Takayama, Yusuke; Kikuchi, Hirohito*
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 77(3), p.302 - 313, 2021/09
Numerous swelling pressure tests have been conducted to understand the swelling properties of bentonite which is planned to be used as a buffer material in repositories for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. In this study, in order to clarify the cause of the decrease in swelling pressure during the swell-in pressure test period, the change in wet density distribution inside the specimen during the swelling pressure test was observed by X-ray CT measurement. It was supposed that this phenomenon was caused by the collapse inside the specimen. Furthermore, in order to confirm that collapse is generated by water absorption, the swelling deformation test was carried out under various load conditions. As a result, it was confirmed that collapse occurs even under the load conditions that are equal to or slightly smaller than the swelling pressure. These test data are expected to be used for validation of coupled analysis codes for evaluating the mechanical behavior of disposal facilities during re-saturation period.
Mikake, Shinichiro; Ikeda, Koki; Matsui, Hiroya; Tsuji, Masakuni*; Nishigaki, Makoto*
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 74(1), p.76 - 91, 2018/03
Pre-grouting of shafts and galleries had been conducted during the construction of MIU in the aspect of reducing water inflow. After excavating GL.-500m gallery, a post-grouting was performed on section of the pre-excavation grouting area under high water pressure condition (max: 4MPa). The post-grouting experiment was performed outside of the pre-grouting zone with designs, applying colloidal silica grouting material and complex dynamic grouting. It was estimated that the inflow after post-grouting was reduced by 1/100 of the case that pre- and post-grouting were not performed. These results indicate that the applied combined pre- and post-grouting methodology is effective in reducing water inflow and it can be applicable under high water pressure condition. Then, this paper states the theoretical evaluation of relationship between reduction of hydraulic conductivity and the grouting zone is very convenient and useful for grouting design and estimate of water inflow.
Onoe, Hironori; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Takeuchi, Ryuji
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 72(1), p.13 - 26, 2016/01
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency is conducting the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (URL) project in Mizunami, Gifu, in order to establish scientific and technical basis for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. This paper comprehensively describes the result of groundwater flow modeling using data of hydraulic responses and hydrochemical changes due to URL construction. Technical know-how and methodology of hydrogeological monitoring and groundwater flow modeling were presented for characterization of hydraulic heterogeneities in fractured crystalline rock. Furthermore, effectivity of data acquisition of hydrochemical changes in groundwater for validation of result of groundwater flow modeling was indicated.
Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Kubota, Kenji*; Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Kondo, Keiji; Inagaki, Daisuke
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 70(4), p.412 - 423, 2014/12
The authors have been conducting seismic and resistivity tomography surveys in a gallery of the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory in order to investigate an extent of an excavation damaged zone (EDZ) along time. The objective of this paper is to discuss an influence of fracture distribution and water saturation of a rock mass on variations in seismic velocity and the value of apparent resistivity in an EDZ. Based on the result of seismic tomography survey, the extent of a layer which has low seismic velocity was about 1.0 m from the gallery wall after excavation of the tomography area. From the results of resistivity tomography survey, the value of apparent resistivity has not changed remarkably along time. To investigate a relationship between variations in seismic velocity and density of fracture in the survey area, the authors built a three dimensional fracture model around the tomography area. From the comparison of seismic velocity with density of fracture, seismic velocity decreased almost linearly as the density of fracture increased. Also, it was found that density of fracture in the layer of low seismic velocity could be estimated using a simple numeric model. From this result, seismic tomography survey and investigation of density of fracture are suitable method for evaluation of an EDZ.
Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Sato, Toshinori
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 70(1), p.33 - 43, 2014/01
This paper states establishment of the theoretical evaluation of the grouting zone during excavation of tunnel deep underground tunnel under high water pressure condition. In this study, relationship between allowable pressure and active pressure in the grouting zone is examined by means of one dimensional theoretical solution of pressure due to seepage forces act on the cross-section of the tunnel. The results indicate that allowable pressure is lower than active pressure under conditions of low cohesion. Furthermore, relationship between reduction of hydraulic conductivity and active pressure in the grouting zone is examined and it is confirmed that active pressure increases as hydraulic conductivity decreases by grout injection. Therefore, an accurate evaluation of the grouting zone is very important for grouting design based on the results obtained.
Imai, Hisashi*; Amemiya, Kiyoshi*; Matsui, Hiroya; Sato, Toshinori; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Watanabe, Kunio*
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 69(3), p.285 - 296, 2013/07
The more accurate understanding and appropriate control of unsaturated area around tunnel excavated in deep rock-mass are required, for the geological isolation of radioactive waste project and also underground rock cavern storage project of liquefied petroleum gas. The numerical simulation of seepage flow is usually conducted to understand and evaluate the unsaturated zone around tunnel. The unsaturated parameters (such as moisture characteristic curve and relative permeability) and appropriate control of boundary condition are indispensable for the simulation. Authors developed methodology to measure unsaturated parameters utilizing the measuring method conventionally applied to soils and showed the efficiency of the method via a laboratory experiment. The idea of combining seepage face condition and flow rate fixed condition was derived, and the efficiency was shown in an model simulation. The two developments enabled the accurate estimation and understanding the evolution of unsaturated zone around tunnel.
Yabuuchi, Satoshi; Kunimaru, Takanori; Kishi, Atsuyasu*; Komatsu, Mitsuru*
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 67(4), p.464 - 473, 2011/11
Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been conducting the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) project in Horonobe, Hokkaido, as a part of the research and development program on geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Pore water pressure and water content around a horizontal drift in the URL have been monitored for over 18 months since before the drift excavation was started. During the drift excavation, both pore water pressure and water content were decreasing. Pore water pressure has been still positive though it continued to decrease with its gradient gradually smaller after excavation, while water content turned to increase about 6 months after the completion of the excavation. It turned to fall again about 5 months later. An unsaturated zone may have been in homogeneously formed around the horizontal drift considering a degassing.
Oda, Yoshihiro; Takasu, Tamio*; Sato, Hisashi; Sawada, Atsushi; Watahiki, Takanori*
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 67(2), p.186 - 197, 2011/04
Because of the density difference between fresh groundwater and saline groundwater, the groundwater behaves complicated flow. It is well known that the expected barrier functions such as candidate buffer materials and others for high level radioactive waste geological isolation are inhibited by the saline water. The simulations have been required to evaluate the groundwater flow, because the available data by in-situ investigation of the saline and fresh ground water flows is very limited. In the simulation, the complex coupled process of advection-dispersion, seepage flow and density drive flow should be implemented in the simulation codes. The extensive verification studies have been done for modeling and simulation codes until now, but those results were compared only with qualitative experimental data. For the quantitative evaluations, we developed the quantitative measurement technique by optical method for saltwater intrusion, especially for the saltwater concentration distribution in transition zone, on laboratory experiment. We have obtained the quantitative data of the shape of saltwater wedge and saltwater concentration distribution at both transient and steady states.