Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Minato, Futoshi; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Abe, Yutaka*; Tsubakihara, Kosuke*; Okumura, Shin*; Ishizuka, Chikako*; Yoshida, Tadashi*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(1), p.1 - 60, 2023/01
Yoshida, Masayuki*; Nishihata, Itsuki*; Matsuda, Tomoki*; Ito, Yusuke*; Sugita, Naohiko*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Shobu, Takahisa; Arakawa, Kazuto*; Hirose, Akio*; Sano, Tomokazu*
Journal of Applied Physics, 132(7), p.075101_1 - 075101_9, 2022/08
Katsube, Daiki*; Ono, Shinya*; Takayanagi, Shuhei*; Ojima, Shoki*; Maeda, Motoyasu*; Origuchi, Naoki*; Ogawa, Arata*; Ikeda, Natsuki*; Aoyagi, Yoshihide*; Kabutoya, Yuito*; et al.
Langmuir, 37(42), p.12313 - 12317, 2021/10
We investigated the oxidation of oxygen vacancies at the surface of anatase TiO(001) using supersonic seeded molecular beam (SSMB) of oxygen. The oxygen vacancies at the top-surface and sub-surface could be eliminated by the supply of oxygen using an SSMB. These results indicate that the interstitial vacancies can be mostly assigned to oxygen vacancies, which can be effectively eliminated by using an oxygen SSMB. Oxygen vacancies are present on the surface of anatase TiO(001) when it is untreated before transfer to a vacuum chamber. These vacancies, which are stable in the as-grown condition, could also be effectively eliminated using the oxygen SSMB.
Morishita, Hideki*; Yoshida, Minoru*; Nishimura, Akihiko; Matsudaira, Masayuki*; Hirayama, Yoshiharu*; Sugano, Yuichi*
Hozengaku, 20(1), p.101 - 108, 2021/04
no abstracts in English
Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06
The spallation and fragmentation reactions of Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.
Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Nagatake, Taku; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Tojo, Masayuki*; Goto, Daisuke*; Nishimura, Satoshi*; Suzuki, Hiroaki*; Yamato, Masaaki*; Watanabe, Satoshi*
Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05
In this research program, cladding oxidation model in SFP accident condition, and numerical simulation method to evaluate capability of spray cooling system which was deployed for spent fuel cooling during SFP accident, have been developed. These were introduced into the severe accident codes such as MAAP and SAMPSON, and SFP accident analyses were conducted. Analyses using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code were conducted as well for the comparison with SA code analyses and investigation of detail in the SFP accident. In addition, three-dimensional criticality analysis method was developed as well, and safer loading pattern of spent fuels in pool was investigated.
Ishibashi, Masayuki; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Sasao, Eiji; Yuguchi, Takashi*
Engineering Geology, 208, p.114 - 127, 2016/06
Damage zone (DS) formed by faulting in crystalline rocks can act as significant transport pathway. Therefore, this paper describes the features of WCFs and their long-term behavior associated with faulting based on the results of investigations at the GL -300m and -500m in the MIU. The results of detailed investigations in and around DZ indicate that there are three stages in the development of hydrogeological structures: 1st stage) the formation of background fractures; 2nd stage) the formation of a DZ and corresponding increase in the hydraulic permeability as a result of formation of small fractures; and 3rd stage) the formation of fracture fillings and the hydraulic permeability of the DZ decrease. In the late 3rd stage, unconsolidated clayey fillings formed associated with faulting resulting in decreased permeability of fractures in the DZ. These results underline the importance of understanding the development stages for evaluating the effect of faulting in orogenic belt plutons.
Fujita, Hiroe*; Yuyama, Kenta*; Li, X.*; Hatano, Yuji*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Ota, Masayuki; Ochiai, Kentaro; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Chikada, Takumi*; Oya, Yasuhisa*
Physica Scripta, 2016(T167), p.014068_1 - 014068_5, 2016/02
The irradiation defects were introduced by Fe irradiation, fission neutron irradiation and D-T neutron irradiation. After the irradiation, the deuterium ions (D) implantation was performed and the D retention behavior was evaluated by thermal desorption spectroscopy. The experimental results indicated that dense vacancies and voids within the shallow region near the surface were introduced by Fe irradiation. The trapping state of D by vacancies and void were clearly controlled by the damage concentration and the voids would become the most stable D trapping site. For fission neutron irradiated W, most of the D was adsorbed on the surface and/or trapped by dislocation loops and no vacancies and voids for D trapping due to its lower damage concentration. D trapping by vacancies were found in the bulk of D-T neutron irradiated W, indicating that the neutron energy distribution could make a large impact on irradiation defect formation and the D retention behavior.
Kojima, Atsushi; Umeda, Naotaka; Hanada, Masaya; Yoshida, Masafumi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Akino, Noboru; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; et al.
Nuclear Fusion, 55(6), p.063006_1 - 063006_9, 2015/06
Significant progresses in the extension of pulse durations of powerful negative ion beams have been made to realize the neutral beam injectors for JT-60SA and ITER. In order to overcome common issues of the long pulse production/acceleration of negative ion beams in JT-60SA and ITER, the new technologies have been developed in the JT-60SA ion source and the MeV accelerator in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. As for the long pulse production of high-current negative ions for JT-60SA ion source, the pulse durations have been successfully increased from 30 s at 13 A on JT-60U to 100 s at 15 A by modifying the JT-60SA ion source, which satisfies the required pulse duration of 100 s and 70% of the rated beam current for JT-60SA. This progress was based on the R&D efforts for the temperature control of the plasma grid and uniform negative ion productions with the modified tent-shaped filter field configuration. Moreover, the each parameter of the required beam energy, current and pulse has been achieved individually by these R&D efforts. The developed techniques are useful to design the ITER ion source because the sustainment of the cesium coverage in large extraction area is one of the common issues between JT-60SA and ITER. As for the long pulse acceleration of high power density beams in the MeV accelerator for ITER, the pulse duration of MeV-class negative ion beams has been extended by more than 2 orders of magnitude by modifying the extraction grid with a high cooling capability and a high-transmission of negative ions. A long pulse acceleration of 60 s has been achieved at 70 MW/m (683 keV, 100 A/m) which has reached to the power density of JT-60SA level of 65 MW/m.
Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Aoki, Kazufumi; Okamoto, Akiko; Kawakami, Takeshi; Kume, Nobuhide; Nakanishi, Chika; Koie, Masahiro; Kawamata, Hiroyuki; et al.
JAEA-Review 2014-048, 69 Pages, 2015/02
JAEA was assigned as a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national government and/or local governments in case of disaster responses or response in the event of a military attack, etc. In order to fulfill the tasks, the JAEA has established the Emergency Action Plan and the Civil Protection Action Plan. In case of a nuclear emergency, NEAT dispatches specialists of JAEA, supplies the national government and local governments with emergency equipment and materials, and gives technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various exercises and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response institutions of the national and local governments, police, fire fighters, self-defense forces, etc. in addition to the JAEA itself. The NEAT also researches nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and cooperates with international organizations. In the FY2013, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Technical support activities as a designated public institution in cooperation with the national and local governments, etc. (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency response personnel for the national and local governments, etc. (3) Researches on nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and sending useful information (4) International contributions to Asian countries on nuclear disaster preparedness and response in collaboration with the international organizations
Ishibashi, Masayuki; Ando, Tomomi*; Sasao, Eiji; Yuguchi, Takashi; Nishimoto, Shoji*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*
Oyo Chishitsu, 55(4), p.156 - 165, 2014/10
Understanding of long-term history of water-conducting features such as flow-path fractures is key issue to evaluate deep geological environment for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW). Thus, we conducted study on the geological features and the long-term behavior of flow-path fractures based on the data obtained at -300m levels in the Mizunami Underground research laboratory (MIU), central Japan. Total 1670 fractures were mapped in underground gallery at the -300m levels. Flow-path fractures occupy about 11% of all fractures. The flow-path fractures are divided into grout filling fractures and low inflow-rate fractures. All of the grout filling fractures is filled with calcite as fracture filling minerals without conspicuous host rock alteration around fractures. The low inflow-rate fractures possessed similar geological character with the sealed fractures which are not acted as flow-path. The geological character of fracture filling and host tock alteration around fractures indicates the history of the formation at the time of intrusion and emplacement of host granite (Stage I), then filling at hydrothermal event (Stage II), and finally opening and elongation during exhumation stage (Stage III). In conclusion, the present flow-path fractures were formed by opening and/or elongation of pre-existed fractures, which were filled at the hydrothermal event, at the time of exhumation.
Kashiwagi, Mieko; Umeda, Naotaka; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Kojima, Atsushi; Yoshida, Masafumi; Taniguchi, Masaki; Dairaku, Masayuki; Maejima, Tetsuya; Yamanaka, Haruhiko; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02B320_1 - 02B320_3, 2014/02
The negative ion extractor for high power and long-pulse operations is newly developed toward the neutral beam injector (NBI) for heating & current drive of future fusion machines such as ITER, JT-60 Super Advanced (SA) and DEMO reactor. The satisfactory cooling capability is designed in the thermal analysis. A negative ion production and a suppression of electrons are experimentally validated for this new extractor. As the results, the negative ion current shows increases by a factor of 1.3 with suppressing the electron current. The beam divergence angle is also maintained small enough, 4 mrad.
Tokunaga, Tomonori*; Watanabe, Hideo*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Nagasaka, Takuya*; Kasada, Ryuta*; Lee, Y.-J.*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Tokitani, Masayuki*; Mitsuhara, Masatoshi*; Hinoki, Tatsuya*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442(1-3), p.S287 - S291, 2013/11
Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Metcalfe, R.*; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Minami, Masayo*
Geofluids, 13(1), p.45 - 55, 2013/02
In granitic rocks fracture networks provide pathways for groundwater flow and solute transport that need to be understood to assess the long-term performance of deep underground environment. In order to clarify the long-term processes, Japanese plutons of different ages were studied. Detailed investigation of in-situ fracture fillings sampled from a depth of 300 meters was carried out to clarify the fracturing and mineral infilling processes. Different plutons show identical episodes, consisting of: brittle tensile fracturing (Stage I); relatively rapid uplifting accompanied by hydrothermal water circulation that produced fracture fillings (Stage II); and a period of low-temperature meteoric water circulation (Stage III). The paragenesis of carbon isotopic compositions of carbonate minerals show that there were distinct episodes of mineral precipitation. The evolution of fillings identified here enable development of a model of fracturing and persistence of fluid conducting systems.
Murata, Isao*; Ota, Masayuki*; Miyamaru, Hiroyuki*; Kondo, Keitaro; Yoshida, Shigeo*; Iida, Toshiyuki*; Ochiai, Kentaro; Konno, Chikara
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417(1-3), p.1127 - 1130, 2011/10
Nuclear data are indispensable for development of fusion reactor candidate materials. However, benchmarking of the nuclear data in MeV energy region is not sufficient even now. In the present study, benchmark performance in the MeV energy region was investigated theoretically in case of experiments by using a 14MeV neutron source. We carried out a systematical analysis for light to heavy materials. As a result, the benchmark performance for neutron spectrum was confirmed to be acceptable, while for -ray it was not sufficient. This indicates it was effective to use a spectrum shifter. As a shifter beryllium had the best performance. Moreover, it was preliminarily examined whether it is really acceptable that only the spectrum before last collision is considered in the benchmark performance analysis. It was pointed out that not only the last collision but also more previous collisions should be taken into account equally in the benchmark performance analysis.
Nakatsuka, Toru; Ezato, Koichiro; Misawa, Takeharu; Seki, Yohji; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Dairaku, Masayuki; Suzuki, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Takase, Kazuyuki
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 47(12), p.1118 - 1123, 2010/12
In order to perform efficiently the thermal design of the supercritical water reactor (SCWR), it is important to assess the thermal hydraulics in rod bundles of the core. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been improved the three-dimensional two-fluid model analysis code ACE-3D, which has been developed originally for the two-phase flow thermal hydraulics of light water reactors, to handle the thermal hydraulic properties of water at supercritical region. In the present paper, heat transfer experiments of supercritical water flowing in a vertical annular channel around a heater pin, which was performed at JAEA, were analyzed with the improved ACE-3D to assess the prediction performance of the code. As a result, it was implied that the ACE-3D code may be applicable to prediction of wall temperatures of a single rod that simulates the fuel bundle geometry of SCWR core.
Morita, Takami*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Fujimoto, Ken*; Nishiuchi, Ko*; Kimoto, Katsunori*; Yamada, Haruya*; Kasai, Hiromi*; Minakawa, Masayuki*; Yoshida, Katsuhiko*
Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60(8), p.1193 - 1199, 2010/08
Significant concentrations of Co, Cs and Ag were detected in common octopus specimens collected in the East China Sea during two periods, 1986-1989 and 1996-2005. The radionuclides detected in the former period were thought to originate from the global fallout. On the other hand, the source of Co in the latter period has remained unclear because the Co concentration decreased continuously with shorter half-lives than the physical half-lives. This tendency suggests that the source of Co in 1996-2005 was identical and was temporary supplied to the East China Sea. Investigations of common octopus in the other area indicated that the origin of the pollutant source of Co in 1996-2005 occurred locally in the restricted area in the East China Sea rather than in the coastal area of Japan.
Ida, Katsumi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Yoshinuma, Mikiro*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Oyama, Naoyuki; Osakabe, Masaki*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; et al.
Nuclear Fusion, 49(9), p.095024_1 - 095024_9, 2009/09
Dynamics of ion internal transport barrier (ITB) formation and impurity transport both in the Large Helical Device (LHD) heliotron and JT-60U tokamak are described. Significant differences between heliotron and tokamak plasmas are observed. The location of the ITB moves outward during the ITB formation regardless of the sign of magnetic shear in JT-60U and the ITB becomes more localized in the plasma with negative magnetic shear. In LHD, the low Te/Ti ratio ( 1) of the target plasma for the high power heating is found to be necessary condition to achieve the ITB plasma and the ITB location tends to expand outward or inward depending on the condition of the target plasmas. Associated with the formation of ITB, the carbon density tends to be peaked due to inward convection in JT-60U, while the carbon density becomes hollow due to outward convection in LHD. The outward convection observed in LHD contradicts the prediction by neoclassical theory.
Sasao, Mamiko*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Baba, Mamoru*; Kondoh, Takashi; Peterson, B. J.*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Mase, Atsushi*; Yoshikawa, Masayuki*; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Toi, Kazuo*; et al.
Fusion Science and Technology, 51(2T), p.40 - 45, 2007/02
Several unexplored physics issues will be studied in burning plasma experiments, planned on ITER in the near future. To carry out these studies, it is essential to develop novel diagnostic systems, such as fusion product measurement systems and high-resolution, high-reliability profile measurement of various plasma parameters. Scientific research on "Advanced Diagnostics for Burning Plasma Experiment" was assigned as a priority area by MEXT in 2004, and more than 20 studies are currently underway under this program. The feasibility of several new diagnostic concepts applicable to ITER is examined and diagnostic components for these systems are now under development.
Nishitani, Takeo; Ochiai, Kentaro; Yoshida, Shigeo*; Tanaka, Ryohei*; Wakisaka, Masashi*; Nakao, Makoto*; Sato, Satoshi; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Hori, Junichi; Wada, Masayuki*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(Suppl.4), p.58 - 61, 2004/03
no abstracts in English