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Journal Articles

Effect of B-site randomness on the antiferroelectric/relaxor nature of the ground state; Inelastic X-ray scattering study of Pb(In$$_{1/2}$$Nb$$_{1/2}$$)O$$_{3}$$

Owada, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Mizuki, Junichiro; Hirota, Kazuma*; Terauchi, Hikaru*; Tsutsui, Satoshi*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; Owa, Hidehiro*; Yasuda, Naohiko*

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(3), p.2509 - 2514, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.07(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Pb(In$$_{1/2}$$Nb$$_{1/2}$$)O$$_{3}$$ (PIN) can be antiferroelectric (AFE), ferroelectric (FE) or a relaxor depending upon the perovskite B-site randomness. Orderd PIN (O-PIN, without B-site randomness) is supposed to be an ideal system of lead-based complex perovskite Pb(B'B'')O$$_{3}$$ and expected to give us a clear picture of the AFE/relaxor nature of the ground state by the B-site randomness. We studied the dynamics of O-PIN by inelastic X-ray scattering. The quasielastic (QE) scattering shows the critical slowing down and the transverse acoustic (TA) mode shows the softening towards $$T_{rm N}$$. On the other hand, the transverse optic (TO) mode shows the softening toward low temperature with no clear anomaly at $$T_{rm N}$$. These results represent that the antiferroelectric (AFE) phase transition is associated with the TA and the origin of the QE scattering, while ferroelectric correlation does exist behind the AFE ordering. The effect of B-site randomness is finally discussed on the basis of the results.

Oral presentation

Local structure analysis of Li-substituted NaNbO$$_3$$

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Ohashi, Takayuki*; Aoyagi, Rintaro*

no journal, , 

NaNbO$$_3$$ is a ${it AB}$O$$_3$$ perovskite ferroelectric materials and has antiferroelectric orthorhombic structure at room temperature. Li-substituted NaNbO$$_3$$ crystals show different phase transition sequence though have the same average structure. The purpose of this work was to clarify the local structures of Li-substituted NaNbO$$_3$$ and to elucidate the mechanism of the ferroelectric phase transitions. A local structure analysis was carried out using the X-ray pair-distribution function (PDF) obtained from high-energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction. A clear difference in the local structures of Li-substituted NaNbO$$_3$$ was found. The difference in the ferroelectric phase transition can be explained by the local environment around the ${it A}$-site atoms.

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