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Journal Articles

Chemical forms of uranium evaluated by thermodynamic calculation associated with distribution of core materials in the damaged reactor pressure vessel

Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Yano, Kimihiko; Washiya, Tadahiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(6), p.704 - 718, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To suggest efficient process of the fuel debris treatment after the retrieval from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F), thorough investigation is indispensable on potential source of U in the fuel debris. Estimation on the fuel debris accumulated in the reactor pressure vessel is specifically important due to its limited accessibility. The present study aims to estimate the chemical forms of U in the in-vessel fuel debris, especially in the minor phases such as metallic phases, by performing the thermodynamic calculation considering the material relocation and changing environment during the accident progression in the 1F Unit 2. Input conditions for the thermodynamic calculation such as composition, temperature, and oxygen amount were assumed mainly based on the results of severe accident analysis. The chemical form of U varied depending on the local amount of Fe and O. In regions of low steel content, the U-containing metallic phase was dominated by $$alpha$$-(Zr,U)(O), while regions of high steel content were dominated by Fe$$_{2}$$(Zr,U) (Laves phase). A few percent of U was transferred to the metallic phases under reducing conditions, raising challenging issues on the chemical removal of nuclear material from fuel debris.

Journal Articles

Effect of quenching on molten core-concrete interaction product

Kitagaki, Toru; Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Yano, Kimihiko; Brissonneau, L.*; Tormos, B.*; Domenger, R.*; Roger, J.*; Washiya, Tadahiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(9-10), p.902 - 914, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:57.07(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

R&D strategy on mid- and long-term behavior of fuel debris

Yano, Kimihiko; Kitagaki, Toru; Washiya, Tadahiro; Miyamoto, Yasuaki; Ogawa, Toru

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.225 - 228, 2018/11

According to the roadmap for decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi NPS, fuel debris retrieval will start from 2021, after a decade from fuel debris generation. Fuel debris will stay in the reactors until the end of defueling. In addition, it is not hard to anticipate that storage is necessary for fuel debris removed from reactors. In order to consider such a post-accident operation for fuel debris, it is indispensable to discuss the states and characteristics of fuel debris during several decades. Therefore, JAEA directed R&D strategy on mid- and long-term behavior of fuel debris tentatively and is making a start of fundamental studies on this issue in corporation with the domestic universities and other research institutes.

Journal Articles

Characterization of the VULCANO test products for fuel debris removal from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Kitagaki, Toru; Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Yano, Kimihiko; Ogino, Hideki; Haquet, J.-F.*; Brissonneau, L.*; Tormos, B.*; Piluso, P.*; Washiya, Tadahiro

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.217 - 220, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties of cubic (U,Zr)O$$_{2}$$

Kitagaki, Toru; Hoshino, Takanori; Yano, Kimihiko; Okamura, Nobuo; Ohara, Hiroshi*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Koizumi, Kenji

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 4(3), p.031011_1 - 031011_7, 2018/07

Journal Articles

Thermodynamic evaluation of the solidification phase of molten core-concrete under estimated Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident conditions

Kitagaki, Toru; Yano, Kimihiko; Ogino, Hideki; Washiya, Tadahiro

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 486, p.206 - 215, 2017/04

AA2016-0278.pdf:0.74MB

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:86.92(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Purification of uranium products in crystallization system for nuclear fuel reprocessing

Takeuchi, Masayuki; Yano, Kimihiko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Sambommatsu, Yuji*; Nakamura, Kazuhito*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Hirasawa, Izumi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(4), p.521 - 528, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:25.63(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties of fuel debris for defueling toward decommissioning

Hoshino, Takanori; Kitagaki, Toru; Yano, Kimihiko; Okamura, Nobuo; Ohara, Hiroshi*; Fukasawa, Tetsuo*; Koizumi, Kenji

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

Journal Articles

Study of treatment scenarios for fuel debris removed from Fukushima Daiichi NPS

Washiya, Tadahiro; Yano, Kimihiko; Kaji, Naoya; Yamada, Seiya*; Kamiya, Masayoshi

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05

On March 11, 2011, a severe nuclear accident occurred at Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO)'s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (hereinafter called as F1). After the accident, the Council for the Decommissioning was established, mainly by the government and TEPCO, and a road map for the F1 decommissioning was drawn up. In the road map, the fuel debris removal from the reactors is scheduled to launch around 2020. In this study, the characteristics and technological issues of each potential treatment scenario were extracted, and the scenarios were prioritized in advance of formal evaluations in the future. The preliminary evaluation results show that long term storage and direct disposal have more positive aspects in terms of economic efficiency and radioactive waste generation. On the other hand, stabilizing processing, aqueous processing, and pyrochemical processing have been estimated to have more disadvantages in such aspects.

Journal Articles

Dissolution behavior of (U,Zr)O$$_{2}$$-based simulated fuel debris in nitric acid

Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Ishihara, Miho; Yano, Kimihiko; Kaji, Naoya; Nakajima, Yasuo; Washiya, Tadahiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(7-8), p.996 - 1005, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:50.1(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Suggestion of typical phases of in-vessel fuel-debris by thermodynamic calculation for decommissioning technology of Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Kondo, Yoshikazu*; Noguchi, Yoshihiro*; Yano, Kimihiko; Kaji, Naoya; Washiya, Tadahiro

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference; Nuclear Energy at a Crossroads (GLOBAL 2013) (CD-ROM), p.1349 - 1356, 2013/09

Journal Articles

Direction on characterization of fuel debris for defueling process in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Yano, Kimihiko; Kitagaki, Toru; Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Wakui, Ryohei; Higuchi, Hidetoshi; Kaji, Naoya; Koizumi, Kenji; Washiya, Tadahiro

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference; Nuclear Energy at a Crossroads (GLOBAL 2013) (CD-ROM), p.1554 - 1559, 2013/09

Journal Articles

Fission product separation from seawater by electrocoagulation method

Kitagaki, Toru; Hoshino, Takanori; Sambommatsu, Yuji; Yano, Kimihiko; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Igarashi, Takeshi*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 296(2), p.975 - 979, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.15(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Nitric acid concentration dependence of dicesium plutonium(IV) nitrate formation during solution growth of uranyl nitrate hexahydrate

Nakahara, Masaumi; Kaji, Naoya; Yano, Kimihiko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Okano, Masanori; Kuno, Takehiko

Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 46(1), p.56 - 62, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.24(Engineering, Chemical)

The influence of HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration in the solution on the formation of Cs$$_{2}$$Pu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{6}$$ was evaluated in the U crystallization process. The solubility of Cs$$_{2}$$Pu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{6}$$ in a uranyl nitrate solution was found to decrease with increasing HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration in the solution. In the U crystallization experiments with the dissolver solution of irradiated fast reactor fuel, Cs$$_{2}$$Pu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{6}$$ formed with 6.5 mol/dm$$^{3}$$ HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration in the mother liquor, and the decontamination factor of Cs for the uranyl nitrate hexahydrate crystals was low. Meanwhile, Cs$$_{2}$$Pu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{6}$$ did not precipitate with uranyl nitrate hexahydrate crystals under the condition of 4.0 mol/dm$$^{3}$$ HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration in the mother liquor, and Cs could be separated from the uranyl nitrate hexahydrate crystals.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of dicesium plutonium(IV) nitrate formation in separation system of uranyl nitrate hexahydrate crystal

Nakahara, Masaumi; Yano, Kimihiko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Okano, Masanori; Kuno, Takehiko

Procedia Chemistry, 7, p.282 - 287, 2012/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:60.25

For decontamination of Cs and Pu compound, Cs$$_{2}$$Pu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{6}$$, precipitated in the U cooling crystallization method, solubility measurement of Cs$$_{2}$$Pu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{6}$$ in a uranyl nitrate solution and a U crystallization experiments were carried out with the dissolver solution derived from irradiated fast neutron reactor core fuel. The solubility of Cs$$_{2}$$Pu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{6}$$ in the uranyl nitrate solution decreased with decreasing temperature. In the crystallization experiments, the decontamination factors of Cs and Pu for uranyl nitrate hexahydrate crystal decrease with increasing the Cs concentration in the feed solution because Cs$$_{2}$$Pu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{6}$$ formed in the course of U crystallization. Basic data were obtained for the formation behavior of Cs$$_{2}$$Pu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{6}$$ in the U crystallization process.

Journal Articles

FaCT Phase I evaluation on the advanced aqueous reprocessing process, 5; Research and development of uranium crystallization system

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Yano, Kimihiko; Sambommatsu, Yuji; Nakahara, Masaumi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Washiya, Tadahiro; Nagata, Masanobu*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2011/12

JAEA has been developing a U crystallization process. The development targets were DFs of over 100, confirmation of mechanical performance of crystallizer, and so on. Fundamental data were obtained by beaker-scale experiments with actual dissolver solution. DFs for most of the FPs are improved by washing. However the formation of Pu-Cs double salt causes low DF of Cs. To confirm the mechanical performance of an annular type crystallizer and a crystal separator, some experiments were carried out. The crystallizer and the separator have good performance. However washing of UNH crystals by the separator did not have the intended effect for solid impurities. We discussed the application of crystal purification technology to improve the purity and selected KCP. UNH crystal purification tests were carried out using bench-scale KCP apparatus with simulated solid impurities. The purifier has good performance on the decontamination of not only liquid impurities but also solid impurities.

Journal Articles

Continuous operation test at engineering scale uranium crystallizer

Washiya, Tadahiro; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nakamura, Kazuhito*; Yano, Kimihiko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Nagata, Masanobu*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Journal of Power and Energy Systems (Internet), 4(1), p.191 - 201, 2010/02

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and Mitsubishi Materials Corporation (MMC) are developing the crystallization process for elemental technology of FBR fuel reprocessing. The uranium (U) crystallization process is a key technology for New Extraction System for TRU Recovery (NEXT) process that was evaluated as the most promising process for future FBR reprocessing. We had developed an innovative crystallizer and fabricated an engineering-scale crystallizer and have carried out continuous operation test to investigate the stability of the equipment at steady and non-steady state conditions by using depleted uranium. As for simulating typical failure events in the crystallizer, crystal accumulation and crystal blockage were occurred intentionally, and monitoring method and resume procedure were tried and selected in this work.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on behavior of Cs in uranium crystallization of advanced aqueous reprocessing system with simulated dissolver solution

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Yano, Kimihiko; Kamiya, Masayoshi; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Washiya, Tadahiro; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 8(3), p.245 - 253, 2009/09

Behavior of Cs in U crystallization process of advanced aqueous reprocessing system was investigated with simulated dissolver solution. Beaker-scale U crystallization experiments were carried out with some simulated dissolver solutions. The results show that possibility of generation of CsNO$$_{3}$$,Cs$$_{2}$$UO$$_{2}$$ (NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{4}$$ or Cs-FP complex salt is small. Precipitation experiments of Cs-U(IV) complex salts were also carried out with nitrate solution of U(IV) and Cs. It was found that Cs-U(IV) complex salt was precipitated in higher acidity than 5 mol/dm$$^{-3}$$. It is suggested that Cs-Pu(IV) precipitates can be generated in the U crystallization process, under specific solution condition.

Journal Articles

Research and development of crystal purification for product of uranium crystallization process

Yano, Kimihiko; Nakahara, Masaumi; Nakamura, Masahiro; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Kazuhito*; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Washiya, Tadahiro; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (Global 2009) (CD-ROM), p.143 - 150, 2009/09

Journal Articles

Current status on research and development of uranium crystallization system in advanced aqueous reprocessing of FaCT project

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Kaji, Naoya; Nakahara, Masaumi; Yano, Kimihiko; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Washiya, Tadahiro; Myochin, Munetaka; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (Global 2009) (CD-ROM), p.151 - 157, 2009/09

As a part of FaCT project, Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been developing a U crystallization process for advanced aqueous reprocessing technology in collaboration with Mitsubishi Materials Corporation. We have carried out experimental studies and obtained fundamental data. Continuous operation tests were also carried out by an engineering-scale crystallizer to confirm productivity of the equipment and to investigate non-steady state conditions. The requirements for the U crystallization process in the FaCT project could be achieved except DF of Cs. More detail investigation is under way to settle the process condition without Pu-Cs double salt formation.

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