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Journal Articles

Development of particle removal technique by using bubble breakup phenomenon in converging-diverging nozzle

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Konsoryu Shimpojiumu 2022 Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 2 Pages, 2022/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental study of liquid spreading and atomization due to jet impingement in liquid-liquid systems

Yamamura, Sota*; Fujiwara, Kota*; Honda, Kota*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Horiguchi, Naoki; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Physics of Fluids, 34(8), p.082110_1 - 082110_13, 2022/08

Liquid spreading and atomization due to jet impingement in liquid-liquid systems are considered to be crucial for understanding the cooling behavior of high-temperature molten material in a shallow water pool. This phenomenon takes place when a liquid jet enters a pool filled with other immiscible liquid. The jet spreads radially after impinging on the floor while forming a thin liquid film and atomizing droplets. In this paper, we explain the result to quantify the unsteady three-dimensional behavior of the spreading jet by the employment of 3D-LIF measurements and 3-dimensional reconstruction. Under high flow velocity conditions, the phenomena of hydraulic jump and atomization of the liquid film occurred along with the spreading. To evaluate the spreading behavior, a comparison of the jump radius position of the liquid-liquid system as the representative value was made with the one calculated by the existing theory of a gas-liquid system. As the result, the spreading of the liquid film in the liquid-liquid system was suppressed compared with that in the gas-liquid system. Furthermore, the PTV method was successfully used to measure the velocity boundary layer and velocity profile in the liquid film, which are important factors that affect the spreading mechanism of the liquid film. These results revealed that in liquid-liquid systems, shear stress at the liquid-liquid interface causes a decrease in the flow velocity and suppressed the development of the velocity boundary layer. Also, to evaluate the atomization behavior, the number and diameter distribution of the droplets were measured from the acquired 3-dimensional shape data of the jet. As the result, the number of droplets increased with the flow velocity. Based on these results, we concluded that the spreading of the liquid film is affected by such atomization behavior.

Journal Articles

Time-resolved 3D visualization of liquid jet breakup and impingement behavior in a shallow liquid pool

Kimura, Fumihito*; Yamamura, Sota*; Fujiwara, Kota*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Saito, Shimpei*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 389, p.111660_1 - 111660_11, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Development of dispersed phase tracking method for time-series 3-dimensional interface shape data

Horiguchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Yamamura, Sota*; Fujiwara, Kota*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Abe, Yutaka*

Proceedings of 19th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-19) (Internet), 14 Pages, 2022/03

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of two-phase flow in fuel assemblies with a spacer grid using a mechanistically based method

Ono, Ayako; Yamashita, Susumu; Suzuki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 19th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-19) (Internet), 16 Pages, 2022/03

JAEA is developing the methodology to predict the critical heat flux based on a mechanism in order to reduce the cost for full mock-up test. The evaluation method based on a mechanism is expected to be able to predict in the wide range of parameter under the unexpected conditions including the severe accident. In this study, the JUPITER code developed by JAEA is examined to apply for the two-phase flow simulation of LWR fuel assembly with the spacer grid. The benchmark data of single-phase flow in the bundle with the spacers by KAERI were used to validate the simulation result by JUPITER. Moreover, the single-phase flow simulation was conducted by another simulation method, STAR-CCM+, as a supplemental analysis to consider the effect of the different simulation methods. Finally, the two-phase flow simulation for the bundle with the spacer was conducted by JUPITER. The effect of the spacer with a vane on the bubble behavior is discussed.

Journal Articles

Toward mechanistic evaluation of critical heat flux in nuclear reactors, 2; Recent studies and future challenges toward mechanistic and reliable CHF evaluation

Okawa, Tomio*; Mori, Shoji*; Liu, W.*; Ose, Yasuo*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Ono, Ayako

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 63(12), p.820 - 824, 2021/12

The evaluation method of the critical heat flux based on the mechanism is needed for the efficient design and development of fuel in reactors and the appropriate safety evaluation. In this paper, the current researches relating to the mechanism of the critical heat flux are reviewed, and the issue to be considered in the future are discussed.

Journal Articles

Summary results of subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))"

Koyama, Shinichi; Nakagiri, Toshio; Osaka, Masahiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kurata, Masaki; Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; Onishi, Takashi; Takano, Masahide; et al.

Hairo, Osensui Taisaku jigyo jimukyoku Homu Peji (Internet), 144 Pages, 2021/08

JAEA performed the subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))" in 2020JFY. This presentation summarized briefly the results of the project, which will be available shortly on the website of Management Office for the Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management.

Journal Articles

Macrolayer formation model for prediction of critical heat flux in saturated and subcooled pool boiling

Ono, Ayako; Sakashita, Hiroto*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Heat Transfer Engineering, 42(21), p.1775 - 1788, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:28.35(Thermodynamics)

In this study, the macrolayer formation model is proposed to predict the critical heat flux in the saturated and subcooled pool boiling based on the macrolayer dryout model. This model concept is based on the results of the previous experiments. In the model, the nucleation site is assumed to distribute based on the Poisson distribution. Combining the proposed macrolayer formation model and macrolayer dryout model, the CHFs up to subcooling 40K were predicted and they are successfully good agreement with the experimental data. Moreover, the concept of the model was confirmed by the numerical simulation using the TPFIT.

Journal Articles

Development and validation of the eutectic reaction model in JUPITER code

Chai, P.; Yamashita, Susumu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 145, p.107606_1 - 107606_13, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The eutectic reaction model in JUPITER code was validated against two series of experimental tests that performed by JAEA. An experiment that aimed to evaluate the eutectic reaction between Zircaloy and Stainless steel, was simulated by JUPITER code to validate its reliability on predicting the binary eutectic reaction phenomenon. A comparison of the simulation and experimental results demonstrates good agreement on the increase rate of the solution depth at various temperature environments. Another series of tests which aimed to predict the eutectic reaction between the control rod blade and channel box in BWR, were simulated by JUPITER code to test its applicability on predicting the eutectic reaction between multiple mixture components. Although the deviation could not be completely eliminated, the reaction performance in the experiment was reasonably reproduced. As a result, it could be concluded that JUPITER code is feasible to predict the eutectic reaction behavior in nuclear severe accident.

Journal Articles

A Numerical simulation method for core internals behavior in severe accident conditions; Chemical reaction analyses in core structures by JUPITER

Yamashita, Susumu; Kino, Chiaki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/08

In order to contribute the improvement of estimation accuracy for severe accident code such as SAMPSON, we have developed the chemical reaction model such as eutectic reaction and oxidation in micro scale, e.g., B$$_{4}$$C-SUS in the control rod blade and UO$$_{2}$$-Zry in fuel rods, and implemented them to the computational fluid dynamics code named JUPITER. And we try to develop the coupled analysis frame work using SAMPSON and JUPITER to decrease uncertainty due to micro scale phenomena which cannot be calculate by severe accident analysis codes. From the preliminary analysis in fuel rod heating analysis by JUPITER using SAMPSON output data, it was revealed that the implemented chemical reaction models work stably and obtain reasonable results.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of microparticles motion in two-phase bubbly flow

Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Uesawa, Shinichiro

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/08

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of liquid jet behavior in shallow pool by interface tracking method

Suzuki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Horiguchi, Naoki; Yamamura, Sota*; Abe, Yutaka*

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/08

Journal Articles

Locally mesh-refined lattice Boltzmann method for fuel debris air cooling analysis on GPU supercomputer

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yamashita, Susumu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00531_1 - 19-00531_10, 2020/06

A dry method is one of practical methods for decommissioning the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been evaluating the air cooling performance of the fuel debris by using the JUPITER code based on an incompressible fluid model and the CityLBM code based on the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). However, these codes were based on a uniform Cartesian grid system, and required large computational time and cost to capture complicated debris structures. We develop an adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) version of the CityLBM code on GPU based supercomputers and apply it to thermal-hydrodynamics problems. The proposed method is validated against free convective heat transfer experiments at JAEA. It is also shown that the AMR based CityLBM code on 4 NVIDIA TESLA V100GPUs gives 6.7x speedup of the time to solution compared with the JUPITER code on 36 Intel Xeon E5-2680v3 CPUs.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of two-phase flow in 4$$times$$4 simulated bundle

Ono, Ayako; Yamashita, Susumu; Suzuki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00583_1 - 19-00583_12, 2020/06

JAEA is implementing the 3D detailed nuclear-thermal-coupled analysis code to analyze the transition state of the core and to reduce the likelihood of the design. In the development plan, the computational fluid dynamics code based on the VOF method, JUPITER, is applied for TH part of the 3D detailed nuclear-thermal-coupled analysis code.

Journal Articles

Observation of aerosol particle capturing behavior near gas-liquid interface

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00539_1 - 19-00539_9, 2020/06

Journal Articles

$$q$$=0 long-range magnetic order in centennialite CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O; A Spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ perfect kagome antiferromagnet with $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$-$$J_{d}$$

Iida, Kazuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki*; Nakao, Akiko*; Jeschke, H. O.*; Iqbal, Y.*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Munakata, Koji*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Murai, Naoki; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(22), p.220408_1 - 220408_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:87.65(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Crystal and magnetic structures of the mineral centennialite CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O are investigated by means of synchrotron X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction measurements complemented by density functional theory (DFT) and pseudofermion functional renormalization group (PFFRG) calculations. In CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O, Cu$$^{2+}$$ ions form a geometrically perfect kagome network with antiferromagnetic $$J_{1}$$. No intersite disorder between Cu$$^{2+}$$ and Ca$$^{2+}$$ ions is detected. CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O enters a magnetic long-range ordered state below $$T_{rm N}$$ = 7.2 K, and the $$q$$=0 magnetic structure with negative vector spin chirality is obtained. The ordered moment at 0.3 K is suppressed to 0.58(2)$$mu$$B. Our DFT calculations indicate the presence of antiferromagnetic $$J_{2}$$ and ferromagnetic $$J_{d}$$ superexchange couplings of a strength which places the system at the crossroads of three magnetic orders (at the classical level) and a spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ PFFRG analysis shows a dominance of $$q$$=0 type magnetic correlations, consistent with and indicating proximity to the observed $$q$$=0 spin structure. The results suggest that this material is located close to a quantum critical point and is a good realization of a $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$-$$J_{d}$$ kagome antiferromagnet.

Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:62.51(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Interfacial cross-link inhomogeneity of a phenolic resin on a silica surface as revealed by X-ray and neutron reflection measurements

Izumi, Atsushi*; Shudo, Yasuyuki*; Shibayama, Mitsuhiro*; Yoshida, Tessei*; Miyata, Noboru*; Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Aoki, Hiroyuki

Macromolecules, 53(10), p.4082 - 4089, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:49.41(Polymer Science)

Journal Articles

How different is the core of $$^{25}$$F from $$^{24}$$O$$_{g.s.}$$ ?

Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri, A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:80.48(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The structure of a neutron-rich $$^{25}$$F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree ($$p,2p$$) knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of $$pi 0d_{5/2}$$ orbital is found to be 1.0 $$pm$$ 0.3. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus, and the core consists of $$sim$$35% $$^{24}$$O$$_{rm g.s.}$$, and $$sim$$65% excited $$^{24}$$O. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the $$0d_{5/2}$$ proton considerably changes the neutron structure in $$^{25}$$F from that in $$^{24}$$O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.

Journal Articles

Detailed structural study on the poly(vinyl alcohol) adsorption layers on a Si substrate with solvent vapor-induced swelling

Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Miyata, Noboru*; Yoshida, Tessei*; Arima, Hiroshi*; Tsumura, Yoshihiro*; Torikai, Naoya*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Katsuhiro*; Kanaya, Toshiji*; Kawaguchi, Daisuke*; et al.

Langmuir, 36(13), p.3415 - 3424, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:69.17(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

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