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Journal Articles

Hydrochemical influence of shotcrete used in underground facilities on groundwater chemistry; Proposal of the evaluation method by geochemical simulation code

Iwatsuki, Teruki; Shibata, Masahito*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Watanabe, Yusuke; Fukuda, Kenji

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, G (Kankyo) (Internet), 75(1), p.42 - 54, 2019/03

In order to clarify the influence of shotcrete in the underground facility on the groundwater chemistry, an in-situ closed test was conducted in the mock-up tunnel at the depth of 500 m. Brucite, Ettringite, Ca(OH) $$_{2}$$, Gibbsite, K$$_{2}$$CO$$_{3}$$, Na$$_{2}$$CO$$_{3}$$ $$cdot$$ 10H$$_{2}$$O, SiO$$_{2}$$ (a) and Calcite were identified as the dominant minerals affecting the water chemistry. Furthermore, the shotcrete constructed in the tunnel has a reaction capacity which can produce about 570 m$$^{3}$$ of alkaline groundwater (pH12.4) saturated with Ca(OH)$$_{2}$$. The estimation would improve the accuracy of prediction analysis of the long-term chemical influence of cement materials after the closure of the tunnel.

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