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Journal Articles

Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library version 5; JENDL-5

Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Minato, Futoshi; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Abe, Yutaka*; Tsubakihara, Kosuke*; Okumura, Shin*; Ishizuka, Chikako*; Yoshida, Tadashi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(1), p.1 - 60, 2023/01

Journal Articles

Estimation of thermal/denudation histories in the Tanigawa-dake area based on thermochronological methods

Minami, Saki*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Fukuda, Shoma; Nagata, Mitsuhiro; Kohn, B. P.*; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Kagami, Saya; Kajita, Yuya*; Tagami, Takahiro*

Fisshion, Torakku Nyusureta, (35), p.22 - 26, 2022/12

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Experiment of incineration for Trans-Uranic (TRU) wastes containing chlorides

Yamashita, Kiyoto; Yokoyama, Aya*; Takagai, Yoshitaka*; Maki, Shota; Yokosuka, Kazuhiro; Fukui, Masahiro; Iemura, Keisuke

JAEA-Technology 2022-020, 106 Pages, 2022/10


Radioactive solid wastes generated by Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station disaster may contain high levels of salt from the tsunami and seawater deliberately released into the area. It is assumed that polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products may be used for decommissioning work and for containment of radioactive wastes in the future. Among the method of handling them, incineration is one method that needs to be investigated as it is good method for reduction and stabilization of wastes. But in order to dispose of Trans-Uranic (TRU) solid waste containing chlorides, it is necessary to select the structure and materials of the facility based on the information such as the movement of nuclides and chlorides in the waste gas treating system and the corrosion of equipment due to chlorides. Therefore, we decided to get various data necessary to design a study of the incineration facilities. And we decided to examine the transfer behavior of chlorides to the waste gas treatment system, the corrosion-resistance of materials in the incineration facilities, and the distribution survey of plutonium in them obtained using the Plutonium-contaminated Waste Treatment Facility (PWTF), Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, which is a unique incinerating facility in Japan. This report describes the transfer behavior of chlorides in the waste gas treatment system, the evaluation of corrosion-resistance materials and the distribution survey of plutonium in the incineration facilities obtained by these tests using the Plutonium-contaminated Waste Treatment Facility, Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories.

Journal Articles

Materials science and fuel technologies of uranium and plutonium mixed oxide

Kato, Masato; Machida, Masahiko; Hirooka, Shun; Nakamichi, Shinya; Ikusawa, Yoshihisa; Nakamura, Hiroki; Kobayashi, Keita; Ozawa, Takayuki; Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; et al.

Materials Science and Fuel Technologies of Uranium and Plutonium mixed Oxide, 171 Pages, 2022/10

Innovative and advanced nuclear reactors using plutonium fuel has been developed in each country. In order to develop a new nuclear fuel, irradiation tests are indispensable, and it is necessary to demonstrate the performance and safety of nuclear fuels. If we can develop a technology that accurately simulates irradiation behavior as a technology that complements the irradiation test, the cost, time, and labor involved in nuclear fuel research and development will be greatly reduced. And safety and reliability can be significantly improved through simulation of nuclear fuel irradiation behavior. In order to evaluate the performance of nuclear fuel, it is necessary to know the physical and chemical properties of the fuel at high temperatures. And it is indispensable to develop a behavior model that describes various phenomena that occur during irradiation. In previous research and development, empirical methods with fitting parameters have been used in many parts of model development. However, empirical techniques can give very different results in areas where there is no data. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to construct a scientific descriptive model that can extrapolate the basic characteristics of fuel to the composition and temperature, and to develop an irradiation behavior analysis code to which the model is applied.

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste (Scientific program for fiscal year 2022)

Sasao, Eiji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Akiomi; Shimada, Koji; Watanabe, Takahiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Fujita, Natsuko; Ogita, Yasuhiro; et al.

JAEA-Review 2022-022, 29 Pages, 2022/09


This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), in fiscal year 2022. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2022 are described in detail based on the JAEA 4th Medium- and Long-term Plan (fiscal years 2022-2028). In addition, the background of this research is described from the necessity and the significance for site investigation and safety assessment, and the past progress. The plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques

Journal Articles

Solidification pressures and ages recorded in mafic microgranular enclaves and their host granite; An Example of the world's youngest Kurobegawa granite

Suzuki, Kota*; Kawakami, Tetsuo*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Yamazaki, Ayu*; Kagami, Saya; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Tagami, Takahiro*

Island Arc, 31(1), p.e12462_1 - e12462_15, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy measurements and ${it ab initio}$ molecular dynamics simulations reveal the hydration structure of the radium(II) ion

Yamaguchi, Akiko; Nagata, Kojiro*; Kobayashi, Keita; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kobayashi, Toru; Tanida, Hajime; Shimojo, Kojiro; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Kaneta, Yui; Matsuda, Shohei; et al.

iScience (Internet), 25(8), p.104763_1 - 104763_12, 2022/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:50.92(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of ARKADIA for the innovation of advanced nuclear reactor design process (Overview of optimization process development in design optimization support tool, ARKADIA-Design)

Tanaka, Masaaki; Doda, Norihiro; Yokoyama, Kenji; Mori, Takero; Okajima, Satoshi; Hashidate, Ryuta; Yada, Hiroki; Oki, Shigeo; Miyazaki, Masashi; Takaya, Shigeru

Dai-26-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 5 Pages, 2022/07

To assist conceptual studies of various reactor systems conducted by private sectors in nuclear power innovation, development of an innovative design system named ARKADIA (Advanced Reactor Knowledge- and AI-aided Design Integration Approach through the whole plant lifecycle) is undergoing to achieve the design of an advanced nuclear reactor as a safe, economic, and sustainable carbon-free energy source. In this paper, focusing on the ARKADIA-Design as a part of it, the progress in the development of optimization processes on the representative problems in the fields of the core design, the plant structure design, and the maintenance schedule planning are introduced.

Journal Articles

Marking actinides for separation; Resonance-enhanced multiphoton charge transfer in actinide complexes

Matsuda, Shohei; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Kobayashi, Toru; Kaneta, Yui; Simonnet, M.; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Honda, Mitsunori; Shimojo, Kojiro; Doi, Reisuke; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 8(20), p.eabn1991_1 - eabn1991_11, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:50.92(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Simultaneous determination of zircon crystallisation age and temperature; Common thermal evolution of mafic magmatic enclaves and host granites in the Kurobegawa granite, central Japan

Yuguchi, Takashi*; Yamazaki, Hayato*; Ishibashi, Kozue*; Sakata, Shuhei*; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Sando, Kazusa*; Imura, Takumi*; Ono, Takeshi*

Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 226, p.105075_1 - 105075_9, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:79.75(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Simultaneous determination of the U-Pb age of zircon and concentration of titanium in a single analysis spot, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with laser ablation sample introduction, produces paired age and temperature data of zircon crystallisation, potentially revealing time-temperature ($$t-T$$) histories for evolved magma. The Kurobegawa granite, central Japan, contains abundant mafic magmatic enclaves (MMEs). We applied this method to evaluate MMEs and their host (enclosing) granites. Cooling behaviour common to both MMEs and host rocks was found between 1.5 and 0.5 Ma. Rapid cooling from the zircon crystallisation temperature to the closure temperature of biotite K-Ar system was within $$sim$$1 million year. Combining the obtained $$t-T$$ paths of MMEs and host rocks with petrological information can provide insights into magma chamber processes. This suggests that MME flotation, migration, and spread through the magma chamber ceased at 1.5-0.5 Ma, indicating the emplacement age of the Kurobegawa granitic pluton, as no large-scale reheating episodes have occurred since then.

Journal Articles

Low-temperature thermochronology of active arc-arc collision zone, South Fossa Magna region, central Japan

Sueoka, Shigeru; Kobayashi, Yumi*; Fukuda, Shoma; Kohn, B. P.*; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Sano, Naomi*; Hasebe, Noriko*; Tamura, Akihiro*; Morishita, Tomoaki*; Tagami, Takahiro*

Tectonophysics, 828, p.229231_1 - 229231_17, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.01(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

The South Fossa Magna zone, central Japan, has been an active collision zone between the Honshu Arc and the Izu-Bonin Arc since the middle Miocene and provides an excellent setting for reconstructing the earliest stages of continent formation. Multi-system geo-thermochronometry was applied to different domains of the South Fossa Magna zone, together with some previously published data, to reveal mountain formation processes, i.e., vertical crustal movements. Nine granitic samples yielded zircon U-Pb ages of 10.2-5.8 Ma ($$n$$ = 2), apatite (U-Th)/He (AHe) ages of 42.8-2.6 Ma ($$n$$ = 7), and apatite fission-track (AFT) ages of 44.1-3.0 Ma ($$n$$ = 9). Thermal history inversion modeling based on the AHe and AFT data suggested rapid cooling events confined within the study region at $$sim$$6-2 Ma. The Kanto Mountains may have undergone a domal uplift in association with their collision with the Tanzawa Block at $$sim$$5 Ma. However, this uplift may have slowed down following the migration of the plate boundary and late Pliocene termination of the Tanzawa collision. The Minobu Mountains and possibly adjacent mountains may have been uplifted by the motional change of the Philippine Sea plate at $$sim$$3 Ma. Therefore, the mountain formation in the South Fossa Magna zone was mainly controlled by collisions of the Tanzawa and Izu Blocks and motional change of the Philippine Sea plate. Earlier collisions of the Kushigatayama Block at $$sim$$13 Ma and Misaka Block at $$sim$$10 Ma appeared to have had little effect on mountain formation. Together with a $$sim$$90 deg. clockwise rotation of the Kanto Mountains at 12-6 Ma, these observations suggest that horizontal deformation predominated during the earlier stage of arc-arc collision, and vertical movements due to buoyancy resulting from crustal shortening and thickening developed at a later stage.

Journal Articles

Developing accelerator mass spectrometry capabilities for anthropogenic radionuclide analysis to extend the set of oceanographic tracers

Hain, K.*; Martschini, M.*; G$"u$lce, F.*; Honda, Maki; Lachner, J.*; Kern, M.*; Pitters, J.*; Quinto, F.*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Steier, P.*; et al.

Frontiers in Marine Science (Internet), 9, p.837515_1 - 837515_17, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:98.89(Environmental Sciences)

Recent major advances in accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) at the Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator (VERA) regarding detection efficiency and isobar suppression have opened possibilities for the analysis of additional long-lived radionuclides at ultra-low environmental concentrations. These radionuclides, including $$^{233}$$U, $$^{135}$$Cs, $$^{99}$$Tc and $$^{90}$$Sr, will become important for oceanographic tracer application due to their generally conservative behavior in ocean water. In particular, the isotope ratios $$^{233}$$U/$$^{236}$$U and $$^{137}$$Cs/$$^{135}$$Cs have proven to be powerful fingerprints for emission source identification as they are not affected by elemental fractionation. Improved detection efficiencies allowed us to analyze all major long-lived actinides, i.e. $$^{236}$$U, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{239, 240}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Am as well as the very rare $$^{233}$$U, in the same 10 L water samples of an exemplary depth profile from the northwest Pacific Ocean. Especially for $$^{90}$$Sr analysis, our new approach has already been validated for selected reference materials (e.g. IAEA-A-12) and is ready for application in oceanographic studies. We estimate that a sample volume of only (1-3) L ocean water is sufficient for $$^{90}$$Sr as well as $$^{135}$$Cs analysis, respectively.

Journal Articles

Investigation of hydration and adsorption structures on clay minerals of radium by EXAFS

Yamaguchi, Akiko; Nagata, Kojiro*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kobayashi, Keita; Kobayashi, Toru; Shimojo, Kojiro; Tanida, Hajime; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Kaneta, Yui; Matsuda, Shohei; et al.

Hosha Kagaku, (45), p.28 - 30, 2022/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Two pulse intrusive events of the Pliocene Tanigawa-dake granites revealed from zircon U-Pb dating

Minami, Saki*; Nagata, Mitsuhiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Fukuda, Shoma; Kajita, Yuya*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Kagami, Saya; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Tagami, Takahiro*

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.231_1 - 231_7, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:18.41(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Estimation of denudation history of the Kitakami Mountains based on apatite fission-track thermochronology

Kajita, Yuya*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Fukuda, Shoma; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Kagami, Saya; Nagata, Mitsuhiro; Tagami, Takahiro*

Fisshion, Torakku Nyusureta, (34), p.14 - 16, 2021/12

For reconstructing the uplift/denudation history of the fore-arc side of the NE Japan Arc on geologic timescales, U-Pb dating and apatite fission-track (AFT) thermochronometry were applied to granitoids in Kitakami mountains. In addition, U-Pb dating for the Jodogahama rhyolite at the easternmost Kitakami mountains was also carried out to estimate the timing of volcanism and its thermal effect. Consequently, U-Pb ages of 122.7 Ma and 117.3 Ma for 2 samples of the Cretaceous granites and AFT ages ranging from 156.8 Ma to 70.3 Ma of 15 samples were obtained. Concerning the Jodogahama rhyolite, U-Pb age of 44.3 Ma was obtained. Integrated AFT data of this study and previous ones in Kitakami mountains, the trend of ages shows younging toward west. Although such age trend can be explained by volcanism of the Jodogahama reflecting the migration of a paleo-volcanic front, all AFT ages exhibited significantly older than U-Pb data of the Jodogahama and the thermal inverse modeling based on track length distributions provided slow cooling patterns. These observations did not supported the reheating of volcanism as a cause of age trend. As future prospects, we are planning to improve the reliability of age data based on additional analyses and apply an ultra low-temperature thermochronometer, e.g., ESR method.

Journal Articles

Estimation of intrusion ages in the Miocene-Pliocene granodiorite around the Tanigawa-dake based on zircon U-Pb dating

Minami, Saki*; Nagata, Mitsuhiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Fukuda, Shoma; Kajita, Yuya*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Kagami, Saya; Tagami, Takahiro*

Fisshion, Torakku Nyusureta, (34), p.4 - 8, 2021/12

This study employed U-Pb dating for determining the intrusive age of young (several Ma) granitoids in Tanigawa-dake area, where rapid and intense uplift/denudation has probably occurred in Japan. As results, U-Pb age of 109 Ma for the Cretaceous granodiorite and 3.95-3.19 Ma about 3 samples of the Pliocene granodiorites were obtained. These U-Pb ages showed consistent with previously reported ages based on thermochronometers having lower closure temperatures such as K-Ar or zircon fission-track methods. All previous data indicated younger ages than U-Pb ones in this study. Therefore, our U-Pb data can be interpreted as intrusive ages of young granitoids, inferring multiple events possibly occurred at least twice and contributed to the formation in young granitoids in the Tanigawa-dake area.

Journal Articles

Simultaneous determination of insoluble fluoride-forming and high field-strength element abundances in rock samples by ICP-QMS through isotope dilution-internal standardisation

Kagami, Saya; Yokoyama, Tetsuya*

Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 45(4), p.679 - 699, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.14(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

We developed a new method for the determination of the mass fractions of insoluble fluoride-forming elements (IFFEs) and high field strength elements (HFSEs) in rock samples by ICP-QMS. Unlike conventional methods in which the two elemental groups were measured separately using two solutions prepared from distinct sample aliquots, the new technique prepares a solution by acid digestion from a single sample aliquot, then divide the solution into two fractions that are dedicated to the measurement of IFFEs and HFSEs, respectively. The problem regarding the incorporation of IFFEs/HFSEs into insoluble fluorides during HF digestion was overcome by adjusting the Ca-Al-Mg composition of the sample before acid digestion. The acceptable compositional range was Ca/(Ca+Al) $$<$$ 0.43 and Mg/(Mg+Al) $$<$$ 0.40 when the sample was decomposed on a hot plate, while more restricted condition of Ca/(Ca+Al) $$<$$ 0.40, Mg/(Mg+Al) $$<$$ 0.40, and Al/(Mg+Ca) $$<$$ 1.7 was required for the digestion under high pressure and temperature using Teflon bomb. This method achieved the repeatabilities of $$<$$ 4% for most IFFEs and HFSEs, and yielded the mass fractions of most IFFEs and HFSEs that were consistent with the data obtained by conventional methods within $$pm$$5%. The method is applicable not only to precious samples but also to heterogeneous samples containing accessory minerals enriched in IFFEs/HFSEs.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for research on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste in fiscal year 2020

Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Ogata, Nobuhisa; Kokubu, Yoko; Shimada, Koji; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Akiomi; Watanabe, Takahiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Fujita, Natsuko; et al.

JAEA-Research 2021-007, 65 Pages, 2021/10


This annual report documents the progress of research and development (R&D) in the 6th fiscal year during the JAEA 3rd Mid- and Long-term Plan (fiscal years 2015-2021) to provide the scientific base for assessing geosphere stability for long-term isolation of the high-level radioactive waste. The planned framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques. The current status of R&D activities with previous scientific and technological progress is summarized.

Journal Articles

Study on phenanthroline carboxamide for lanthanide separation; Influence of amide substituents

Simonnet, M.; Kobayashi, Toru; Shimojo, Kojiro; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Inorganic Chemistry, 60(17), p.13409 - 13418, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:73.93(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

JAEA Reports

Analytical method for chemical compositions of volcanic glasses in Tono Geoscience Center; Quantitative measurements of Major Elements by using EPMA and Minor Elements by LA-ICP-MS

Kagami, Saya; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Umeda, Koji*

JAEA-Testing 2021-001, 49 Pages, 2021/08


To make a contribution to safety assessment for geological disposal of high level radioactive and/or TRU waste, we need to assess long-term stability of geological environment and predict long-term changes of geotectonic events that will occur in the future, especially for Quaternary period ($$sim$$ 2.6 million years ago-present). In the most case, we investigate chronological data of geological events by radiometric dating. When some geological samples have no objects to which radiometric dating method can be applied (e.g., zircon, biotite, wood fragments and plant residues), we can use tephrochronology, which is geological dating method using each layer of tephra (erupted volcanic ash), for dating of geological layers. This chronological method is essential in Japan, where volcanism is very active. Tephra is usually characterized by petrographic characteristics and/or chemical composition (mainly major elements) of volcanic glasses and/or minerals in tephra. In Tono Geoscience Center (Japan Atomic Energy Agency), we develop an analytical technique of chemical composition including trace elements of volcanic glasses for detailed tephra identification. In this paper, we report a sample preparation procedure and analytical methods of chemical compositions of individual volcanic glass shards by using an electron probe microanalyzer and a laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer.

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