Koyama, Tomohiro*; Ieda, Junichi; Chiba, Daichi*
Applied Physics Letters, 116(9), p.092405_1 - 092405_5, 2020/03
Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Koda, Akihiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*
Applied Physics Letters, 115(19), p.192103_1 - 192103_4, 2019/11
Imai, Masaki; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Ono, Masao; Harii, Kazuya; Matsuo, Mamoru; Onuma, Yuichi*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji
Applied Physics Letters, 114(16), p.162402_1 - 162402_4, 2019/04
Arisawa, Hiroki*; Daimon, Shunsuke*; Oikawa, Yasuyuki*; Seo, Y.-J.*; Harii, Kazuya; Oyanagi, Koichi*; Saito, Eiji
Applied Physics Letters, 114(12), p.122402_1 - 122402_5, 2019/03
Imai, Masaki; Ogata, Yudai*; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Ono, Masao; Harii, Kazuya; Matsuo, Mamoru*; Onuma, Yuichi*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji
Applied Physics Letters, 113(5), p.052402_1 - 052402_3, 2018/07
Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kobayashi, Toru; Shimoyama, Iwao; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Nishihata, Yasuo; Kogure, Toshihiro*; Okochi, Takuo*; Yasui, Akira*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 112(2), p.021603_1 - 021603_5, 2018/01
A synchrotron radiation photoemission electron microscope (SR-PEEM) was applied to demonstrate pinpoint analysis of micrometer-sized weathered biotite clay particles with artificially adsorbed cesium (Cs) atoms. Despite the insulating properties of the clay, we observed the spatial distributions of constituent elements (Si, Al, Cs, Mg, Fe) without charging issues. We found that Cs atoms were likely to be adsorbed evenly over the entire particle. Spatially-resolved X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of the Cs M-edge region showed Cs to be present in a monocation state (Cs). Further pinpoint XAS measurements were also performed at the Fe L-edge to determine the chemical valence of the Fe atoms. Our results demonstrate the utility of SR-PEEM as a tool for spatially-resolved chemical analyses of various environmental substances, which is not limited by the poor conductivity of samples.
Lee, C. H.*; Nishida, Atsuhiro*; Hasegawa, Takumi*; Nishiate, Hirotaka*; Kunioka, Haruno*; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Nakajima, Kenji; Mizuguchi, Yoshikazu*
Applied Physics Letters, 112(2), p.023903_1 - 023903_4, 2018/01
Low energy phonons in LaOBiSSe are studied using inelastic neutron scattering. Dispersionless flat phonon branches that are mainly associated with a large vibration of Bi atoms are observed at a relatively low energy of = 6 - 6.7 meV. The phonon energy softens upon Se doping owing to its heavier atomic mass than S atom and the expansion of lattice constant. Simultaneously, the lattice thermal conductivity lowered upon Se doping as the same manner of the phonon softening. These suggest that despite the lack of an oversized cage in LaOBiSSe, rattling motions of Bi atoms can scatter phonon like rattling in cage compounds, contributing to enhance the thermoelectric property.
Ikeura, Hiromi*; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro
Applied Physics Letters, 111(23), p.231605_1 - 231605_4, 2017/12
Photo-oxidative doping processes were studied for the trans-polyacetylene (PA) backbone with the -SCH side group as a chemically representative of the S-functionalized zig-zag graphene nanoribbon edge. Sulfur K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy indicates that photochemical reaction of S-CH with atmospheric O forms selectively oxidized products such as -S(O)CH and -SO bound to the (PA) backbone. Using the correlation between the oxidation states of sulfur and the XANES peak positions, the partial charge distribution of CHS -PA has been estimated. The results can provide some strategy for area-selective and controllable doping processes of atomic-scale molecular systems with the assistance of UV light.
Watanabe, Kenta*; Nozaki, Mikito*; Yamada, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Satoshi*; Anda, Yoshiharu*; Ishida, Masahiro*; Ueda, Tetsuzo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Hosoi, Takuji*; Shimura, Takayoshi*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 111(4), p.042102_1 - 042102_5, 2017/07
AlGaN/GaN HFET (hetero-junction field-effect transitor) has gained much attention as next-generation high frequency and high power devices. In this study, we systematically investigated the interface reaction between Al-based dielectrics (AlO and AlON) and AlGaN layer during deposition and post-deposition annealing (PDA), and revealed high thermal stability of AlON/AlGaN interface.
Seo, Y.-J.*; Harii, Kazuya; Takahashi, Ryo*; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Oyanagi, Koichi*; Qiu, Z.*; Ono, Takahito*; Shiomi, Yuki*; Saito, Eiji
Applied Physics Letters, 110(13), p.132409_1 - 132409_4, 2017/03
We have fabricated ferrite cantilevers in which their vibrational properties can be controlled by external magnetic fields. Submicron-scale cantilever structures were made from YFeO films by physical etching combined with the use of a focused ion beam milling technique. We found that the cantilevers exhibit two resonance modes which correspond to horizontal and vertical vibrations. Under external magnetic fields, the resonance frequency of the horizontal mode increases, while that of the vertical mode decreases, quantitatively consistent with our numerical simulation for magnetic forces. The changes in resonance frequencies with magnetic fields reach a few percent, showing that an efficient magnetic control of resonance frequencies was achieved.
Yagmur, A.*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Ihara, Kazuki*; Ioka, Ikuo; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Ono, Madoka*; Endo, Junichi*; Kashiwagi, Kimiaki*; Nakashima, Tetsuya*; Kirihara, Akihiro*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 109(24), p.243902_1 - 243902_4, 2016/12
Thermoelectric devices based on the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) were irradiated with gamma () rays with the total dose of around 310 Gy in order to investigate the -radiation resistance of the devices. To demonstrate this, Pt/NiZnFeO/Glass and Pt/BiYFeO/GdGaO SSE devices were used. We confirmed that the thermoelectric, magnetic, and structural properties of the SSE devices are not affected by the -ray irradiation. This result demonstrates that SSE devices are applicable to thermoelectric generation even in high radiation environments.
Yagmur, A.*; Karube, Shutaro*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Kondo, Kota*; Iguchi, Ryo*; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Otani, Yoshichika*; Saito, Eiji
Applied Physics Letters, 108(24), p.242409_1 - 242409_4, 2016/06
Kumada, Takayuki; Otobe, Tomohito; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Hayashi, Terutake*
Applied Physics Letters, 108(1), p.011102_1 - 011102_4, 2016/01
The dynamics of photomechanical spallation during femtosecond laser ablation of fused silica was studied by time-resolved reflectivity with double pump pulses. Oscillation of reflectivity was caused by interference between the probe pulses reflected at the sample surface and the spallation layer, and was enhanced when the surface is irradiated with the second pump pulse within a time interval of several picoseconds after the first pump pulse. However, as the time-interval was increased, the oscillation amplitude decreased with an exponential decay time of 10 ps. The oscillation disappeared when the interval exceeded 20 ps. This result suggests that the formation time of the spallation layer is approximately 10 ps.
Sasaki, Takuo; Ishikawa, Fumitaro*; Takahashi, Masamitsu
Applied Physics Letters, 108(1), p.012102_1 - 012102_5, 2016/01
Lohrmann, A.*; Castelletto, S.*; Klein, J. R.*; Oshima, Takeshi; Bosi, M.*; Negri, M.*; Lau, D. W. M.*; Gibson, B. C.*; Prawer, S.*; McCallum, J. C.*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 108(2), p.021107_1 - 021107_4, 2016/01
Haidar, S. M.*; Shiomi, Yuki*; Lustikova, J.*; Saito, Eiji
Applied Physics Letters, 107(15), p.152408_1 - 152408_5, 2015/10
Dinh, T.-H.*; Suzuki, Yuhei*; Arai, Goki*; Li, B.*; Dunne, P.*; O'Sullivan, G.*; Fujioka, Shinsuke*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 107(12), p.121101_1 - 121101_5, 2015/09
Seki, Takeshi*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Qiu, Z.*; Saito, Eiji; Takanashi, Koki*
Applied Physics Letters, 107(9), p.092401_1 - 092401_4, 2015/08
Kumada, Takayuki; Akagi, Hiroshi; Itakura, Ryuji; Otobe, Tomohito; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yokoyama, Atsushi
Applied Physics Letters, 106(22), p.221605_1 - 221605_5, 2015/06
The dynamics of femtosecond laser ablation of transparent polymers were examined using time-resolved reflectivity. When these polymers were irradiated by a pump pulse with fluence above the ablation threshold of 0.8-2.0 J/cm, we observed the oscillation of the reflectivity caused by the interference between the reflected probe pulses from the sample surface and the thin layer due to the non-thermal photomechanical effects of spallation. As the fluence of the pump pulse increased, the separation velocity of the thin layer increased from 6 km/s to an asymptotic value of 11 km/s. It is suggested that the velocities are determined by shock-wave velocities of the photo-excited layer.