/nm) and 1.5$$times$$10$$^{-7}$$ to 0.9$$times$$10$$^{-7}$$ mol/J ($$^{40}$$Ar$$^{18+}$$ of 90 eV/nm) which is in agreement with the literature data.

Journal Articles

Electron-beam-induced color imaging of acid-chromic polymer films

Maekawa, Yasunari; Yuasa, Kanako*; Enomoto, Kazuyuki; Matsushita, Harumi*; Kato, Jun*; Yamashita, Takashi*; Ito, Kazuo*; Yoshida, Masaru

Chemistry of Materials, 20(16), p.5320 - 5324, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:10.1(Chemistry, Physical)

Polymer films with acid-responsive chromic dyes and acid generators have been designed for an electron beam (EB)-induced color imaging system. Arylsulfonic acid esters and triphenylsulfonium salts were used as an EB-sensitive acid generator; the acid (H$$^{+}$$) allows a chromic reaction with rhodamine B base (RB) and 4,4'-bis(dimethylamino)benzhydrol (BH) to be triggered. Upon EB irradiation, poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films consisting of RB or BH and acid generators exhibited a characteristic absorption band with $$lambda$$max at 560 and at 612 nm, respectively, and an isosbestic point. These spectral changes clearly indicate that colorless chromic dyes in PMMA are transformed selectively to the colored form. The color imaging of these films was performed by electron beam direct writing (EBDW) with a 50 nm diameter beam to form 100 - 1000 nm line and space patterns and was evaluated by optical and confocal laser microscopy. EBDW on the acid chromic polymer films, especially for BH, yielded clear color imaging of 100 - 200 nm line and space patterns with a dose of only 10 $$mu$$C/cm$$^{2}$$. The confocal laser microscopy gave thinner lines than the laser wavelength (632.8 nm), probably because of the large change in refractive index of the patterned film induced by EB irradiation even with a low energy dose.

Journal Articles

Degradation of methylene blue by RF plasma in water

Maehara, Tsunehiro*; Miyamoto, Ippei*; Kurokawa, Kenya*; Hashimoto, Yukio*; Iwamae, Atsushi; Kuramoto, Makoto*; Yamashita, Hiroshi*; Mukasa, Shinobu*; Toyota, Hiromichi*; Nomura, Shinfuku*; et al.

Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, 28(4), p.467 - 482, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:48 Percentile:88.54(Engineering, Chemical)

Journal Articles

Refractive index change and color imaging of acid-chromic polymer films using EB-induced acid generation

Kato, Jun; Yuasa, Kanako; Matsushita, Harumi*; Maekawa, Yasunari; Enomoto, Kazuyuki; Ishii, Tatsuhito*; Ito, Kazuo*; Yamashita, Takashi*

Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology, 19(1), p.105 - 110, 2006/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:7.18(Polymer Science)

The novel electron beam (EB)-induced color imaging system, consisting of polymer films with acid-responsive chromic molecules (chromic dyes) and EB-acid generators (EBAGs) was proposed. EB irradiation of the acid-chromic polymer films induced acid generation from EBAG, resulting in color formation of the acid-chromic molecules (protonated forms). Nanoscale color imaging on the acid- chromic polymer films was carried out using EB scanning direct drawing. Clear color imaging of 200 nm square and 100 nm line/space patterns could be observed with a dose of only 50 $$mu$$C cm$$^{-2}$$. Furthermore, the large EB-induced refractive index change of these films (0.013 at 632.8 nm) was observed in both TE and TM modes by an m-line method, which is sufficient to create an optical circuit.

Journal Articles

Angle-resolved photoemission study of the $$MX$$-chain compound [Ni(chxn)$$_2$$Br]Br$$_2$$; Spin-charge separation in hybridized $$d$$-$$p$$ chains

Fujimori, Shinichi; Ino, Akihiro; Okane, Tetsuo; Fujimori, Atsushi; Okada, Kozo*; Manabe, Toshio*; Yamashita, Masahiro*; Kishida, Hideo*; Okamoto, Hiroshi*

Physical Review Letters, 88(24), p.247601_1 - 247601_4, 2002/06

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:61.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the results of angle-resolved photoemission experiments on a quasi-one-dimensional $$MX$$-chain compound [Ni(chxn)$$_2$$Br]Br$$_2$$ (chxn = 1$$R$$,2$$R$$-cyclohexanediamine), a one-dimensional Heisenberg system with $$S=1/2$$ and $$Jsim3600$$K, which shows a gigantic non-linear optical effect. A "band" having about 500meV energy dispersion is found in the first half of the Brillouin zone $$(0le kb/pi <1/2)$$, but disappears at $$kb/pisim1/2$$. Two dispersive features, expected from the spin-charge separation, as have been observed in other quasi-one-dimensional systems like Sr$$_2$$CuO$$_3$$, are not detected. These characteristic features are well reproduced by the $$d$$-$$p$$ chain model calculations with a small charge-transfer energy $$Delta$$ compared with that of one-dimensional Cu-O based compounds. We propose that this smaller $$Delta$$ is the origin of the absence of clear spin- and charge-seperation in the photoemission spectra and strong non-linear optical effect in [Ni(chxn)$$_2$$Br]Br$$_2$$.

Journal Articles

Photoemission study of quasi-one-dimensional halogen-bridged compound [Ni(chxn)$$_{2}$$Br]Br$$_{2}$$

Fujimori, Shinichi; Ino, Akihiro; Okane, Tetsuo; Fujimori, Atsushi; Okada, Kozo*; Manabe, Toshio*; Yamashita, Masahiro*; Kishida, Hideo*; Okamoto, Hiroshi*

Surface Review and Letters, 9(2), p.1065 - 1069, 2002/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

A Study on density, porosity and grain size of unirradiated ROX fules and simulated ROX fuels

Yanagisawa, Kazuaki; Omichi, Toshihiko*; Shirasu, Noriko; Yamashita, Toshiyuki; ; Onozawa, Atsushi; ; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki; Kanaitsuka, Fumio; Amano, Hidetoshi

JAERI-Tech 99-044, 46 Pages, 1999/05

JAERI-Tech-99-044.pdf:4.66MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of a long-life vitrification melter

Kato, Junya; Miyauchi, Atsushi; Aoshima, Atsushi; Shiotsuki, Masao; Yamashita, Teruo; Nakajima, Masayoshi; Morikawa, Yo; Miura, Akihiko; Fukui, Toshiki*; Yamasaki, Akito*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of long-life vitrification melter, 7; Examination on the behavior of particulate in vitrified waste

Miyauchi, Atsushi; Morikawa, Yo; Sasage, Kenichi; Yamashita, Teruo; Shiotsuki, Masao

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of long-life vitrification melter, 5; Characterization of vitrified waste

Sasage, Kenichi; Miyauchi, Atsushi; Morikawa, Yo; Yamashita, Teruo; Shiotsuki, Masao

no journal, , 

Viscosity and specific resistivity of simulated waste glass was measured to investigate characterization of waste glass processed by the long-life vitrification melter. The composition of the simulated waste glass was varied based on 8 cases of assumed spent fuel conditions and reprocessing flows including reprocessing of FBR fuel with minor actinides separation. The viscosity of the sample glasses was from 0.5 to 1.8 times that of waste glass with standard composition. The specific resistivity of the sample glasses was from 0.5 to 1.5 times that of standard waste glass.

Oral presentation

Electron beam-induced color imaging of acid-chromic polymer films

Enomoto, Kazuyuki; Yuasa, Kanako*; Kato, Jun*; Matsushita, Harumi*; Yamashita, Takashi*; Ito, Kazuo*; Yoshida, Masaru; Maekawa, Yasunari

no journal, , 

The polymer films with acid-responsive chromic molecules Rhodamine B base and 4,4'-bis(dimethylamino)benzhydrol as an acid-chromic compound with electron beam-acid generators were well designed for the novel electron beam-induced color imaging system. Electron beam scanning direct drawing of the acid-chromic polymer films gave clear color imaging of 100-200 nm line/space patterns with a dose of only 10 $$mu$$C cm$$^{-2}$$.

Oral presentation

Electron beam-induced reaction of polymer films containing chromic dye molecules

Enomoto, Kazuyuki; Yuasa, Kanako*; Kato, Jun*; Matsushita, Harumi*; Yamashita, Takashi*; Ito, Kazuo*; Yoshida, Masaru; Maekawa, Yasunari

no journal, , 

A color forming performance for fabricating nanoscale patterned polymer films has been examined using electron beam direct writing (EBDW) techniques. Upon EB irradiation the poly(methyl methacrylate) film consisting of 3 wt% bis(dimethylamino)benzhydrol and the equimolar sulfonium salt has an absorption band at 560 nm, which is assigned to protonated benzhydrol. The appearance of the new band at 560 nm with an isosbestic point in the spectral changes of indicates the quantitative transformation from colorless benzhydrol to the protonated form. The film is then exposed with a raster scanning by EBDW. Upon EB irradiation they also undergo chemical changes to provide optical differentiation between the exposed and unexposed regions. The blue-colored line/space patterns of 100 - 200 nm with a dose of 10 $$mu$$C/cm$$^{2}$$ are achieved.

69 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)