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Journal Articles

Development of neutron-monitor detector using liquid organic scintillator coupled with $$^{6}$$Li+ZnS(Ag) sheet

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Endo, Akira; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Fumiaki

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 110(1-4), p.255 - 261, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:50.39(Environmental Sciences)

For monitoring of neutron doses in high-energy accelerator facilities, we have developed a neutron-monitor detector applicable to energies from the thermal energy to 100 MeV. The detector is composed of a cylindrical (12.7 cm in diameter and 12.7 cm in length) liquid organic scintillator BC501A covered with $$^{6}$$Li+ZnS(Ag) sheets. Characteristics of this phoswitch-type detector were studied experimentally in moderated neutron fields of $$^{241}$$Am-Be and $$^{252}$$Cf sources, and in quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields of 40 and 70 MeV. It was found from the experiments that the detector is enough sensitive to both thermal and fast neutrons, and has an excellent property of pulse-shape discrimination between them. We concluded, therefore, that the detector can be used for monitoring of neutron doses over a wide energy range from the thermal to 100 MeV.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of spectrum changeable neutron calibration fields in JAERI/FRS

Saegusa, Jun; Tanimura, Yoshihiko; Yoshizawa, Michio; Yoshida, Makoto

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 110(1-4), p.91 - 95, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.41(Environmental Sciences)

For the accurate estimation of neutron dose equivalents, it is important to calibrate dosemeters in the field whose energy spectrum is similar to that in the workplace. For the purpose, studies are made toward the built of the spectrum changeable neutron calibration fields with the Van-de-Graff accelerator in the FRS in JAERI. The fields are produced by bombarding proton or deuteron beam from the accelerator to suitable targets surrounded by quasi-cylindrical moderators and absorbers of various materials. In the fields, neutron spectra with wide range energy index should be provided with sufficient fluence rate for the calibration of dosemeters. The objectives and conceptual design of the fields are discussed here, followed by the test simulation results of neutron spectra produced by various arrangements of a target and moderators.

Journal Articles

Construction of 144, 565 keV and 5.0 MeV monoenergetic neutron calibration fields at JAERI

Tanimura, Yoshihiko; Yoshizawa, Michio; Saegusa, Jun; Fujii, Katsutoshi; Shimizu, Shigeru; Yoshida, Makoto; Shibata, Yasunari*; Uritani, Akira*; Kudo, Katsuhisa*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 110(1-4), p.85 - 89, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:76.6(Environmental Sciences)

Mono-energetic neutron calibration fields have been developed at the Facility of Radiation Standards (FRS) of JAERI using 4MV Van-de-Graaff (Pelletron) accelerator. The fields of 144 keV, 565 keV and 5.0 MeV neutrons were constructed with estimating neutron energy spectra and establishing the traceability of reference neutron fluence.

Journal Articles

Neutron spectra and angular distributions of concrete-moderated neutron calibration fields at JAERI

Yoshizawa, Michio; Tanimura, Yoshihiko; Saegusa, Jun; Nemoto, Hisashi*; Yoshida, Makoto

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 110(1-4), p.81 - 84, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.41(Environmental Sciences)

The facility of Radiation Standards (FRS) of JAERI has equipped with the concrete-moderated neutron calibration fields as simulated workplace neutron fields. The fields use an Am-Be (37GBq) neutron source placed in the narrow space surrounded by concrete wall and bricks to produce scattered neutrons. The neutron spectra of the fields were measured with Bonner multi-sphere spectrometer system (BMS), spherical recoil-proton proportional counters (RPCs), and a liquid scintillation counter (NE-213). The results were compared with each other, and the neutron spectra and the ambient dose equivalent rate, ${it H}$$$^{*}$$(10), were agreed well within the uncertainty. The angular distributions of neutron fluence were calculated by the MCNP-4B2 Monte Carlo code to obtain the reference personal dose equivalent rate, ${it H}$$$_{p}$$(10). The calculated results show that the scattered neutrons have a wide variety of incident angles. The reference ${it H}$$$_{p}$$(10) values considered the angular distribution were found to be 10-18% smaller than those without consideration.

Journal Articles

Dose evaluation in criticality accident conditions using transient critical facilities fueled with a fissile solution

Nakamura, Takemi*; Tonoike, Kotaro; Miyoshi, Yoshinori

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 110(1-4), p.483 - 486, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.79(Environmental Sciences)

Dose measurement and evaluation technique in criticality accident conditions with a thermo luminescence dosimeter (TLD) was studied at the Transient Experiment Critical Facility (TRACY) of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). The tissue absorbed dose can be derived from the ambient dose equivalent given by measurement with a TLD using the conversion factor given by computation. Using this technique, the neutron dose around the SILENE reactor of the Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) of France was measured in the Accident Dosimetry Intercomparison Exercise (June 10-21, 2002) organized by OECD/NEA and IRSN. In this exercise, the $$gamma$$ dose was also measured with a TLD. In this report, measurements and evaluation results at TRACY and SILENE are presented.

Journal Articles

Criticality Dosimetry Program in JNC Dosimetry in the SILENE Criticality Accident Dosimetry Intercomparison Exercise

Mikami, Satoshi; Tsujimura, Norio

9th Symposium on Neutron Dosimetry(NEUDOS9), IV-05, 88 Pages, 2003/00

None

Journal Articles

Characteristics of the JNC Workplace Simulated Neutron Fields using$$^{252}$$Cf Surrounded with Cylindrical Moderators

Tsujimura, Norio; Yoshida, T.; Kanai, K.

I-16,36P, p.1 - 16, 2003/00

None

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