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Journal Articles

Determination of emission rates and spectra of neutrons from $$^{241}$$Am-Li sources

Hoshi, Katsuya; Nishino, Sho; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsujimura, Norio

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011020_1 - 011020_6, 2019/01

We studied the application of AmLi interrogation neutron sources, which originally deployed in non-destructive assay apparatus for nuclear safeguard, to calibration work. To determine the emission rate, the angular distribution of neutron fluence was measured by a potable long counter. The emission rate at the date of measurement (October 23rd, 2015) was determined to be 1.00$$times$$10$$^{6}$$ n/s ($$pm$$4.1% (${it k}$ = 2)).

Journal Articles

Testing of criticality accident alarm system detectors to pulsed radiation at TRACY

Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Sanada, Yukihisa

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011013_1 - 011013_6, 2019/01

Journal Articles

Study of the screening survey using an ambient dose equivalent rate survey meter in criticality accidentsy

Hoshi, Katsuya; Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Kurihara, Osamu*; Kim, E.*; Yajima, Kazuaki*

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.152 - 155, 2019/01

Journal Articles

Decreasing trend of ambient dose equivalent rates over a wide area in eastern Japan until 2016 evaluated by car-borne surveys using KURAMA systems

Ando, Masaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 192, p.385 - 398, 2018/12

 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

Car-borne surveys using KURAMA systems have been conducted over a wide area in eastern Japan since 2011. The measurement data collected until 2016 was analyzed, and decreasing trend of the dose rates in regions within 80 km of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant were examined. The averaged dose rates tended to decrease considerably with respect to the physical decay of radiocaesium, and the ecological half-lives of the fast and slow decay components were estimated. The decrease of the dose rate in the forest was slower than its decrease in other regions, and the decrease of the dose rate in urban area was the fastest. The decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was larger than that obtained on flat ground with few disturbances using survey meters approximately 1.5 y after the accident; hereafter, the decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was same as the latter measurement.

Journal Articles

Review of the performance of a car-borne survey system, KURAMA-II, used to measure the dose rate after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Saito, Kimiaki

Hoshasen, 44(3), p.109 - 118, 2018/11

JAEA has started to perform dose rate monitoring using a car-borne survey system KURAMA to rapidly produce the dose rate mappings of the deposited radionuclides in the environment after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. KURAMA is a car-borne survey system developed by Kyoto University to perform dose rate monitoring in a wide area in detail with rapidity. By improving KURAMA with continuous dose rate monitoring, the 2nd generation of KURAMA (KURAMA-II) succeeded in downsizing, durability and automated transmission of data so that enable detailed dose rate mapping in wide area in shorter period of time. This paper reports the radiation characteristics and the simulation analysis of KURAMA-II on the special issue of Hoshasen, the journal of Ionization Radiation Division in the Japan society of applied physics.

Journal Articles

Dependence of dose rate measurement in the environment on crystal configuration of scintillation detectors

Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Okumura, Ryo*; Saito, Kimiaki

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 17(1), p.11 - 17, 2018/03

Environmental dose rate monitoring has been performed using scintillation detectors since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident happened. After the accident, various scintillation detectors with directional dependence are used in the measurement, though detectors with superior directional dependence are needed because photons come from various direction in the environment. To investigate the influence of crystal configurations on indicated values of dose rates, pulse height spectra were measured using scintillation-based detectors with different crystal configurations and ambient dose rates were obtained using a spectrum - dose conversion operator (G(E) function). It is found that the dose rate for a rectangular-parallelepiped crystal is $$sim$$ 40% than that for a cylindrical one at the maximum. However, the values agreed within 10% among all the detectors irrespective of the crystal shapes, using G(E) functions determined in a rotational irradiation geometry.

Journal Articles

Comprehensive study on the response of neutron dosimeters in various simulated workplace neutron calibration fields

Nishino, Sho; Hoshi, Katsuya; Tsujimura, Norio; Kowatari, Munehiko; Yoshida, Tadayoshi

Proceedings of 14th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA-14), Vol.3 (Internet), p.1258 - 1263, 2017/11

In order to investigate how neutron dosimeters respond in the continuous neutron fields in workplaces, we performed performance tests of four widely-used neutron survey meters in various simulated workplace neutron calibration fields established in two calibration facilities (FRS and ICF) in JAEA. As a result, we found that survey meters significantly over or underestimate neutron dose in the fields which have spectral components only in the energy range below 1 MeV, while those show good performance in the fields which have spectral components in the energy range above 1 MeV.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of neutron response of criticality accident alarm system detector to quasi-monoenergetic 24 keV neutrons

Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Yashima, Hiroshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.050005_1 - 050005_6, 2016/11

Journal Articles

Performance of Panasonic ZP-1460 electronic personal dosemeter under exposure conditions likely to be found at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Hoshi, Katsuya; Momose, Takumaro

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.070008_1 - 070008_6, 2016/11

Journal Articles

The Evaluation of the 0.07 mm and 3 mm dose equivalent with a portable beta spectrometer

Hoshi, Katsuya; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsujimura, Norio; Okada, Kazuhiko

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.070009_1 - 070009_6, 2016/11

Beta spectra of various nuclide species were measured by commercially available compact spectrometer. The shape of spectra obtained from the spectrometer approximately agreed with that of theoretical spectra. The beta dose equivalent at any depths has been able to be obtained as a product of measured pulse height spectra and appropriate conversion coefficients of ICRP Publ. 74. The dose rates evaluated from the spectra were comparable to the reference dose rates of standard beta calibration sources. And, we were able to determine the dose equivalent with relative error of indication of 10% without the complicated correction.

Journal Articles

Measurement of radioactive contamination on work clothing of workers engaged in decontamination operations

Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Hoshi, Katsuya

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.070003_1 - 070003_7, 2016/11

Journal Articles

2016 Professional Engineer (PE) test preparation course "Nuclear and Radiation Technical Disciplines"

Takahashi, Naoki; Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Harada, Akio; Yamanaka, Atsushi; Ueno, Takashi; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Suzuki, Soju; Takamatsu, Misao; Maeda, Shigetaka; Iseki, Atsushi; et al.

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Homu Peji (Internet), 64 Pages, 2016/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurements and evaluations of air dose rates around Fukushima, 4; Practical aspects of air dose rate measurements in the environment

Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Mikami, Satoshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Okumura, Ryo*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Seki, Akiyuki; et al.

Radioisotopes, 64(4), p.275 - 289, 2015/04

This article provides practically useful information on air dose rate measurements in the environments. The basic requirements for the accurate measurements are described giving actual data. The characteristics and some measured results are shown for reliable methods which are widely used in the environmental radiation measurements. Further, information is given on internet sites where air dose rates and related data obtained by official organizations can be browsed.

Journal Articles

Characteristics and verification of a car-borne survey system for dose rates in air; KURAMA-II

Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.260 - 265, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:20.8(Environmental Sciences)

The car-borne survey system, KURAMA-II, developed by the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute has been used for air dose rate mapping after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The KURAMA-II consists of a CsI(Tl) scintillation detector, a GPS device, and a control device for data processing. The dose rates monitored by the KURAMA-II are based on the G(E) function (spectrum-dose conversion operator), which can precisely calculate dose rate from the measured pulse-height distribution even if the energy spectrum changes significantly. The characteristics of the KURAMA-II have been investigated with particular consideration to the reliability of the calculated G(E) function, dose rate dependence, statistical fluctuation, angular dependence, and energy dependence. The results indicate that 100 units of KURAMA-II systems have acceptable quality for mass monitoring dose rates in the environment.

Journal Articles

Measurement of air dose rates over a wide area around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant through a series of car-borne surveys

Ando, Masaki; Nakahara, Yukio; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Sato, Tetsuro*; Tanigaki, Minoru*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.266 - 280, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:14.05(Environmental Sciences)

A series of car-borne surveys using the KURAMA and KURAMA-II systems was conducted in a wide area in eastern Japan from June 2011 to December 2012 to evaluate the distribution of air dose rates around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, and to determine the time-dependent trend of decrease in air dose rates. An automated data processing system was established, which enables analyses of large amounts of data obtained with the use of about 100 units of the measurement system in a short time. The initial data for studying the migration status of radioactive cesium was obtained in the first survey, followed by the other car-borne surveys having wider measurement ranges. Comparing the measured air dose rates obtained in each survey, it was found that the decreasing trend of air dose rates measured through car-borne surveys was larger than that expected from the physical decay of radioactive cesium and that measured using NaI (Tl) survey meters around the road.

Journal Articles

Beta dose rate measurements with an end-window GM survey meter in environments contaminated by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident

Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.85 - 89, 2014/04

The authors made calibration of an end-window Geiger Muller (GM) survey meter in terms of the beta dose rate and applied it to measurement of the beta dose rate in the environments contaminated by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. The range of validity of the calibration factors to be applied to the GM probe was verified (1) by the measurement of contaminated soil samples removed from the crippled nuclear power plant site and (2) the environmental field survey at Fukushima city.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the neutron response of a criticality accident alarm system detector

Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.737 - 740, 2014/04

A neutron irradiation experiment was performed to determine the neutron absorbed dose rate response of a criticality accident alarm system detector. For this purpose, the authors tailored a neutron field by the use of a $$^{252}$$Cf neutron source and 50-mm-thick lead blocks, which removed unwanted $$gamma$$ rays emitted from the source itself while allowing the neutrons to pass through. The evaluated neutron response of the detector was confirmed to be in reasonably good agreement with the prior computer-predicted response.

Journal Articles

Measurement of photon dose rates in moderated neutron calibration fields

Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsujimura, Norio; Miyata, Hideaki*

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.396 - 399, 2014/04

The authors performed the complementary work which determined the proportion of the contaminating photons present in the moderated neutron field using a $$^{252}$$Cf neutron source surrounded with the moderators. The measurements of the photon dose rates were performed by three instruments with different detection principles and the results were compared with the Monte Carlo calculation results. The contaminant photon dose rates observed from each instrument were in good agreement, and the measurement and calculation results also agreed well.

JAEA Reports

Construction of a car-borne survey system for measurement of dose rates in air; KURAMA-II, and its application

Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Nakahara, Yukio; Sato, Tetsuro; Seki, Akiyuki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Ando, Masaki; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Takamiya, Koichi*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-037, 54 Pages, 2013/10

JAEA-Technology-2013-037.pdf:4.94MB

JAEA has been performing dose rate mapping in air using a car-borne survey system KURAMA-II. The KURAMA system is a GPS-aided mobile radiation monitoring system that has been newly developed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute in response to the nuclear disaster. The KURAMA system is composed of an energy-compensated scintillation survey meter for measuring dose rate, electric device for controlling both the dose rates and the position data from a GPS module, a computer server for processing and analyzing data from KURAMA, and client PCs for providing for end users. The KURAMA-II has been improved in small-packaging, durability, and automated data transmission. In consequence, dose rate mapping in wide area has become possible in shorter period of time. This report describes the construction of KURAMA-II, its application and a suggestion of how to manage a large number of KURAMA-II.

Journal Articles

Study on neutron response of criticality accident alarm system detector to quasi-monoenergetic 24 keV neutrons

Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Yashima, Hiroshi*

KURRI Progress Report 2012, P. 289, 2013/10

The latest model of the criticality accident alarm system (CAAS), recently developed and installed at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, consists of a plastic scintillator combined with a cadmium-lined polyethylene moderator and responds both to $$gamma$$ rays and neutrons. To evaluate the neutron absorbed dose rate response of the CAAS detector, a 24 keV quasi-monoenergetic neutron irradiation experiment was performed at the B-1 facility of Kyoto University Research Reactor. The B-1 facility consists of 45-cm-thick iron and 35-cm-thick aluminum filters built into a radial beam tube of the reactor and provides an intense beam of 24 keV neutrons transmitted through "resonance window" in the cross-sections of iron and aluminum. The CAAS detector was mounted on a wooden platform horizontally scanning across the collimated neutron beam extracted from the beam column. A neutron rem counter and an energy-compensated GM counter were also placed on the platform to measure the reference absorbed dose rates of neutrons and $$gamma$$ rays, respectively. The neutron response of the CAAS detector was derived by dividing the neutron-induced net reading, deduced by subtraction of the estimated $$gamma$$-ray fractional reading based on the GM reading, by the reference neutron dose rate. The evaluated neutron response of the detector was confirmed to be in reasonably good agreement with the prior computer-predicted response.

126 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)