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Journal Articles

The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Arai, Takehiko*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:140 Percentile:99.81(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of Hayabusa2 sample return mission, is believed to be a primitive carbonaceous object. The Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2 acquired reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micron was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally- and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and dielectric properties of YbFe$$_{2-x}$$Mn$$_{x}$$O$$_{4}$$ (0$$underline{<}$$x$$underline{<}$$1)

Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Yokota, Yusuke*; Okajima, Yuka; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Matsuo, Yoji*; Horibe, Yoichi*; Mori, Shigeo*

Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 182(7), p.1611 - 1618, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:46.6(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

We have investigated the magnetic and dielectric properties of YbFe$$_{2-x}$$Mn$$_{x}$$O$$_{4}$$ (0$$underline{<}$$x$$underline{<}$$1), which is an Fe-site-substituted system of new multiferroic oxides RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R=Y, Ho-Lu). X-ray diffraction measurements show that a solid solution is formed between YbFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (x=0) and YbFeMnO$$_{4}$$ (x=1) for 0$$underline{<}$$x$$underline{<}$$1. The valence of the Mn ion is determined to be $$sim$$2+, consistently with the suppression of low-temperature magnetization by the Mn substitution. The magnetic transition temperature and the dielectric constant decrease monotonically with increasing x. This result plausibly confirms that the magnetic and dielectric properties in oxides isostructural with RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ are governed by the electron transfer between Fe-site ions, unlike ordinary ferroelectrics and dielectrics, in which the ionic displacement plays a key role. The possibility for application is briefly discussed.

Journal Articles

Stoichiometric study of the dielectric and magnetic properties in charge frustrated system LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$

Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Yokota, Yusuke*; Komatsu, Takuma*; Hayakawa, Hironori*; Kuroda, Tomoko*; Maeda, Daisuke*; Matsuo, Yoji*; Mori, Shigeo*; Yoshii, Kenji; Hanasaki, Noriaki*; et al.

Ferroelectrics, 378(1), p.175 - 180, 2009/00

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:62.21(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have synthesized the samples of LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$, which shows the ferroelectricity due to charge ordering of Fe ions, under several different reducing conditions using a CO$$_{2}$$-CO flow. The reducing condition was changed by changing a flow ratio of CO$$_{2}$$ and CO. It was found that the flow ratio of CO$$_{2}$$/CO of about 5 provided the sample with the highest magnetic transition temperature of 240-250 K. This sample showed the dielectric constant of 10000 at room temperature. The imaginary part of the dielectric response offered the activation energy of 0.4-0.5 eV, which is slightly larger than that reported previously (about 0.3 eV). We will perform further investigation of the physical properties of this sample to clarify full details and their origin of LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and dielectric properties of HoFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ and R$$_{1-x}$$R'$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R, R': rare earths)

Yoshii, Kenji; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Maeda, Daisuke*; Yokota, Yusuke*; Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Komatsu, Takuma*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Matsuo, Yoji*; Mori, Shigeo*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 47(9), p.7599 - 7602, 2008/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:35.16(Physics, Applied)

We have investigated the physical properties of HoFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ and R$$_{1-x}$$R'$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R, R': rare earths). Dielectric measurements showed their dielectric constants of 1000 at around room temperature, which is characteristic of the RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ series (R: rare earths). However, the magnetic transition temperatures and the coherency in dielectric response were found to be different from those of RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ reported so far. Interestingly, these materials suggested higher ferroelectric temperatures than those reported so far, suggesting a possibility of application of these materials.

Journal Articles

Development of new commercial strains in functional mushroom by ion beam irradiation

Kawashima, Yusuke*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Yokota, Yuichiro

JAEA-Review 2007-060, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2006, P. 76, 2008/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effects of ion beam irradiation on spore germination, mycelial growth and fruit body formation of ${it Pleurotus ostreatus}$

Kawashima, Yusuke*; Matsumoto, Tetsuo*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Yokota, Yuichiro

JAEA-Review 2006-042, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2005, P. 91, 2007/02

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of new commercial strains in functional mushroom (${it L.decastes}$) by ion beam irradiation

Kawashima, Yusuke*; Matsumoto, Tetsuo*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Yokota, Yuichiro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of new varieties of functional mushrooms ${it Lyphyllum decastes}$ using ion beam irradiation

Kawashima, Yusuke*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Yokota, Yuichiro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Neurocytotoxic effects of microbeam irradiation of heavy carbon-ions on the developing brain measured in vivo using medaka (${it Oryzias latipes}$), a vertebrate model

Yasuda, Takako*; Oda, Shoji*; Hibi, Yusuke*; Urushihara, Yusuke*; Mitani, Hiroshi*; Funayama, Tomoo; Yokota, Yuichiro; Muto, Yasuko; Ikeda, Hiroko; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

no journal, , 

Using heavy-ion microbeam system of JAEA-Takasaki, we irradiated brain of the embryos of the Medaka with carbon ion microbeam. After irradiation, inductions of apoptosis were observed using whole-mount staining of acridine orange. In targeted position of the brain, we observed the induction of radiation induced apoptosis, indicating that the system can irradiate specific region of the brain of the Medaka embryo.

Oral presentation

The Systemic effects of irradiation revealed by the local irradiation to the medaka testis using carbon-ion microbeam system in TIARA

Oda, Shoji*; Yasuda, Takako*; Hibi, Yusuke*; Asaka, Tomomi*; Ikeda, Hiroko; Muto, Yasuko*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Michiyo; Funayama, Tomoo; et al.

no journal, , 

We have developed a new irradiation protocol for tissue specific irradiation to living embryo and adult medaka, ${it Oryzias latipes}$. In the study, a testis of p53 knockout fish were irradiated with multi-shots of microbeam. Less numbers of testis-ova were induced in the in p53- lacking testis 1 week after the irradiation compared to whole body irradiated testis. Specific irradiation of microbeam onto the right (or left) lobe of the optic tectum in medaka embryos of 2 days post fertilization ectopically induced apoptotic cells in the body trunk and the tail in addition to the irradiated position. The systemic effects as endocrine system, autonomic nervous system and immunity reactions occur in adult medaka and these results suggested that the systemic effects might be functional even in developing embryos.

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