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Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Shell evolution of $$N$$ = 40 isotones towards $$^{60}$$Ca; First spectroscopy of $$^{62}$$Ti

Cort$'e$s, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Men$'e$ndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:22.94(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Excited states in the $$N$$ = 40 isotone $$^{62}$$Ti were populated via the $$^{63}$$V($$p$$,$$2p$$)$$^{62}$$Ti reaction at $$sim$$200 MeV/nucleon at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory and studied using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. The energies of the $$2_1^+ rightarrow 0_{rm gs}^+$$ and $$4_1^+ rightarrow 2_1^+$$ transitions, observed here for the first time, indicate a deformed Ti ground state. These energies are increased compared to the neighboring $$^{64}$$Cr and $$^{66}$$Fe isotones, suggesting a small decrease of quadrupole collectivity. The present measurement is well reproduced by large-scale shell-model calculations based on effective interactions, while ab initio and beyond mean-field calculations do not yet reproduce our findings.

Journal Articles

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{223}$$U

Sun, M. D.*; Liu, Z.*; Huang, T. H.*; Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ding, B.*; Wang, J. G.*; Liu, X. Y.*; Lu, H. Y.*; Hou, D. S.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135096_1 - 135096_5, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:22.94(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout from $$^{54}$$Ca corroborates arising $$N=34$$ neutron magic number

Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:14.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Spectral reflectance and associated photograph of boreal forest understory formation in interior Alaska

Kobayashi, Hideki*; Suzuki, Rikie*; Yang, W.*; Ikawa, Hiroki*; Inoue, Tomoharu*; Nagano, Hirohiko; Kim, Y.*

Polar Data Journal (Internet), 2, p.14 - 29, 2018/11

The Arctic and boreal regions have been experiencing a rapid warming in the 21st century. It is important to understand the dynamics of boreal forest at the continental scale under the climate and environmental changes. While the role of understory vegetation in boreal forest ecosystems on carbon and nutrient cycling cannot be ignored, they are still one of least understood components in boreal ecosystems. Spectroscopic measurements of vegetation are useful to identify species and their biochemical characteristics. In this data paper, we present spectral reflectances of 44 typical understory formations and five 30-m long transects. The spectral reflectance covers the spectral region of visible, near infrared and shortwave infrared (350-2500 nm). For the transect measurements, we decided the length of transect at 30 m, similar to the scale of one pixel of a Landsat type satellite imagery. The photographs at all positions, where spectral reflectances were obtained, are included to understand the structure and status of each sample. The data set contains six dwarf shrubs (blueberry (${it Vaccinium uliginosum}$), cowberry (${it Vaccinium vitisidea}$), feltleaf willow (${it Salix alaxensis}$), young birch (${it Betula neoalaskana}$), young aspen (${it Pupulus tremuloides}$), and young black spruce (${it Picea mariana}$)), two herbaceous (cottongrass (${it Eriophorum vaginatum}$) and marsh Labrador tea (${it Ledum decumbens}$)), three mosses (Sphagnum moss, splendid feather moss (${it Hylocomium splendens}$), and polytrichum moss (${it Polytrichum commune}$)), and reindeer lichen (${it Cladonia rangiferina}$). Spectral reflectances from several non-vegetative such as snow, litter, and soil are also included. This spectral and photographic data set can be used for understanding the spectral characteristics of understory formations, designing newly planned spectral observations, and developing and validating the remote sensing methodology of large scale understory monitoring.

Journal Articles

Nuclear moments of the low-lying isomeric $$1^+$$ state of $$^{34}$$Al; Investigation on the neutron $$1p1h$$ excitation across $$N=20$$ in the island of inversion

Xu, Z. Y.*; Heylen, H.*; Asahi, Koichiro*; Boulay, F.*; Daugas, J. M.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Gins, W.*; Kamalou, O.*; Koszor$'u$s, $'A$.*; Lykiardopoupou, M.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 782, p.619 - 626, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:76.41(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Inter-comparison of Dose Distributions Calculated by FLUKA, GEANT4, MCNP, and PHITS for Proton Therapy

Yang, Z.-Y.*; Tsai, P.-E.; Lee, S.-C.*; Liu, Y.-C.*; Chen, C.-C.*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Sheu, R.-J.*

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 153, p.04011_1 - 04011_8, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:1.23

Four widespread used Monte Carlo simulation and transport codes, including GEANT4, FLUKA, MCNPX, and PHITS, are employed to calculate the integrated depth dose curves inside a water phantom for proton radiotherapy, and the results are compared with the experimental data carried out at the ProCure proton therapy center in New Jersey, USA. This is a collaborative study of JAEA, National Tsing Hua University, and ProCure proton therapy center, and this study aims to provide practical information regarding the accuracy and computing efficiency of each Monte Carlo codes for code users as well as the benchmark for further model improvement in each code.

Journal Articles

Current status of GIF collaborations on sodium-cooled fast reactor system

Hayafune, Hiroki; Glatz, J.-P.*; Yang, H.*; Ruggieri, J.-M.*; Kim, Y.-I.*; Ashurko, Y.*; Hill, R.*

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles; Next Generation Nuclear Systems for Sustainable Development (FR-17) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2017/06

The SFR system arrangement Phase II became effective on 16 February 2016 by signatures of CEA, JAEA, KAERI, USDOE, and Rosatom, and was extended for additional 10 years. Collaboration of GIF SFR is growing adding new reactor concepts and related RDs. In 2015, a project arrangement on SFR System Integration and Assessment (SIA) has been signed by 7 members : China, EU, France, Japan, Korea, Russia and US. In the SIA project, RD needs from the SFR design will be shown to the RD project, and RD results from each RD project will be integrated into the designs.

Journal Articles

Temporal changes of radiocesium in irrigated paddy fields and its accumulation in rice plants in Fukushima

Yang, B.*; Onda, Yuichi*; Wakiyama, Yoshifumi*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Sekimoto, Hitoshi*; Ha, Y.*

Environmental Pollution, 208(Part B), p.562 - 570, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:49.35(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Carrier-mediated ferromagnetism in the magnetic topological insulator Cr-doped (Sb,Bi)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$

Ye, M.*; Li, W.*; Zhu, S.-Y.*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Wang, J.*; Pan, H.*; Nurmamat, M.*; Sumida, Kazuki*; Ji, F.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 6, p.8913_1 - 8913_7, 2015/11


 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:11.44(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Magnetically doped topological insulators are predicted to exhibit exotic phenomena including the quantized anomalous Hall effect and a dissipationless transport, which facilitate the development of low-power-consumption devices using electron spins. The realization of the quantized anomalous Hall effect is so far restricted to the Cr-doped (Sb,Bi)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$ system at extremely low temperature; however, the microscopic origin of its ferromagnetism is poorly understood. Here we present an element-resolved study for Cr-doped (Sb,Bi)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$ using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism to unambiguously show that the long-range magnetic order is mediated by the p-hole carriers of the host lattice, and the interaction between the Sb(Te) p and Cr d states is crucial.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron production cross sections from heavy ion induced reaction

Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Uozumi, Yusuke*; Imabayashi, Yoichi*; Itashiki, Yutaro*; Satoh, Daiki; Kajimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Koba, Yusuke*; Takada, Masashi*; Matsufuji, Naruhiro*; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2014-002, p.81 - 87, 2015/02

Cancer therapy using heavy ion beam has been adopted as highly advanced medical treatment by reason of its clinical advantages. It has become more important to estimate the risk of secondary cancer from recent survey. During treatment, secondary particles such as neutrons and -rays are producedby heavy ion induced nuclear reactions in a patient body as well as beam delivery apparatuses. For the risk assessment of secondary cancer, it is essential to know contribution of secondary neutrons by extra dose to organs in the vicinity of the irradiated tumor because the secondary neutron has a long flight path length and gives undesired dose to normal tissues in a wide volume. The experimental data of neutron energy spectra are required for dose estimations with high accuracy. Especially, precise data around neutron energy of 1 MeV is required because neutron of the energy region has a large relative biological eectiveness. Estimation of the secondary neutron yield data is important for estimation of radiation safety on both of workers and public in treatment facilities.

Journal Articles

Measurement of proton, deuteron, and triton production double differential cross sections on carbon by 290 MeV/nucleon Ar ions

Kajimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Hashiguchi, Taro*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Satoh, Daiki; Uozumi, Yusuke*; Song, T. Y.*; Lee, C. W.*; Kim, J. W.*; Yang, S. C.*; Koba, Yusuke*; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2014-002, p.127 - 132, 2015/02

Particle transport Monte Carlo codes such as PHITS, FLUKA and so on are used for radiation safety design of high energy accelerators. The validity of code is con rmed by comparison with many experimental data. In this study, we report proton, deuteron, and triton production double differential cross sections (DDXs) from a graphite target by 290 MeV/nucleon Ar ions. The measured spectra are compared with those calculated by PHITS and FLUKA codes.

Journal Articles

Coherent control of single spins in silicon carbide at room temperature

Widmann, M.*; Lee, S.-Y.*; Rendler, T.*; Son, N. T.*; Fedder, H.*; Paik, S.*; Yang, L.-P.*; Zhao, N.*; Yang, S.*; Booker, I.*; et al.

Nature Materials, 14(2), p.164 - 168, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:236 Percentile:0.52(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Studies on the uptake and column chromatographyic separation of Eu, Th, U, and Am by tetramethylmalonamide resin

Shimada, Asako; Sulakova, J.*; Yang, Y.*; Alexandratos, S.*; Nash, K. L.*

Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 32(1), p.27 - 43, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:92.97(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A tetramethylmalonamide-functionalized resin (TMMA resin) has been developed and investigated for its ability to separate trivalent, tetravalent, and hexavalent actinide elements. As a fundamental study of the extraction mechanism and to design a chromatographic separation scheme, distribution coefficients ($$K$$$$_{d}$$) for partitioning of Eu(III), Th(IV), U(VI), and Am(III) onto the resin from HNO$$_{3}$$, NaNO$$_{3}$$, HCl and NaCl solutions with and without organic acids and potential consistents of low-level radioactve waste have been determined. The competition between metal extraction and HNO$$_{3}$$ extraction was confirmed by the extraction data and FT-IR spectra. Based on these fundamental experimental results, an extractive chromatographic scheme for actinide isolation was designed and demonstrated.

Journal Articles

The Possible interplanetary transfer of microbes; Assessing the viability of ${it Deinococcus}$ spp. under the ISS environmental conditions for performing exposure experiments of microbes in the Tanpopo mission

Kawaguchi, Yuko*; Yang, Y.*; Kawashiri, Narutoshi*; Shiraishi, Keisuke*; Takasu, Masako*; Narumi, Issey*; Sato, Katsuya; Hashimoto, Hirofumi*; Nakagawa, Kazumichi*; Tanigawa, Yoshiaki*; et al.

Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 43(4-5), p.411 - 428, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:27.21(Biology)

Journal Articles

Development of high voltage power supply for the KSTAR 170 GHz ECH and CD system

Jeong, J. H.*; Bae, Y. S.*; Joung, M.*; Kim, H. J.*; Park, S. I.*; Han, W. S.*; Kim, J. S.*; Yang, H. L.*; Kwak, J. G.*; Sakamoto, Keishi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(5), p.380 - 387, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.44(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Actuator and diagnostic requirements of the ITER plasma control system

Snipes, J. A.*; Beltran, D.*; Casper, T.*; Gribov, Y.*; Isayama, Akihiko; Lister, J.*; Simrock, S.*; Vayakis, G.*; Winter, A.*; Yang, Y.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(12), p.1900 - 1906, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:13.15(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron scattering studies of the spin-5/2 antiferromagnetic linear trimer substance SrMn$$_3$$P$$_4$$O$$_{14}$$

Hase, Masashi*; D$"o$nni, A.*; Ozawa, Kiyoshi*; Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Sakai, Osamu*; Pomjakushin, V. Y.*; Keller, L.*; Kaneko, Koji; Metoki, Naoto; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 340, p.012066_1 - 012066_7, 2012/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:51.5

We determined the magnetic structure below $$T_{rm N1}=2.2(1)$$ K of the spin-5/2 antiferromagnetic (AF) trimer substance SrMn$$_3$$P$$_4$$O$$_{14}$$ using neutron powder diffraction experiments. The incommensurate propagation vector is expressed as [0, $$k_y$$, 0], due to competition between the nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor interactions in trimerized chains. The value of $$k_y$$ is 0.316 to 0.331, changing rapidly at $$T_{rm N2}= 1.75(5)$$ K. We confirmed that the intra-trimer $$J_1$$ interaction is AF. The magnetic excitation peaks were obsereved at 0.46, 0.68, and 1.02 meV. The weak Q dependence indicates the discrete energy levels, which do not contradict the AF trimer model with the intra-trimer interaction value of 0.29 meV (3.4 K).

Journal Articles

Characteristics of the first H-mode discharges in KSTAR

Yoon, S. W.*; Ahn, J.-W.*; Jeon, Y. M.*; Suzuki, Takahiro; Hahn, S. H.*; Ko, W. H.*; Lee, K. D.*; Chung, J. I.*; Nam, Y. U.*; Kim, J.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 51(11), p.113009_1 - 113009_9, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:23.67(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Typical ELMy H-mode discharges have been achieved on the KSTAR tokamak with the combined auxiliary heating of NBI and ECRH. The minimum external heating power required is about 1.1 MW at a line-averaged density higher than 1.4$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ and a toroidal field of 2 T. There is a clear indication of the increase of the L-H threshold power at densities lower than $$1.4times 10^{19} {rm m}^{-3}$$. The initial analysis of energy confinement time ($$tau$$$$_{E}$$) predicted that $$tau$$$$_{E}$$ was higher than the prediction of multi-machine scaling laws by a factor 1.4-1.6. However, when the contribution of fast ion confinement to the total energy was taken into account, $$tau$$$$_{E}$$ better agreed with the scaling results. A clear increase of electron and ion temperature in the pedestal was observed in the H-mode phase but the core ion temperature did not change significantly. On the other hand, the toroidal rotation also increased over all radii in the H-mode phase. The measured ELM frequency was from 30-50 Hz and the drop of total energy appeared to be less than 5%. Between large ELM spikes, small/grassy ELMs were also identified when mixed heating of NBI and ECRH was applied.

Journal Articles

Arc discharge characteristics of a long pulse ion source for the KSTAR neutral beam injector

Chang, D. H.*; Jeong, S. H.*; Jin, J. T.*; Chang, D. S.*; Kim, T. S.*; Lee, K. W.*; In, S. R.*; Oh, B. H.*; Bae, Y. S.*; Kim, J. S.*; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.275 - 280, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:69.08(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A long pulse ion source (LPIS) for the neutral beam injector (NBI) has been developed for the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) superconducting tokamak. The arc discharge characteristics of the ion source were investigated on the first KSTAR neutral beam injector (NBI-1). The ion source consists of a magnetic bucket plasma generator with multi-pole cusp fields and a set of prototype tetrode accelerators with circular apertures. Stable and efficient arc plasmas up to an arc power of 70 kW have been produced by using a constant power-mode operation of the arc power supply. The reliable operation region of the arc discharges has been investigated for various filament heating voltages, arc powers, and amounts of injected deuterium gas.

56 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)