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Journal Articles

High intensity, high temporal contrast, high repetition-rate laser for laser driven particle acceleration

Suzuki, Masayuki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.53 - 57, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We have reported hundred mJ level, femtosecond pulse duration with the high temporal contrast in an OPCPA/Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk laser system at 10 Hz repetition rate. At an input laser pulse energy of 3.8 mJ from the OPCPA preamplifer the output energy of 130 mJ with spectral bandwidth of 2.5 nm has been obtained from multipass Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk amplifier, and the optical efficiency from LD energy to amplified laser pulse is 9.6%. The recompressed laser pulse duration was measured to be 450 fs. Because the compressor efficiency exceeds 73% the compressed pulse energy can potentially be as high as 95 mJ. The contrast level of this laser pulse was measured to be less than 7.2$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$ at -150 ps. This novel laser system after further amplification using additional amplifiers can be useful for the laser-driven proton acceleration in future.

Journal Articles

Design of soft X-ray wide-band multilayer gratings for constant deviation monochromators

Koike, Masato; Imazono, Takashi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.202 - 206, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Soft X-ray multilayer has a potential to improve diffraction efficiency of diffraction gratings in the multi-kilo electron volts region. However, to use a conventional multilayer grating at the maximum diffraction efficiency, the incidence and diffraction angles should be varied with photon energy. Recently we developed a wide-band laminar-type multilayer grating for the flat-field spectrograph used in the energy range of 2-4 keV. The structure of the multilayer consists of two regions of massive and few periods having short and long period lengths, respectively, to widen the bandwidth. This method worked successfully that a diffraction efficiency of 1-2 % was obtained experimentally. Another interest on this method is the application to the monochromators. In this paper, we design the diffraction efficiency of the multilayer laminar-type grating covering 1.5-2.5 keV and estimate the throughput of a Monk-Gillieson type monochromator employing this grating.

Journal Articles

Development of a soft X-ray diffractometer for a wideband multilayer grating with a novel layer structure in the 2-4 keV range

Imazono, Takashi; Koike, Masato; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Koeda, Masaru*; Nagano, Tetsuya*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Oue, Yuki*; Yonezawa, Zeno*; Kuramoto, Satoshi*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.33 - 37, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:9.96

Journal Articles

Improvement of the Soft X-ray Polarimeter and Ellipsometer (SXPE) for complete polarization analysis

Imazono, Takashi; Sano, Kazuo*; Koike, Masato

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.28 - 32, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:48.59

Journal Articles

A Beam intensity monitor for the evaluation beamline for soft X-ray optical elements

Imazono, Takashi; Moriya, Naoji*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Sano, Kazuo*; Koike, Masato

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.38 - 42, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Photon-photon collisions via relativisitic mirrors

Koga, J. K.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.102 - 106, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Interaction of soft X-ray laser pulse radiation with aluminum surface; Nano-meter size surface modification

Ishino, Masahiko; Faenov, A.*; Tanaka, Momoko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Tamotsu, Satoshi*; Pikuz, S.*; Inogamov, N. A.*; Zhakhovsky, V. V.*; Skobelev, I.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.236 - 240, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:30.66

We irradiated the focusing soft X-ray laser pulses having a wavelength of 13.9 nm and the duration of 7 ps to aluminum surface. After the irradiation process, the irradiated surface was observed with a scanning electron microscope. The surface modifications caused by soft X-ray laser single pulse exposure were clearly seen. In addition, it was found that the conical structures having around 100 nm in diameters were formed in the shallow features. The nano-meter size modified surface structures on aluminum induced by the soft X-ray laser pulse is interesting as the newly surface structure. Hence, the soft X-ray laser beam would be a candidate for a tool of micromachining. We also provide a thermomechanical modeling of the soft X-ray laser interaction with aluminum briefly to explain the surface modification.

Journal Articles

Development of single shot soft X-ray contact microscopy system for nano-scale dynamics measurement of living biological specimen

Kishimoto, Maki; Kado, Masataka; Ishino, Masahiko; Tamotsu, Satoshi*; Yasuda, Keiko*; Shinohara, Kunio*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.43 - 47, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:14.49

We have been developing a picosecond single shot soft X-ray contact microscopy system for observing the nanometer-scale inner structure of the living biological specimen in a hydrated condition. The microscopy system consists of an intense IR pump laser system for generating soft X-rays and X-ray microscope chamber. The pump laser system employs OPCPA technique to generate water-window X-rays effectively. The X-ray microscope chamber is composed of a vacuum chamber, a focusing lens, a metal film target, an in-vacuum type sample holder. The soft X-rays from the laser-induced plasma generated by pump laser pulse illuminates bio-specimens on the PMMA photo resist set in the in-vacuum sample holder. The photo resist is developed and the X-ray transmission imageis read out by AFM. We took X-ray images of hydrated Leydig cells from mouse testicle and demonstrated that the developed X-ray microscopy system has a spatial resolution of about 100 nm.

Journal Articles

Observation of organelle by a laser plasma X-ray microscope

Kado, Masataka; Kishimoto, Maki; Ishino, Masahiko; Tamotsu, Satoshi*; Yasuda, Keiko*; Shinohara, Kunio*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.246 - 250, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:14.49

Contact X-ray microscopy has a potential to image wet biological specimens in natural condition. It is very important to identify obtained features in the X-ray images, since X-ray microscopes have potential to image features that have not been visualized yet. We have proposed to compare the X-ray images of the biological specimens with the fluorescence images and to identify the features found in the X-ray images based on the features found in the fluorescence images. Comparing the X-ray images to the fluorescence images of the set biological cells, fine structures of the mitochondria in the X-ray images have been able to be identified.

Journal Articles

Development of the X-ray interferometer and the method of temporal synchronization of X-ray and optical pulse

Hasegawa, Noboru; Yamamoto, Minoru*; Terakawa, Kota*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Minami, Yasuo*; Tomita, Takuro*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Suemoto, Toru

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.23 - 27, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We have developed a soft X-ray laser (SXRL) interferometer capable of the single-shot imaging of nano-scaled structure dynamics. The depth and lateral resolutions of the interferometer were about 1 nm and 1.8 micron, respectively. We observed the initial stage ($$sim$$50 ps) of the ablation process of the Pt surface pumped by a 70 fs Ti:Sapphire laser pulse. The expansion speed of the Pt surface (34 nm/50 ps) indicated that the nano-bubble structures were formed in the initial stage of the ablation. In order to observe the detailed dynamics, the precision of temporal synchronization between the pump and probe pulses was improved to be 3 ps by adopting a portion of the SXRL and pump beams as the time fiducials.

Journal Articles

Relativistic high harmonic generation in gas jet targets

Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T.; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.167 - 171, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:48.59

Journal Articles

A Diagnosis of intense ion beam by CR-39 detectors analyzing the back scattered particles

Kanasaki, Masato; Yamauchi, Tomoya*; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko*; Tampo, Motonobu; Kurashima, Satoshi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Oda, Keiji*; Kondo, Kiminori

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.142 - 147, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:48.59

A new diagnosis method has been developed utilizing back scattered particles for high energy intense ion beams. The CR-39 detector mounted on the uniform back-scatterer was irradiated with $$^{4}$$He$$^{2+}$$ ions with an energy 25 MeV/n, which is never recorded as etchable track in CR-39. We found that it is possible to diagnose the high energy intense ion beams by analyzing the etch pits created on the rear surface of CR-39 that directly contacted on the back-scatterers. It turns out that most of etch pits in the rear surface are made by the backscattered particles through the investigation of the growth pattern of each etch pit with multi-step etching technique. This method allows simple diagnosis of the ion beam profile and the presence of high energy component of ions beyond the detection threshold limit of the CR-39 in mixed radiation fields such as laser-driven ion acceleration experiments.

Journal Articles

Designing experiments for demonstration of isotope-selective distribution transfer using terahertz wave

Yokoyama, Keiichi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.65 - 68, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Design of experiments to demonstrate the isotope-selective displacement of rotational state distribution is reported for future demonstration using realistic terahertz pulse train. Elements to be designed include species used as a target and methods to prepare the target, to prepare THz pulse train, and to measure the distribution. As a result, lithium chloride has been chosen as the target molecule, which is prepared as He-seeded supersonic molecular beam produced with a high-temperature CW nozzle. The terahertz pulse train is prepared by a three-stage interferometer or etalon. The rotational state distribution is measured by momentum imaging spectroscopy. Numerical simulation of the selective displacement is carried out under the chosen condition.

Journal Articles

Extreme field limits in the interaction of laser light with ultrarelativistic electrons

Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Hayashi, Yukio; Kando, Masaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Koga, J. K.; Kondo, Kiminori; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Bulanov, S. S.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.87 - 96, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:48.59

Journal Articles

The Spectra of the multicharged argon hollow ions; Observation, modeling and using for diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a supper high contrast femtosecond laser pulses

Pikuz, T.; Faenov, A.*; Skobelev, I.*; Fortov, V. E.*; Boldarev, A.*; Gasilov, V.*; Chen, L. M.*; Zhang, L.*; Yan, W.*; Yuan, D.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.181 - 201, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

High-order harmonics from bow wave caustics driven by a high-intensity laser

Esirkepov, T. Z.; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A.*; Pikuz, T.; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.172 - 180, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

The bow wave induced mechanism of high-order harmonics generation was discovered using simulations and catastrophe theory. This mechanism feasibility was successfully demonstrated in 3D and 2D PIC simulations. The mechanism and the simulations explained high-order harmonics in the XUV spectral region seen in recent experiments with terawatt lasers. Development of new XUV light and X-ray source based on the high-order harmonics generation mechanism is proposed.

Journal Articles

X-ray emission from relativistically moving electron density cusps

Kando, Masaki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Hayashi, Yukio; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Kawase, Keigo*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Fukuda, Yuji; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Okada, Hajime; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.159 - 166, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

18 (Records 1-18 displayed on this page)
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