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Journal Articles

Summary results of subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))"

Koyama, Shinichi; Nakagiri, Toshio; Osaka, Masahiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kurata, Masaki; Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; Onishi, Takashi; Takano, Masahide; et al.

Hairo, Osensui Taisaku jigyo jimukyoku Homu Peji (Internet), 144 Pages, 2021/08

JAEA performed the subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))" in 2020JFY. This presentation summarized briefly the results of the project, which will be available shortly on the website of Management Office for the Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management.

Journal Articles

Development and validation of the eutectic reaction model in JUPITER code

Chai, P.; Yamashita, Susumu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 145, p.107606_1 - 107606_13, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The eutectic reaction model in JUPITER code was validated against two series of experimental tests that performed by JAEA. An experiment that aimed to evaluate the eutectic reaction between Zircaloy and Stainless steel, was simulated by JUPITER code to validate its reliability on predicting the binary eutectic reaction phenomenon. A comparison of the simulation and experimental results demonstrates good agreement on the increase rate of the solution depth at various temperature environments. Another series of tests which aimed to predict the eutectic reaction between the control rod blade and channel box in BWR, were simulated by JUPITER code to test its applicability on predicting the eutectic reaction between multiple mixture components. Although the deviation could not be completely eliminated, the reaction performance in the experiment was reasonably reproduced. As a result, it could be concluded that JUPITER code is feasible to predict the eutectic reaction behavior in nuclear severe accident.

Journal Articles

A Numerical simulation method for core internals behavior in severe accident conditions; Chemical reaction analyses in core structures by JUPITER

Yamashita, Susumu; Kino, Chiaki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/08

In order to contribute the improvement of estimation accuracy for severe accident code such as SAMPSON, we have developed the chemical reaction model such as eutectic reaction and oxidation in micro scale, e.g., B$$_{4}$$C-SUS in the control rod blade and UO$$_{2}$$-Zry in fuel rods, and implemented them to the computational fluid dynamics code named JUPITER. And we try to develop the coupled analysis frame work using SAMPSON and JUPITER to decrease uncertainty due to micro scale phenomena which cannot be calculate by severe accident analysis codes. From the preliminary analysis in fuel rod heating analysis by JUPITER using SAMPSON output data, it was revealed that the implemented chemical reaction models work stably and obtain reasonable results.

Journal Articles

Locally mesh-refined lattice Boltzmann method for fuel debris air cooling analysis on GPU supercomputer

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yamashita, Susumu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00531_1 - 19-00531_10, 2020/06

A dry method is one of practical methods for decommissioning the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been evaluating the air cooling performance of the fuel debris by using the JUPITER code based on an incompressible fluid model and the CityLBM code based on the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). However, these codes were based on a uniform Cartesian grid system, and required large computational time and cost to capture complicated debris structures. We develop an adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) version of the CityLBM code on GPU based supercomputers and apply it to thermal-hydrodynamics problems. The proposed method is validated against free convective heat transfer experiments at JAEA. It is also shown that the AMR based CityLBM code on 4 NVIDIA TESLA V100GPUs gives 6.7x speedup of the time to solution compared with the JUPITER code on 36 Intel Xeon E5-2680v3 CPUs.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of two-phase flow in 4$$times$$4 simulated bundle

Ono, Ayako; Yamashita, Susumu; Suzuki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00583_1 - 19-00583_12, 2020/06

JAEA is implementing the 3D detailed nuclear-thermal-coupled analysis code to analyze the transition state of the core and to reduce the likelihood of the design. In the development plan, the computational fluid dynamics code based on the VOF method, JUPITER, is applied for TH part of the 3D detailed nuclear-thermal-coupled analysis code.

Journal Articles

How different is the core of $$^{25}$$F from $$^{24}$$O$$_{g.s.}$$ ?

Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri, A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:88.96(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The structure of a neutron-rich $$^{25}$$F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree ($$p,2p$$) knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of $$pi 0d_{5/2}$$ orbital is found to be 1.0 $$pm$$ 0.3. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus, and the core consists of $$sim$$35% $$^{24}$$O$$_{rm g.s.}$$, and $$sim$$65% excited $$^{24}$$O. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the $$0d_{5/2}$$ proton considerably changes the neutron structure in $$^{25}$$F from that in $$^{24}$$O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.

Journal Articles

High-rate performance of a time projection chamber for an H-dibaryon search experiment at J-PARC

Kim, S. H.*; Ichikawa, Yudai; Sako, Hiroyuki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hayakawa, Shuhei*; Nanamura, Takuya*; Sato, Susumu; Tanida, Kiyoshi; Yoshida, Junya; 11 of others*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 940, p.359 - 370, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:42.44(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Study on the two-phase flow in simulated LWR fuel bundle by CFD code

Ono, Ayako; Yamashita, Susumu; Suzuki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.666 - 677, 2019/08

An evaluation methodology of critical heat fluxes (CHFs) based on a mechanism for fuel assemblies in light water reactors (LWRs) is needed in order to design and evaluate the safety for the fuel assemblies in LWRs. In our study, the numerical simulation with surface-tracking will be applied for the two-phase flow in fuel assemblies in order to obtain the detail data relating to the size and velocity of bubbles in the subchannel, which is needed to predict the CHF based on the mechanism. In this study, the numerical simulation of two-phase flow in 4$$times$$4 bundle was implemented by using JUPITER in order to establish the evaluation method of the size and velocity of bubbles by the numerical simulation, which is the multi-physics simulation code and enable to track the gas-liquid surface. The simulation results are validated by the curve of flow regime for air-water under the adiabatic condition. The bubble and velocity of bubbles obtained by simulation results are analyzed.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:62.37(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

Fuel debris' air cooling analysis using a lattice Boltzmann method

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Kawamura, Takuma; Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yamashita, Susumu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2019/05

A dry method is one of practical methods for decommissioning the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been evaluating the air cooling performance by using the JUPITER code. However, the JUPITER code requires a large computational cost to capture debris' structures. To accelerate such CFD analyses, we use the CityLBM code, which is based on the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) and is highly optimized for GPUs. The CityLBM code is validated against free convective heat transfer experiments at JAEA, and the similar accuracy as the JUPITER code is confirmed regarding the prediction capability of heat transfer and the resulting temperature distributions. It is also shown that the elapse time of a CityLBM simulation on GPUs is reduced to 1/6 compared with that of the corresponding JUPITER simulation on CPUs with the same number of GPUs and CPUs. The results show that the LBM is promising for accelerating thermal convective simulations.

Journal Articles

Development of numerical simulation method to evaluate detailed thermal-hydraulics around beam window in ADS

Yamashita, Susumu; Sugawara, Takanori; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2019/05

In order to simulate detailed flow behavior of LBE around the beam window, a numerical simulation code that can evaluate the complicated flow behavior is required. To simulate complicated and large-scale flow behavior, we apply JUPITER which originally developed in JAEA for melt relocation behavior in SAs and that can treat complicated flow behavior and has a capacity of massively parallel computing. In this paper, by using JUPITER, numerical simulations were performed for unsteady thermal-hydraulics simulation around the beam window to know tendency of LBE flow field. In addition, problems to be solved and important parameters to simulate thermal-hydraulic behavior around the beam window will be discussed.

Journal Articles

Observation of a Be double-Lambda hypernucleus in the J-PARC E07 experiment

Ekawa, Hiroyuki; Ashikaga, Sakiko; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Hayakawa, Shuhei; Hosomi, Kenji; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi; Kimbara, Shinji*; Nanamura, Takuya; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.021D02_1 - 021D02_11, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:85.21(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Coupled analysis of fuel debris distribution and recriticality by both multiphase/multicomponent flow and continuous energy neutron transport Monte Carlo simulations

Yamashita, Susumu; Tada, Kenichi; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Suyama, Kenya

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 17(3/4), p.99 - 105, 2018/12

In order to reveal melt relocation behaviors of core internals phenomenologically and to reduce the uncertainties of the melt relocation analysis in existing SA analysis codes, in JAEA, the numerical simulation code for melt relocation and accumulation behaviors based on computational fluid dynamics named JUPITER has been developed. In this paper, to consider the estimation method for fuel debris composition and its re-criticality, we performed the melt accumulating and spreading simulation to the pedestal region by JUPITER and also performed re-criticality analysis by Monte Carlo Codes for Neutron Transport Calculations based on Continuous Energy and Multi-group Methods (MVP) using detailed fuel debris composition data obtained by JUPITER. From the coupled analysis on fuel debris distribution by JUPITER and MVP, we had prospects for a detailed possibility of re-criticality of fuel debris with detailed fuel debris distribution.

Journal Articles

Free convective heat transfer experiment to validate air-cooling performance analysis of fuel debris

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yamashita, Susumu; Shibata, Mitsuhiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of thermal hydraulics around a beam window in accelerator-driven system

Yamashita, Susumu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2018/11

To investigate detailed flow behaviors around the beam window of accelerator driven system (ADS), large scale simulation for unsteady thermal hydraulics around the beam window was performed using JUPITER. The input data, such as the beam window and nozzle, is designed as accurate as possible using the computer aided design software. As a result, the flow pattern around the beam window is quite different from previous results in which the steady flow is assumed. The flow pattern of the Lead-Bismuth Eutectic around the beam window and the exit of the nozzle were very complicated. According to complicated flow around those structures, the temperature distribution on the beam window is also complicated. Thus, it is confirmed that the complicated flow around structures will affect to the temperature distribution in the structures and the effect of flow field on the temperature must be evaluated.

Journal Articles

Development of numerical simulation method to evaluate molten material behaviors in nuclear reactors

Yamashita, Susumu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-12) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2018/10

In order to simulate the relocation phenomena phenomenologically around the reactor core and inside pedestal without assumptions, inputted information, empirical knowledge and given scenarios, a numerical simulation code based on computational fluid dynamics, JUPITER, that can phenomenologically evaluate the melting phenomena has been developed in JAEA. We confirm the applicability of JUPITER to the corium spreading process inside the pedestal by simulating corium spreading behaviors and its distributions under several parameters such as the corium inflow condition. And we investigated detailed fuel debris distribution inside the pedestal and the cavity named sump pit located on the lower part of PCVs, that is distribution for each component of core materials such as stainless steel (SUS), bron carbide (B$$_{4}$$C), zircaloy (Zry) and uranium dioxide (UO$$_{2}$$). As a result, since JUPITER uses interface capturing scheme which can treat complicated behavior of interfaces such as a large deformation and a complicated separation among interfaces, the corium was spread with complicated mixing behavior and the distribution of fuel debris tend to accumulate complicatedly inside sump pits. Since existing SA analysis codes difficult to treat such complicated phenomena and the complicated fuel distribution, those result might be contributed to an understanding of circumstances inside PCV and, ultimately, also contributed to reactor decommissioning process.

Journal Articles

Validation of free-convective heat transfer analysis with JUPITER to evaluate air-cooling performance of fuel debris in dry method

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yamashita, Susumu; Shibata, Mitsuhiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(4), p.18-00115_1 - 18-00115_13, 2018/08

Journal Articles

Development of numerical simulation method to evaluate molten material behaviors in nuclear reactors; Estimation of fuel debris distribution in the pedestal

Yamashita, Susumu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/07

Journal Articles

Network system operation for J-PARC accelerators

Kamikubota, Norihiko*; Yamada, Shuei*; Sato, Kenichiro*; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Yamamoto, Noboru*; Yoshida, Susumu*; Nemoto, Hiroyuki*

Proceedings of 16th International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems (ICALEPCS 2017) (Internet), p.1470 - 1473, 2018/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Large-scale simulations on molten material behavior in severe accidents of nuclear reactors

Yamashita, Susumu; Ina, Takuya*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Dai-31-Kai Suchi Ryutai Rikigaku Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/12

no abstracts in English

194 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)