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Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 32 Pages, 2022/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Present status and future perspective of R&D for 3D-ADRES (3-Dimensional Air Dose Rate Evaluation System); Evaluation scheme for air dose rate distributions in city and forest areas towards Fukushima's revitalization

Kim, M.; Malins, A.; Machida, Masahiko; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Saito, Kimiaki; Yoshida, Hiroko*; Yanagi, Hideaki*; Yoshida, Toru*; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*

RIST News, (67), p.3 - 15, 2021/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Simulation study of the effects of buildings, trees and paved surfaces on ambient dose equivalent rates outdoors at three suburban sites near Fukushima Dai-ichi

Kim, M.; Malins, A.; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Kitamura, Akihiro; Machida, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*; Yanagi, Hideaki*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105803_1 - 105803_10, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:21.32(Environmental Sciences)

To improve the accuracy of simulations for air dose rates over fallout contaminated areas, the distribution of the radionuclides within the environment should be modelled realistically, e.g. considering differences in radioactivity levels between agricultural land, urban surfaces, and forest compartments. Moreover simulations should model the shielding of $$gamma$$ rays by buildings, trees and land topography. Here we outline a system for generating three dimensional models of urban and rural areas in Fukushima Prefecture. The $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity distribution can be set flexibly across the different components of the model. The models incorporate realistic representations of local buildings, based on nine common Japanese designs, individual conifer and broadleaf trees, and the topography of the land surface. Models are generated from Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and Digital Surface Model (DSM) datasets, and refined by users assisted with ortho-photographs of target sites. Completed models are exported from the system in a format suitable for the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) for the calculation of air dose rates and other radiological quantities. The system is demonstrated by modelling a suburban area 4 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant that has yet to be decontaminated. Air dose rates calculated in PHITS were correlated with measurements taken across the site in a car-borne survey.

Journal Articles

J-PARC RCS; High-order field components inherent in the injection bump magnets and their effects on the circulating beam during multi-turn injection

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012102_1 - 012102_5, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:57.77

Journal Articles

Research and development behind a computation system for 3D distributions of air dose rates in the environment; Estimating environmental radiation doses using PHITS together with remote sensing data

Kim, M.; Malins, A.; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Akihiro; Machida, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*; Yanagi, Hideaki*

Isotope News, (765), p.30 - 33, 2019/10

Here we outline a system for generating three dimensional models of urban and rural areas in Fukushima Prefecture. The $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity distribution can be set flexibly across the different components of the model. The models incorporate realistic representations of local buildings, individual conifer and broadleaf trees, and the topography of the land surface. The system is demonstrated by modelling a suburban area 4 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant that has yet to be decontaminated. Air dose rates calculated in PHITS were correlated with measurements taken across the site in a car-borne survey.

Journal Articles

J-PARC RCS; High-order field components inherent in the injection bump magnets and their effects on the circulating beam during multi-turn injection

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.2009 - 2012, 2019/06

Journal Articles

Dynamic variation of chromaticity for beam instability mitigation in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Hotchi, Hideaki; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.171 - 173, 2019/06

Journal Articles

Development of an air dose rate evaluation system (3D-ADRES) for complex real environments in Fukushima Prefecture; Using remote sensing data and evaluating the influence of different features (topography, soil, buildings, trees, etc.)

Kim, M.; Malins, A.; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Akihiro; Machida, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Yukihiro*; Yanagi, Hideaki*

RIST News, (64), p.3 - 16, 2018/09

To improve the accuracy of simulations for air dose rates over fallout contaminated areas, the distribution of the radionuclides within the environment should be modelled realistically, e.g. considering differences in radioactivity levels between agricultural land, urban surfaces, and forest compartments. Moreover simulations should model the shielding of $$gamma$$ rays by buildings, trees and land topography. Here we outline a system for generating three dimensional models of urban and rural areas in Fukushima Prefecture. The $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity distribution can be set flexibly across the different components of the model. The models incorporate realistic representations of local buildings, based on nine common Japanese designs, individual conifer and broadleaf trees, and the topography of the land surface. Models are generated from Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and Digital Surface Model (DSM) datasets, and refined by users assisted with ortho-photographs of target sites. Completed models are exported from the system in a format suitable for the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) for the calculation of air dose rates and other radiological quantities. The system is demonstrated by modelling a suburban area 4 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant that has yet to be decontaminated. Air dose rates calculated in PHITS were correlated with measurements taken across the site in a car-borne survey.

Journal Articles

New injection system design of the J-PARC rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takeda, Osamu*; Miki, Nobuharu*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.374 - 378, 2017/12

The 3-GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) aims to deliver 1-MW proton beam to the neutron target and Main Ring synchrotron. Present beam power of the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron is up to 500-kW and the higher radiation doses were concentrated in the injection area. These activations were caused by the interaction between the foil and the beam. To reduce the worker dose near the injection point, we have studied a new design of the injection scheme to secure enough space for radiation shielding and bellows. In the new system, two of four injection pulse bump magnets are replaced and we are able to ensure the additional space around the injection foil chamber. So far, new injection system seems not impossible. However, preliminary study result indicated that temperature of the duct and shielding metals would be slightly higher. The eddy current due to the shift bump magnet field generates heat. Thus we have to study details of above effect.

Journal Articles

Coupled bunch instability and its cure at J-PARC RCS

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Saha, P. K.; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Togashi, Tomohito; Toyama, Takeshi*; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.2946 - 2949, 2017/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New injection scheme of J-PARC rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takeda, Osamu*; Miki, Nobuharu*

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.579 - 581, 2017/05

The 3-GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex aims to deliver 1-MW proton beam to the neutron target and Main Ring synchrotron. Present beam power of the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron is up to 500-kW and the higher radiation doses were concentrated in the injection area. These activations were caused by the interaction between the foil and the beam. To reduce the worker dose near the injection point, we have studied a new design of the injection scheme to secure enough space for radiation shielding and bellows. In the new system, two of four injection pulse bump magnets are replaced and we are able to ensure the additional space around the injection foil chamber. So far, new injection system seems not impossible. However, preliminary study result indicated that temperature of the duct and shielding metals would be slightly higher. The eddy current due to the shift bump magnet field generates heat. Thus we have to study details of above effect.

Journal Articles

Pulse-to-pulse transverse beam emittance controlling for MLF and MR in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro

Proceedings of 54th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity, High Brightness and High Power Hadron Beams (HB 2014) (Internet), p.394 - 398, 2015/03

Journal Articles

Beam commissioning of two horizontal pulse steering magnets for changing injection painting area from MLF to MR in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Irie, Yoshiro*; Kato, Shinichi*

Proceedings of 4th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '13) (Internet), p.518 - 520, 2014/07

Journal Articles

Progress of injection energy upgrade project for J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Horino, Koki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; et al.

Proceedings of 4th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '13) (Internet), p.3833 - 3835, 2014/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Beam emittance control by changing injection painting area in a pulse-to-pulse mode in the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Horino, Koki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Togashi, Tomohito; Ueno, Tomoaki; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 16(12), p.120102_1 - 120102_11, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:35.35(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Status of injection energy upgrade for J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Proceedings of 3rd International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '12) (Internet), p.3921 - 3923, 2012/05

The injection energy upgrade from 181 to 400 MeV for J-PARC RCS is planned in 2013. One power supply was replaced and using for a normal operation. An IGBT chopper type power supply which has larger switching noise will be changed to a capacitor bank type. New injection system allows the center injection with 400 MeV and switching painting area. As further steps for the leakage field, it begins to diminish the effect from the beam transport line. A quadrupole corrector system is designed and fabricated to compensate the beta beat due to the injection bump as the first step. Two profile monitors will be modified to correct position systematic errors and third one is going to be installed at dispersion free section. It is important to minimize kicker impedance lower, which may cause the beam instability. A diode, which has high reverse breakdown voltage and works with lower forward voltage, has been developed. Using this new diode, an experiment shows the impedance becomes lower.

Journal Articles

Injection energy recovery of J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamazaki, Yoshio

Proceedings of 2nd International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC 2011) (Internet), p.2730 - 2732, 2011/09

The J-PARC RCS is a high beam power Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS). The original designed injection energy is 400 MeV, although presently it is 181 MeV, and its beam power is limited to 0.6 MW. Works to recover the Linac energy are ongoing and injection magnets power supplies upgrade for two bump and new knob are required in the RCS. In order to achieve 1 MW designed beam power, new instrumentation, like quadrupole corrector or to reduce kicker impedance, are also planned simultaneously. Activities related injection energy recovery in the J-PARC RCS are presented.

Journal Articles

Injection energy recovery of J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamazaki, Yoshio

Proceedings of 8th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.306 - 308, 2011/08

The J-PARC RCS is a high beam power Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS). The original designed injection energy is 400MeV, although presently it is 181MeV, and its beam power is limited to 0.6MW. Works to recover the Linac energy are ongoing and injection magnets power supplies upgrade are required in the RCS. In order to achieve 1MW designed beam power, new instrumentation is also planned simultaneously. Activities related injection energy recovery in the J-PARC RCS is presented.

Journal Articles

Performance of the bump system for the painting injection at J-PARC

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki; Togashi, Tomohito; Harada, Hiroyuki*; Saha, P. K.; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Watanabe, Masao; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Proceedings of 2009 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '09) (DVD-ROM), p.1507 - 1509, 2009/05

The shift bump-magnets, which give a constant bump field in a horizontal plane during injection, comprise four magnets connected in series. However, the total integrated magnetic field over the four magnets is not zero because of the magnetic field interferences with the neighboring quadrupole magnets. So the gap of each magnet was adjusted by inserting thin insulators into the splitting plane of the side yoke so that the field integration becomes zero. The closed orbit distortion due to the field imbalances was then confirmed to be less than 1 mm. Another four paint bump-magnets are connected to their own power supplies, separately. The excitation of each magnet is calibrated by using the beam so that the created bump orbit satisfies the position and inclination at the injection point, and there are no orbit distortions outside the injection area.

Journal Articles

Direct observation of the phase space footprint of a painting injection in the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Hayashi, Naoki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Harada, Hiroyuki*; Irie, Yoshiro*

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 12(4), p.040403_1 - 040403_12, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:64.94(Physics, Nuclear)

28 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)