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Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Shell structure of the neutron-rich isotopes $$^{69,71,73}$$Co

Lokotko, T.*; Leblond, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Poves, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Authelet, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The structures of the neutron-rich $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes were investigated via ($$p,2p$$) knockout reactions at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, RIKEN. Level schemes were reconstructed using the $$gamma-gamma$$ coincidence technique, with tentative spin-parity assignments based on the measured inclusive and exclusive cross sections. Comparison with shell-model calculations suggests coexistence of spherical and deformed shapes at low excitation energies in the $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes.

Journal Articles

Shell evolution of $$N$$ = 40 isotones towards $$^{60}$$Ca; First spectroscopy of $$^{62}$$Ti

Cort$'e$s, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Men$'e$ndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Poves, A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:22.94(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Excited states in the $$N$$ = 40 isotone $$^{62}$$Ti were populated via the $$^{63}$$V($$p$$,$$2p$$)$$^{62}$$Ti reaction at $$sim$$200 MeV/nucleon at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory and studied using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. The energies of the $$2_1^+ rightarrow 0_{rm gs}^+$$ and $$4_1^+ rightarrow 2_1^+$$ transitions, observed here for the first time, indicate a deformed Ti ground state. These energies are increased compared to the neighboring $$^{64}$$Cr and $$^{66}$$Fe isotones, suggesting a small decrease of quadrupole collectivity. The present measurement is well reproduced by large-scale shell-model calculations based on effective interactions, while ab initio and beyond mean-field calculations do not yet reproduce our findings.

Journal Articles

JENDL/ImPACT-2018; A New nuclear data library for innovative studies on transmutation of long-lived fission products

Kunieda, Satoshi; Furutachi, Naoya; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Ebata, Shuichiro*; Yoshida, Toru*; Nishihara, Kenji; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(12), p.1073 - 1091, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:50.57(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new nuclear data library, JENDL/ImPACT-2018, is developed for an innovative study on the transmutation of long-lived fission products. Nuclear reaction cross- sections are newly evaluated for incident neutrons and protons up to 200 MeV for 163 nuclides including long-lived nuclei such as $$^{79}$$Se, $$^{93}$$Zr, $$^{107}$$Pd and $$^{135}$$Cs. Our challenge is an evaluation of cross-sections for a number of unstable nuclei over a wide energy range where the experimental data are very scarce. We estimated cross- sections based on a nuclear model code CCONE that incorporates an advanced knowledge on the nuclear structure theory and a model-parameterization based on a new experimental cross-sections measured by the inverse kinematics. Through comparisons with available experimental data on the stable isotopes, it is found that the present data give predictions of cross-sections better than those in the existing libraries.

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout from $$^{54}$$Ca corroborates arising $$N=34$$ neutron magic number

Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:14.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nuclear structure of $$^{76}$$Ni from the ($$p$$,$$2p$$) reaction

Elekes, Z.*; Kripk$'o$, $'A$*; Sohler, D.*; Sieja, K.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(1), p.014312_1 - 014312_7, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:20.16(Physics, Nuclear)

The nuclear structure of the $$^{76}$$Ni nucleus was investigated by ($$p$$,$$2p$$) reaction using a NaI(Tl) array to detect the deexciting prompt $$gamma$$ rays. A new transition with an energy of 2227 keV was identified by $$gamma gamma$$ and $$gamma gamma gamma$$ coincidences. Our shell-model calculations using the Lenzi, Nowacki, Poves, and Sieja interaction produced good candidates for the experimental proton hole states in the observed energy region, and the theoretical cross sections showed good agreement with the experimental values. Although we could not assign all the experimental states to the theoretical ones unambiguously, the results are consistent with a reasonably large Z = 28 shell gap for nickel isotopes in accordance with previous studies.

Journal Articles

Local disorder in proton conductor BaSn$$_{0.5}$$In$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2.75}$$ analyzed by neutron diffraction/ atomic pair distribution function

Igawa, Naoki; Kodama, Katsuaki; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Yoshida, Yukihiko*; Matsukawa, Takeshi*; Hoshikawa, Akinori*; Ishigaki, Toru*

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 43(6), p.329 - 332, 2018/12

For the understanding of the crystal structural effect on the electrical properties, the local disorder in BaSn$$_{0.5}$$In$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2.75}$$ which is one of the excellent proton conductors for solid oxide fuel cells was estimated by using the Atomic Pair Distribution Function (PDF) analysis method with the neutron diffraction. The local structure is almost the same as the average structure which was estimated by the Rietveld analysis using the cubic crystal structure (space group, $${it Pm}$$$$overline{3}$$$${it m}$$) in the atomic distance range of ${it r}$ $$>$$ 6${AA}$. The PDF profile was fitted better using the tetragonal crystal structure with the space group of ${it P}$4/${it mmm}$ than those with $${it Pm}$$$$overline{3}$$$${it m}$$ in the range ${it r}$ $$<$$ 6${AA}$. Those results indicate the presence of the local disorder in the lattice. In this work, the relationship between the average and local structures of BaSn$$_{0.5}$$In$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2.75}$$ will be discussed.

Journal Articles

New precise measurement of muonium hyperfine structure interval at J-PARC

Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:12.61

Journal Articles

Time-of-flight elastic and inelastic neutron scattering studies on the localized 4d electron layered perovskite La$$_5$$Mo$$_4$$O$$_{16}$$

Iida, Kazuki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Mizuno, Yusuke*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Hoshikawa, Akinori*; Yoshida, Yukihiko*; Matsukawa, Takeshi*; Ishigaki, Toru*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(6), p.064803_1 - 064803_6, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Monte Carlo shell model studies with massively parallel supercomputers

Shimizu, Noritaka*; Abe, Takashi*; Homma, Michio*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Togashi, Tomoaki*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Toru*

Physica Scripta, 92(6), p.063001_1 - 063001_19, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:22.74(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:6.34

Journal Articles

Large trigonal-field effect on spin-orbit coupled states in a pyrochlore iridate

Uematsu, Daisuke*; Sagayama, Hajime*; Arima, Takahisa*; Ishikawa, Jun*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Takagi, Hidenori*; Yoshida, Masahiro*; Mizuki, Junichiro; Ishii, Kenji

Physical Review B, 92(9), p.094405_1 - 094405_6, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:31.54(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Model magnet development of D1 beam separation dipole for the HL-LHC upgrade

Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Sugano, Michinaka*; Xu, Q.*; Kawamata, Hiroshi*; Enomoto, Shun*; Higashi, Norio*; Idesaki, Akira; Iio, Masami*; Ikemoto, Yukio*; Iwasaki, Ruri*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4000505_1 - 4000505_5, 2015/06

Recently, development of superconducting magnet system with high radiation resistance has been demanded for application in accelerator facilities such as CERN LHC. In order to realize superconducting magnet system with high radiation resistance, it is necessary to develop electrical insulator with high radiation resistance because the electrical insulator is made of organic materials whose radiation resistance is inferior to that of inorganic materials. We developed a glass fiber reinforced plastic with bismaleimide-triazine resin. The developed material showed excellent radiation resistance; the material evolved gases of 5$$times$$10 $$^{-5}$$mol/g and maintained flexural strength of 640MPa (90% of initial value).

Journal Articles

Measurement of the displacement cross-section of copper irradiated with 125 MeV protons at 12 K

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshiie, Toshimasa*; Yoshida, Makoto*; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Sakamoto, Masaaki*; Kuriyama, Yasutoshi*; Uesugi, Tomonori*; Ishi, Yoshihiro*; Xu, Q.*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 458, p.369 - 375, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:44.75(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To validate Monte Carlo codes for the prediction of radiation damage in metals irradiated by $$>$$100 MeV protons, defect-induced electrical resistivity changes of copper related to the displacement cross-section were measured with 125 MeV proton irradiation at 12 K. The cryogenic irradiation system was developed with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler to cool the sample via an oxygen-free high-conductivity copper plate by conduction cooling. The sample was a copper wire with a 250$$mu$$m diameter and 99.999% purity sandwiched between two aluminum nitride ceramic sheets. The resistivity increase did not change during annealing after irradiation below 15 K. The experimental displacement cross-section for 125 MeV irradiation shows similar results to the experimental data for 1.1 and 1.94 GeV. Comparison with the calculated results indicated that the defect production efficiency in Monte Carlo codes gives a good quantitative description of the displacement cross-section in the energy region $$>$$ 100 MeV.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2014)

Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Aoki, Kazufumi; Okamoto, Akiko; Kawakami, Takeshi; Kume, Nobuhide; Nakanishi, Chika; Koie, Masahiro; Kawamata, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-048, 69 Pages, 2015/02

JAEA-Review-2014-048.pdf:13.91MB

JAEA was assigned as a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national government and/or local governments in case of disaster responses or response in the event of a military attack, etc. In order to fulfill the tasks, the JAEA has established the Emergency Action Plan and the Civil Protection Action Plan. In case of a nuclear emergency, NEAT dispatches specialists of JAEA, supplies the national government and local governments with emergency equipment and materials, and gives technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various exercises and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response institutions of the national and local governments, police, fire fighters, self-defense forces, etc. in addition to the JAEA itself. The NEAT also researches nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and cooperates with international organizations. In the FY2013, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Technical support activities as a designated public institution in cooperation with the national and local governments, etc. (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency response personnel for the national and local governments, etc. (3) Researches on nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and sending useful information (4) International contributions to Asian countries on nuclear disaster preparedness and response in collaboration with the international organizations

Journal Articles

Nature of isomerism in exotic sulfur isotopes

Utsuno, Yutaka; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Yoshida, Toru*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*

Physical Review Letters, 114(3), p.032501_1 - 032501_5, 2015/01

AA2014-0621.pdf:0.23MB

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:16.28(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In usual even-even nuclei, $$0^+_1$$, $$2^+_1$$, $$4^+_1cdots$$ states are known to be connected via strong $$E2$$ transitions. The recently observed $$4^+_1$$ state in the neutron-rich nucleus $$^{44}$$S has a strongly hindered $$E2$$ transition to the $$4^+_1$$ state. We report the origin of this strong hindrance in this paper. While shell-model calculations reproduce the hindrance, their many-body wave functions are too complicated for one to understand the nature. In this study, we introduce a novel method to obtain wave functions in the intrinsic frame by performing the variation after angular-momentum projection. The $$0^+_1$$, $$2^+_1$$ states are dominated by the usual $$K=0$$ state, whereas for the $$4+$$ level the $$K=4$$ state is lower than $$K=0$$ state, which causes the $$E2$$ hindrance. We also account for similar $$E2$$ hindrance in $$^{43}$$S in this framework. The $$4^+$$ level is the lightest-mass high-$$K$$ isomer ever found.

Journal Articles

Bipartite magnetic parent phases in the iron oxypnictide superconductor

Hiraishi, Masatoshi*; Iimura, Soshi*; Kojima, Kenji*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Miao, P.*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; Torii, Shuki*; Miyazaki, Masanori*; et al.

Nature Physics, 10(4), p.300 - 303, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:78 Percentile:3.52(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

New result in the production and decay of an isotope, $$^{278}$$113 of the 113th element

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Yoneda, Akira*; Tanaka, Kengo*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(10), p.103201_1 - 103201_4, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:126 Percentile:2.53(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

An isotope of the 113th element, $$^{278}$$113, was produced in a nuclear reaction with a $$^{70}$$Zn beam on a $$^{209}$$Bi target. We observed six consecutive $$alpha$$ decays following the implantation of a heavy particle in nearly the same position in the semiconductor detector, in extremely low background condition. The fifth and sixth decays are fully consistent with the sequential decays of $$^{262}$$Db and $$^{258}$$Lr both in decay energies and decay times. This indicates that the present decay chain consisted of $$^{278}$$113, $$^{274}$$Rg (Z = 111), $$^{270}$$Mt (Z = 109), $$^{266}$$Bh (Z = 107), $$^{262}$$Db (Z = 105), and $$^{258}$$Lr (Z = 103) with firm connections. This result, together with previously reported results from 2004 and 2007, conclusively leads the unambiguous production and identification of the isotope $$^{278}$$113, of the 113th element.

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulic calculation for simplified fuel assembly of super fast reactor using two-fluid model analysis code ACE-3D

Nakatsuka, Toru; Misawa, Takeharu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Takase, Kazuyuki

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2012/00

In the present paper, thermal-hydraulic behavior in a simplified fuel assembly of the supercritical water cooled fast reactor (Super Fast Reactor) was analyzed with the three-dimensional two-fluid model analysis code ACE-3D. The analytical geometry simulates a 19-rod assembly, which is one of the most simplified geometry of the SCWR fuel assembly and includes three kinds of different subchannel types; (1) adjoining to the channel box, (2): next to type (1), and (3): located inside types (1) and (2). It was confirmed that the MCST satisfies a thermal design criteria to ensure fuel and cladding integrity.

Journal Articles

New-generation of Monte Carlo shell model for the K computer era

Shimizu, Noritaka*; Abe, Takashi*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Toru*; Mizusaki, Takahiro*; Homma, Michio*; Otsuka, Takaharu*

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2012(1), p.01A205_1 - 01A205_27, 2012/00

AA2012-0119.pdf:1.74MB

 Times Cited Count:85 Percentile:4.45(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

153 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)