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Journal Articles

Progress of analytical chemistry through the experience of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

Matsueda, Makoto; Takagai, Yoshitaka*

Bunseki, 2021(4), p.160 - 161, 2021/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of fluorescence XAFS imaging using pinhole camera

Tanida, Hajime; Okamoto, Yoshihiro

X-sen Bunseki No Shimpo, 52, p.69 - 80, 2021/03

In the two-dimensional imaging XAFS method using an X-ray CCD detector, a transmission method has been applied to heavy elements with absorption edges at relatively high energies. Although the transmission method requires the sample to be an optimal thickness, the high-energy X-rays have high transmission capability, and can be applied to relatively thick samples. In this study, we attempted to develop a fluorescence method for fast screening of transition metal elements with the low energy X-ray absorption edges and their valence distribution in the samples such as glass materials, which are difficult to make thin. In order to obtain XAFS spectra with high sensitivity and positional resolution, a direct imaging detector without a scintillator and a pinhole were used. The results were demonstrated with a highly brilliant synchrotron radiation undulator X-ray with variable incident energy.

Journal Articles

Proper methods for treatment and handling of real samples; Inland water

Mochizuki, Akihito

Bunseki, 2021(1), p.2 - 7, 2021/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Improvement of adsorption performances of Sr adsorption fiber and investigation for realizing simple $$^{90}$$Sr analysis

Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho*; Konda, Miki; Matsueda, Makoto; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Bunseki Kagaku, 69(10/11), p.619 - 626, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Analytical)

We have developed a Sr adsorption fiber for rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr. The prepared Sr adsorption fiber has a Sr-extraction layer that densely retains a Sr-selective extractant, an 18-crown-6 ether derivative, on the fiber surface. Hydrophobic group-containing polymer chains embedded onto the surface of the fiber allow to form a hydrophobic phase, incorporating Sr-selective extractants. This unique surface structure provides high adsorption capacity, leading to rapid and highly efficient adsorption of Sr$$^{2+}$$. The adsorption capacity of the Sr adsorption fiber was 3 times higher than commercially available 18-crown-6 ether derivative-impregnated resin (Sr Resin). The equilibrium adsorption capacity of the Sr adsorption fiber was comparable to the Sr Resin. The retained $$^{90}$$Sr was finally determined by a GM counter. The total analysis time including the Sr adsorption and measurement was about 1 hour.

Journal Articles

On-site measurement of nuclear material by using the fast neutron direct interrogation method

Komeda, Masao

Bunseki, 2019(10), p.459 - 461, 2019/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent trend of the radionuclide analyses in bioassay

Tomita, Jumpei

Bunseki, 2019(3), p.112 - 113, 2019/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of surface conditions of the filament used in thermal ionization mass spectrometry on an uranium isotopic measurement

Taguchi, Shigeo; Miyauchi, Hironari*; Horigome, Kazushi; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Kuno, Takehiko

Bunseki Kagaku, 67(11), p.681 - 686, 2018/11

In thermal ionization mass spectrometry, de-gassing is one of the important treatments to release impurities of filaments and to minimize the influence of background. In this work, the effect of the surface change in the tungsten filament induced by the conductively heating treatment on uranium isotopic ($$^{235}$$U/$$^{238}$$U) measurement has been investigated. It was found that the conductively heating treatment of the filament has the effect of smoothing the surface of the filament and also has the effect of improving the deposition of the sample on the filament surface. As a result of either these effects, the precision of uranium isotopic ($$^{235}$$U/$$^{238}$$U) measurement was improved.

Journal Articles

Trace analysis for nuclear non-proliferation and security

Esaka, Fumitaka

Bunseki, 2018(10), p.408 - 411, 2018/10

Recent development of analytical techniques for identification of particles containing nuclear materials, isotope ratio analysis of uranium and plutonium using mass spectrometry, and age determination is described in this paper. These techniques are successfully applied to the trace analysis for nuclear non-proliferation.

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Development of separation technique for platinum group metals from radioactive liquid waste utilizing laser-induced particulate formation

Saeki, Morihisa*; Asai, Shiho; Oba, Hironori*

Bunseki, 2018(4), p.138 - 143, 2018/04

Platinum group metal (PGM) has attracted much attention in light of increasing demands in the industrial sector. A wide variety of techniques specialized for PGM separation, such as, solvent extraction, solid phase extraction, and molten salt electrolysis have been developed so far. Among such techniques, a newly developed separation technique based on laser-induced particulate formation can be a promising alternative to conventional ones. It enables non-contact and highly-selective separation with a simple operation. In this review, the research history and the basic mechanism of laser-induced particulate formation were outlined. Several applications were also mentioned, focusing on our latest research progress which achieved a world first quantitation of radioactive palladium in a spent nuclear fuel sample.

Journal Articles

Recovery of rare metals using nucleic acid bases and extractants immobilized by grafted polymer chains

Saito, Kyoichi*; Asai, Shiho

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(11), p.771 - 782, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.18(Chemistry, Analytical)

Recovery and purification of rare metals, which are essential ingredients for highly functional materials, generally comes with operational difficulty. In this study, we have developed polymer adsorbents specially designed for highly-efficient adsorption of rare metal ions and exhibited their practical adsorption performances. Radiation-induced graft polymerization, one of the effective modification techniques for polymers, was employed for preparing the proposed adsorbents. Among such adsorbents, a 6-nylon fiber with nucleic-acid base, adenine, on the surface of the fiber demonstrated specific adsorption of ruthenium and palladium ions. In addition, a 6-nylon fiber with an extractant HDEHP (bis (2-ethylhexyl) phophoric acid) that has high affinity for lanthanides, achieved higher separation speed than a commercially available HDEHP-impregnated resin.

Journal Articles

New liquid-liquid extraction apparatus; "Emulsion-flow" extractor

Naganawa, Hirochika

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(11), p.797 - 808, 2017/11

AA2017-0526.pdf:2.29MB

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:28.23(Chemistry, Analytical)

A new liquid-liquid extraction method, called the emulsion-flow method, has recently been developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The emulsion-flow method, where low cost, simplicity, high efficiency, compactness, safety, and eco-friendly go together, has attracted attention, and has been expected to bring innovation to liquid-liquid extraction technologies. Compared with conventional industrial apparatuses, an emulsion-flow apparatus successfully combines the lowest cost superior to a spray column and the highest performance (the highest efficiency and the highest processing speed) comparable to a centrifugal extractor. Furthermore, the emulsion-flow method can also be used for collecting particulate components by utilizing their aggregation onto a liquid-liquid interface and for purifying water polluted by oil with its remarkable phase-separating ability.

Journal Articles

Non-contact and selective Pd separation based on laser-induced photoreduction for determination of $$^{107}$$Pd by ICP-MS; The Relation between separation conditions and Pd recovery

Yomogida, Takumi; Asai, Shiho; Saeki, Morihisa*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Esaka, Fumitaka; Oba, Hironori*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(9), p.647 - 652, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.18(Chemistry, Analytical)

Palladium-107 is a long-lived fission product, which can be found in high-level radioactive liquid wastes (HLLW). Determination of the $$^{107}$$Pd contents in HLLW is essential to evaluate the long-term safety of HLLW repositories. However, the $$^{107}$$Pd content in HLLW has not been reported because of difficulties in pretreatment for the measurement. In this study, we investigated applicability of laser-induced photoreduction to HLLW solution: it enables a simple and non-contact separation of Pd. The results showed the recovery of 60% was achieved at the conditions: 40% ethanol, 20 min irradiation, 100 mJ of pulse energy. Additionally, major radionuclides and potentially interfering components in ICP-MS were removed from the simulated HLLW over a wide concentration range of Pd from 0.24 to 24 mg L$$^{-1}$$, showing the applicability of the proposed separation technique to HLLW samples.

Journal Articles

Ionic liquid extraction of metal(II, III) complexes with macrocyclic and chelating ligands

Okamura, Hiroyuki

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(7), p.531 - 532, 2017/07

This paper summarizes the author's doctoral thesis on analytical chemistry. In this study, the ionic liquid (IL) extraction of various metal(II, III) complexes with macrocyclic and anionic chelating ligands has been investigated to clarify the solvent effect of ILs and to demonstrate the specificity and superiority of the IL extraction systems over conventional ones. The evaluation of the extraction equilibrium of Eu(III) with 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (Htta) in 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ([C$$_{n}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N]) and time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy revealed the specific solute-solvent interactions between Eu(tta)$$_{3}$$ and [C$$_{n}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N]. The IL synergistic extraction with Htta and ${it cis}$-dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 was developed. The extractability of lighter lanthanides(III) was remarkably enhanced by a synergistic effect of crown ethers. A macrocyclic ligand (H$$_{2}$$$$beta$$DA18C6) composed of diaza-18-crown-6 and two 4-acyl-5-pyrazolones was synthesized for the extraction of Sr(II). The extraction performance of H$$_{2}$$$$beta$$DA18C6 was significantly enhanced only in [C$$_{n}$$mim][Tf$$_{2}$$N] by the intramolecular cooperative effect.

Journal Articles

Removal of radioactive substances using inorganic compounds entangled by polymer chain grafted onto fiber

Saito, Kyoichi*; Kojima, Takashi*; Asai, Shiho

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(4), p.233 - 242, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.18(Chemistry, Analytical)

Insoluble cobalt ferrocyanide and sodium titanate specifically capture cesium and strontium ions, respectively, in water contaminated with radionuclides which is found in Fukushima Daiichi NPP. The inorganic compounds used in this study were formed as precipitates in the polymer chain grafted onto a commercially available 6-nylon fiber using radiation-induced graft polymerization. An impregnation structure with the precipitates entangled by the grafted polymer chain through an electrostatic interaction via multipoints was indicated. The resultant insoluble cobalt ferrocyanide- or sodium titanate-impregnated fiber exhibited a higher adsorption rate and adsorption capacity per gram of the inorganic compound for cesium or strontium ions in seawater than conventional granular adsorbents.

Journal Articles

Radioactive strontium measurement using ICP-MS following cascade preconcentration and separation system

Takagai, Yoshitaka*; Furukawa, Makoto*; Kameo, Yutaka; Matsueda, Makoto; Suzuki, Katsuhiko*

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(4), p.223 - 231, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:28.23(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of the chemical characteristics of individual radioactive microparticles emitted from reactor 1 by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident by using multiple synchrotron radiation X-ray analyses

Ono, Takahiro*; Iizawa, Yushin*; Abe, Yoshinari*; Nakai, Izumi*; Terada, Yasuko*; Satou, Yukihiko; Sueki, Keisuke*; Adachi, Koji*; Igarashi, Yasuhito*

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(4), p.251 - 261, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:84.26(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Airborne radiation monitoring using a manned helicopter

Sanada, Yukihisa; Ishizaki, Azusa; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi*

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(3), p.149 - 162, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:43.59(Chemistry, Analytical)

The Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred on 11 March 2011 generated a series of large tsunami waves that caused serious damage to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station, following which a large amount of radioactive material was discharged from the nuclear power plant into the environment. The airborne radiation measurement using a manned helicopter was applied to measure the radiation distribution immediately after accident of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station as technique to quickly measure the radiation distribution in the wide area. In Japan, this technique was researched and developed in the 1980s. However, this technique and system were not applied immediately after the accident because standardization of analysis was not established and the Japanese system became deteriorated. This technique is important for post-accident of nuclear facility. We summarized the methods of the airborne radiation measurement using a manned helicopter. In addition, measurement results of dose rate distribution at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station was shown in this paper.

Journal Articles

Preparation of Sr adsorptive fiber by impregnating with crown ether derivative for $$^{90}$$Sr measurement

Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho; Konda, Miki; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Saito, Kyoichi*; Fujiwara, Kunio*; Sugo, Takanobu*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(3), p.189 - 193, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.18(Chemistry, Analytical)

A Sr-selective adsorption fiber was prepared for rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr content by using radiation-induced emulsion graft polymerization and subsequent chemical modification. A polyethylene fiber with a diameter of 13 $$mu$$m was first immersed in a methanol solution of an epoxy-group-containing vinyl monomer, glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and polyoxyethylene sorbitol ester (Tween20) as a surfactant for graft-polymerization of GMA. Octadecylamine was then bound to a polymer chain extending from the fiber surface providing hydrophobicity to the polymer chain. Dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 (DCH18C6) was finally impregnated onto the polymer chain via a hydrophobic interaction between the octadecyl moiety of the polymer chain and the cyclohexyl moiety of DCH18C6. The fiber surface structure, characterized by DCH18C6 molecules loosely entangled with polymer chains, afforded realizes the rapid and selective adsorption of Sr ions with an adsorption rate approximately 100 times higher than that of a commercially available Sr-selective resin (Sr Resin).

Journal Articles

Development of rapid analytical method for radioactive samples by capillary electrophoresis with absorbance and fluorescence detection

Haraga, Tomoko

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(2), p.123 - 124, 2017/02

no abstracts in English

377 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)