Elekes, Z.*; Juhsz, M. M.*; Sohler, D.*; Sieja, K.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.
Physical Review C, 106(6), p.064321_1 - 064321_10, 2022/12
The low-lying level structure of V and V was investigated for the first time. The neutron knockout reaction and inelastic proton scattering were applied for V while the neutron knock-out reaction provided the data for V. Four and five new transitions were determined for V and V, respectively. Based on the comparison to our shell-model calculations using the Lenzi-Nowacki-Poves-Sieja (LNPS) interaction, three of the observed rays for each isotope could be placed in the level scheme and assigned to the decay of the first 11/2 and 9/2 levels. The (,) excitation cross sections for V were analyzed by the coupled-channels formalism assuming quadrupole plus hexadecapole deformations. Due to the role of the hexadecapole deformation, V could not be unambiguously placed on the island of inversion.
Chazono, Yoshiki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 106(6), p.064613_1 - 064613_10, 2022/12
As a new cluster phenomenon in nuclei, a deuteron like pn cluster is in our interest. The traditional alpha cluster state can be probed by the knockout reaction analysis assuming the alpha particle is inert because the alpha particle is tightly bound. On the other hand, since deuteron is fragile, deuteron cannot be treated as an inert particle in describing the reaction. In this work, we treated the breakup and reformation of the deuteron (p-n pair) by describing the p, n, and the reaction residue in the final channel as a three body scattering state using the continuum discretized coupled channels method. We showed that the interference between the deuteron ground state and the breakup states are strong and has to be included in the deuteron knockout reaction analysis.
Enciu, M.*; Liu, H. N.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 129(26), p.262501_1 - 262501_7, 2022/12
The one-neutron knockout from Ca was performed at 230 MeV/nucleon combined with prompt spectroscopy. The momentum distributions corresponding to the removal of and neutrons were measured. The cross sections are consistent with a shell closure at the neutron number , found as strong as at and in Ca isotopes from the same observables. The analysis of the momentum distributions leads to a difference of the root-mean-square radii of the neutron and orbitals of 0.61(23) fm, in agreement with the modified-shell-model prediction of 0.7 fm suggesting that the large root-mean-square radius of the orbital in neutron-rich Ca isotopes is responsible for the unexpected linear increase of the charge radius with the neutron number.
Yoshida, Kazuki; Tanaka, Junki*
Physical Review C, 106(1), p.014621_1 - 014621_6, 2022/07
Alternative to the decay lifetime measurement, we propose the proton-induced knockout reaction, (,), as a new probe for the surface formation probability of decay nuclei. Po(,)Pb reaction is described by the distorted-wave impulse approximation framework. It is shown that the Po/Po ratio of the knockout cross sections agree with that of the surface formation probabilities determined by the lifetime measurements. The result implies that the (,) cross section is a direct probe for the surface formation probability, which is an essential quantity to lead us to a complete understanding of the decay phenomena.
Koiwai, Takuma*; Wimmer, K.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Duguet, T.*; Holt, J. D.*; Miyagi, Takayuki*; Navrtil, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 827, p.136953_1 - 136953_7, 2022/04
no abstracts in English
Yoshida, Kazuki; Atkinson, M. C.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Dickhoff, W. H.*
Physical Review C, 105(1), p.014622_1 - 014622_7, 2022/01
We apply the dispersive optical model (DOM) wave functions to the traditional (,) analysis and investigate the consistency of the DOM spectroscopic factor that describes the (,) cross section with the result of the (,) analysis. DOM + distorted wave impulse approximation analysis on Ca(,)K data generates a proton spectroscopic factor of 0.560, which is meaningfully smaller than the DOM value of 0.71 shown to be consistent with the (,) analysis. The inconsistency in the spectroscopic factor suggests there is urgent need for improving the description of - scattering in a nucleus.
Few-Body Systems, 62(2), p.28_1 - 28_7, 2021/06
Atomic nucleus is a quantum many-body system consisting of protons and neutrons. Nevertheless, it is known that their characteristics can be well described and understood by the few-body picture. One of such pictures is the single-particle motion of a nucleon in a mean-field potential made by all nucleons. Another one is the clustering phenomenon, clustering for example. One of the powerful probes for such states of a nucleus is the nucleon and cluster knockout reactions. In this paper, I overview how these states can be probed by the knockout reaction and discuss the present status and the future perspectives of this research field.
Juhsz, M. M.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; 77 of others*
Physical Review C, 103(6), p.064308_1 - 064308_9, 2021/06
The level structure of V was studied for the first time by the inelastic proton scattering and the proton knock-out reaction. The comparison of the newly observed -ray transitions at 696(8) keV and 889(16) keV with our shell-model calculations using the Lenzi-Nowacki-Poves-Sieja interaction established two excited states proposed to be the first 11/2 and 9/2 levels. The (,) excitation cross sections were analyzed by the coupled channel formalism assuming pure quadrupole as well as quadrupole+hexadecapole deformations. This resulted in large deformation parameters placing V in the island of inversion located below Ni.
Browne, F.*; Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Achouri, N. L.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Calvet, D.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(25), p.252501_1 - 252501_7, 2021/06
Direct proton-knockout reactions of Sc were studied at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. Populated states of Ca were investigated through -ray and invariant-mass spectroscopy. Level energies were calculated from the nuclear shell model employing a phenomenological inter-nucleon interaction. Theoretical cross sections to states were calculated from distorted-wave impulse approximation estimates multiplied by the shell model spectroscopic factors. Despite the calculations showing a significant amplitude of excited neutron configurations in the ground-state of Sc, valence proton removals populated predominantly the ground-state of Ca. This counter-intuitive result is attributed to pairing effects leading to a dominance of the ground-state spectroscopic factor. Owing to the ubiquity of the pairing interaction, this argument should be generally applicable to direct knockout reactions from odd-even to even-even nuclei.
Taniguchi, Yasutaka*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Chiba, Yohei*; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 103(3), p.L031305_1 - L031305_5, 2021/03
Based on the Ti(,)Ca reaction analysis, this study reports that -particle formation in the medium-mass Ti nucleus is pronounced more compared to that expected through mean-field approximations. Moreover, the estimated average distance between the particle and residue equals approximately 4.5 fm. This result poses a challenge to describe the four nucleon correlations using microscopic nuclear models.
Juhsz, M. M.*; Elekes, Z.*; Sohler, D.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Kazuki; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 814, p.136108_1 - 136108_8, 2021/03
The nuclear structure of Ar was studied by the (,2) reaction using -ray spectroscopy for the bound and unbound states. Comparing the results to our shell-model calculations, two bound and six unbound states were established. The low cross sections populating the two bound states of Ar could be interpreted as a clear signature for the presence of significant sub-shell closures at neutron numbers 32 and 34 in argon isotopes.
Komatsu, Kazuki*; Iwasaki, Tsugumi*; Murata, Kosuke*; Yamashiro, Hideaki*; Goh, V. S. T.*; Nakayama, Ryo*; Fujishima, Yohei*; Ono, Takumi*; Kino, Yasushi*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; et al.
Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 56(3), p.484 - 497, 2021/03
We have established an archive system of livestock and wild animals from the surrounding ex-evacuation zone. Wildlife within the alert zone have been exposed to low-dose-rate (LDR) radiation for a long and continuous time. In this study, we analysed the morphological characteristics of the testes and in vitro fertilization (IVF) capacity of cryopreserved sperm of raccoons from the ex-evacuation zone of the FDNPP accident. This study revealed that the chronic and LDR radiation exposure associated with the FDNPP accident had no adverse effect on the reproductive characteristics and functions of male raccoons.
Chazono, Yoshiki*; Yoshida, Kenichi*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 103(2), p.024609_1 - 024609_7, 2021/02
The isoscalar pair is expected to emerge in nuclei. We aim to clarify the correspondence between the pairing strength in many-body calculation and the cross section of proton-induced deuteron knockout (, ) reaction on O. The radial wave function of the isoscalar pair with respect to the center of O is calculated with the energy density functional (EDF) approach and is implemented in the distorted wave impulse approximation framework. The pairing strength in the EDF calculation is varied and the corresponding change in the cross section is investigated. A clear dependence of the cross section is found. The nuclear distortion is found to make the dependence stronger. Because of the clear -coross section correspondence, the (, ) reaction will be a promising probe for the isoscalar pair in nuclei. For quantitative discussion, further modification of the description of the reaction process will be necessary.
Yang, Z. H.*; Kubota, Yuki*; Corsi, A.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Sun, X.-X.*; Li, J. G.*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Michel, N.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yuan, C. X.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(8), p.082501_1 - 082501_8, 2021/02
A quasifree (,) experiment was performed to study the structure of the Borromean nucleus B, which had long been considered to have a neutron halo. By analyzing the momentum distributions and exclusive cross sections, we obtained the spectroscopic factors for and orbitals, and a surprisingly small percentage of 9(2)% was determined for . Our finding of such a small component and the halo features reported in prior experiments can be explained by the deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum, revealing a definite but not dominant neutron halo in B. The present work gives the smallest - or -orbital component among known nuclei exhibiting halo features and implies that the dominant occupation of or orbitals is not a prerequisite for the occurrence of a neutron halo.
Tanaka, Junki*; Yang, Z.*; Typel, S.*; Adachi, Satoshi*; Bai, S.*; Van Beek, P.*; Beaumel, D.*; Fujikawa, Yuki*; Han, J.*; Heil, S.*; et al.
Science, 371(6526), p.260 - 264, 2021/01
By employing quasi-free -cluster-knockout reactions, we obtained direct experimental evidence for the formation of clusters at the surface of neutron-rich tin isotopes. The observed monotonous decrease of the reaction cross sections with increasing mass number, in excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction, implies a tight interplay between -cluster formation and the neutron skin.
Corts, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Menndez, J.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Schwenk, A.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Simonis, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 102(6), p.064320_1 - 064320_9, 2020/12
Low-lying excited states in the = 32 isotope Ar were investigated by in-beam -ray spectroscopy following proton- and neutron-knockout, multinucleon removal, and proton inelastic scattering at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. The energies of the two previously reported transitions have been confirmed, and five additional states are presented for the first time, including a candidate for a 3 state. The level scheme built using coincidences was compared to shell-model calculations in the model space and to predictions based on chiral two- and three-nucleon interactions. Theoretical proton- and neutron-knockout cross sections suggest that two of the new transitions correspond to 2 states, while the previously proposed 4 state could also correspond to a 2 state.
Iida, Kazuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki*; Nakao, Akiko*; Jeschke, H. O.*; Iqbal, Y.*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Munakata, Koji*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Murai, Naoki; et al.
Physical Review B, 101(22), p.220408_1 - 220408_6, 2020/06
Crystal and magnetic structures of the mineral centennialite CaCu(OD)Cl 0.6DO are investigated by means of synchrotron X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction measurements complemented by density functional theory (DFT) and pseudofermion functional renormalization group (PFFRG) calculations. In CaCu(OD)Cl 0.6DO, Cu ions form a geometrically perfect kagome network with antiferromagnetic . No intersite disorder between Cu and Ca ions is detected. CaCu(OD)Cl 0.6DO enters a magnetic long-range ordered state below = 7.2 K, and the =0 magnetic structure with negative vector spin chirality is obtained. The ordered moment at 0.3 K is suppressed to 0.58(2)B. Our DFT calculations indicate the presence of antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic superexchange couplings of a strength which places the system at the crossroads of three magnetic orders (at the classical level) and a spin- PFFRG analysis shows a dominance of =0 type magnetic correlations, consistent with and indicating proximity to the observed =0 spin structure. The results suggest that this material is located close to a quantum critical point and is a good realization of a -- kagome antiferromagnet.
Iida, Kazuki*; Kofu, Maiko; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; Murai, Naoki; Kawamura, Seiko; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Hasegawa, Shunsuke*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2020/05
Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri, A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05
The structure of a neutron-rich F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree () knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of orbital is found to be 1.0 0.3. The result shows that the O core of F nucleus significantly differs from a free O nucleus, and the core consists of 35% O, and 65% excited O. The result shows that the O core of F nucleus significantly differs from a free O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the proton considerably changes the neutron structure in F from that in O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.
Lokotko, T.*; Leblond, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Poves, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Authelet, G.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_7, 2020/03
The structures of the neutron-rich Co isotopes were investigated via () knockout reactions at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, RIKEN. Level schemes were reconstructed using the coincidence technique, with tentative spin-parity assignments based on the measured inclusive and exclusive cross sections. Comparison with shell-model calculations suggests coexistence of spherical and deformed shapes at low excitation energies in the Co isotopes.