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Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron spectra produced in the forward direction from thick graphite, Al, Fe and Pb targets bombarded by 350 MeV protons

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Taniguchi, Shingo*; Nakao, Noriaki*; Itoga, Toshio*; Nakamura, Takashi*; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Yamakawa, Hiroshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.789 - 792, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:45.27(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Neutron energy spectra produced from thick targets play an important role in validation of calculation codes that are employed in the design of spallation neutron sources and the shielding design of accelerator facilities. However, appropriate experimental data were scarce in the forward direction for the incident energy higher than 100 MeV. In this study, neutron spectra at 0 degree from thick targets bombarded with 350 MeV protons were measured by the time-of-flight technique using an NE213. The targets used were graphite, Al, Fe and Pb and their thicknesses were chosen to be a little thicker than the stopping lengths. The experiment was carried out at the TOF course of the RCNP (Research Center of Nuclear Physics) ring cyclotron, Osaka University. The flight path length between center of the target and of an NE213 were 11.4 m for the measurement of low energy neutrons and 95 m for high energy neutrons. The experimental data are compared with the calculated results by using the Monte Carlo transport codes, such as MCNPX and PHITS codes.

Journal Articles

Minor actinide neutron capture cross-section measurements with a 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Osa, Akihiko; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Oshima, Masumi; Igashira, Masayuki*; Osaki, Toshiro*; Harada, Hideo*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.767 - 770, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:45.27(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In order to measure the neutron capture cross section of minor actinides, we have proposed the use of a 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer. A Time-of-Flight neutron beam line for the experiment has been constructed at the KURRI electron LINAC. The assembling of the 4$$pi$$ Ge spectrometer is in progress. We are also developing a new data acquisition system based on a digital processing technique.

Journal Articles

J-PARC and new era of science

Oyama, Yukio

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.548 - 552, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:59.81(Instruments & Instrumentation)

High Intensity Proton Accelerator Project promoted jointly by Japan Atomic Energy research Institute (JAERI) and High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), named as J-PARC was started on April 1, 2001. The project was merged from the projects promoted by the both institutes, called Neutron Science Project and Japan Hadron Project, respectively. The accelerator complex of J-PARC consists of three accelerators: 400 MeV Linac, 3 GeV rapid cycle synchrotron and 50 GeV synchrotron, and four major experimental facilities: Material & Life Science Facility, Nuclear & Particle Physics (Hadron) Facility, Neutrino Facility and Nuclear Transmutation Experiment Facility. The present construction phase, Phase-I, excludes nuclear transmutation facility. The accelerators will be completed in 2007 with 200 MeV Linac, and an operation will start. The Neutrino facility will be completed in 2008 and the 200-400 MeV Linac will be constructed in 2008-2010.

Journal Articles

Advanced design of high-intensity beam transport line in J-PARC

Sakamoto, Shinichi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Harada, Masahide; Konno, Chikara; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Kai, Tetsuya; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.638 - 641, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.29(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Materials and Life Science Facility of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is an experimental facility where neutron and muon beams are provided as powerful probes. They are generated with high-intensity proton beam supplied through a 3-GeV proton beam transport (3NBT) line. Its beam optics and components were designed to transport the proton beam of large emittance with extremely low loss rate. The 3NBT accommodates an intermediate target that causes large beam loss. The scheme of the cascade target system was carefully devised to overcome difficulties due to high radiation.

Journal Articles

Measurements of deuteron-induced activation cross-sections for IFMIF accelerator structural materials

Nakao, Makoto*; Hori, Junichi*; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kubota, Naoyoshi; Sato, Satoshi; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Ishioka, Noriko; Nishitani, Takeo

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.785 - 788, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:84.38(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Activation cross sections for deuteron-induced reactions on aluminum, iron, copper, tantalum and tungsten were measured by using stacked-foil method. The stacked-foils were irradiated with deuteron beam at the AVF cyclotron in TIARA facility, JAERI. We obtained the activation cross-sections for $$^{27}$$Al(d,x)$$^{22,24}$$Na, $$^{nat}$$Fe(d,x)$$^{55,56}$$Co, $$^{nat}$$Cu(d,x)$$^{61}$$Cu, $$^{nat}$$Cu(d,x)$$^{62}$$Zn, $$^{nat}$$Ta(d,x)$$^{178,180}$$Ta and $$^{nat}$$W(d,x)$$^{181,183}$$Re in 20-40MeV region. These cross-sections were compared with other experimental ones and the data in the ACSELAM library calculated by the ALICE-F code.

Journal Articles

Design optimization of ADS plant proposed by JAERI

Saito, Shigeru; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kurata, Yuji; Sasa, Toshinobu; Umeno, Makoto*; Nishihara, Kenji; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Ouchi, Nobuo; Takei, Hayanori; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.646 - 649, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:82.37(Instruments & Instrumentation)

JAERI is conducting R&D on the Accelerator Driven System (ADS) to transmute minor actinides (MAs) contained in the high-level radioactive waste under the OMEGA (Options Making Extra Gains from Actinides and fission products) program. The present study discusses the design of the ADS plant and various R&D on the ADS. The reference design of ADS plant in JAERI is the 800 MWth, Pb-Bi eutectic (LBE) cooled, tank-type subcritical reactor loaded with (MA+Pu) nitride fuel. LBE is selected as a spallation target material. In our results of the optimization study on the neutronics of the ADS, we have adopted the maximum multiplication factor (k$$_{eff}$$) of 0.97. From the results of the thermal-hydraulic analysis around the LBE spallation target, partition wall and flow control nozzle are required to keep the structural integrity around the core and the beam window. Feasibility of beam window was also discussed for transient conditions of proton beam.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the 3-Gev proton beam profile at the spallation target of the JSNS

Meigo, Shinichiro; Noda, Fumiaki*; Ishikura, Shuichi*; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.569 - 572, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:73.49(Instruments & Instrumentation)

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