Kim, S. H.*; Ichikawa, Yudai; Sako, Hiroyuki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hayakawa, Shuhei*; Nanamura, Takuya*; Sato, Susumu; Tanida, Kiyoshi; Yoshida, Junya; 11 iof others*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 940, p.359 - 370, 2019/10
Ekawa, Hiroyuki; Ashikaga, Sakiko; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Hayakawa, Shuhei; Hosomi, Kenji; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi; Kimbara, Shinji*; Nanamura, Takuya; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.021D02_1 - 021D02_11, 2019/02
Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03
The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.
Natsume, Kyohei; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Koide, Yoshihiko
IOP Conference Series; Materials Science and Engineering, 101(1), p.012113_1 - 012113_8, 2015/12
Obana, Tetsuhiro*; Murakami, Haruyuki; Takahata, Kazuya*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Chikaraishi, Hirotaka*; Mito, Toshiyuki*; Imagawa, Shinsaku*; Kizu, Kaname; Natsume, Kyohei; Yoshida, Kiyoshi
Physica C, 518, p.96 - 100, 2015/11
Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Natsume, Kyohei; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Takahata, Kazuya*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1094 - 1097, 2015/10
Current feeder and Coil Terminal Box (CTB) for the superconducting magnets for JT-60SA were designed. Copper busbar from power supply is connected to the High Temperature Superconductor Current Lead (HTS CL), which is installed on the vacuum vessel called CTB. The superconducting current feeder is connected to the cold end of HTS CL, and is led to main cryostat for magnets. Trial manufacturing of crank shaped feeder to reduce the thermal stress was performed. The small tool which can connect soldering joint with vertical direction was developed. Insulation materials made by manufacturing condition showed sufficient shear stress. Since the all manufacturing process concerned was confirmed, the production of current feeder and CTB can be started.
Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Grisham, L. R.*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Yamamoto, Takashi*; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.616 - 619, 2015/10
In JT-60 Super Advanced for the fusion experiment, 22A, 100s negative ions are designed to be extracted from the world largest ion extraction area of 450 mm 1100 mm. One of the key issues for producing such as high current beams is to improve non-uniform production of the negative ions. In order to improve the uniformity of the negative ions, a tent-shaped magnetic filter has newly been developed and tested for JT-60SA negative ion source. The original tent-shaped filter significantly improved the logitudunal uniformity of the extracted H ion beams. The logitudinal uniform areas within a 10 deviation of the beam intensity were improved from 45% to 70% of the ion extraction area. However, this improvement degrades a horizontal uniformity. For this, the uniform areas was no more than 55% of the total ion extraction area. In order to improve the horizontal uniformity, the filter strength has been reduced from 660 Gasuscm to 400 Gasuscm. This reduction improved the horizontal uniform area from 75% to 90% without degrading the logitudinal uniformity. This resulted in the improvement of the uniform area from 45% of the total ion extraction areas. This improvement of the uniform area leads to the production of a 22A H ion beam from 450 mm 1100 mm with a small amount increase of electron current of 10%. The obtained beam current fulfills the requirement for JT-60SA.
Sukegawa, Atsuhiko; Murakami, Haruyuki; Matsunaga, Go; Sakurai, Shinji; Takechi, Manabu; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Ikeda, Yoshitaka
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.2076 - 2079, 2015/10
The JT-60SA project is a EU - JA satellite tokamak under Broader Approach in support of the ITER project. In-vessel coils are designed and assembled by JA. The resin-insulator is required to have a heat resistance against the baking temperature of vacuum vessel of 200C (40000 hour). Thus the assessment of the heat load is fundamental for the design of the coils. However, the estimation of the lifetime of resin-insulator under the high-temperature region has not been examined. In the present study, the estimation of the lifetime of seven candidate resin-insulators such as epoxy resin and cyanate-ester resin under the 220C temperature region have been performed for the current coils design. Weight reduction of the seven candidate insulators was measured at different heating times under 180C, 200C and 220C environment using three thermostatic ovens, respectively. The reduction of the insulators has been used as input for Weibull-analysis towards Arrhenius-plot. Lifetime of the resins has been estimated for the first time at the high temperature region by the plot. Lifetime of the resin-insulators have been evaluated and discussed as well as the available temperature of the in-vessel coils.
Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Wanner, M.*; Barabaschi, P.*; Cucchiaro, A.*; Davis, S.*; Decool, P.*; Di Pietro, E.*; Disset, G.*; Genini, L.*; et al.
Nuclear Fusion, 55(8), p.086001_1 - 086001_7, 2015/08
The most distinctive feature of the superconducting magnet system for JT-60SA is the optimized coil structure in terms of the space utilization as well as the highly accurate coil manufacturing, thus meeting the requirements for the steady-state tokamak research: A conceptually new outer inter-coil structure separated from the casing is introduced to the toroidal field coils to realize their slender shape, allowing large-bore diagnostic ports for detailed plasma measurements. A method to minimize the manufacturing error of the equilibrium-field coils has been established, aiming at the precise plasma shape/position control. A compact butt-joint has been successfully developed for the Central Solenoid, which allows an optimized utilization of the limited space for the Central Solenoid to extend the duration of the plasma pulse.
Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Ichige, Toshikatsu; Furukawa, Masato; Natsume, Kyohei; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kamiya, Koji; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; et al.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4201305_1 - 4201305_5, 2015/06
JT-60U magnet system will be upgraded to the superconducting coils in the JT-60SA programme of the Broader Approach activities. Terminal joint of Central Solenoid (CS) is wrap type NbSn-NbTi joint used for connecting CS (NbSn) and current feeder (NbTi). The terminal joints are placed at the top and the bottom of the CS systems. CS modules located at middle position of CS system need the lead extension from the modules to the terminal joint. The joint resistance measurement of terminal joint was performed in the test facility of National Institute for Fusion Science. The joint resistance was evaluated by the operating current and the voltage between both ends of the terminal joint part. Test results met the requirement of JT-60SA magnet system. The structural analysis of the lead extension and its support structure was conducted to confirm the support design. In this paper, the results of resistance test of joint and the structural analysis results of lead extension are reported.
Nakamura, Kazuya*; Yamamoto, Yusuke*; Suzuki, K.*; Takao, Tomoaki*; Murakami, Haruyuki; Natsume, Kyohei; Yoshida, Kiyoshi
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4200704_1 - 4200704_4, 2015/06
Obana, Tetsuhiro*; Takahata, Kazuya*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Chikaraishi, Hirotaka*; Mito, Toshiyuki*; Imagawa, Shinsaku*; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Natsume, Kyohei; Yoshida, Kiyoshi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 90, p.55 - 61, 2015/01
In the cold test of the JT-60SA CS model coil made by NbSn CIC conductor, magnetic fields were measured using Hall sensors. While holding coil current of 20 kA, the magnetic fields were varying slightly with several long time constants. The range of the time constant was from 17 sec to 571 sec, which was much longer than the time constant derived from the measurement using the short straight sample. To validate the measurements, the magnetic fields of the model coil were calculated using the calculation model representing the positions of NbSn strands inside the CIC conductor. The calculations were in good agreement with the measurements. Consequently, the validity of magnetic field measurements was confirmed.
Obana, Tetsuhiro*; Takahata, Kazuya*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Natsume, Kyohei*; Imagawa, Shinsaku*; Mito, Toshiyuki*; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Yoshida, Kiyoshi
Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 9(Sp.2), p.3405122_1 - 3405122_4, 2014/07
To evaluate the fabrication technology of the butt joint composed of NbSn CIC conductors, joint resistance and quench current were measured using a sample developed for the JT-60SA CS coil. The measurements indicate that the butt joint fulfilled the design requirements. To simulate the characteristics of the butt joint, one dimensional numerical model simplifying the butt joint configuration was developed. Using the model, joint resistance and quench current of the butt joint were calculated. The calculations were in good agreement with the measurements. As a result, the model will be valid for the simulation of the butt joint.
Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kamiya, Koji; Koide, Yoshihiko; Phillips, G.*; Zani, L.*; Wanner, M.*; Barabaschi, P.*; et al.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4200806_1 - 4200806_6, 2014/06
The upgrade of the JT-60U magnet system to the superconducting coils (JT-60SA) is progressing as a satellite facility for ITER by Japan and EU in the BA agreement. All components of magnet system are now under manufacturing in mass production. The first superconducting EF conductor was manufactured in 2010 in Japan. First superconducting coil EF4 was manufactured in 2012. Other EF5 and EF6 coils shall be manufactured by 2013 to install temporally on the cryostat base before the assembly of the plasma vacuum vessel. CS model coil is fabricated to qualify all manufacturing process of NbSn conductor. The first TF conductor was manufactured in 2012. The cryogenic requirements for JT-60SA are about 9 kW at 4.5K. Each coil is connected through an in-cryostat feeder to the current leads located outside the cryostat in the CTB. A total of 26 HTS current leads are installed in the CTB. The manufacturing of the magnet system is in progress to provide components to assembly the Tokamak machine.
Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; Takahata, Kazuya*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Chikaraishi, Hirotaka*; Natsume, Kyohei*; et al.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4200205_1 - 4200205_5, 2014/06
Central Solenoid (CS) of JT-60SA are designed with the NbSn cable in conduit conductor. CS model coil (CSMC) was manufactured by using the real manufacturing jigs and procedure to validate the CS manufacturing processes before starting mass production. The dimensions of the CSMC are the same as real quad-pancake. The cold test of the CSMC was performed and the test results satisfied the design requirements. These results indicate that the manufacturing processes of the JT-60SA CS has been established. In this paper, the development and the validation of the CS manufacturing processes are described.
Takao, Tomoaki*; Kawahara, Yuzuru*; Nakamura, Kazuya*; Yamamoto, Yusuke*; Yagai, Tsuyoshi*; Murakami, Haruyuki; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Natsume, Kyohei*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; et al.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4800804_1 - 4800804_4, 2014/06
no abstracts in English
Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Yoshizawa, Norio; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 42(4), p.1042 - 1046, 2014/04
JT-60SA is full superconducting tokamak that was constructed in JAEA Naka site in corporation with JAEA and F4E. The central solenoid (CS) assembly in JT-60SA consists of 4 modules of superconducting solenoid which has outer diameter of 2m and height of 1.6m. The currents for each module were independently controlled. CS was designed to produce enough flux to control the plasmas with 5.5 MA during 100 sec. Superconducting conductor for CS consists of NbSn strands. The support structure for CS assembly consists of the tie-plates (inner and outer), buffer zones and key-blocks. CS must be cooled down to 4K before charging, and modules will be shrunk during this process. The support structure made of stainless steel was also shrunk at 4K. Thermal expansion ratio of stainless steel, however, is different from that of modules, which would result in the gap between modules and supports. In order to cancel this gap, pre-compress mechanism needs to be introduced in the support structure for CS assembly. Mechanical pressure for the pre-compress will be controlled by hydraulic rams that are set at the top of each support. During the pre-compress process in which both key-blocks clamp the modules, tension works at the tie plates. The support structure for CS assembly, especially tie plates, should have sufficient mechanical strength to withstand the stress induced by the pre-compress at room temperature, not only to withstand the electro-magnetic force which was produced during the plasma operation. Space for installation of CS assembly is limited by TF coils, so that cross section of tie-plate is also limited. Final structure was successfully designed to adopt the stainless steel with 0.120.17 wt% of nitrogen content (SS316LN) for the material of the main parts of support structure.
Kamiya, Koji; Furukawa, Masato; Hatakenaka, Ryuta*; Miyakita, Takeshi*; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi
AIP Conference Proceedings 1573, p.455 - 462, 2014/01
The thermal shield of JT-60SA is kept at 80 K and will use the Multi Layered Insulator (MLI) to reduce radiation heat load to the superconducting coils at 4.4 K from the cryostat at 300 K. Due to plasma pulse operation, the MLI is affected by eddy current in toroidal direction. The MLI is designed to suppress the current by electrically insulating every 20 degree in the toroidal direction by covering the MLI with polyimide films. In this paper, two kinds of designs for insulated MLI are proposed focusing on a way to overlap MLI. A boil-off calorimeter method and temperature measurement has been performed to determine the thermal performance of MLI. The design of electrical insulated thermal anchor between the toroidal field (TF) coil and the thermal shield is also explained.
Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Barabaschi, P.*
Physics Procedia, 58, p.232 - 235, 2014/00
no abstracts in English
Obana, Tetsuhiro*; Takahata, Kazuya*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Mito, Toshiyuki*; Imagawa, Shinsaku*; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Yoshida, Kiyoshi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(11), p.2773 - 2776, 2013/11
To evaluate joint fabrication technology, resistance measurements were conducted using a sample consisting of pancake and terminal joints for the JT-60SA EF coils. Both joints fulfilled the design requirement of 5 at the external field of 3 T. The electrical resistance of the pancake joint was slightly lower than that of the terminal joint. Analyses indicated that the characteristics of the conductors used in the joints affect those of the joints. The presence or absence of copper wires in the conductor is one factor that determines the characteristics of the joints.