Tsutsui, Nao; Ban, Yasutoshi; Suzuki, Hideya*; Nakase, Masahiko*; Ito, Sayumi*; Inaba, Yusuke*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Takeshita, Kenji*
Analytical Sciences, 36(2), p.241 - 246, 2020/02
To investigate the effective separation of actinides (Ans) from lanthanides (Lns), single-stage batch extraction experiments were performed with a novel extractant, tetradodecyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-diamide (TDdPTDA) with various diluents such as 3-nitrobenzotrifluoride (F-3), nitrobenzene, and -dodecane for Am, Cm, and Lns. The extraction kinetics with TDdPTDA was rapid enough to perform the actual extraction flow sheet. The slopes of the distribution ratio versus TDdPTDA concentration and the distribution ratio versus nitric acid concentration were similar for F-3 and nitrobenzene systems but different from -dodecane system. These differences were attributed to the characteristics of the diluents. This study reveals high distribution ratios of Am ( ) and Cm ( ) for TDdPTDA, with the high separation factors (s) of Am from Lns enough for their separation.
Otaka, Toshiki*; Sato, Tatsumi*; Ono, Shimpei; Nagoshi, Kohei; Abe, Ryoji*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Nakatani, Kiyoharu*
Analytical Sciences, 35(10), p.1129 - 1133, 2019/10
Mori, Masanobu*; Sugita, Tsuyoshi; Fujii, Kengo*; Yamazaki, Taiki*; Isaka, Mayu*; Kobayashi, Kentaro*; Iwamoto, Shinji*; Itabashi, Hideyuki*
Analytical Sciences, 34(12), p.1449 - 1453, 2018/12
The photocatalyst coating stainless-steel wire mesh (TiO-WM) was prepared by double-layer coating method. The TiO-WM was evaluated using flow analytical system, which included the reactor and conductimetric detector (FAS-CD). The DMSO decomposition test through the FAS-CD reveal that photocatalytst was stable coating on the stainless-steel wire mesh.
Analytical Sciences, 34(12), p.1345 - 1346, 2018/12
Solvent extraction is one of the most effective analytical methods for separation, purification, and removal of target metal ions (e.g. valuable metal ions, toxic metal ions and radioactive fission products) from aqueous solutions containing various metal ions. In this paper, we introduce the papers related to (1) novel extractant, (2) ionic liquids and deep eutectic solvents, (3) new extractors, among papers on solvent extraction published between 2016 and 2018.
Sakamoto, Tetsuo*; Morita, Masato*; Kanenari, Keita*; Tomita, Hideki*; Sonnenschein, V.*; Saito, Kosuke*; Ohashi, Masaya*; Kato, Kotaro*; Iguchi, Tetsuo*; Kawai, Toshihide*; et al.
Analytical Sciences, 34(11), p.1265 - 1270, 2018/11
Nagano, Tetsushi; Naganawa, Hirochika; Suzuki, Hideya; Toshimitsu, Masaaki*; Mitamura, Hisayoshi*; Yanase, Nobuyuki*; Grambow, B.
Analytical Sciences, 34(9), p.1099 - 1102, 2018/09
A previously reported emulsion flow (EF) extraction system does not include a device for refining used solvent. Therefore, the processing of large quantities of wastewater by using the EF extractor alone could lead to the accumulation of wastewater components into the solvent and diminished extraction performance. In the present study, we have developed a solvent-washing-type EF system, which is equipped with a unit for washing used solvent to prevent accumulation, and successfully applied it for treating uranium-containing wastewater.
Atanassova, M.*; Okamura, Hiroyuki; Eguchi, Ayano; Ueda, Yuki; Sugita, Tsuyoshi; Shimojo, Kojiro
Analytical Sciences, 34(8), p.973 - 978, 2018/08
The distribution constants of 4-benzoyl-3-phenyl-5-isoxazolone (HPBI) and deprotonated one (PBI) between hydrophobic ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ([CCim][TfN]) and aqueous phases were determined, together with the acid-dissociation constant of HPBI. The solvent extraction of three selected lanthanoid ions (La, Eu, and Lu) with HPBI from aqueous nitrate phase into [CCim][TfN] has been investigated. Application of the ionic liquid as the extracting phase greatly enhanced the extraction performance of HPBI for lanthanoid ions compared with that in the chloroform system. The composition of the extracted species was established to be anionic tetrakis entities, Ln(PBI), for light, middle, and heavy lanthanoid ions in an ionic environment.
Narita, Hirokazu*; Maeda, Motoki*; Tokoro, Chiharu*; Suzuki, Tomoya*; Tanaka, Mikiya*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
Analytical Sciences, 33(11), p.1305 - 1309, 2017/11
Analytical Sciences, 33(10), p.1097 - 1098, 2017/10
Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is widely used in various fields such as environmental, geological, and clinical sciences. In this report, recent advances of the ICP-MS analysis and expected applications are described.
Suzuki, Hideya; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; Matsumura, Tatsuro
Analytical Sciences, 33(2), p.239 - 242, 2017/02
Alkyl diamide amine (ADAAM), a new high-performance reagent with a simple structure, was examined for the mutual separation of Am(III) and Cu(III). The combination of ADAAM and Tetraethyldiglycolamide (TEDGA) as a masking agent shows selectivity for Am(III) over Cm(III) in highly acidic media with separation factors up to 41.
Suzuki, Hideya; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; Kurosawa, Tatsuya; Shibata, Mitsunobu; Kawasaki, Tomohiro; Urabe, Shunichi*; Matsumura, Tatsuro
Analytical Sciences, 32(4), p.477 - 479, 2016/04
An impeccable, high-performance new reagent called alkyl diamide amine (ADAAM) was examined from the viewpoint of mutual separation of Am(III) and Eu(III). ADAAM has three donor atoms, one soft N-donor atom and two hard O-donor atoms, in the central frame. The combination of soft and hard atoms affords a tridentate donor set of atoms that ensures remarkable extractability and selectivity of Am(III) and Eu(III) in highly acidic media.
Haraga, Tomoko; Saito, Shingo*; Sato, Yoshiyuki; Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Hoshino, Hitoshi*; Shibukawa, Masami*; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Takahashi, Kuniaki
Analytical Sciences, 30(7), p.773 - 776, 2014/07
A simple and rapid method with low radiation exposure risk was developed for the determination of neodymium in spent nuclear fuel by CE with LIF detection using a fluorescent ligand having a macrocyclic hexadentate polyaminocarboxylate structure. The concentration of Nd(III) in a spent nuclear fuel sample was determined with no interference from various matrix elements, including lanthanides and uranium (at a 200-fold excess), with 92 3% recovery. This is due to method's high resolution based on establishing a ternary complex equilibrium during migration in which the hydroxyl ion plays an auxiliary role.
Shimojo, Kojiro; Nakai, Ayaka*; Okamura, Hiroyuki; Saito, Takumi*; Ohashi, Akira*; Naganawa, Hirochika
Analytical Sciences, 30(4), p.513 - 517, 2014/04
Okamura, Hiroyuki; Takagi, Hitomi*; Isomura, Taku*; Morita, Kotaro*; Nagatani, Hirohisa*; Imura, Hisanori*
Analytical Sciences, 30(3), p.323 - 325, 2014/03
Shimojo, Kojiro; Aoyagi, Noboru; Saito, Takumi*; Okamura, Hiroyuki; Kubota, Fukiko*; Goto, Masahiro*; Naganawa, Hirochika
Analytical Sciences, 30(2), p.263 - 269, 2014/02
Shimojo, Kojiro; Nakai, Ayaka; Okamura, Hiroyuki; Ohashi, Akira*; Naganawa, Hirochika
Analytical Sciences, 29(1), p.147 - 150, 2013/01
Yanase, Nobuyuki; Naganawa, Hirochika; Nagano, Tetsushi; Noro, Junji*
Analytical Sciences, 27(3), p.325 - 330, 2011/03Licensable Patent Information Database Patent publication (In Japanese)
A single current "emulsion flow" liquid-liquid extraction apparatus has a head having a number of holes from which micrometer-sized droplets of an aqueous phase spout into an organic phase to mix the two liquid phases. For practical use, however, it is a fatal problem that particulate components in the aqueous phase plug the holes. In the present study, we have succeeded to solve the problem by applying a counter current type emulsion flow apparatus where micrometer-sized droplets of the organic phase are generated.
Naganawa, Hirochika; Suzuki, Hideya*; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Nagano, Tetsushi; Noro, Junji*
Analytical Sciences, 27(3), p.321 - 324, 2011/03
In order to monitor a radioactive nuclide of strontium-90 in seawater around nuclear facilities, a solvent extraction method for collecting Sr(II) in seawater was examined. A reversed-micellar extraction system containing an anionic surfactant AOT and a molecular extractant TODGA in n-hexane was chosen for the extraction of Sr(II) from model solutions of seawater containing 0.5 M NaCl (1 M = 1 mol dm), 0.05 M MgCl, and/or 0.01 M CaCl. The combination of AOT forming reversed micelles and TODGA coordinating with Sr(II) as an organic ligand (extractant) was found to be efficient for the extraction of Sr(II) from the model solutions. The mechanism of the reversed-micellar extraction system was also discussed in the present study.
Yanase, Nobuyuki; Naganawa, Hirochika; Nagano, Tetsushi; Noro, Junji*
Analytical Sciences, 27(2), p.171 - 174, 2011/02Licensable Patent Information Database Patent publication (In Japanese)
A simple and low-cost apparatus for continuous and efficient liquid-liquid extraction, which does not need continual mechanical forces (stirring, shaking, etc.) other than solution sending, has newly been developed. This apparatus is composed of a column part where an emulsion state fluid flow (emulsion flow) is generated by spouting micrometer-sized droplets of an aqueous phase into an organic phase and a phase separating part where the emulsion flow is destabilized by means of a sudden decrease in its flow rate. In the present study, the performance of an emulsion flow apparatus in the extraction of Yb(III) and U(VI) from aqueous HNO solutions into isooctane containing D2EHPA was evaluated. The mixing efficiency of the emulsion flow apparatus was found to be comparable with that of a popular liquid-liquid extractor, mixer-settler. Moreover, the emulsion flow apparatus proved to have an overwhelming advantage in terms of phase-separating ability.
Hirao, Norie; Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Honda, Mitsunori
Analytical Sciences, 26(8), p.835 - 840, 2010/08
For surface analyses of semiconductor devices and various functional materials, it has become indispensable to analyze valence states at nanometer scale due to the rapid developments of nanotechnology. Since a method for microscopic mapping dependent on the chemical bond states has not been established so far, we have developed a photoelectron emission microscopy (PEEM) system combined with synchrotron soft X-ray excitation. The samples investigated were Si/SiO micro-patterns prepared by O ion implantation in Si(001) wafer using a mask. PEEM images excited by various photon energies around the Si -edge were observed. The lateral spacial resolution of the system was about 41nm. The brightness of each spot in PEEM images changed depending on the photon energy, due to the X-ray absorption intensity of the respective chemical state. Since the surface of this sample was topographically flat, it has been demonstrated that the present method can be applied to observations of the microscopic pattern, depending not on the morphology, but only on the valence states of silicon. We have also measured the changes of the PEEM images upon annealing, and elucidated the mechanism of the lateral diffusion of oxygen and valence states of silicon at the nanometer scale.