Hashimoto, Shintaro; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Niita, Koji*
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.258 - 261, 2014/05
Particle transport simulation codes based on the Monte Carlo technique are utilized to predict interaction of radiations with materials. The codes describe the transport of all particles, e.g. photons, electrons, nucleons, and heavy ions by various models for physical processes and nuclear reaction. In particular, nuclear reaction processes are essential parts for the accurate prediction. Recently, accelerator-based neutron sources using proton or deuteron beams with energies from 10 to 100 MeV come to be utilized for scientific and medical applications. For neutron source design, accurate description of neutron yields created by nuclear reactions is required in the simulation. However, the Intra-Nuclear Cascade type models used in most of the simulation codes are not enough to reproduce experimental data because of neglecting quantum mechanical effects. In this study, we combined the cascade type models and an event generator using the DWBA (Distorted Wave Born Approximation) calculation, which is a theoretical model based on quantum mechanics. We verified that the calculated results with the combination model can reproduce experimental data of neutron spectra in deuteron-induced reactions. We will also present the validity of the combination model for proton-induced reactions.
Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Uozumi, Yusuke*; Uehara, Haruhiko*; Nishizawa, Tomoya*; Mizuno, Takafumi*; Takamiya, Masanori*; Hashiguchi, Taro*; Satoh, Daiki; Sanami, Toshiya*; Koba, Yusuke*; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.303 - 306, 2014/05
Heavy ion cancer therapy has been increased by reason of its clinical advantages. During the treatment, the secondary particles such as neutron and -ray are produced by nuclear reactions of a heavy ion incidence on a nucleus in a patient body. Estimation of the secondary neutrons yields data is essential for assessment of radiation safety on both of workers and public in treatment facilities. We have measured the neutron yields from carbon ion incidence on carbon, nitrogen and oxygen targets in wide angular range from 15 to 90 with 100- and 290-MeV/u.
Kimura, Atsushi; Hirose, Kentaro; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Hideo; Hara, Kaoru; Hori, Junichi*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Kino, Koichi*; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.150 - 153, 2014/05
Nakamura, Shoji; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitatani, Fumito; Ota, Masayuki; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Goko, Shinji*; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Hirose, Kentaro; Kin, Tadahiro*; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.143 - 146, 2014/05
We have started the measurements of the neutron-capture cross sections for stable Pd nuclei as well as the radioactive Pd. The neutron-capture cross-section measurements by the time-of flight method were performed using an apparatus called "Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument (ANNRI)" installed at the neutron Beam Line No.4 of the Materials and Life science experimental Facility (MLF) in the J-PARC. The neutron-capture cross sections of Pd and Pd have been measured in the neutron energy range from thermal to 300 eV. Some new information was obtained for resonances of these Pd nuclei.
Chiba, Satoshi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Makii, Hiroyuki; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ishii, Tetsuro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hashimoto, Shintaro; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.229 - 232, 2014/05
Harada, Hideo; Ota, Masayuki; Kimura, Atsushi; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hirose, Kentaro; Hara, Kaoru; Kin, Tadahiro*; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nakamura, Shoji; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.61 - 64, 2014/05
Hori, Junichi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Nakamura, Shoji; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Hirose, Kentaro; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.128 - 131, 2014/05
In this work, we measured the capture rays from the neutron resonances of Se and Se. A neutron time-of-flight method was adopted for the measurements with a 4 Ge spectrometer installed at the Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction measurement Instrument (ANNRI) in the J-PARC Material and Life science experimental Facility (MLF). The -ray pulse-height spectra corresponding to the 27-eV resonance of Se and the 113-, 212-, 291-, 342-, 690- and 864-eV resonances of Se were obtained by gating on the TOF regions, respectively. The relative intensities of those primary transitions were derived and compared with the previous experimental data. For the 27-eV resonance of Se, a strong primary transition to the 293-keV state was observed. As for Se, the quite differences of the decay pattern were found between the resonances.
Hirose, Kentaro; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hara, Kaoru; Harada, Hideo; Hori, Junichi*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kin, Tadahiro*; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.48 - 51, 2014/05
Makii, Hiroyuki; Ota, Shuya*; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Chiba, Satoshi*; Igashira, Masayuki*
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.361 - 364, 2014/05
Anti-Compton LaBr(Ce) spectrometers have been installed at JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator facility in order to measure the rays from the highly excited states produced by surrogate reactions. Each spectrometer consists of a central LaBr(Ce) detector with a diameter of 10.2 cm and a length of 12.7 cm, and an annular BGO detector with a thickness of 2.5 cm and a length of 25.4 cm. In this contribution, we will present the results of performance test using the standard ray source and high-energy rays from the Al(p,)Si reaction, and a measurement plan for (n,) cross sections using a surrogate reaction at JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator facility.
Kondo, Takeo*; Utsunomiya, Hiroaki*; Goriely, S.*; Iwamoto, Chihiro*; Akimune, Hidetoshi*; Yamagata, Tamio*; Toyokawa, Hiroyuki*; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; Lui, Y.-W.*; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.310 - 313, 2014/05
Kitatani, Fumito; Harada, Hideo; Takamine, Jun; Kureta, Masatoshi; Seya, Michio
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.505 - 509, 2014/04
Feasibility study of neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) has been started to quantify nuclear materials in particle-like debris of melted fuel formed in severe accidents of nuclear reactor such as Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants. The achievable measurement accuracy was examined by NRTA using a linear absorption model for the sample in which substances other than nuclear fuel materials, such as boron, were contained. In this study, boron and iron were considered to be contained in spent nuclear fuel as impurities. The neutron flight path is 5 m, that is the length between the neutron source and a neutron detector. Neutron absorption spectra were calculated using the total neutron absorption cross-section by JENDL-4.0. The absorption spectra together with their errors were evaluated. The achievable accuracy of Pu isotopic density was deduced as a function of neutron intensity and impurity density. This research was supported by JSGO/MEXT.
Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Takamine, Jun; Kureta, Masatoshi; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Iimura, Hideki; Seya, Michio; Becker, B.*; Kopecky, S.*; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.502 - 504, 2014/04
Kunieda, Satoshi; Kawano, Toshihiko*; Paris, M.*; Hale, G. M.*; Shibata, Keiichi; Fukahori, Tokio
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.250 - 253, 2014/04
Oxygen is one of the most important materials in nuclear applications. However, there are big discrepancies among experimental and evaluated data in O() cross section. Also, there are increasing demands for giving uncertainties in evaluated cross section to estimate the margin of integral calculations. We analyzed experimental cross sections with R-matrix theory, and estimated cross sections with their uncertainties. In this analysis, not only the neutron but also an inverse reactions were included. The systematic uncertainties were also considered for each measurement. The resulting cross sections and uncertainties mirror both experimental and theoretical knowledges.
Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Terada, Kazushi*
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.246 - 249, 2014/04
Gamma-ray Strength Function (GSF) is one of the important components to understand capture reaction process by fast neutrons. The GSF is directly determined by measured data of photonuclear reaction. However, information of the GSF below neutron Binding Energy (BE) is not obtained from those data. In order to fix the GSF below the BE, it is effective to use measured spectrum of -rays emitted by neutron capture reaction. In this work GSF was evaluated by using -ray spectra and cross sections of neutron capture reactions for stable Pd isotopes and cross sections of photonuclear reaction for natural Pd. Theoretical analysis was performed by nuclear reaction calculation code CCONE. As a result, we derived GSF which reproduced the both data simultaneously. The cross section and -ray spectrum for Pd calculated on the basis of the GSF show a good agreement with the recently measured data. The cross section decreases from that of JENDL-4.0 by 8% in the keV energy region.
Konno, Chikara; Ochiai, Kentaro; Takakura, Kosuke; Sato, Satoshi
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.450 - 452, 2014/04
KERMA (Kinematic Energy Release in Material) factors are used as response data in order to obtain nuclear heating in nuclear analyses. These data are not directly included in nuclear data libraries and they in ACE (A Compact ENDF) files for the Monet Carlo radiation transport code MCNP are deduced from cross section data for all the reactions in nuclear data libraries with the NJOY code. Many peoples use these data unquestioningly, but little is known concerning fact that most of these data are not always correct. Thus we have examined KERMA factors in the latest official ACE files; those of JENDL-4.0, ENDF/B-VII.1, JEFF-3.1.1, etc. It is found out that a lot of KERMA data in the official ACE files of JENDL-4.0, ENDF/B-VII.1, JEFF-3.1.1 are not always correct.
Fukushima, Masahiro; Ishikawa, Makoto; Numata, Kazuyuki*; Jin, Tomoyuki*; Kugo, Teruhiko
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.405 - 409, 2014/04
Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Sugawara, Takanori; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.519 - 522, 2014/04
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.204 - 207, 2014/04
A nuclear reaction calculation code CCONE has been extended to be able to calculate multiple particle emission in the pre-equilibrium exciton model to evaluate high energy nuclear data. It is realized by sequential calculation of exciton states for all residual nuclei left by particle emissions. In addition, Iwamoto-Harada cluster coalescence model has been incorporated in the multiple-emission exciton model to improve calculation accuracies of cluster emission spectra such as alpha particles. The calculated results of light particle emission spectra are compared with experimental data and evaluated data.
Chadwick, M. B.*; Dupont, E.*; Bauge, E.*; Blokhin, A.*; Bouland, O.*; Brown, D. A.*; Capote, R.*; Carlson, A. D.*; Danon, Y.*; De Saint Jean, C.*; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.1 - 25, 2014/04
CIELO (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organization) provides a new working paradigm to facilitate evaluated nuclear reaction data advances. It brings together experts from across the international nuclear reaction data community to identify and document discrepancies among existing evaluated data libraries, measured data, and model calculation interpretations, and aims to make progress in reconciling these discrepancies to create more accurate ENDF-formatted files. The focus will initially be on a small number of the highest-priority isotopes, namely H, O, Fe, U, and Pu. This paper identifies discrepancies between various evaluations of the highest priority isotopes. The evaluated data for these materials in the existing nuclear data libraries are reviewed, and some integral properties are given. The paper summarizes a program of nuclear science and computational work needed to create the new CIELO nuclear data evaluations.
Nakayama, Shinsuke*; Araki, Shohei*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ye, T.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Nuclear Data Sheets, 118, p.305 - 307, 2014/04
The CCONE code has been extended so as to make it possible to calculate the cross sections for deuteron-induced reactions. In the extended CCONE code, elastic breakup and stripping reactions to continuum are calculated using the Continuum-Discretized Coupled-Channels theory (CDCC) and the Glauber model, respectively, and the calculated results are inputted to the CCONE codeas direct reaction components. Statistical decay from compound nuclei formed by nucleon stripping and deuteron absorption is calculated with the exciton and Hauser-Feshbach models implemented in the original CCONE code. The extended CCONE code is applied to analyses of deuteron-induced reactions on Al and Ni. CDCC calculations for deuteron elastic scattering show good agreement with the experimental data at incident energies of several tens of MeV. The calculated double-differential (, ) cross sections reproduce the measured ones at forward angles for incidentenergies of 56 and 100 MeV fairly well.