Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06
The spallation and fragmentation reactions of Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.
Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri. A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05
The structure of a neutron-rich F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree () knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of orbital is found to be 1.0 0.3. The result shows that the O core of F nucleus significantly differs from a free O nucleus, and the core consists of 35% O, and 65% excited O. The result shows that the O core of F nucleus significantly differs from a free O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the proton considerably changes the neutron structure in F from that in O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.
Sonoda, Tetsu*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Wada, Michiharu*; Iimura, Hideki; Sonnenschein, V.*; Iimura, Shun*; Takamine, Aiko*; Rosenbusch, M.*; Kojima, Takao*; Ahn, D. S.*; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(11), p.113D02_1 - 113D02_12, 2019/11
An in-flight separator, BigRIPS, at RIBF in RIKEN provides each experiment with specific nuclides separated from many nuclides produced by projectile fragmentation or in-flight fission. In this process, nuclides other than separated ones are discarded on the slits in BigRIPS, although they include many nuclides interested from the view point of nuclear structure. In order to extract these nuclides for parasitic experiments, we are developing a method using laser ion-source (PALIS). A test experiment with Se beam from RIBF has been performed by using a gas cell set in BigRIPS. Unstable nuclides around Se were stopped in the gas cell in accordance with a calculation using LISE code. The stopping efficiency has been estimated to be about 30%. As a next step, we will establish the technique for extracting reaction products from the gas cell.
Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.
Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07
Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.
Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01
Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the Ca + Pb, Ti + Pb, and Ca + Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the Ca + Pb and Ti + Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the Ca + Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.
Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.
Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11
Terada, Kentaro*; Sato, Akira*; Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*; Kawashima, Yoshitaka*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Yoshida, Go*; Kawai, Yosuke*; Osawa, Takahito; Tachibana, Shogo*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.15478_1 - 15478_6, 2017/11
Electron- or X-ray-induced characteristic X-ray analysis has been widely used to determine chemical compositions of materials in vast research fields. In recent years, analysis of characteristic X-rays from muonic atoms, in which a muon is captured, has attracted attention because both a muon beam and a muon-induced characteristic X-ray have high transmission abilities. Here we report the first non-destructive elemental analysis of a carbonaceous chondrite using one of the world-leading intense direct current muon beam source (MuSIC; MUon Science Innovative Channel). We successfully detected characteristic muonic X-rays of Mg, Si, Fe, O, S and C from Jbilet Winselwan CM chondrite, of which carbon content is about 2 wt percent, and the obtained elemental abundance pattern was consistent with that of CM chondrites.
Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.
Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12
Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Arimitsu, Naoki*; Yoshida, Hideto*; Fukui, Kunihiro*
Advanced Powder Technology, 26(3), p.983 - 990, 2015/05
Denitration of the aqueous solution of nickel nitrate hexahydrate (Ni(NO)6HO) by a microwave heating method was investigated. Since Ni(NO)6HO aqueous solution cannot be heated to over 300 C by microwave irradiation owing to the low microwave absorptivity of its intermediate, NiO could not previously be obtained by microwave heating. We propose a novel NiO synthesis method that uses microwave heating without the risk of chemical contamination. A NiO powder reagent was added to the solution as a microwave acceptor. The denitration efficiency to NiO could be improved by an adiabator around the reactor to increase the temperature homogeneity in the reactor. Numerical simulations also reveal that the use of the adiabator results in remarkable changes in the electromagnetic field distribution in the reactor, temperature inhomogeneity decreases.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Mikami, Satoshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Okumura, Ryo*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Seki, Akiyuki; et al.
Radioisotopes, 64(4), p.275 - 289, 2015/04
This article provides practically useful information on air dose rate measurements in the environments. The basic requirements for the accurate measurements are described giving actual data. The characteristics and some measured results are shown for reliable methods which are widely used in the environmental radiation measurements. Further, information is given on internet sites where air dose rates and related data obtained by official organizations can be browsed.
Ando, Masaki; Nakahara, Yukio; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Sato, Tetsuro*; Tanigaki, Minoru*; et al.
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.266 - 280, 2015/01
A series of car-borne surveys using the KURAMA and KURAMA-II systems was conducted in a wide area in eastern Japan from June 2011 to December 2012 to evaluate the distribution of air dose rates around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, and to determine the time-dependent trend of decrease in air dose rates. An automated data processing system was established, which enables analyses of large amounts of data obtained with the use of about 100 units of the measurement system in a short time. The initial data for studying the migration status of radioactive cesium was obtained in the first survey, followed by the other car-borne surveys having wider measurement ranges. Comparing the measured air dose rates obtained in each survey, it was found that the decreasing trend of air dose rates measured through car-borne surveys was larger than that expected from the physical decay of radioactive cesium and that measured using NaI (Tl) survey meters around the road.
Tokunaga, Tomonori*; Watanabe, Hideo*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Nagasaka, Takuya*; Kasada, Ryuta*; Lee, Y.-J.*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Tokitani, Masayuki*; Mitsuhara, Masatoshi*; Hinoki, Tatsuya*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442(1-3), p.S287 - S291, 2013/11
Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Nakahara, Yukio; Sato, Tetsuro; Seki, Akiyuki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Ando, Masaki; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Takamiya, Koichi*; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2013-037, 54 Pages, 2013/10
JAEA has been performing dose rate mapping in air using a car-borne survey system KURAMA-II. The KURAMA system is a GPS-aided mobile radiation monitoring system that has been newly developed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute in response to the nuclear disaster. The KURAMA system is composed of an energy-compensated scintillation survey meter for measuring dose rate, electric device for controlling both the dose rates and the position data from a GPS module, a computer server for processing and analyzing data from KURAMA, and client PCs for providing for end users. The KURAMA-II has been improved in small-packaging, durability, and automated data transmission. In consequence, dose rate mapping in wide area has become possible in shorter period of time. This report describes the construction of KURAMA-II, its application and a suggestion of how to manage a large number of KURAMA-II.
Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kamiya, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Kubo, Hirotaka; Masaki, Kei; Saeki, Hisashi; Sakurai, Shinji; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.705 - 710, 2013/10
Shimada, Kenji*; Ueno, Hideki*; Neyens, G.*; Asahi, Koichiro*; Balabanski, D. L.*; Daugas, J. M.*; Depuydt, M.*; De Rydt, M.*; Gaudefroy, L.*; Grvy, S.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 714(2-5), p.246 - 250, 2012/08
no abstracts in English
Musha, Atsushi*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Takahashi, Takeo*; Ando, Koichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Negishi, Akihide*; Yokoo, Satoshi*; Nakano, Takashi*
Journal of Radiation Research, 53(4), p.545 - 550, 2012/07
Otsuka, Teppei*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Tokunaga, Kazutoshi*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Akiba, Masato
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417(1-3), p.1135 - 1138, 2011/10
Wakai, Takashi; Machida, Hideo*; Yoshida, Shinji*; Kawashima, Fumiko*; Kikuchi, Koichi*; Xu, Y.*; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki
Proceedings of 2011 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2011) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2011/07
This paper describes the improved COD assessment method and verifies the validity of the method based on the results of a series of four-point bending tests at elevated temperature using thin wall modified 9Cr-1Mo steel pipe containing a circumferential through wall crack. As a result, COD values calculated by the proposed method were in a good agreement with the experimental results for the uniform pipe without weld. In the case that the crack was machined at weld metal or heat affected zone (HAZ), proposed method predicted relatively larger COD than the experimental results. The causes of such discrepancies were discussed comparing with the results of finite element analyses. Based on these examinations, the rational leak rate evaluation method in LBB assessment was proposed.
Wakai, Takashi; Machida, Hideo*; Yoshida, Shinji*; Tokiyoshi, Takumi*; Kikuchi, Koichi*; Xu, Y.*; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki
Proceedings of 2011 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2011) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/07
This paper studies the master curve to estimate the crack length when a postulated initial crack unexpectedly grows and penetrates the pipe thickness. In order to obtain the fatigue crack and creep crack growth characteristics of modified 9Cr-1Mo steel pipes, fatigue crack and creep crack growth tests were conducted using compact tension (CT) specimens and crack growth rates for both fatigue and creep at elevated temperature were obtained. Based on the obtained material characteristics and the results of a series of crack growth calculations, a relationship between the penetrated crack length and the ratio of membrane to total stress, so called as master curve, was proposed. In this study, master curves were proposed for pipes made of modified 9Cr-1Mo steel as a function of pipe geometry, i.e. the ratio of radius to thickness.
Nakatsuka, Toru; Ezato, Koichiro; Misawa, Takeharu; Seki, Yohji; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Dairaku, Masayuki; Suzuki, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Takase, Kazuyuki
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 47(12), p.1118 - 1123, 2010/12
In order to perform efficiently the thermal design of the supercritical water reactor (SCWR), it is important to assess the thermal hydraulics in rod bundles of the core. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been improved the three-dimensional two-fluid model analysis code ACE-3D, which has been developed originally for the two-phase flow thermal hydraulics of light water reactors, to handle the thermal hydraulic properties of water at supercritical region. In the present paper, heat transfer experiments of supercritical water flowing in a vertical annular channel around a heater pin, which was performed at JAEA, were analyzed with the improved ACE-3D to assess the prediction performance of the code. As a result, it was implied that the ACE-3D code may be applicable to prediction of wall temperatures of a single rod that simulates the fuel bundle geometry of SCWR core.