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Journal Articles

Production of $$^{266}$$Bh in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{23}$$Na,5$$n$$)$$^{266}$$Bh reaction and its decay properties

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Fan, F.*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Komori, Yukiko*; Kondo, Narumi*; Kudo, Hisaaki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; et al.

Physical Review C, 102(2), p.024625_1 - 024625_12, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:57.67(Physics, Nuclear)

Oral presentation

Extraction of molybdenum and tungsten in oxidation state +5 and +6 from hydrochloric acid with Aliquat 336

Yokokita, Takuya*; Komori, Yukiko*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Kino, Aiko*; Shiohara, Naoya*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Yoshimura, Takashi*; Takahashi, Naruto*; Oe, Kazuhiro; Shinohara, Atsushi*

no journal, , 

We are planning to study a redox behavior of element 106, seaborgium (Sg) based on the comparison of the behaviors with those of molybdenum (Mo) and tungsten (W). In this work, we studied solvent extraction behaviors of Mo(VI), Mo(V), W(VI), and W(V) with Aliquat 336 from hydrochloric acid (HCl). Mo(V) is extracted with higher distribution ratios than those of Mo(VI) in 4 to 11 M HCl. Distribution ratios of Mo(V) obtained by reducing Mo(VI) electrochemically are in good agreement with those of [MoCl$$_5$$].

Oral presentation

Excitation functions for fusion reaction with projectiles of different deformation

Toda, Kosuke*; Ueno, Shingo*; Takahashi, Naruto*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Yokokita, Takuya*; Oe, Kazuhiro; Yokoyama, Akihiko*

no journal, , 

In order to study the effect of the degree of deformation on the fusion reaction, we have researched for the fusion reaction of $$^{nat}$$Lu + $$^{16}$$O and $$^{165}$$Ho + $$^{20}$$Ne. In the systems, the projectile nucleus $$^{16}$$O is spherical, while $$^{20}$$Ne is deformed. Thus they are fusion reactions of deformed-spherical nuclei and deformed-deformed nuclei, respectively. Besides, latter system has the same compound nucleus, $$^{185}$$Ir, as the $$^{169}$$Tm + $$^{16}$$O reaction in previous work. The evaporation residue cross sections were measured by using a stack technique and a gas-jet technique for the projectile energies of 50 to 155 MeV. The cross sections were compared with the theoretical values calculated by HIVAP code. The measured excitation functions were found to agree fairly well with theoretical values. The results are consistent with the idea that the degree of deformation makes an effect on the rising edge of excitation functions near the Coulomb barrier.

Oral presentation

Extraction behavior of Mo(VI), Mo(V), W(VI), and W(V) from HCl solutions by Aliquat 336

Yokokita, Takuya*; Oe, Kazuhiro; Komori, Yukiko*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Kino, Aiko*; Nakamura, Kohei*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Takahashi, Naruto*; Yoshimura, Takashi*; Takamiya, Koichi*; et al.

no journal, , 

We carried out solvent extraction of Mo(VI), Mo(V), W(VI) and W(V) in 0.01-0.36 M Aliquat 336 / 0.1-11 M HCl system as model experiments for element 106, seaborgium (Sg). The HCl solutions of Mo(VI), Mo(V), W(VI) and W(V) were prepared using macro amounts of Mo and W. Extraction behaviors of mononuclear Mo and W were also investigated using carrier-free radiotracers $$^{99}$$Mo and $$^{181}$$W, which were produced as $$^{235}$$U(n, f) and $$^{181}$$Ta (p, n) reaction, respectively. The distribution ratios (D) of Mo(V) and W(V) were higher than those of Mo(VI) and W(VI), respectively. These results suggest that reduction behavior of the group-6 elements can be observed by solvent extraction. The D values of carrier-free Mo(VI) and W(VI) are almost the same as those with macro amounts in 6-11 M HCl. This condition would be suitable for the Sg experiments.

Oral presentation

Chemical studies of Mo and W in preparation of a Seaborgium (Sg) reduction experiment using MDG, FEC, and SISAK

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Miyashita, Sunao*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Kaneya, Yusuke; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Lerum, H. V.*; et al.

no journal, , 

To carry out a continuous reduction experiment of Sg with the low production rates and the short half-life, we are developing a new chemistry assembly consisting of a membrane degasser (MDG), a flow electrolytic column (FEC), the continuous liquid-liquid extraction apparatus, and the liquid scintillation counting system (SISAK). Recently, we have begun preparatory studies with Mo and W isotopes. Aqueous solution dissolving Mo and W was successfully separated from a carrier gas. Redox couples of Mo(VI)/Mo(V) and W(VI)/W(V) in HCl have been characterized for their macro amounts. Extraction behavior of Mo(VI) and W(VI) between toluene containing hinokitiol (HT) and HCl was successfully observed by a batch method. On-line extractions of short-lived Mo and W were also carried out using SISAK and MDG. In the symposium, our present status of the preparation with Mo and W will be presented.

Oral presentation

Electrolytic reduction studies of Mo and W towards the reduction of seaborgium

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Attallah, M. F.*; Goto, Naoya*; Gupta, N. S.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Huang, M.*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kaneya, Yusuke; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; et al.

no journal, , 

Towards electrolytic reduction of Sg, batch-wise electrolytic reduction of carrier-free $$^{93m}$$Mo and $$^{176,181}$$W radiotracers was studied using a flow electrolytic column (FEC). The electrolyzed samples from a FEC were chemically analyzed by solvent extraction with TOA and HDEHP to separate and identify reduced species from the stable Mo(VI) and W(VI) ones based on their different extraction behavior. $$^{93m}$$Mo and $$^{176, 181}$$W were applied as radiotracers. We also performed cyclic voltammetry and UV/Vis absorption spectrometry of macro amounts of Mo and W in acidic solutions to obtain information on redox reactions of these elements under given conditions. In the conference, the present status of the preparatory reduction experiments with Mo and W will be presented.

Oral presentation

Electrolytic reduction of Mo and W as lighter homologues of seaborgium

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Miyashita, Sunao*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Kitayama, Yuta*; Lerum, H. V.*; Goto, Naoya*; Kaneya, Yusuke; Komori, Yukiko*; Mitsukai, Akina*; Vascon, A.; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Developments towards aqueous phase chemistry of transactinide elements

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Asai, Masato; Attallah, M. F.*; Goto, Naoya*; Gupta, N. S.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Kaneko, Masashi*; Kaneya, Yusuke; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; et al.

no journal, , 

Due to short half-lives less than 10 s and extremely low production rates, transactinide elements heavier than seaborgium (Sg) are produced on an atom per hour scale. Therefore, a continuous rapid chemistry assembly is required to study aqueous-phase chemistry of these heaviest elements. In the present study, we started developments of a continuous chemistry assembly. Our first attempt was made in on-line experiments with Mo and W, lighter homologs of Sg, to optimize a chemistry assembly consisting of a newly developed membrane degasser as an interface between gas-jet and aqueous phase, a flow electrolytic column apparatus utilized to control oxidation states of Mo and W ions, and the continuous liquid-liquid extraction apparatus of SISAK for separation. In the conference, present status of the developments will be presented.

Oral presentation

Anion-exchange behavior of Nb, Ta, and Pa in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solution for understanding chemical species of Db

Adachi, Sadia*; Sueki, Keisuke*; Toyoshima, Atsushi*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Komori, Yukiko*; Yokokita, Takuya*; Mori, Taiki*

no journal, , 

Anion exchange behavior of group-5 elements, Nb, Ta, and their pseudo homologue Pa in HF and HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solution was investigated to understand chemical properties of Db. Adsorption behavior of Db is clearly different from that of Ta and is similar to those of Nb and Pa. In the present study, anion exchange experiments of Nb, Ta and Pa were carried out with HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ aqueous solution as basic experiments for estimating the species of Db fluoride complex. Adsorption behavior was investigated by changing the fluoride ion concentration for each HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration. Based on the observed distribution coefficients of these elements, we discuss the formation reaction of the anionic fluoride complex and chemical species of Db.

Oral presentation

Anion-exchange behavior of Db in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solution

Kato, Mizuho*; Adachi, Sadia*; Toyoshima, Atsushi*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Yokokita, Takuya*; Komori, Yukiko*; Shigekawa, Yudai*; Sueki, Keisuke*

no journal, , 

A few studies have been so far performed on aqueous chemistry of Db, the group-5 superheavy element, by anion-exchange experiments in HF and HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixture solutions. Although the distribution coefficient (Kd) of Db was shown to trend to Ta $$>$$ Nb $$>$$ Db $$>$$ Pa in the group-5 homologs and pseudo-homolog elements, its chemical species has not been clarified. In this work, for identification of fluoride species of Db, we performed anion-exchange experiments of Nb, Ta, and Db in HF/1.0 M HNO$$_{3}$$ mixture solutions by using an automated rapid chemistry apparatus, ARCA.

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