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Journal Articles

Swift heavy ion irradiation effects in nanocrystalline gold

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Iwase, Akihiro*; Ishikawa, Norito; Kobiyama, Mamoru*; Inami, Takashi*; Kambara, Tadashi*; Okuda, Shigeo*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 245(1), p.171 - 175, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:30.44(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have studied effects of irradiation with energetic particles on defect accumulation in nanocrystalline gold (nano-Au). The specimens of nano-Au foil (3-5 $$mu$$m thickness) with various grain sizes (23-156 nm) are prepared by the gas deposition method and subsequent thermal annealings. Irradiations of the specimens with 60-MeV $$^{12}$$C ions, 3.54-GeV $$^{136}$$Xe ions or 2.0-MeV electrons are performed at low temperature. The defect accumulation behavior is observed by measuring the electrical resistivity change during irradiation. Through an analysis of defect accumulation behavior, cross-sections for defect production, $$sigma$$$$_{d}$$, and annihilation, $$sigma$$$$_{r}$$, in nano-Au increase monotonically as the grain size decreases. These results are considered to be caused by the existence of a large volume fraction of the regions near grain boundaries in nano-Au where the threshold energy for atomic displacements, E$$_{d}$$, becomes lower than in polycrystalline gold. The possibility of electronic excitation effects in nano-Au is also discussed.

Journal Articles

Effects of swift heavy ion irradiation on magnetic properties of Fe-Rh alloy

Fukuzumi, Masafumi*; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Ishikawa, Norito; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Takagaki, Masafumi*; Mizuki, Junichiro; Ono, Fumihisa*; Neumann, R.*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 245(1), p.161 - 165, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:22.34(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have performed swift heavy ion irradiations in Fe-50at.%Rh alloys at room temperature. Before and after the irradiations, the magnetic properties and the lattice structure are measured using Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) and X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD), respectively. We have also performed X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism (XMCD) measurement near the Fe K-edge at the synchrotron radiation facility, SPring-8, to examine the irradiation-induced ferromagnetic state near the specimen surface. We have found that the swift heavy ion irradiations induce the ferromagnetic state in Fe-50at.%Rh alloy below the antiferromagnetism-ferromagnetism transition temperature of the unirradiated alloy and the lattice expasion by 0.3%. For the specimens irradiated with swift heavy ions, we observe the XMCD spectra correponding to ferromagnetisim, which depend on the mass of irradiating ions and/or irradiation fluence. Effects of energy loss through electronic excitation and elastic collisions on lattice and magnetic structures of Fe-Rh alloy are discussed.

Journal Articles

Observation of ion-irradiation induced diffusion in Pd-Si system using synchrotron radiation X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Iwase, Akihiro*; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Ishikawa, Norito; Nakatani, Rikizo*; Kato, Yuzaburo*; Fukuzumi, Masafumi*; Tsuchida, Hidetsugu*; Baba, Yuji

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 245(1), p.141 - 144, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Diffusion of Si atoms in Pd under energetic ion irradiation is studied in Pd-Si thin layer system using synchrotron radiation photoemission spectroscopy. Specimens are prepared by depositing Pd on Si single crystals. The Pd layer thicknesses are 10-300 nm. Before irradiation, we observe photoemission spectra only for Pd, but do not find any trace of Si. After irradiation with 3-MeV Si ions, 1-MeV O ions or 200-MeV Xe ions, we observe an additional photoemission component at the binding energy about 3 eV higher than that of Si 1s bulk component. The experimental result implies that the energetic ion-irradiation induces the diffusion of Si atoms from the Si-Pd interface to the Pd layer surface. The shift of the binding energy from the value for the Si bulk can be interpreted as arising from electron charge transfer from Si to Pd. The dependences of photoemission spectra and ion-irradiation induced diffusion on ion-species and ion-fluence are discussed.

Journal Articles

Effect of high-energy ion irradiation on magnetic properties in Fe-Pt invar alloys

Ono, Fumihisa*; Kanamitsu, Hiroaki*; Matsushima, Yasushi*; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Ishikawa, Norito; Kambara, Tadashi*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 245(1), p.166 - 170, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:64.34(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Specimens of both ordered and disordered Fe-28.3at.%Pt alloys were irradiated with 200-MeV Xe ions to the fluence of 10$$^{14}$$ ions/cm$$^{2}$$. Measurements of AC-susceptibility-temperature curves were made for each specimen before and after the irradiation by using a specially designed apparatus for rapid measurements. In contrast to the expectation from the previous results for Fe-Ni alloys, in disordered Fe-Pt invar alloy the Curie temperature, T$$_{C}$$ decreased about 15 K by the irradiation. This fact cannot be explained by considering the lattice expansion effect alone. In Fe-Pt invar alloys the effect of lattice expansion may be cancelled out by some other effects which may be originated from the large difference in atomic mass between the two elements. For ordered Fe-Pt alloy, T$$_{C}$$ decreased as large as 60 K with the same fluence. The value of T$$_{C}$$ for both ordered and disordered Fe-Pt invar alloys coincide with each other after the irradiation. This fact can be explained by considering that the ordered state becomes disordered by the irradiation.

Journal Articles

Microstructure and atomic disordering of magnesium aluminate spinel irradiated with swift heavy ions

Yamamoto, Tomokazu*; Shimada, Mikio*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Matsumura, Sho*; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Ishikawa, Norito

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 245(1), p.235 - 238, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:35.92(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have investigated the microstructure change and atomic disordering process in magnesium aluminate spinel, MgO ${it n}$Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ with ${it n}$=1.1 and 2.4, irradiated with swift heavy ions of 200-MeV Xe$$^{14+}$$ and 350-MeV Au$$^{28+}$$. Transmission electron microscopy techniques of bright-field (BF) and high-resolution (HR) imaging, as well as high angular resolution electron channeling X-ray spectroscopy (HARECXS) are employed in quantitative analysis of irradiation-induced structural change. Ion tracks show columnar dark contrast of 4-7 nm in diameter at the incident surface in BF images. Strong strain contrast often arises among plural ion tracks formed closely. Clear lattice fringes are observed in HR images even inside the ion tracks. It indicates that the spinel crystals are not amorphized but partially disordered along the ion tracks. Quantitative HARECXS analysis shows that cation disordering progresses with ion fluence. It is revealed that the disordered regions are extended over 12$$pm$$2 nm in diameter along the ion tracks.

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