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Journal Articles

Present state of JAERI National Data Center (NDC) for CTBT verification

Yamamoto, Yoichi; Hokida, Takanori; Hirota, Naoki*; Oda, Tetsuzo; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Kumata, Masahiro; Inoue, Yoji; Uchikoshi, Takako*; Shinohara, Nobuo; Usuda, Shigekazu

Dai-23-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, p.53 - 60, 2002/12

The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has developed the National Data Center (NDC) for radionuclide as part of the international monitoring regime related to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). JAERI NDC already started to input gamma-ray spectrum data obtained from several International Monitoring System (IMS) stations into a database. Data analysis reports made by the International Data Center (IDC) are also stored in the database. Some software tools are under development for the NDC's independent analysis such as investigation of existence of the radionuclides derived from nuclear explosion and presumptive analysis of source location of radionuclide release. The NDC system will also be able to post IMS data and analysis results to the authorized users on the Internet. This paper presents the role, current state of system development and future plan of JAERI NDC.

Journal Articles

The Present status and issues on establishment of the CTBT verification regime

Oda, Tetsuzo; Kumata, Masahiro; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Yoichi; Hokida, Takanori; Hirota, Naoki*; Uchikoshi, Takako*; Inoue, Yoji; Shinohara, Nobuo

Dai-23-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, p.29 - 37, 2002/12

The Comprehensive nuclear Test-Ban Treaty(CTBT) bans all nuclear explosions and also calls for a verification regime, which consists of the International Monitoring System(IMS) and On-site Inspection. The primary objectives of the IMS are to deter nuclear explosions in all environments and, if such an explosion does occur, to detect, locate, and identify its source. The CTBT was opened for signature on September 24, 1996 and the Preparatory Commission(PrepCom) for the CTBT Organization was established to prepare for the verification regime in order to monitor compliance with the Treaty. The Preparatory Commission comprises two main organs: a plenary body of all the States Signatories as the highest policy-making organ, and the Provisional Technical Secretariat(PTS). The plenary body has three subsidiary bodies: Working Group A(administrative matters and legal issues), Working Group B(verification issues), and an Advisory Group. This paper presents an overview and mandate of the PrepCom, and status of verification regime, and discusses future activities.

Journal Articles

Radionuclide monitoring stations in CTBT verification regime

Kumata, Masahiro; Oda, Tetsuzo; Miyamoto, Yutaka; Uchikoshi, Takako*; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Yoichi; Hokida, Takanori; Hirota, Naoki*; Inoue, Yoji; Shinohara, Nobuo

Dai-23-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, p.39 - 44, 2002/12

The International Monitoring System (IMS) will be established across the world to verify compliance with the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The IMS will be capable of detecting and identifying nuclear explosions of detonated within the atmosphere, underwater and underground. 321 monitoring stations will be set around the world as a monitoring network of the IMS. The four technologies of seismology, hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide will be used for monitoring purposes. In order to build the radionuclide monitoring network, 80 radionuclide stations were chosen. Particles in the atmosphere are collected on a filter at each station to measure radioactivity by a HP-Ge detector. Further, 40 out of these 80 stations will be equipped with an automatic radioactive noble gas sampler/analyzer. The JAERI is establishing infrastructure to host radionuclide air monitoring equipment for two raionuclide stations in Japan. This paper presents the current status of the establishment and promising performance of the stations in Japan.

Journal Articles

Topical understanding of nuclear material measurement$$cdot$$accountancy and quality assurance

Kikuchi, Masahiro*; Muraoka, Susumu*; Osabe, Takeshi*; Terada, Hiromi; Shimizu, Kenichi; Otani, Tetsuo*; Fujimaki, Kazunori*; Ishikawa, Tadatsugu*; Shinohara, Yoshinori*

Dai-23-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, p.91 - 98, 2002/12

Nuclear material measurement is an important measure to determine the amount of nuclear material of each stage such as receipt, shipment, inventory and hold-up. The material accountancy based on the material balance among the measurements is a measure to control of nuclear material. The material accountancy, from its technical aspect, can be used as promising measures for purposes from operator's level to state's level such as the nuclear safety, property control and environmental preservation other than safeguards measures only to conclude no diversion of nuclear material. This paper discusses various purposes of nuclear material measurements and clarifies the certain function to be expected at each purpose. Based on the discussion, critical points for the quality assurance of each stage are studied.

Journal Articles

JAERI-Tokai radionuclide laboratory in CTBT verfication regime

Shinohara, Nobuo; Yamamoto, Yoichi; Inoue, Yoji; Kumata, Masahiro; Oda, Tetsuzo; Uchikoshi, Takako*; Hokida, Takanori; Hirota, Naoki*; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Usuda, Shigekazu

Dai-23-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, p.45 - 52, 2002/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development for ultra-trace analysis method of U and Pu in safeguards environmental samples at the clean facility

Takahashi, Masato; Magara, Masaaki; Sakurai, Satoshi; Kurosawa, Setsumi; Esaka, Fumitaka; Taguchi, Takuji; Takai, Konomi; Fukuyama, Hiroyasu; Lee, C. G.; Yasuda, Kenichiro; et al.

Dai-23-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, 8 Pages, 2002/09

Based on the strengthen safeguard program of the IAEA to detect undeclared nuclear activities, the method of precise and accurate isotope ratio determination for uranium and plutonium in the environmental samples (cotton swipes) has been developed at JAERI. The samples should be treated in clean environment in order to secure the analytical reliability by eliminating external contamination from the samples containing trace amount of uranium and plutonium. Since the measurement by ICP-MS is favorable to bulk analysis from view points of analytical capacity and operation simplicity, we have studied sample preparation procedures for the trace amount of uranium and plutonium to be applied to ICP-MS. Up to the present, interfering factors involved during analytical processes and the ICP-MS measurement of uranium and plutonium were examined. As a result, uranium and plutonium isotope measurement more than 100 pg and 100 fg, respectively, became possible at JAERI clean facility. At presentation, other progress in the development will be reported.

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