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Journal Articles

First demonstration of neutron resonance absorption imaging using a high-speed video camera in J-PARC

Kai, Tetsuya; Segawa, Mariko; Oi, Motoki; Hashimoto, Eiko; Shinohara, Takenao; Harada, Masahide; Maekawa, Fujio; Oikawa, Kenichi; Sakai, Takuro; Matsubayashi, Masahito; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.126 - 130, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:64.05(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The neutron resonance absorption imaging technique with a high-speed video camera was successfully demonstrated at the beam line NOBORU, J-PARC. We obtained a set of energy dependent images having enhanced contrast of sample foils around the resonance absorption energies of cobalt (132 eV), cadmium (28 eV), tantalum (4.3 and 10 eV), gold (4.9 eV) and indium (1.5 eV). The capability of this technique is discussed taking into account an absolute peak value and width of a resonance cross section, pulse width of neutron and quantity of sample material. The minimum quantities to perform the neutron absorption imaging with this technique are shown for most of elements.

Journal Articles

LiF crystals as high spatial resolution neutron imaging detectors

Matsubayashi, Masahito; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kato, Yoshiaki*; Yasuda, Ryo; Iikura, Hiroshi; Nojima, Takehiro; Sakai, Takuro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.90 - 94, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:51.85(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Neutron imaging by color center formation in LiF crystals was applied to standard samples such as a sensitivity indicator (SI) for neutron radiography. The SI was exposed to 5 mm pinhole collimated thermal neutron beam with a LiF crystal and a neutron imaging plate (NIP) for 120 min in JRR-3 thermal neutron radiography facility. The image in NIP was read out with a readout resolution of 50 $$mu$$m. The image of SI in LiF crystal was read out with pixel size of 1.38 $$mu$$m using a laser confocal microscope. All gaps were clearly observed in the images for both LiF crystal and NIP, but small holes were not recognized for NIP. The experiment showed that LiF crystals had excellent characteristics as neutron imaging detectors such as high sensitivity, high spatial resolution, wide dynamic range and so on. In the paper, detailed characteristics of LiF crystals are compared with those of other neutron imaging detectors: NIP, a combination of fluorescent converter and cooled CCD camera.

Journal Articles

Quantitative magnetic field imaging by polarized pulsed neutrons at J-PARC

Shinohara, Takenao; Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Suzuki, Junichi; Oku, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.121 - 125, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:89.1(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluations of the new LiF-scintillator and optional brightness enhancement films for neutron imaging

Iikura, Hiroshi; Tsutsui, Noriaki*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Katagiri, Masaki*; Kureta, Masatoshi; Kubo, Jun*; Matsubayashi, Masahito

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.100 - 104, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:56.4(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has developed the neutron scintillator jointly with Chichibu Fuji Co., Ltd. In this study, we evaluated the new ZnS(Ag):Al/$$^{6}$$LiF scintillator developed for neutron imaging. It was confirmed that the brightness increased by about double while maintaining equal performance for the spatial resolution as compared with a conventional scintillator. High frame-rate imaging using a high-speed video camera system and this new scintillator made it possible to image beyond 10000 frames per second while still having enough brightness. This technique allowed us to obtain a high-frame-rate visualization of oil flow in a running car engine. Furthermore, we devised a technique to increase the light intensity of reception for a camera by adding brightness enhancement films on the output surface of the scintillator. It was confirmed that the spatial resolution degraded more than double, but the brightness increased by about three times.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of water distribution in a small operating fuel cell using neutron color image intensifier

Yasuda, Ryo; Nitto, Koichi*; Konagai, Chikara*; Shiozawa, Masahiro*; Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Asano, Hitoshi*; Murakawa, Hideki*; Sugimoto, Katsumi*; Nojima, Takehiro; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.268 - 272, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:51.85(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Neutron radiography is one of useful tools to visualize water behavior in fuel cells under operation. In order to observe the detailed information about the water distribution in MEA and GDL in fuel cells, a high spatial resolution and high sensitivity neutron imaging system are required. We developed an imaging system using the neutron color imaging intensifier and continuously observed water distribution in operating a fuel cell. By using the system, a small type fuel cell under operation was continuously observed at the TNRF in every 20 sec. In the results, the water area was appeared from GDL and MEA, and expanded to the channel of the cathode side. On the other hand, voltage was gradually reduced with the operation time, and steeply dropped. It is considered that voltage drop was caused by blockage of gas flow due to the piling up water in the channel of the cathode side.

Journal Articles

Measurements of water distribution in through-plane direction of PEFC by using neutron radiography

Murakawa, Hideki*; Wada, Daisuke*; Sugimoto, Katsumi*; Asano, Hitoshi*; Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Yasuda, Ryo

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.286 - 289, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:60.25(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Visualization of dynamic 3-D water behavior in polymer electrolyte fuel cell by using neutron image intensifier

Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Asano, Hitoshi*; Sugimoto, Katsumi*; Murakawa, Hideki*; Hashimoto, Michinori*; Shindo, Noritaka*; Mochiki, Koichi*; Yasuda, Ryo

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 651(1), p.277 - 281, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:41.32(Instruments & Instrumentation)

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