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Journal Articles

Behaviors of high-burnup LWR fuels with improved materials under design-basis accident conditions

Amaya, Masaki; Udagawa, Yutaka; Narukawa, Takafumi; Mihara, Takeshi; Taniguchi, Yoshinori

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/10

Journal Articles

The Effect of final heat treatment at fabrication on the terminal solid solubility of hydrogen in Zry-4

Yamauchi, Akihiro*; Amaya, Masaki

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2018/10

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements on pre-hydrided cold worked, stress relieved and recrystallized Zry-4 cladding were performed in a temperature range between 50 and 600$$^{circ}$$C in order to elucidate the effect of final heat treatment at fabrication of Zircaloy-4 (Zry-4) cladding on the terminal solid solubility during the dissolution of zirconium hydrides at heating up (TSSD). Obtained DSC curves and Metallography indicate that the initial state of hydrides affects the dissolution behavior of hydride. The Arrhenius plots of the TSSD temperatures and hydrogen contents obtained from this study revealed that cold worked samples exhibited the largest TSSD and followed by stress relieved and recrystallized samples. The results of this study indicated that the difference in microstructure due to final heat treatment at fabrication of Zry-4 cladding affects the dissolution behavior of hydrides.

Journal Articles

Steam oxidation of silicon carbide at temperatures above 1600$$^{circ}$$C

Pham, V. H.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/10

Journal Articles

High temperature oxidation test of simulated BWR fuel bundle in steam-starved conditions

Yamazaki, Saishun; Pshenichnikov, A.; Pham, V. H.; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki; Tokushima, Kazuyuki*; Aomi, Masaki*; Sakamoto, Kan*

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2018/10

It is predictively evaluated that degradation of fuel assembly proceeded in a certain steam-starved condition at the early stage of a SA at 1F unit 2 (BWR). As for PWR fuel assembly, effective steam flow rate was properly indicated by normalizing to a unit of g-H$$_{2}$$O/sec/rod which is used as an important parameter for evaluating fuel degradation progression. Due to the inhomogeneous configuration of BWR fuel assembly, the difference of Zry oxidation and hydrogen uptake between the inside and outside of the channel box cannot be properly evaluated by this normalization. Instead of g-H$$_{2}$$O/sec/rod, proper evaluation unit for BWR configuration is necessary. To accumulate Zry oxidation and hydrogen uptake data for steam-starved conditions, high temperature oxidation tests were performed using a simulated BWR fuel bundle sample. The use of equivalent diameter of the cross section of BWR fuel assembly was proposed for normalization of effective steam flow rate.

Journal Articles

Corrosion behaviour of FeCrAl-ODS steels in nitric acid solutions with several temperatures

Takahatake, Yoko; Ambai, Hiromu; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Koizumi, Kenji; Sakamoto, Kan*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2018/10

The corrosion behaviour of FeCrAl-ODS steels for the accident tolerant fuel cladding of LWRs were investigated in nitric acid solutions for the reprocessing process of spent fuels. The corrosion tests were carried out at 60$$^{circ}$$C, 80$$^{circ}$$C and the boiling point of the solutions, and the specimens were then analysed by XPS. The corrosion remarkably progressed at the boiling point, and the highest corrosion rate was 0.22 mm/y. In the oxide film, the atomic concentration of Fe was lower, than that in the base material, and those of Cr and Al were higher. The results show that the corrosion of FeCrAl-ODS steels in hot nitric acid solution is not severe because of the high corrosion resistance of the oxide film formed on the material; hence, the corrosion resistance of the new cladding materials in the dissolution process of spent fuel is acceptable for reprocessing operations.

Journal Articles

OECD/NEA benchmark on pellet-clad mechanical interaction modelling with fuel performance codes; Impact of number of radial pellet cracks and pellet-clad friction coefficient

Dost$'a$l, M.*; Rossiter, G.*; Dethioux, A.*; Zhang, J.*; Amaya, Masaki; Rozzia, D.*; Williamson, R.*; Kozlowski, T.*; Hill, I.*; Martin, J.-F.*

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/10

Oral presentation

Japanese R&D program for establishing technical basis of accident tolerant fuel materials

Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ioka, Ikuo; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Kawanishi, Tomohiro; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Fukahori, Tokio; Nozawa, Takashi*; Watanabe, Seiichi*; Murakami, Nozomu*; Sato, Hisaki*; et al.

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