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Journal Articles

Long pulse production of high current D$$^{-}$$ ion beams in the JT-60 negative ion source

Hanada, Masaya; Kamada, Masaki; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Honda, Atsushi; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; Kikuchi, Katsumi; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 79(2), p.02A519_1 - 02A519_4, 2008/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:30.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A long pulse production of high-current, high-energy D$$^{-}$$ ion beams was studied in the JT-60U negative ion source that was designed to produce 22 A, 500 keV D$$^{-}$$ ion beams. Prior to the long pulse production, the short pulse beams were produced to examine operational ranges for a stable voltage holding capability and an allowable grid power loading. From a correlation between the voltage holding capability and a light intensity of cathodoluminescence from the insulator made of Fiber Reinforced Plastic insulator, the voltage holding was found to be stable at $$<$$ 340 kV where the light was sufficiently suppressed. The grid power loading for the long pulse operation was also decreased to the allowable level of $$<$$ 1 MW without a significant reduction of the beam power by tuning the extraction voltage (Vext) and the arc power (Parc). These allow the production of 30 A D$$^{-}$$ ion beams at 340 keV from two ion sources at Vacc = 340 kV. The pulse length was extended step by step, and finally reached up to 21 s, where the beam pulse length was limited by the surface temperature of the beam scraper without water cooling. The D$$^{-}$$ ion beams were neutralized to via a gas cell, resulting in a long pulse injection of 3.2 MW D$$^{0}$$ beams for 21 s. This is the first long injection of $$>$$ 20 s in a power range of $$>$$ 3 MW.

Journal Articles

Technical design of NBI system for JT-60SA

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Hanada, Masaya; Inoue, Takashi; Honda, Atsushi; Kamada, Masaki; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; Kikuchi, Katsumi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(5-14), p.791 - 797, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:79.3(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Modification of JT-60U to a superconducting device (so called JT-60SA) has been planned to contribute to ITER and DEMO. The NBI system is required to inject 34 MW for 100 s. The upgraded NBI system consists of twelve positive ion based NBI (P-NBI) units and one negative ion based NBI (N-NBI) unit. The injection power of the P-NBI units are 2 MW each at 85 keV, and the N-NBI unit will be 10 MW at 500 keV, respectively. On JT-60U, the long pulse operation of 30 s at 2 MW (85 keV) and 20 s at 3.2 MW (320 keV) have been achieved on P-NBI and N-NBI units, respectively. Since the temperature increase of the cooling water in both ion sources is saturated within 20 s, further pulse extension up to 100 s is expected to mainly modify the power supply systems in addition to modification of the N-NBI ion source for high acceleration voltage. The detailed technical design of the NBI system for JT-60SA is presented.

Journal Articles

Present status of the negative ion based NBI system for long pulse operation on JT-60U

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Umeda, Naotaka; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Grisham, L. R.*; Hanada, Masaya; Honda, Atsushi; Inoue, Takashi; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(6), p.S211 - S219, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:52 Percentile:86.86(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Recently, the extension of the pulse duration up to 30 sec has been intended to study quasi-steady state plasma on JT-60U N-NBI system. The most serious issue is to reduce the heat load on the grids for long pulse operation. Two modifications have been proposed to reduce the heat load. One is to suppress the beam spread which may be caused by beamlet-beamlet interaction in the multi-aperture grid due to the space charge force. Thin plates were attached on the extraction grid to modify the local electric field. The plate thickness was optimized to steer the beamlet deflection. The other is to reduce the stripping loss, where the electron of the negative ion beam is stripped and accelerated in the ion source and then collides with the grids. The ion source was modified to reduce the pressure in the accelerator column to suppress the beam-ion stripping loss. Up to now, long pulse injection of 17 sec for 1.6 MW and 25 sec for $$sim$$1 MW has been obtained by one ion source with these modifications.

Journal Articles

Recent progress of negative ion based neutral beam injector for JT-60U

Umeda, Naotaka; Yamamoto, Takumi; Hanada, Masaya; Grisham, L. R.*; Kawai, Mikito; Oga, Tokumichi; Akino, Noboru; Inoue, Takashi; Kazawa, Minoru; Kikuchi, Katsumi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 74(1-4), p.385 - 390, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:55.58(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In negative ion based neutral beam injector (N-NBI) for JT-60U, some modifications for extent pulse duration from 10 second, which is design value, to 30 second was conducted. Main limit to prevent pulse extension was heat loads onto grounded grid in an ion source and onto beam limiter placed at 22 m from the ion source. To reduce these heat loads, beam extraction area was optimized and the limiter was changed to one which had about twice thermal capacity. As a result of these modifications, the temperature rise of the water which was cooling grounded grid could be suppressed under 40 degree, which can operate in steady state condition. The temperature rise of the limiter could be restricted to 60%. Untill now the beam pulse extended to 17 second of 1.6MW power at 366keV energy, and injection of 30 seconds will be achieved in next experiment.

Journal Articles

Progress of negative ion source improvement in N-NBI for JT-60U

Kawai, Mikito; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Grisham, L. R.*; Hanada, Masaya; Honda, Atsushi; Inoue, Takashi; Kazawa, Minoru; Kikuchi, Katsumi*; Kuriyama, Masaaki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 44(2), p.508 - 512, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.68(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The negative ion source for negative ion based neutral beam injector(N-NBI) of JT-60U aims at generating a negative ion beam with 500 keV and 22A for 10s. The N-NBI system was completed in 1996, followed by starting the efforts to increase beam power and energy. (1)Spatial non-uniformity of the source plasma causes position-dependent divergence of a beamlet due to mis-matching of local beam perveance. A part of the divergent energetic beams is intercepted by the grids and resultantly produce the excessive heat load of the grids and/or induce the high voltage breakdown. So several techniques to take measures against and to correct the non-uniformity in these sources were implemented. (2)Correction of beamlet deflection by adjusting the electric field at the extraction grids. It improved the beam divergence and then decreased an excessive heat load of a beam limiter by more than 50 %. As a result, the maximum injection power 6.2MW and beam pulse duration 10 seconds were obtaind.

Journal Articles

Improvement of beam performance in the negative-ion based NBI system for JT-60U

Umeda, Naotaka; Grisham, L. R.*; Yamamoto, Takumi; Kuriyama, Masaaki; Kawai, Mikito; Oga, Tokumichi; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Akino, Noboru; Yamazaki, Haruyuki*; Usui, Katsutomi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.522 - 526, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:74.66(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The Negative-ion based Neutral Beam Injection System (N-NBI) for JT-60U has been operating for plasma heating and non-inductive current drive since 1996. The target is inject of neutral beam into plasma with beam energy 500 keV, injection power 10 MW, for 10 seconds. Until now pulse duration time was restricted up to 5.3 seconds because of larger heat load of port limiter. Recently from the measurement of beam profile at 3.5m downstream from the ion source, it was found that the outermost beamlets in each segment were deflected outward. It was caused by non-uniform electric field by grooves. By improving this, outermost beamlet deflection angle was decreased from 14 mrad to 4 mrad. In this result, 10 seconds injection, which is target parameter, has achieved at 355 keV, 2.6MW, while pulse length was restricted up to 5.3 seconds by larger heat load of port limiter.

Journal Articles

Present status of the negative ion based neutral beam injector for JT-60U

Oga, Tokumichi; Umeda, Naotaka; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Grisham, L. R.*; Hikida, Shigenori*; Honda, Atsushi; Ito, Takao; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 73(2), p.1058 - 1060, 2002/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:56.93(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study of increasing the beam power on the negative ion based neutral beam injector for JT-60U

Kuriyama, Masaaki; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Grisham, L. R.*; Hikida, Shigenori*; Honda, Atsushi; Ito, Takao; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; Kusaka, Makoto*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 56-57(Part.A), p.523 - 527, 2001/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:40.34(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of negative ion based NBI system for JT-60U

Umeda, Naotaka; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Grisham, L. R.*; Hikida, Shigenori*; Honda, Atsushi; Ito, Takao; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; Kusaka, Makoto*; et al.

Fusion Technology, 39(2-Part2), p.1135 - 1139, 2001/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation of the positive-ion based NBI system for JT-60U

Ohara, Hiroshi; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Hikida, Shigenori*; Honda, Atsushi; Ito, Takao; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; Kusaka, Makoto*; Kuriyama, Masaaki; et al.

Fusion Technology, 39(2-Part2), p.1140 - 1144, 2001/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Beam performance of negative-ion based NBI system for JT-60

Ito, Takao; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Grisham, L. R.*; Honda, Atsushi; Hu, L.*; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; Kuriyama, Masaaki; Kusaka, Makoto*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 51-52, p.1039 - 1047, 2000/11

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:68.32(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Power flow in the negative-ion based neutral beam injection for JT-60

Kuriyama, Masaaki; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Grisham, L. R.*; Hikida, Shigenori*; Honda, Atsushi; Ito, Takao; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; Kusaka, Makoto*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 71(2), p.751 - 754, 2000/02

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:69.07(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Surface level measurement method of a liquid cesium with float with marker magnet for cesium feeding system in the negative ion source

Ito, Takao; Yamazaki, Haruyuki*; Usui, Katsutomi; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Kuriyama, Masaaki

JAERI-Tech 99-066, p.13 - 0, 1999/09

JAERI-Tech-99-066.pdf:0.6MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Increasing the beam power of the JT-60 negative ion based neutral beam system

Kuriyama, Masaaki; Akino, Noboru; Ebisawa, Noboru; Grisham, L. R.*; Hikida, Shigenori*; Honda, Atsushi; Ito, Takao; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; Kusaka, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of the 18th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE '99), p.133 - 136, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Improvement of filament shape for stable arc discharge in negative ion source

Komata, Masao; Kazawa, Minoru; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Umeda, Naotaka; Yamazaki, Haruyuki

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

15 (Records 1-15 displayed on this page)
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