Sakashita, Satoshi; Okui, Masahiro; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Uezu, Yasuhiro; Okuda, Eiichi
JAEA-Review 2022-012, 42 Pages, 2022/06
In this report, results of investigating fire alarm detectors status in order to understand the actual situation of false alarm occurrence and measures to systematically update of them. Based on results of this investigation, measures to systematically update of detectors were taken in order to reduce false fire alarm reports in a harsh environment and aged detectors. Numbers of detectors, false alarms were investigated. Furthermore, causes of their occurrence were investigated for three years (2018-2020). As a result of this investigation, it was found that most of the 34,400 fire alarm detectors in JAEA have been used for more than 20 years. In the last 3 years, 65 false alarms have been reported, 60% of which were found to have been used where the environment should be improved. It was also found that there are many cases where false alarms are reported from a detector within 14 years after installation. Based on the above, three basic policies were formulated. First of all, database will be built for fire alarm maintenance and inspection, secondly, installation location of fire alarm will be improved, and finally, detectors will be updated with reference to the manufacture's plan. According to the three basic policies, it is considered that the reports of false fire alarms will be able to reduced.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Okumura, Ryo*; Saito, Kimiaki
Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 193(3-4), p.228 - 236, 2021/03
Environmental dose rate monitoring has been performed with various scintillation detectors since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Gamma-rays from caesium isotopes deposited in soil enter radiation detectors in any direction, but directional dependence of the detectors used for dose rate measurements are not always uniform and the dose rates vary even if measurement takes place at the same place. To investigate the influence of crystal configurations on dose rate, dose rate measurements using several scintillation detectors with different crystal configurations were conducted. By measuring pulse height spectra and multiplying them with spectrum - dose conversion operators (G(E) function), dose rates were deduced and compared. It was found that the dose rates varied within approximately 25% among six detectors. To reduce the differences, the dose rate using G(E) functions determined in rotational geometry were obtained and applied instead. The revised dose rates agreed with one another within uncertainties, but this was not the case of scintillation detector with flat crystal shape, and it means this method could not compensate its strong directional dependence. These experimental results reveal that detectors with superior directional characteristics should be used for environmental dose rate measurement since the compensation of directional dependence using a G(E) function determined in rotational geometry is not always available.
Saito, Kimiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinase, Sakae; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Sato, Tetsuro*; Seki, Akiyuki; Yamamoto, Hideaki*; et al.
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105878_1 - 105878_12, 2019/12
Hoshi, Katsuya; Nishino, Sho; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsujimura, Norio
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011020_1 - 011020_6, 2019/01
We studied the application of AmLi interrogation neutron sources, which originally deployed in non-destructive assay apparatus for nuclear safeguard, to calibration work. To determine the emission rate, the angular distribution of neutron fluence was measured by a potable long counter. The emission rate at the date of measurement (October 23rd, 2015) was determined to be 1.0010 n/s (4.1% ( = 2)).
Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Sanada, Yukihisa
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011013_1 - 011013_6, 2019/01
Hoshi, Katsuya; Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Kurihara, Osamu*; Kim, E.*; Yajima, Kazuaki*
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.152 - 155, 2019/01
Ando, Masaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 192, p.385 - 398, 2018/12
Car-borne surveys using KURAMA systems have been conducted over a wide area in eastern Japan since 2011. The measurement data collected until 2016 was analyzed, and decreasing trend of the dose rates in regions within 80 km of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant were examined. The averaged dose rates tended to decrease considerably with respect to the physical decay of radiocaesium, and the ecological half-lives of the fast and slow decay components were estimated. The decrease of the dose rate in the forest was slower than its decrease in other regions, and the decrease of the dose rate in urban area was the fastest. The decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was larger than that obtained on flat ground with few disturbances using survey meters approximately 1.5 y after the accident; hereafter, the decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was same as the latter measurement.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Saito, Kimiaki
Hoshasen, 44(3), p.109 - 118, 2018/11
JAEA has started to perform dose rate monitoring using a car-borne survey system KURAMA to rapidly produce the dose rate mappings of the deposited radionuclides in the environment after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. KURAMA is a car-borne survey system developed by Kyoto University to perform dose rate monitoring in a wide area in detail with rapidity. By improving KURAMA with continuous dose rate monitoring, the 2nd generation of KURAMA (KURAMA-II) succeeded in downsizing, durability and automated transmission of data so that enable detailed dose rate mapping in wide area in shorter period of time. This paper reports the radiation characteristics and the simulation analysis of KURAMA-II on the special issue of Hoshasen, the journal of Ionization Radiation Division in the Japan society of applied physics.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Okumura, Ryo*; Saito, Kimiaki
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 17(1), p.11 - 17, 2018/03
Environmental dose rate monitoring has been performed using scintillation detectors since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident happened. After the accident, various scintillation detectors with directional dependence are used in the measurement, though detectors with superior directional dependence are needed because photons come from various direction in the environment. To investigate the influence of crystal configurations on indicated values of dose rates, pulse height spectra were measured using scintillation-based detectors with different crystal configurations and ambient dose rates were obtained using a spectrum - dose conversion operator (G(E) function). It is found that the dose rate for a rectangular-parallelepiped crystal is 40% than that for a cylindrical one at the maximum. However, the values agreed within 10% among all the detectors irrespective of the crystal shapes, using G(E) functions determined in a rotational irradiation geometry.
Nishino, Sho; Hoshi, Katsuya; Tsujimura, Norio; Kowatari, Munehiko; Yoshida, Tadayoshi
Proceedings of 14th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA-14), Vol.3 (Internet), p.1258 - 1263, 2017/11
In order to investigate how neutron dosimeters respond in the continuous neutron fields in workplaces, we performed performance tests of four widely-used neutron survey meters in various simulated workplace neutron calibration fields established in two calibration facilities (FRS and ICF) in JAEA. As a result, we found that survey meters significantly over or underestimate neutron dose in the fields which have spectral components only in the energy range below 1 MeV, while those show good performance in the fields which have spectral components in the energy range above 1 MeV.
Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Yashima, Hiroshi*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.050005_1 - 050005_6, 2016/11
Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Hoshi, Katsuya; Momose, Takumaro
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.070008_1 - 070008_6, 2016/11
Hoshi, Katsuya; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsujimura, Norio; Okada, Kazuhiko
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.070009_1 - 070009_6, 2016/11
Beta spectra of various nuclide species were measured by commercially available compact spectrometer. The shape of spectra obtained from the spectrometer approximately agreed with that of theoretical spectra. The beta dose equivalent at any depths has been able to be obtained as a product of measured pulse height spectra and appropriate conversion coefficients of ICRP Publ. 74. The dose rates evaluated from the spectra were comparable to the reference dose rates of standard beta calibration sources. And, we were able to determine the dose equivalent with relative error of indication of 10% without the complicated correction.
Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Hoshi, Katsuya
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.070003_1 - 070003_7, 2016/11
Takahashi, Naoki; Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Harada, Akio; Yamanaka, Atsushi; Ueno, Takashi; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Suzuki, Soju; Takamatsu, Misao; Maeda, Shigetaka; Iseki, Atsushi; et al.
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Homu Peji (Internet), 64 Pages, 2016/00
no abstracts in English
Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Mikami, Satoshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Okumura, Ryo*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Seki, Akiyuki; et al.
Radioisotopes, 64(4), p.275 - 289, 2015/04
This article provides practically useful information on air dose rate measurements in the environments. The basic requirements for the accurate measurements are described giving actual data. The characteristics and some measured results are shown for reliable methods which are widely used in the environmental radiation measurements. Further, information is given on internet sites where air dose rates and related data obtained by official organizations can be browsed.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Saito, Kimiaki
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.260 - 265, 2015/01
The car-borne survey system, KURAMA-II, developed by the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute has been used for air dose rate mapping after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The KURAMA-II consists of a CsI(Tl) scintillation detector, a GPS device, and a control device for data processing. The dose rates monitored by the KURAMA-II are based on the G(E) function (spectrum-dose conversion operator), which can precisely calculate dose rate from the measured pulse-height distribution even if the energy spectrum changes significantly. The characteristics of the KURAMA-II have been investigated with particular consideration to the reliability of the calculated G(E) function, dose rate dependence, statistical fluctuation, angular dependence, and energy dependence. The results indicate that 100 units of KURAMA-II systems have acceptable quality for mass monitoring dose rates in the environment.
Ando, Masaki; Nakahara, Yukio; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Sato, Tetsuro*; Tanigaki, Minoru*; et al.
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.266 - 280, 2015/01
A series of car-borne surveys using the KURAMA and KURAMA-II systems was conducted in a wide area in eastern Japan from June 2011 to December 2012 to evaluate the distribution of air dose rates around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, and to determine the time-dependent trend of decrease in air dose rates. An automated data processing system was established, which enables analyses of large amounts of data obtained with the use of about 100 units of the measurement system in a short time. The initial data for studying the migration status of radioactive cesium was obtained in the first survey, followed by the other car-borne surveys having wider measurement ranges. Comparing the measured air dose rates obtained in each survey, it was found that the decreasing trend of air dose rates measured through car-borne surveys was larger than that expected from the physical decay of radioactive cesium and that measured using NaI (Tl) survey meters around the road.
Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.85 - 89, 2014/04
The authors made calibration of an end-window Geiger Muller (GM) survey meter in terms of the beta dose rate and applied it to measurement of the beta dose rate in the environments contaminated by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. The range of validity of the calibration factors to be applied to the GM probe was verified (1) by the measurement of contaminated soil samples removed from the crippled nuclear power plant site and (2) the environmental field survey at Fukushima city.
Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.737 - 740, 2014/04
A neutron irradiation experiment was performed to determine the neutron absorbed dose rate response of a criticality accident alarm system detector. For this purpose, the authors tailored a neutron field by the use of a Cf neutron source and 50-mm-thick lead blocks, which removed unwanted rays emitted from the source itself while allowing the neutrons to pass through. The evaluated neutron response of the detector was confirmed to be in reasonably good agreement with the prior computer-predicted response.