Watanabe, Masashi; Sunaoshi, Takeo*; Kato, Masato
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 375, p.84 - 90, 2017/05
The oxygen chemical diffusion coefficient in (U, Pu)O was determined by thermo-gravimetry as functions of the Pu content, oxygen-to-metal ratio and temperature. The surface reaction was considered in the diffusion coefficient determination. The activation energy for the chemical diffusion coefficient was 60 kJ/mol and 65 kJ/mol, respectively, in (UPu)O and (UPu)O.
Kato, Masato; Nakamura, Hiroki; Watanabe, Masashi; Matsumoto, Taku; Machida, Masahiko
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 375, p.57 - 70, 2017/05
The basic properties of PuO were reviewed, and the equilibrium defects in PuO were evaluated from the experimental data of the oxygen potential and electrical conductivity as well as the Ab-initio calculation results. Consistency among various properties was confirmed, and the mechanistic models for thermal property representations were derived.
Okayasu, Satoru; Ono, Masao; Nishio, Taichiro*; Iguchi, Yusuke*; Mashimo, Tsutomu*
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 323-325, p.545 - 548, 2012/04
Atomic sedimentation in solid occurs under mega-gravity treatment. As the result, partially melt-growth in -phase of BiPb-alloy occurs. Small difference of densities between fully hcp structure of BiPb and that of partially defected BiPb are enhanced under mega-gravity, and cause the separation of the -phase. Superconducting properties differs between the separated two phases.
Iwata, Mitsunao*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Murata, Yoshinori*; Takaya, Shigeru
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 326-328, p.578 - 582, 2012/04
no abstracts in English
Ono, Masao; Iguchi, Yusuke*; Okayasu, Satoru; Esaka, Fumitaka; Kobayashi, Katsura*; Hao, T.; Bagum, R.*; Osawa, Takahito; Fujii, Kimio; Nakamura, Eizo*; et al.
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 289-292, p.63 - 68, 2009/04
The atomic-scale graded structure of In-Pb alloy was formed by an ultracentrifuge experiment under conditions that a gravitational field of 0.8110 G for 100 hours at 150 C in solid state in our previous study. The isotope ratio measurements were performed on the centrifuged sample with secondary ion mass spectrometer (SIMS). Pb/Pb and Pb/Pb isotope ratio changed with negative gradient in the direction of centrifugal force approximately 1.5% and 0.8%, respectively. And three-isotope diagram of Pb/Pb versus Pb/Pb proved that the isotope fluctuation depends on isotopic mass difference. These results showed that the strong gravitational field not only affected on the inter-diffusion but also on self-diffusion in this alloy as causing isotope fractionation effect, and the isotope fractionation was dependent on mass-difference.
Iguchi, Yusuke*; Ono, Masao; Okayasu, Satoru; Mashimo, Tsutomu
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 289-292, p.319 - 322, 2009/04
An atomic-scale graded structure has been formed by sedimentation of substitutional atoms under an ultra-strong gravitational field of 1 million G level in alloys and compounds. In this study, we investigate the sedimentation of impurity atoms in semiconductor materials under a strong gravitational field. High-temperature ultracentrifuge experiments (0.5910 G, 400C, 60 hours) have been performed on an InSb single crystal wafer which surface was coated with Ge by means of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD). It was observed that the penetration depth of diffused Ge atoms under the gravitational field was several times larger than under terrestrial field at the same temperatures.
Mashimo, Tsutomu; Iguchi, Yusuke*; Bagum, R.*; Sano, Tomokazu*; Takeda, Shingo*; Kimura, Shigeru*; Sakata, Osami*; Ono, Masao; Okayasu, Satoru; Tsurui, Takao*; et al.
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 289-292, p.357 - 360, 2009/04
A visible four-layers structure with anomalous nano-sturucture was formed from a homogeneous e-phase BiPb intermetallic compound under a strong gravitational field (1.0210 G, 130C, 100 hours). In the 4th layer (lowest-gravity region), pure Bi particles precipitate. In the 2nd 3rd layers, composition graded structures, where Pb content increased along the gravity direction, were formed. It was found that the very broad XRD peak appeared in the 2nd layer, which indicated that an amorphous structure was contained.
Bagum, R.*; Okayasu, Satoru; Iguchi, Yusuke*; Ono, Masao; Mashimo, Tsutomu
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 289-292, p.517 - 521, 2009/04
Ultracentrifuge experiments were performed on the twinned YBaCuO (Y123) single crystal at much lower temperatures than the melting point. Two layers structure with slightly different compositions was observed in the sample ultracentrifuged at 250 C (380,000 G), which might be due to the sedimentation of atoms. In the strong gravity layer, it was found that the Y123 phase disappeared, and unknown XRD peaks appeared. Decomposition occurred in the sample ultracentrifuged at 400 C.
Sugai, Hiroyuki; Sataka, Masao; Okayasu, Satoru; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Osa, Akihiko; Sato, Tetsuya; Hashimoto, Takashi; et al.
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 273-276, p.667 - 672, 2008/00
Ono, Masao; Huang, X.*; Kinoshita, Takahiro*; Ueno, Hideto*; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Mashimo, Tsutomu
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 237-240(2), p.1101 - 1104, 2005/00
Ultra-strong gravitational field can induce sedimentation of even atoms in condensed matter. We had realized sedimentation of substitutional solute atoms in some miscible alloys. How about in the other alloys? So, In this study, the ultra-centrifuge experiments were performed on an intermetallic compound of Bi-Pb system (BiPb) by changing time duration of experiment time (experimental conditions; maximum centrifugal force: 1.010g level, temperature: 130-150 C, duration: 30-150h, state: solid). Composition changes were observed in the centrifuged samples. And, it was found that the Bi phase appeared from starting state of BiPb around the weak gravitational field region of the sample. These results showed that sedimentation of substitutional solute atoms occurred, and induced the structure change in intermetallic compounds.
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 237-240(1), p.30 - 37, 2005/00
Mega-gravity field realizes the sedimentation of even atoms, and is expected to create a nonequilibrium crystal-chemical state in condensed matter. We presented a self-consistent diffusion equation for sedimentation of atoms in condensed matter. Next, we developed an ultracentrifuge to generate strong acceleration field of over 1 million g, and, recently, succeeded in realization of the sedimentation of substitutional solute atoms in some alloys. The diffusion coefficients of sedimentation on Bi-Sb alloy were estimated to be much greater than those of conventional one. It is suggested that the sedimentation of substitutional atoms in solids or liquids can be included in a new type of diffusion, where the diffusion mechanism was yet unknown. In this article, the recent progress in the investigation of sedimentation of atoms under mega-gravity field is reviewed, and the diffusion mechanism is discussed. The application of the mega-gravity field is also discussed.