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Journal Articles

Spatial distribution of radionuclides in seabed sediments off Ibaraki coast after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Nagaoka, Mika; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Fujita, Hiroki; Nakano, Masanao; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Sumiya, Shuichi

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1305 - 1308, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:12.68(Chemistry, Analytical)

Various kinds of radionuclides were released into the atmosphere and the sea from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant on Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) by the accident and then reached around our laboratories. Therefore the accident influence on our environment was investigated to measure the concentrations of cesium-134 ($$^{134}$$Cs), cesium-137 $$^{137}$$Cs, strontium-90 ($$^{90}$$Sr) and plutonium isotopes in seabed sediments. The values for $$^{137}$$Cs ranged from 6.1 to 300 Bq/kg (dry wt) and the ratio of $$^{134}$$Cs /$$^{137}$$Cs ranged from 0.48 to 0.77. The highest point of $$^{137}$$Cs concentration was observed at the northernmost station near Kitaibaraki City and the concentration was similar to report by MEXT.

Journal Articles

Mechanism of $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption and $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution from zirconium-based material in $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc generator column using neutron-irradiated natural molybdenum

Awaludin, R.*; Gunawan, A. H.*; Lubis, H.*; Sriyono*; Herlina*; Mutalib, A.*; Kimura, Akihiro; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Tanase, Masakazu*; Ishihara, Masahiro

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1481 - 1483, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:34.97(Chemistry, Analytical)

In this study, the $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption and $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution mechanism were investigated using SEM-EDS to analyze the elemental composition of the material surfaces before Mo adsorption, after Mo adsorption and after $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution using saline solution. The results were compared with the value of adsorption capacity of the material to irradiated natural Mo and elution yield of $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc. From the changes of elemental composition in the surface, it was found that molybdate ions were adsorbed into the adsorbent by ion exchange with Cl$$^{-}$$ ion in the material. On the other hand, it was also revealed that $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc can be eluted from the material column in TcO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$ since oxidizing agent was needed in the elution process.

Journal Articles

Determination of $$^{129}$$I in the Accumulated radioactive water and processing water of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Shimada, Asako; Sakatani, Keiichi; Kameo, Yutaka; Takahashi, Kuniaki

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1137 - 1140, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:53.75(Chemistry, Analytical)

Accumulated radioactive water and processing water were sampled from back and forth of the Accumulated radioactive water processing facility (ARWPF) at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) to estimate the radioactivity of the secondary waste such as zeolite and sludge adsorbed radioactive material. Separation method of I$$^{-}$$ from the radioactive materials using solid phase extractant, Anion-SR, was developed, and the concentration of $$^{129}$$I in the accumulated water and processing water was determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry including dynamic reaction cell (DRC-ICP-MS).

Journal Articles

A Passive collection system for whole size fractions in river suspended solids

Matsunaga, Takeshi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Nishimura, Shusaku; Koarashi, Jun; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Sato, Tsutomu*; Nagao, Seiya*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1291 - 1295, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:53.75(Chemistry, Analytical)

An innovative, yet simple method for the passive collection of radioactive materials in river water has been developed and validated. The method employes large filter vessels, containing multiple cartridge filters. River water is led to the system naturally using a drop of the riverbed by hose from upstream. This method makes long-term, unmanned monitoring possible. In addition to regular radioactivity analyses, this method provides an opportunity for the characterization of suspended materials based on its ample collection quantities (more than several tens of grams). This method may also be applicable to sediment-bound chemicals.

Journal Articles

Characterization on the radioactive aerosols dispersed during plasma arc cutting of radioactive metal piping

Shimada, Taro; Tanaka, Tadao

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1345 - 1349, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:81.41(Chemistry, Analytical)

In order to understand the production and dispersion behavior of radioactive aerosols during dismantling of nuclear facilities, plasma arc cutting experiments were conducted. Particle size distribution of the aerosols was obtained by sampling air into ELPI which could classify particles into 12 stages of 50% cutoff aerodynamic diameter ranging from 0.007 to 9.9 $$mu$$m. $$^{60}$$Co specific radioactivity of diameter 0.05 $$mu$$m during cutting of surface contaminated piping indicated the maximum value of approximately 2.7E+4 Bq/g which was fifty times as much as the average value of all of aerosols. That of 9.9$$mu$$m was approximately 100 Bq/g which was the eighth part of the average value. Compared with those for the activated piping, the difference of specific radioactivity between maximum and minimum values were larger in contaminated piping. It is considered that contaminants on the piping were directly melted and vaporized by plasma arc and then condensed into smaller particles.

Journal Articles

Cesium adsorption ability and stability of metal hexacyanoferrates irradiated with $$gamma$$-rays

Arisaka, Makoto; Watanabe, Masayuki; Ishizaki, Manabu*; Kurihara, Masato*; Chen, R.*; Tanaka, Hisashi*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1543 - 1547, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:34.97(Chemistry, Analytical)

The influence of irradiation with $$gamma$$-rays to metal hexacyanoferrate (MHCF: M = Fe, Cu or Ni), which is known as an adsorbent for selective adsorption of cesium (Cs) ion in solution, on Cs adsorption ability and stability was investigated in HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions. Under the adsorbed dose conditions (50-300 kGy), it was found that the MHCF is fully stable although the radiolytic decomposition of MHCF was slightly observed with an increase of the total adsorbed dose, which was confirmed by an increment of Fe, Cu or Ni concentration in HNO$$_{3}$$ solution after the irradiation. The weight percent of the metal in the solution to initial weight of MHCF was less than unity. Moreover, no change in composition of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen in MHCF was observed. On the other hand, the distribution coefficients of Cs to the irradiated MHCF were independent of the total adsorbed dose. This indicates that the Cs adsorption ability was maintained under $$gamma$$-ray irradiation.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{rm 95m}$$Tc for Compton camera imaging

Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Nagai, Yasuki; Tanimori, Toru*; Sonoda, Shinya*; Kabuki, Shigeto*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1283 - 1285, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:66.76(Chemistry, Analytical)

Technetium-99m ($$^{rm 99m}$$Tc) is used in radioactive medical diagonostic tests, for example as a radioactive tracer that medical equipment can detect in the human body. It is well suited to the role because it emits readily detectable 141 keV $$gamma$$ rays, and its half-life is 6.01 hours (meaning that about 94% of it decays to technetium-99 in 24 hours). There are at least 31 commonly used radiopharmaceuticals based on technetium-99m for imaging and functional studies of the brain, myocardium, thyroid, lungs, liver, gallbladder, kidneys, skeleton, blood, and tumors. Recent years, with the develop-ment of the Compton camera which can realize high position resolution, technetium isotopes emitting high energy $$gamma$$-rays are required. In this study, technetium-95m which emits some $$gamma$$ rays around 800 keV was produced by the $$^{95}$$Mo(p,n)$$^{rm 95m}$$Tc reaction.

Journal Articles

Lutetium-177 complexation of DOTA and DTPA in the presence of competing metals

Watanabe, Satoshi; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Ishioka, Noriko

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1519 - 1521, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:43.49(Chemistry, Analytical)

As basic studies of bifunctional chelating agent for $$^{177}$$Lu-labeled antibodies, $$^{177}$$Lu complexation of DOTA and DTPA was investigated by the addition of competing metals, Ca(II), Fe(II) and Zn(II). From comparison of competing metals, the inhibition by competing metals on the $$^{177}$$Lu complexation was in the order of Ca(II) $$<$$ Fe(II) $$<$$ Zn(II) and Ca(II) $$<$$ Zn(II) $$<$$ Fe(II) as DOTA and DTPA, respectively. For comparison between DOTA and DTPA, the susceptibility to the inhibition on $$^{177}$$Lu complexation by all the three competing metals was DTPA $$<$$ DOTA. Therefore, it was found that DTPA is advantageous for $$^{177}$$Lu complexation compared with DOTA in the presence of Ca(II), Fe(II) and Zn(II), and that the elimination of Fe from $$^{177}$$Lu solution is especially effective because the $$^{177}$$Lu complexation of DTPA is highly inhibited by Fe(II).

Journal Articles

$$alpha$$-radiation effect on solvent extraction of minor actinide

Sugo, Yumi; Sasaki, Yuji; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Ishioka, Noriko

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1381 - 1384, 2015/02

 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Development of a He/CdI$$_{2}$$ gas-jet system coupled to a surface-ionization type ion-source in JAEA-ISOL; towards determination of the first ionization potential of Lr (Z = 103)

Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Sato, Nozomi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Miyashita, Sunao*; Kaneya, Yusuke; Osa, Akihiko; Sch$"a$del, M.; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1253 - 1257, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:43.49(Chemistry, Analytical)

We have developed a surface-ionization ion-source coupled to the He/CdI$$_2$$ gas-jet transport system for the Isotope Separator On-Line (ISOL) at the JAEA tandem accelerator for experimental determination of the first ionization potential of lawrencium (Lr, $$Z = 103$$). We performed to ionize a short-lived Lr isotope and various lanthanide isotopes. We successfully observed mass-separated ions of $$^{256}$$Lr by using our present system at the first time. The first ionization potential of Lr was evaluated based on a correlation between of effective ionization potential and ionization efficiency of short-lived lanthanide isotopes in our system.

Journal Articles

Electrochemical behavior of americium in NaCl-2CsCl melt

Hayashi, Hirokazu; Akabori, Mitsuo; Minato, Kazuo

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1331 - 1334, 2015/02

 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

Electrochemical behavior of Am in NaCl-2CsCl melt at 823 K was investigated by transient electrochemical techniques such as cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. The results show that Am(III) ion is reduced to Am metal by a two-step mechanism via Am(II) ion. Formal standard potential of Am(III)/Am(II) and that of Am(II)/Am(0) redox couples have been determined to be -2.73 and -2.97 V vs Cl$$_2$$/Cl$$^-$$, respectively.

Journal Articles

Extraction of astatine isotopes for development of radiopharmaceuticals using a $$^{211}$$Rn-$$^{211}$$At generator

Maeda, Eita*; Yokoyama, Akihiko*; Taniguchi, Takumi*; Washiyama, Koshin*; Nishinaka, Ichiro

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1465 - 1468, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:34.97(Chemistry, Analytical)

The $$^{211}$$At isotope has gathered attention as a promising $$alpha$$-emitter for radionuclide therapy. We report the dependence of the distribution ratio of astatine on the concentration of HCl, and on the polarity of the organic solvent. The results will be useful for development of the $$^{211}$$Rn-$$^{211}$$At generator.

Journal Articles

Optical properties of tetravalent uranium complexes in non-aqueous media

Aoyagi, Noboru; Watanabe, Masayuki; Kirishima, Akira*; Sato, Nobuaki*; Kimura, Takaumi

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1095 - 1098, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:66.76(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Selected spectroscopic results on element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1185 - 1190, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:28.02(Chemistry, Analytical)

Thirty correlated $$alpha$$-decay chains of element 115 were observed, which were consistent with previous observations interpreted as the decay chain of $$^{288}$$115. GEANT4 Monte-Carlo simulations were performed to reproduce high-resolution $$alpha$$-photon coincidence results, which allows one to propose Q$$_{alpha}$$ values and excitation schemes of the superheavy nuclei with unprecedented precision.

Oral presentation

Production and utilization of radioactive astatine isotopes in the $$^7$$Li + $$^{nat}$$Pb reaction

Nishinaka, Ichiro; Yokoyama, Akihiko*; Washiyama, Koshin*; Amano, Ryohei*; Maeda, Eita*; Yamada, Norihiro*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Watanabe, Shigeki; Ishioka, Noriko; et al.

no journal, , 

Production cross sections of astatine in 29-57 MeV $$^7$$Li + $$^{nat}$$Pb have been measured by $$alpha$$- and $$gamma$$-ray spectrometry. Excitation functions of production cross sections have been compared with a statistical model calculation to study the reaction mechanism of the $$^7$$Li + $$^{nat}$$Pb reaction. It indicates that the breakup of $$^$$Li plays a rule in the $$^7$$Li + $$^{nat}$$Pb reaction. Besides, we have developed a dry-distillation method which separates carrier-free astatine from an irradiated lead target.

Oral presentation

Luminescence spectroscopy of uranium complexes in non-aqueous media

Aoyagi, Noboru; Watanabe, Masayuki; Kirishima, Akira*; Sato, Nobuaki*; Kimura, Takaumi

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Development of $$^{99}$$Mo-$$^{99m}$$Tc domestic production with high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets by (n,$$gamma$$) reaction

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Tanase, Masakazu*; Shiina, Takayuki*; Ota, Akio*; Kobayashi, Masaaki*; Morikawa, Yasumasa*; Yamamoto, Asaki*; Kaminaga, Masanori; Kawamura, Hiroshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Solvent extraction of hexavalent Mo and W using 4-isopropyltropolone (Hinokitiol) for seaborgium (Sg) reduction experiment

Miyashita, Sunao; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Kaneya, Yusuke; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.

no journal, , 

Solvent extraction of $$^{93m}$$Mo and $$^{176}$$W using 4-isopropyltropolone (Hinokitiol, HT) was investigated. Extraction mechanism of Mo and W with HT was examined by slope analysis. The slopse of the distribution ratio of Mo and W vs. [HT] in logarithmic scale are 1.88 and 1.54, respectively.

Oral presentation

Flow electrolysis of actinide ions utilizing electrocatalysis

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

no journal, , 

Flow electrolysis enables the exhaustive redox reaction rapidly even the electrochemically irreversible reaction such as reduction of actinide (V) ions. The flow electrolysis cell with platinized glassy carbon fiber working electrode which acts as electrocatalyst is effective to decrease overpotentials of reduction of Np(V) and Pu(V). A rapid and precise method for the preparation of U, Np and Pu ions of a desired oxidation state was proposed by taking advantage of the electrocatalytic reaction.

Oral presentation

Electrode reaction of actinide ions in a weak acidic solution

Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Kimura, Takaumi

no journal, , 

Electrode reactions of U(VI) in weak acid solution are different from those in acid solution. Electrolysis of U(VI) can produce UO$$_{2}$$ fine crystal, not hydrolyzed U(IV). The formed UO$$_{2}$$ is easily deposited on an electrode and is electrode active.

36 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)