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Journal Articles

International challenge to predict the impact of radioxenon releases from medical isotope production on a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty sampling station

Eslinger, P. W.*; Bowyer, T. W.*; Achim, P.*; Chai, T.*; Deconninck, B*; Freeman, K.*; Generoso, S.*; Hayes, P.*; Heidmann, V.*; Hoffman, I.*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 157, p.41 - 51, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:68.67(Environmental Sciences)

It is very important to understand the impact for CTBT stations caused by radioxenon emitted from nuclear facilities and medical isotope production facilities for detection of underground nuclear tests. Predictions of the impact on the CTBT radionuclide station in Germany of radioxenon emitted from the medical isotope production facility in Belgium were carried out by participants from seven nations using ATM (Atmospheric Transport Modeling) based on the emission data of radioxenon from this facility, as part of study on impact of radioxenon emitted from medical isotope production facilities on CTBT radionuclide stations.

Journal Articles

Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of PrFeAsO$$_{0.7}$$; Comparison with LaFePO

Nishi, Ichiro*; Ishikado, Motoyuki; Ideta, Shinichiro*; Malaeb, W.*; Yoshida, Teppei*; Fujimori, Atsushi*; Kotani, Yoshinori*; Kubota, Masato*; Ono, Kanta*; Yi, M.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 84(1), p.014504_1 - 014504_5, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:66.92(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have performed an angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) study of the iron-based superconductor PrFeAsO$$_{0.7}$$ and examined the Fermi surfaces and band dispersions near the fermi level. Heavily hole-doped electronic states have been observed due to the polar nature of the cleaved surfaces. Nevertheless, we have found that the ARPES spectra basically agree with band dispersions calculated in the local density approximation (LDA) if the bandwidth is reduced by a factor of $$sim$$ 2.5 and then the chemical potential is lowered by $$sim$$ 70 meV. Comparison with previous ARPES results on LaFePO reveals that the energy positions of the $$d$$$$_{3z^{2}-r^{2}}$$- and $$d$$$$_{yz,zx}$$-derived bands are considerably different between the two materials, which we attribute to the different pnictogen height as predicted by the LDA calculation.

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:71.35(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:162 Percentile:99.44(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:156 Percentile:98.48(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

Dose properties of a laser accelerated electron beam and prospects for clinical application

Kainz, K. K.*; Hogstrom, K. R.*; Antolak, J. A.*; Almond, P. R.*; Bloch, C. D.*; Chiu, C.*; Fomytskyi, M.*; Raischel, F.*; Downer, M.*; Tajima, Toshiki

Medical Physics, 31(7), p.2053 - 2067, 2004/07

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:65.04(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

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