Yamaura, Junichi*; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Iimura, Soshi*; Muraba, Yoshinori*; Bang, J.*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Honda, Takashi*; Hiraishi, Masatoshi*; et al.
Physical Review B, 99(22), p.220505_1 - 220505_6, 2019/06
Inelastic neutron scattering was performed for an iron-based superconductor, where most of D (deuterium) replaces oxygen, while a tiny amount goes into interstitial sites. By first-principle calculation, we characterize the interstitial sites for D (and for H slightly mixed) with four equivalent potential minima. Below the superconducting transition temperature Tc = 26 K, new excitations emerge in the range 5-15 meV, while they are absent in the reference system LaFeAsOF. The strong excitations at 14.5 meV and 11.1 meV broaden rapidly around 15 K and 20 K, respectively, where each energy becomes comparable to twice of the superconducting gap. The strong excitations are ascribed to a quantum rattling, or a band motion of hydrogen, which arises only if the number of potential minima is larger than two.
Tamatsukuri, Hiromu*; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Iimura, Soshi*; Muraba, Yoshinori*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Sagayama, Hajime*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Kuramoto, Yoshio*; et al.
Physical Review B, 98(17), p.174415_1 - 174415_6, 2018/11
Magnetic excitations in a heavily electron-doped antiferromagnet, LaFeAsOD, have been investigated using powder inelastic neutron scattering. Unlike other parent compounds of the iron-based superconductors, the magnetic excitation gap in LaFeAsOD was not detected down to the lowest measured temperature of 4 K. This result can be understood as a result of quasi-isotropy within the ab plane, which is consistent with the band calculation result that the orbital plays the dominant role in the magnetism of LaFeAsOH. In addition, the intensities of the magnetic excitations in this phase are much stronger than those in nondoped LaFeAsO. Even in the paramagnetic phase, the magnetic excitation in LaFeAsOD persists. These results corroborate recent studies showing that the electron doping enhances the localized nature in this system.
Hiraishi, Masatoshi*; Iimura, Soshi*; Kojima, Kenji*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Miao, P.*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; Torii, Shuki*; Miyazaki, Masanori*; et al.
Nature Physics, 10(4), p.300 - 303, 2014/04
Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Her, J.-L.*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Hiroi, Zenji*
Physical Review B, 84(17), p.174431_1 - 174431_5, 2011/11
X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the -edge of Os has been investigated in the antiferromagneticphase of CdOsO, which exhibits a metal-insulator transition around 227 K. According to the sum rule, the XMCD spectra at 10 and 37 T clearly show that the ratio between the orbital magnetic moment () and spinmagnetic moment () is , and that and are coupled in parallel (). These phenomena are unusual in that the expected ground state of Os (5) is an orbital singlet in a cubic crystal field, and and should be antiparallel for a less than half-filled system in accordance with Hund's third rule. It is likely that the spin-orbit coupling is important for explaining the observed orbital magnetism.
Matsuda, Tatsuma; Haga, Yoshinori; Ikeda, Shugo; Galatanu, A.; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Shishido, Hiroaki*; Yamada, Mineko*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Hedo, Masato*; Uwatoko, Yoshiya*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 74(5), p.1552 - 1556, 2005/05
We have succeeded in growing a high-quality single crystal of UCuSi with the tetragonal structure by the Sn-flux method and measured the electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, magnetization and specific heat. UCuSi is found to order antiferromagnetically below = 106 K, and follows a successive ferromagnetic ordering at = 100 K. The magnetic properties are highly anisotropic, reflecting the crystal structure. An easy-axis of magnetization is found to be the  direction (-axis) both in the antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic phases, while the  direction (-axis) corresponds to the hard-axis in magnetization. The magnetization curve in the antiferromagnetic phase indicates a clear metamagnetic transition at a low field of about 1 kOe and changes smoothly into a ferromagnetic magnetization curve below = 100 K. The saturation moment is determined as 1.75/U at 2 K. The electronic specific heat coefficient is also determined as 20 mJ/Kmol.
*; Endo, Yasuichi; Yamaura, Takayuki; Hoshiya, Taiji; Niimi, Motoji; Saito, Junichi; ; Ooka, Norikazu; Kobiyama, M.*
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 258-263, p.2041 - 2045, 1998/00
no abstracts in English
*; Endo, Yasuichi; Yamaura, Takayuki; Niimi, Motoji; Hoshiya, Taiji; Saito, Junichi; ; Ooka, Norikazu; *
JAERI-Research 97-028, 46 Pages, 1997/03
no abstracts in English