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Journal Articles

Assessment of the mode of occurrence and radiological impact of radionuclides in Nigerian coal and resultant post-combustion coal ash using scanning electron microscopy and gamma-ray spectroscopy

Okeme, I. C.*; Scott, T. B.*; Martin, P. G.*; Satou, Yukihiko; Ojonimi, T. I.*; Olaluwoye, M. O.*

Minerals (Internet), 10(3), p.241_1 - 241_15, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:58.39(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Journal Articles

Time-controlled synthesis of the 3D coordination polymer U(1,2,3-Hbtc)$$_{2}$$ followed by the formation of molecular poly-oxo cluster {$rm U$_{14}$$} containing hemimellitate uranium(IV)

Dufaye, M.*; Martin, N. P.*; Duval, S.*; Volkringer, C.*; Ikeda, Atsushi; Loiseau, T.*

RSC Advances (Internet), 9(40), p.22795 - 22804, 2019/07

AA2019-0270.pdf:1.14MB

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:60.04(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Two coordination compounds bearing tetravalent uranium (UIV)) were synthesized in the presence of tritopic hemimellitic acid in acetonitrile with a controlled amount of water (H$$_{2}$$O/U $${approx}$$ 8) and structurally characterized. The slow hydrolysis reaction together with the partial decomposition of the starting organic reactants into oxalate and acetate molecules induces the generation of such a large poly-oxo cluster with fourteen uranium centers. Structural comparisons with other closely related uranium-containing clusters, such as the {$rm U$_{12}$$}$ cluster based on the association of inner core [U$_{6}$$O$$_{8}$$] with three dinuclear sub-units {$rm U$_{2}$$}, were performed.

Journal Articles

Negative Te spin polarization responsible for ferromagnetic order in the doped topological insulator V$$_{0.04}$$(Sb$$_{1-x}$$Bi$$_{x}$$)$$_{1.96}$$Te$$_{3}$$

Ye, M.*; Xu, T.*; Li, G.*; Qiao, S.*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Zhu, S.-Y.*; Nurmamat, M.*; Sumida, Kazuki*; Ishida, Yukiaki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(14), p.144413_1 - 144413_7, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:67.98(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of a code system DEURACS for theoretical analysis and prediction of deuteron-induced reactions

Nakayama, Shinsuke; Kono, Hiroshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ye, T.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.12025_1 - 12025_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:92.06

Recently, intensive neutron sources using deuteron accelerator have been proposed for various applications. Accurate and comprehensive deuteron nuclear data library over wide ranges of target mass number and incident energy are indispensable for the design of deuteron accelerator neutron sources. Thus, we have developed an integrated code system dedicated for analysis and prediction of deuteron-induced reactions, which is called DEUteron-induced Reaction Analysis Code System (DEURACS). In the present work, the analysis of $$(d,xn)$$ reactions is extended to higher incident energy up to nearly 100 MeV and also DEURACS is applied to $$(d,xd)$$ reactions at 80 and 100 MeV. The DEURACS calculations reproduce the experimental double-differential cross sections for the $$(d,xn)$$ and $$(d,xd)$$ reactions well.

Journal Articles

Theoretical model analysis of $$(d,xn)$$ reactions on beryllium

Kono, Hiroshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ye, T.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.165 - 170, 2016/09

For engineering design of deuteron accelerator neutron sources, accurate nuclear data of deuteron-induced reactions on neutron converter (Li, Be, C, etc.) and accelerator structure material (Fe, Cr, Ni, etc.) are indispensable. Therefore we have developed a computational code system based on physics models dedicated for deuteron nuclear data evaluation. In the present study, we have analyzed the $$(d,xn)$$ reactions on beryllium at incident deuteron energies up to 65 MeV. Since there is a lot of experimental Thick Target Neutron Yields (TTNYs), double-differential $$(d,xn)$$ cross sections are calculated by the code system and then are converted to TTNYs. It is found that the calculated TTNYs reproduce the experimental ones fairly well except in the low neutron energy region.

Journal Articles

Spin-current probe for phase transition in an insulator

Qiu, Z.*; Li, J.*; Hou, D.*; Arenholz, E.*; N'Diaye, A. T.*; Tan, A.*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Sato, Koji*; Okamoto, Satoshi*; Tserkovnyak, Y.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 7, p.12670_1 - 12670_6, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:107 Percentile:97.44(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Modelling and analysis of nucleon emission from deuteron-induced reactions at incident energies up to 100 MeV

Nakayama, Shinsuke; Kono, Hiroshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ye, T.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 122, p.04004_1 - 04004_9, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:88.52

In recent years, accelerator neutron sources using deuteron-induced reactions on $$^7$$Li, $$^9$$Be, $$^{12}$$C, etc., are proposed for applications in various fields. Engineering design of such facilities requires deuteron nuclear data in a broad incident energy range. We have developed a computational code system dedicated for deuteron nuclear data evaluation in combination with some theoretical models. The code system has been applied to analyses of double-differential $$(d,xp)$$ cross sections for $$^{12}$$C, $$^{27}$$Al, and $$^{58}$$Ni at incident energies up to 100 MeV. On the other hand, there is few experimental double-differential $$(d,xn)$$ cross sections. Therefore, double-differential thick target neutron yields for light nuclei such as $$^9$$Be and $$^{12}$$C are calculated and compared with experimental data. The presentation will show the validation result of the present modelling for nucleon emissions from deuteron-induced reactions through comparison with available experimental data.

Journal Articles

Development of a calculation code system for evaluation of deuteron nuclear data

Nakayama, Shinsuke*; Araki, Shohei*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ye, T.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*

Energy Procedia, 71, p.219 - 227, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:98.51

A calculation code system for evaluation of deuteron nuclear data is extended so that the stripping reaction to bound states in the residual nucleus can be taken into account properly using a conventional zero-range DWBA approach. The code system is applied to deuteron induced-reactions on $$^{27}$$Al for incident energies up to 100 MeV. It is found that the spectroscopic factors derived from the present DWBA analysis have incident energy dependence. The calculation using the extended code system reproduced experimental double-differential (d,xp) cross sections at 25.5, 56, and 100 MeV, and production cross sections of $$^{28}$$Al in the incident energy range from the threshold to 20 MeV.

Journal Articles

Cross section calculations of deuteron-induced reactions using the extended CCONE code

Nakayama, Shinsuke*; Araki, Shohei*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ye, T.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*

Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.305 - 307, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:65.49(Physics, Nuclear)

The CCONE code has been extended so as to make it possible to calculate the cross sections for deuteron-induced reactions. In the extended CCONE code, elastic breakup and stripping reactions to continuum are calculated using the Continuum-Discretized Coupled-Channels theory (CDCC) and the Glauber model, respectively, and the calculated results are inputted to the CCONE codeas direct reaction components. Statistical decay from compound nuclei formed by nucleon stripping and deuteron absorption is calculated with the exciton and Hauser-Feshbach models implemented in the original CCONE code. The extended CCONE code is applied to analyses of deuteron-induced reactions on $$^{27}$$Al and $$^{58}$$Ni. CDCC calculations for deuteron elastic scattering show good agreement with the experimental data at incident energies of several tens of MeV. The calculated double-differential ($$d$$, $$xp$$) cross sections reproduce the measured ones at forward angles for incidentenergies of 56 and 100 MeV fairly well.

Journal Articles

Momentum transport studies from multi-machine comparisons

Yoshida, Maiko; Kaye, S.*; Rice, J.*; Solomon, W.*; Tala, T.*; Bell, R. E.*; Burrell, K. H.*; Ferreira, J.*; Kamada, Yutaka; McDonald, D. C.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 52(12), p.123005_1 - 123005_11, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:62.38(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The purpose of this study is to find a common feature on momentum transport coefficients including diffusive and non-diffusive terms in all machines. The momentum database enables us to assess a parametric dependency of momentum transport in a wider range of dimensionless parameters related to transport. Such observation will contribute to make a scaling/modeling on momentum transport for future devices like ITER and DEMO. On the other hand, the investigation of a difference in observation by comparing the experimental conditions will give a useful information to realize what plasma parameter is the key for the momentum transport coefficients.

Journal Articles

Analysis of inclusive $$(d,xp)$$ reactions on nuclei from $$^9$$Be to $$^{238}$$U at 100 MeV

Ye, T.*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yahiro, Masanobu*

Physical Review C, 84(5), p.054606_1 - 054606_8, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:77.72(Physics, Nuclear)

Inclusive proton emission from deuteron-induced reactions on various nuclear targets at an incident energy of 100 MeV are analyzed using the CDCC theory for elastic breakup process and the Glauber model for neutron stripping process. Moreover, the phenomenological moving source model is used to estimate evaporation and pre-equilibrium components in inclusive $$(d,xp)$$ spectra. The calculation reproduces fairly well a prominent bump in experimental $$(d,xp)$$ spectra for light and medium nuclei at forward angles of less than 20$$^{circ}$$, whereas the calculation underestimates the bump component as target atomic number increases. The underestimation is likely to be attributed to the fact that the eikonal approximation used in the Glauber model becomes worse due to strong Coulomb interaction. It is shown that the Glauber model calculation for neutron stripping process leads to improvement of this discrepancy by substituting the eikonal phase shift for the quantum phase shift.

Journal Articles

ITER test blanket module error field simulation experiments at DIII-D

Schaffer, M. J.*; Snipes, J. A.*; Gohil, P.*; de Vries, P.*; Evans, T. E.*; Fenstermacher, M. E.*; Gao, X.*; Garofalo, A. M.*; Gates, D. A.*; Greenfield, C. M.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 51(10), p.103028_1 - 103028_11, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:82.21(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Experiments at DIII-D investigated the effects of ferromagnetic error fields similar to those expected from proposed ITER Test Blanket Modules (TBMs). Studied were effects on: plasma rotation and locking; confinement; L-H transition; edge localized mode (ELM) suppression by resonant magnetic perturbations; ELMs and the H-mode pedestal; energetic particle losses; and more. The experiments used a 3-coil mock-up of 2 magnetized ITER TBMs in one ITER equatorial port. The experiments did not reveal any effect likely to preclude ITER operations with a TBM-like error field. The largest effect was slowed plasma toroidal rotation v across the entire radial profile by as much as $$Delta v/v_{0} sim 50%$$ via non-resonant braking. Changes to global $$Delta n/n_{0}$$, $$Delta v/v_{0}$$ and $$Delta H_{98}/H_{98,0}$$ were $$sim$$3 times smaller. These effects are stronger at higher $$beta$$ and lower $$v_{0}$$. Other effects were smaller.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:156 Percentile:99.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:149 Percentile:98.49(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

Empirical scaling of sawtooth period for onset of neoclassical tearing modes

Chapman, I. T.*; Buttery, R. J.*; Coda, S.*; Gerhardt, S.*; Graves, J. P.*; Howell, D. F.*; Isayama, Akihiko; La Haye, R. J.*; Liu, Y.*; Maget, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 50(10), p.102001_1 - 102001_7, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:44 Percentile:86.65(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analysis of deuteron elastic scattering from $$^{6,7}$$Li using the continuum discretized coupled channels method

Ye, T.*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Chiba, Satoshi

Physical Review C, 78(2), p.024611_1 - 024611_12, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:67.09(Physics, Nuclear)

The continuum discretized coupled channels (CDCC) approach is applied to analysis of deuteron elastic scattering from $$^{6,7}$$Li in the energy range from 10 to 50 MeV. Phenomenological neutron and proton optical potentials which are essentially important in the CDCC calculation are determined from the present optical model analysis of differential cross sections of nucleon elastic scattering, neutron total cross sections, and reaction cross sections of $$^{6,7}$$Li for energies from 5 to 50 MeV. The CDCC result provides satisfactory agreement with experimental data, particularly at forward angles. The obtained nucleon optical model potentials are found to describe reasonably well both nucleon and deuteron elastic scattering from $$^{6,7}$$Li for energies up to 50 MeV.

Journal Articles

Experimental tests of paleoclassical transport

Callen, J. D.*; Anderson, J. K.*; Arlen, T. C.*; Bateman, G.*; Budny, R. V.*; Fujita, Takaaki; Greenfield, C. M.*; Greenwald, M.*; Groebner, R. J.*; Hill, D. N.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(11), p.1449 - 1457, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:27.89(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress in the ITER physics basis, 3; MHD stability, operational limits and disruptions

Hender, T. C.*; Wesley, J. C.*; Bialek, J.*; Bondeson, A.*; Boozer, A. H.*; Buttery, R. J.*; Garofalo, A.*; Goodman, T. P.*; Granetz, R. S.*; Gribov, Y.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(6), p.S128 - S202, 2007/06

 Times Cited Count:759 Percentile:98.25(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Stabilization and prevention of the 2/1 neoclassical tearing mode for improved performance in DIII-D

Prater, R.*; La Haye, R. J.*; Luce, T. C.*; Petty, C. C.*; Strait, E. J.*; Ferron, J. R.*; Humphreys, D. A.*; Isayama, Akihiko; Lohr, J.*; Nagasaki, Kazunobu*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(5), p.371 - 377, 2007/05

 Times Cited Count:56 Percentile:88.64(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The $$m=2$$ /$$n=1$$ neoclassical tearing mode (NTM) has been observed to strongly degrade confinement and frequently lead to a disruption in high $$beta$$ discharges in DIII-D if allowed to grow to large size. Stabilization of grown NTMs by application of highly localized electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD) at the island location has led to operation at increased plasma pressure, up to the no-wall kink limit. After the NTM is stabilized by the ECCD, the correct location for the current drive is maintained using information from real-time equilibrium reconstructions which include measurements from the motional Stark effect diagnostic. This same process is used alternatively to prevent the mode from ever growing, leading to performance at the pressure limit in high performance hybrid discharges with $$beta$$ above 4%. Modeling using the modified Rutherford equation shows that the required power is in close agreement with the experimental threshold for prevention of the 2/1 NTM.

38 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)