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Journal Articles

Sorption of Cs$$^{+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ ions onto sedimentary rock in the presence of gamma-irradiated humic acid

Zhao, Q.*; Saito, Takeshi*; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Sasaki, Takayuki*

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 428, p.128211_1 - 128211_10, 2022/04

The influence of humic acid and its radiological degradation on the sorption of Cs$$^{+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ by sedimentary rock was investigated to understand the sorption process of metal ions and humic substances. Aldrich humic acid (HA) solution was irradiated with different doses of gamma irradiation using a Co-60 gamma-ray source prior to the contact between the metal ions and the solid sorbent. The HA molecule decomposed to smaller molecules with a lower complexation affinity. Batch sorption experiments were performed to evaluate the effect of gamma-irradiated HA on the sorption of Cs$$^{+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ ions. The addition of non-irradiated HA weakened the sorption of Eu because of the lower sorption of the neutral or negatively charged Eu-HA complexes compared with free Eu ions. The sorption of monovalent Cs ions was barely affected by the presence of HA and its gamma irradiation. The concentration ratio of HA complexed species and non-complexed species in the solid and liquid phases was evaluated by sequential filtration and chemical equilibrium calculations. The ratios supported the minimal contribution of HA to Cs sorption. However, the concentration ratio for Eu$$^{3+}$$ in the liquid phase was high, indicating that the complexing ability of HA to Eu$$^{3+}$$ was higher than that of HA to Cs$$^{+}$$ ions. Therefore, the sorption of free Eu$$^{3+}$$ would predominate with the gamma irradiation dose applied to the HA solution under a radiation field near the HLW package.

Journal Articles

Coordination number regulation of molybdenum single-atom nanozyme peroxidase-like specificity

Wang, Y.*; Jia, G.*; Cui, X.*; Zhao, X.*; Zhang, Q.*; Gu, L.*; Zheng, L.*; Li, L. H.*; Wu, Q.*; Singh, D. J.*; et al.

Chem, 7(2), p.436 - 449, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:99.48(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Characteristic analysis on generativity of staffs in nuclear power plant in decommissioning project

Zhao, Q.*; Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Kobayashi, Shigeto*; Hashimoto, Takashi*

Chishiki Kyoso (Internet), 9, p.III 1_1 - III 1_9, 2019/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Coexistence of ferromagnetic and stripe-type antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in YFe$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$

Wo, H.*; Wang, Q.*; Shen, Y.*; Zhang, X.*; Hao, Y.*; Feng, Y.*; Shen, S.*; He, Z.*; Pan, B.*; Wang, W.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 122(21), p.217003_1 - 217003_5, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:35.62(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of program for improving generativity of staffs in nuclear power plant

Zhao, Q.*; Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Kobayashi, Shigeto*; Hashimoto, Takashi*

Chishiki Kyoso (Internet), 8, p.V 13_1 - V 13_2, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Searching for observable effects induced by anomalous triangle singularities

Liu, X.-H.*; Oka, Makoto; Zhao, Q.*

Physics Letters B, 753, p.297 - 302, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:78 Percentile:98.95(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We investigate the anomalous triangle singularity (ATS) and its possible manifestations in various processes. We show that the ATS should have important impact on our understanding of the nature of some newly observed threshold states. Discussions on how to distinguish the ATS phenomena from genuine dynamic pole structures are presented.

Journal Articles

Diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Li(Zn,Mn)P with decoupled charge and spin doping

Deng, Z.*; Zhao, K.*; Gu, B.; Han, W.*; Zhu, J. L.*; Wang, X. C.*; Li, X.*; Liu, Q. Q.*; Yu, R. C.*; Goko, Tatsuo*; et al.

Physical Review B, 88(8), p.081203_1 - 081203_5, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:66 Percentile:92.87(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Anisotropic two-dimensional electron gas at the LaAlO$$_{3}$$/SrTiO$$_{3}$$ (110) interface

Annadi, A.*; Zhang, Q.*; Renshaw Wang, X.*; Tuzla, N.*; Gopinadhan, K.*; L$"u$, W. M.*; Roy Barman, A.*; Liu, Z. Q.*; Srivastava, A.*; Saha, S.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 4, p.1838_1 - 1838_7, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:84 Percentile:94.96(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Plasma boundary and first-wall diagnostics in ITER

Pitcher, C. S.*; Andrew, P.*; Barnsley, R.*; Bertalot, L.*; Counsell, G. G.*; Encheva, A.*; Feder, R. E.*; Hatae, Takaki; Johnson, D. W.*; Kim, J.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415(Suppl.1), p.S1127 - S1132, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Nitration activates tyrosine toward reaction with the hydrated electron

Shi, W.-Q.*; Fu, H.-Y.*; Bounds, P. L.*; Muroya, Yusa*; Lin, M.; Katsumura, Yosuke*; Zhao, Y.-L.*; Chai, Z.-F.*

Radiation Research, 176(1), p.128 - 133, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:19.48(Biology)

3-Nitrotyrosine (3-NT) has been reported as an important biomarker of oxidative stress and potential source of reactive oxygen species (ROSs). In this work, the UV-visible absorption spectra of the transients formed by hydrated electron (e$$_{rm aq}$$$$^{-}$$) reacting with 3-NT and its derivatives were investigated, the spectra showed many characteristics of aromatic nitro anion radical. The reaction rate constants of e$$_{rm aq}$$$$^{-}$$ reacting with 3-NT, N-acetyl-3-nitrotyrosine ethyl ester (NANTE) and nitrotyrosine-containing peptide Gly-nitroTyr-Gly at neutral pH were determined, respectively, which were almost two orders of magnitude higher than that of tyrosine and tyrosine-containing peptides. The pH-dependence of e$$_{rm aq}$$$$^{-}$$ decay rate constants in presence of 3-NT was also studied.

Journal Articles

Magnetic resonance studies of defects in electron-irradiated ZnO substrates

Son, N. T.*; Ivanov, I. G.*; Kuznetsov, A. Yu.*; Svensson, B. G.*; Zhao, Q. X.*; Willander, M.*; Morishita, Norio; Oshima, Takeshi; Ito, Hisayoshi; Isoya, Junichi*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 401-402, p.507 - 510, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:18.97(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Defects in electron-irradiated (3, 6 MeV) ZnO substrates were investigated using optical detection of magnetic response (ODMR). The shallow donor and the Zn vacancy were detected. In addition, several ODMR centers with S=$$frac{1}{2}$$ were also observed. Among these, LU3 and LU4 shows a behavior as recombination centers. After annealing at 400$$^{circ}$$C, both LU3 and LU4 still remain in ZnO substrates.

Journal Articles

Recombination centers in as-grown and electron-irradiated ZnO substrates

Son, N. T.*; Ivanov, G.*; Kuznetsov, A.*; Svensson, B. G.*; Zhao, Q. X.*; Willander, M.*; Morishita, Norio; Oshima, Takeshi; Ito, Hisayoshi; Isoya, Junichi*; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 102(9), p.093504_1 - 093504_5, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:55.33(Physics, Applied)

Optical detection of magnetic resonance (ODMR) was performed to investigate defects in ZnO irradiated with 3 MeV electrons at room temperature. As a result, the Zn vacancy and some other centers were detected by ODMR. The Zn vacancy and two other centers whish are labeled as LU3 and LU4, were also commonly observed in different types of as-grown ZnO. Therefore, it can be concluded that the both LU3 and LU4 might be related to intrinsic defects, and they act as dominating recombination centers in irradiated and as-grown ZnO.

Journal Articles

Experimental progress on zonal flow physics in toroidal plasmas

Fujisawa, Akihide*; Ido, Takeshi*; Shimizu, Akihiro*; Okamura, Shoichi*; Matsuoka, Keisuke*; Iguchi, Harukazu*; Hamada, Yasuji*; Nakano, Haruhisa*; Oshima, Shinsuke*; Ito, Kimitaka*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(10), p.S718 - S726, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:90 Percentile:95.56(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Present status of experiments on zonal flows is overviewed. Innovative use of modern diagnostics has revealed the existence of zonal flows, their spatio-temporal characteristics, their relationship with turbulence, and their effects on confinement. Particularly a number of observations have been accumulated on the oscillatory branch of the zonal flow, dubbed as geodesic acoustic modes suggesting necessity of theories to give their proper description. Several new methods have elucidated the zonal flow generation processes from the turbulence. Further investigation of relationship between the zonal flows and confinement is strongly encouraged as cross-device activity.

Journal Articles

Experimental progress on zonal flow physics in toroidal plasmas

Fujisawa, Akihide*; Ido, Takeshi*; Shimizu, Akihiro*; Okamura, Shoichi*; Matsuoka, Keisuke*; Hamada, Yasuji*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Shinohara, Koji; Nakano, Haruhisa*; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2007/03

Present status of experiments on zonal flows is overviewed. Innovative use of traditional and modern diagnostics has revealed unambiguously the existense of the zonal flows, their spatio-temporal caracteristics, their relationship with turbulence, and their effects on confinement. Particularly, a number of observations have been accumulated on the oscillatory branch of zonal flows, dubbed geodesic acoustic modes, suggesting necessity of theories to give their proper description. Furthur investigation of relationship between zonal flows and confinement is strongly encouraged as cross-device activity.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on $$K$$$$_{alpha}$$ X-ray emission from intense femtosecond laser-solid interactions

Xu, M. H.*; Chen, L.-M.; Li, Y.-T.*; Yuan, X.-H.*; Liu, Y.-Q.*; Nakajima, Kazuhisa; Tajima, Toshiki; Wang, Z.-H.*; Wei, Z.-Y.*; Zhao, W.*; et al.

Acta Physica Sinica, 56(1), p.353 - 358, 2007/01

The characteristics of $$K$$$$_{alpha}$$ X-ray sources generated by p-polarized femtosecond laser-solid interactions are experimentally studied in the relativistic regime. By use of knife-edge image technique and a single-photon-counting X-ray CCD camera, we obtain the source size, the spectrum and the conversion efficiency of the $$K$$$$_{alpha}$$ X-ray sources. The experimental results show that the conversion efficiency of $$K$$$$_{alpha}$$ photons reaches an optimum value 7.08$$times$$10$$^{-6}$$/sr at the laser intensity of 1.6$$times$$10$$^{18}$$W/cm$$^{2}$$, which is different from the Reich's simulation results. We find that about 10% of laser energy is converted into the forward hot electrons at the laser intensity of 1.6$$times$$10$$^{18}$$W/cm$$^{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Nucleation and growth in bulk metallic glass under high pressure investigated using ${it in situ}$ X-ray diffraction

Wang, W. H.*; Wen, P.*; Zhao, D. Q.*; Pan, M. X.*; Okada, Taku; Utsumi, Wataru

Applied Physics Letters, 83(25), p.5202 - 5204, 2003/12

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:60.28(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Melting and crystallization of Nd$$_{60}$$Al$$_{10}$$Fe$$_{20}$$Co$$_{10}$$ bulk metallic glass under high pressure

Zhao, D. Q.*; Pan, M. X.*; Wang, W. H.*; Wei, B. C.*; Okada, Taku; Utsumi, Wataru

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 15(50), p.L749 - L753, 2003/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:34.04(Physics, Condensed Matter)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of pressure on nucleation and growth in the ZrTiCuNiBe bulk glass forming alloy investigated using in situ X-ray diffraction

Wang, W. H.*; Okada, Taku; Wen, P.*; Wang, X. L.*; Pan, M. X.*; Zhao, D. Q.*; Utsumi, Wataru

Physical Review B, 68(18), p.184105_1 - 184105_6, 2003/11

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:78.59(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Formation and crystallization of CuZrHfTi bulk metallic glass under ambient and high pressures

Wang, Z. X.*; Zhao, D. Q.*; Pan, M. X.*; Wang, W. H.*; Okada, Taku; Utsumi, Wataru

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 15(35), p.5923 - 5932, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:73.13(Physics, Condensed Matter)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Field tests on migration of TRU-nuclide, 2; Migration test for engineered barrier materials in aerated soil

Maeda, Toshikatsu; Tanaka, Tadao; Mukai, Masayuki; Ogawa, Hiromichi; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Munakata, Masahiro; Matsumoto, Junko; Kozai, Naofumi; Bamba, Tsunetaka; Fan, Z.*; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 2(3), p.336 - 341, 2003/09

no abstracts in English

25 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)