Hayashi, Takao; Sakurai, Shinji; Sakasai, Akira; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Kono, Wataru*; Onawa, Toshio*; Matsukage, Takeshi*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 101, p.180 - 185, 2015/12
Remote pipe welding tool accessing from inside pipe has been newly developed for JT-60SA. Remote handling (RH) system is necessary for the maintenance and repair of in-vessel components such as lower divertor cassettes in JT-60SA. Cooling pipes, which connects between the divertor cassette and the vacuum vessel with bellows are required to be cut and welded in the vacuum vessel by RH system. The available space for RH system is very limited inside the vacuum vessel, especially around the divertor cassettes. Thus, the cooling pipes are required to be cut and weld from the inside in the vacuum vessel. The inner diameter, thickness and material of the cooling pipe are 54.2 mm, 2.8 mm and SUS316L, respectively. An upper pipe connected to the divertor cassette has a jut on the edge to fill the gap between pipes. Owing to the jut and two-times welding, the welding tool achieved the maximum allowable gap of 0.7 mm.
Ferro, A.*; Gaio, E.*; Novello, L.*; Matsukawa, Makoto; Shimada, Katsuhiro; Kawamata, Yoichi; Takechi, Manabu
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1053 - 1057, 2015/10
Lampasi, A.*; Zito, P.*; Coletti, A.*; Novello, L.*; Matsukawa, Makoto; Shimada, Katsuhiro; Burini, F.*; Kuate-Fone, Y.*; Taddia, G.*; Tenconi, S.*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1098 - 1102, 2015/10
Zito, P.*; Lampasi, A.*; Coletti, A.*; Novello, L.*; Matsukawa, Makoto; Shimada, Katsuhiro; Cinarelli, D.*; Portesine, M.*; Dorronsoro, A.*; Vian, D.*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1191 - 1196, 2015/10
Maistrello, A.*; Gaio, E.*; Novello, L.*; Matsukawa, Makoto; Yamauchi, Kunihito
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1109 - 1112, 2015/10
Novello, L.*; Baulaigue, O.*; Coletti, A.*; Dumas, N.*; Ferro, A.*; Gaio, E.*; Lampasi, A.*; Maistrello, A.*; Matsukawa, Makoto; Shimada, Katsuhiro; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1122 - 1126, 2015/10
Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Natsume, Kyohei; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koide, Yoshihiko; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Takahata, Kazuya*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1094 - 1097, 2015/10
Current feeder and Coil Terminal Box (CTB) for the superconducting magnets for JT-60SA were designed. Copper busbar from power supply is connected to the High Temperature Superconductor Current Lead (HTS CL), which is installed on the vacuum vessel called CTB. The superconducting current feeder is connected to the cold end of HTS CL, and is led to main cryostat for magnets. Trial manufacturing of crank shaped feeder to reduce the thermal stress was performed. The small tool which can connect soldering joint with vertical direction was developed. Insulation materials made by manufacturing condition showed sufficient shear stress. Since the all manufacturing process concerned was confirmed, the production of current feeder and CTB can be started.
Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Wakai, Eiichi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.2138 - 2141, 2015/10
In the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF), a back plate of the target assembly will be exchanged during the in-service period. During the works, the lithium components will react chemically with the surrounding atmosphere. In this research, the chemical reaction of lithium in air, oxygen and nitrogen containing variable humidity at room temperature has been investigated to estimate the chemical reaction during the exchange works.
Saigusa, Mikio*; Oyama, Gaku*; Matsubara, Fumiaki*; Takii, Keita*; Sai, Takuma*; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.577 - 582, 2015/10
A wideband polarizer has been developed for an ECCD system in JT-60SA. The groove depth of the mirrors installed in miter bends were optimized for two frequencies (110 GHz and 138 GHz) by numerical simulations. All surfaces of Poincare spheres were covered at both of the frequencies in low power test. The thermal stress of polarizer were estimated by the numerical simulations. The twister polarizer has been tested up to 0.24 MW during 3 s at 110 GHz.
Tsuru, Daigo; Sakurai, Shinji; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; Ozaki, Hidetsugu; Seki, Yohji; Yokoyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Satoshi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1403 - 1406, 2015/10
Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Seki, Yohji; Mori, Kensuke; Yokoyama, Kenji; Escourbiac, F.*; Hirai, Takeshi*; Kuznetsov, V.*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1281 - 1284, 2015/10
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is now devoting to development of Full-W ITER divertor outer vertical target (OVT), especially, PFU that needs to withstand the repetitive heat load as high as 20MW/m. JAEA have succeeded in demonstrating that the soundness of a bonding technology is sufficient for the full-W ITER divertor. For the development of bonding technology, the load carrying capability test on the W monoblock with a leg attachment to an OVT support structure was carried out and shows that the attachment can withstand against the uniaxial load more than 20 kN which is three times higher than the IO requirement. JAEA manufactured 6 small-scale mock-ups and tested under the repetitive heat load of 10 and 20 MW/m to examine the durability of the divertor structure including W tile bonding and the cooling tube. All of the mock-ups could survived 5000 cycles at 10 MW/m and 1000 cycles 20 MW/m with no failure such as debonding of the W tile and water leak from the cooling tube. The number of cycles at 20 MW/m is three times longer than the requirement of ITER divertor.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1796 - 1799, 2015/10
Hydrophobic platinum catalysts have been widely applied in the field of nuclear fusion for the exchange reactions of hydrogen isotopes between hydrogen and vapor in the water detritiation system, and for the oxidation of tritium on the atmospheric detritiation system. Hydrophobic platinum catalysts are hardly susceptible to water mist and water vapor. Hydrophobic platinum catalysts are produced by supporting platinum directly on hydrophobic polymer beads. For the hydrophobic polymer, styrene - divinyl benzene (SDB) has been applied in Japan. It can be pointed out that the upgrade in catalytic activity of hydrophobic catalyst is expected to downsize the catalytic reactor based on a hard look at a large increase in flow rate in future. The upgrade in catalytic activity of two types of commercial Pt/SDB catalysts was found when they were irradiated with electron beams. After irradiation with electron beams, the catalytic activity was evaluated by means of overall reaction rate constant for the oxidation of tritium. The overall reaction rate constant increased as increase in dose. The constant showed the peak value in the dose between 500 to 1000 kGy. After the peak, the constant decreased as increase in dose. The overall reaction rate constant at the peak was 6 times larger than that evaluated with unirradiated. The mechanical strength of irradiated Pt/SDB kept sound until 1500 kGy. The irradiation is a promising method to the upgrading in catalytic activity of Pt/SDB catalyst.
Takechi, Manabu; Matsunaga, Go; Sakurai, Shinji; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Yagyu, Junichi; Hoshi, Ryo*; Kawamata, Yoichi; Kurihara, Kenichi; JT-60SA Team; Nishikawa, T.*; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.985 - 988, 2015/10
Isobe, Kanetsugu; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Oyaizu, Makoto; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Suzuki, Takumi; Yamada, Masayuki; Edao, Yuki; Kurata, Rie; Hayashi, Takumi; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1792 - 1795, 2015/10
Activities on Broader Approach (BA) were started in 2007 on the basis of the Agreement between the Government of Japan and the EURATOM. The period of BA activities consist of Phase1 and Phase2 dividing into Phase 2-1 (2010-2011), Phase 2-2 (2012-2013) and Phase 2-3 (2014-2016). Tritium technology was chosen as one of important R&D issues to develop DEMO plant. R&D activities of tritium technology on BA consist of four tasks. Task-1 is to prepare and maintain the tritium handling facility in Rokkasho BA site in Japan. Task 2, 3 and 4 are main R&D activities for tritium and these are focused on: Task-2) Development of tritium accountancy technology, Task-3) Development of basic tritium safety research, Task-4) Tritium durability test. R&D activities of tritium technology in Phase 2-2 were underway successfully and closed in 2013.
Shibama, Yusuke; Okano, Fuminori; Yagyu, Junichi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Hayakawa, Atsuro*; Sagawa, Keiich*; Mochida, Tsutomu*; Morimoto, Tamotsu*; Hamada, Takashi*; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1614 - 1619, 2015/10
The JT-60SA vacuum vessel (150 tons) is a double wall torus structure and the maximum major radius of 5.0 m and height of 6.6 m. The manufacturing design concept is that the vessel is split in the 10 toroidal sectors manufactured at factory, and assembled on-site; seven of the 40-degree sectors, two of the 30-degree beside final one, and the final of the 20-degree. The final sector is assembled with the VV thermal shield and toroidal field magnets into the 340-degree as prepared in one sector. Sectors are temporally fitted on-site and adjusted one over the other before the assembly. After measurement of the dimensions and the reference, these sectors are transferred onto the cryostat base. First, three 80-degree sectors are manufactured with mating each 40-degree sector by direct joint welding. The rest sectors including the final sector are jointed with splice plates. Welding manipulator and its guide rails are used for these welding. In this paper, the detail of the VV sectors assembly including the final sector is explained. Welding technologies to joint the two of 40-degree sectors are reported with the present manufacturing status and the welding trial on the vertical stub with the partial mock-up of the final sector are discussed with the assembly process.
Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Hashimoto, Yasunori*; Kitazawa, Sin-iti; Yatsuka, Eiichi; Hatae, Takaki; Sugie, Tatsuo; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Takeuchi, Masaki; Kawano, Yasunori; Itami, Kiyoshi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.1012 - 1016, 2015/10
Japan Domestic Agency (JADA) is responsible for six diagnostic systems in the ITER project. We have successfully developed an instrumentation and control (I&C) system for the diagnostic systems. The I&C system manages internal operations for measurement such as health checks of sensors, configuration of measurement parameters, and consistency checks between measurement parameters. We developed a conversion tool to convert operational flowcharts to EPICS records. The sequencing management function coordinates the execution of operation steps by monitoring changes in the record values. It was designed so that the relationship between the records and steps is determined automatically according to the flowcharts as much as possible. We validated the performance of the I&C system for the thermocouple measurement system, and are continuing the development of even more complex I&C systems for other JADA diagnostic systems.
Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Grisham, L. R.*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Yamamoto, Takashi*; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.616 - 619, 2015/10
In JT-60 Super Advanced for the fusion experiment, 22A, 100s negative ions are designed to be extracted from the world largest ion extraction area of 450 mm 1100 mm. One of the key issues for producing such as high current beams is to improve non-uniform production of the negative ions. In order to improve the uniformity of the negative ions, a tent-shaped magnetic filter has newly been developed and tested for JT-60SA negative ion source. The original tent-shaped filter significantly improved the logitudunal uniformity of the extracted H ion beams. The logitudinal uniform areas within a 10 deviation of the beam intensity were improved from 45% to 70% of the ion extraction area. However, this improvement degrades a horizontal uniformity. For this, the uniform areas was no more than 55% of the total ion extraction area. In order to improve the horizontal uniformity, the filter strength has been reduced from 660 Gasuscm to 400 Gasuscm. This reduction improved the horizontal uniform area from 75% to 90% without degrading the logitudinal uniformity. This resulted in the improvement of the uniform area from 45% of the total ion extraction areas. This improvement of the uniform area leads to the production of a 22A H ion beam from 450 mm 1100 mm with a small amount increase of electron current of 10%. The obtained beam current fulfills the requirement for JT-60SA.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1788 - 1791, 2015/10
Demonstration power reactors require advanced tritium breeders that have high stability at high temperatures. Therefore, an original material of LiTiO with excess Li (LiTiO) as an advanced tritium breeder that can make up to the lithium loss has been proposed. Furthermore, The author has been developing a technique of fabricating LiTiO pebbles using the emulsion method. Considering the tritium release characteristics and the packing factor of the blanket, the desired pebble diameter and grain size after sintering were 1 mm and 5 m, respectively. To prevent the grain growth of pebbles, calcined LiTiO pebbles were sintered in a vacuum atmosphere at 1073 K for 3 h and in a 1%H-He atmoshere at 1323K for 5 h. The average grain size on the surfaces and cross sections of the sintered LiTiO pebbles was 5 m. In addition, the diameter of sintered LiTiO pebbles was 1.07 mm.
Nakamichi, Masaru; Kim, Jae-Hwan
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1838 - 1842, 2015/10
Advanced neutron multipliers with high stability at high temperatures are desired for the pebble bed blankets of DEMO reactors. Beryllium intermetallic compounds (beryllides) are the most promising material for this purpose. To fabricate the beryllide pebbles, a new granulation process has been established that combines a plasma sintering method for beryllide synthesis and a rotating electrode method using a plasma-sintered electrode for granulation. In granulation examinations, prototypic pebbles 1 mm in diameter of Be-V beryllide as well as Be-Ti beryllide were successfully fabricated. This study performed not only granulation of binary beryllides but also its characterization of the hydrogen generation reaction with water vapor compared with those of pure Be pebbles.
Ozawa, Kazumi; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Morisada, Yoshiaki*; Fujii, Hidetoshi*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.2054 - 2057, 2015/10
Reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steel, as typified by F82H, is a promising candidate for structural material of DEMO fusion reactors. To prevent plasma sputtering, tungsten (W) coating was essentially required. This study aims to examine the irradiation effects on hardness and microstructure of vacuum-plasma-spray coated W-F82H steel, with a special emphasis on the impacts of grain-refining induced by frictional stir processing (FSP). It was revealed that the hardness of the VPS-FSP W after ion-irradiation to 5.4 dpa at 800C were not remarkably changed, where bulk W usually exhibited significant irradiation hardening.