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General-purpose nuclear data library JENDL-5 and to the next

岩本 修; 岩本 信之; 国枝 賢; 湊 太志; 中山 梓介; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 長家 康展; 多田 健一; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.14001_1 - 14001_7, 2023/05

Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library version 5 (JENDL-5) was released in 2021. JENDL-5 is intended to extend its generality from JENDL-4.0 by covering a wide variety of nuclear data for applications not only to nuclear design and decommissioning, but also to radiation-related fields. Overview of JENDL-5 and a future plan for the next of JENDL-5 are presented. JENDL-5 includes up-to-date neutron reaction cross sections incorporating other various types of data such as newly evaluated nuclear decay, fission yield, and thermal neutron scattering law. The neutron induced reaction cross sections especially on minor actinides in the resonance regions are improved by the experimental data measured at ANNRI. The extensive benchmark analyses on neutron nuclear data were made and the performance of JENDL-5 was confirmed by benchmark tests of ICSBEP and IRPhEP as well as fast reactors, radiation shielding calculations, and so on. So far, several JENDL special-purpose files have been developed for various applications. The data cover neutron, charged particles, and photon induced reactions. As the neutron induced reaction files, two special purpose files of JENDL/AD-2017 and JENDL/ImPACT-2018 were released to meet needs of nuclear backend applications including activation evaluation for nuclear facilities and nuclear transmutations of high-level radioactive wastes of long-lived fission products, respectively. Furthermore, the photon, proton and deuteron data were released as JENDL/PD-2016.1, JENDL-4.0/HE and JENDL/DEU-2020, respectively, for accelerator applications. With updating the data, they were incorporated in JENDL-5 as sub-libraries for facilitation of usability of JENDL. As the next step of JENDL-5, provision of the proper and sufficient covariance will be a major challenge, where cross correlations across different reactions or data-types may play a significant role in connection with data assimilation for various applications.


Simultaneous evaluation of uranium and plutonium fast neutron fission cross sections up to 200 MeV for JENDL-5 and its updates

大塚 直彦*; 岩本 修

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.08011_1 - 08011_4, 2023/05

The fast neutron fission cross sections of $$^{233,235,238}$$U and $$^{239,240,241}$$Pu were evaluated for the JENDL-5 library up to 200 MeV. The experimental fission cross sections and their ratios in the EXFOR library were reviewed with the source articles. Additionally, Poenitz's data compiled in his GMA database were reviewed. We found about $$^{16}$$0 datasets are archived with the uncertainty information sufficient for covariance matrix construction and converted them from EXFOR to an experimental database with their covariance matrices. When the uncertainty information in the source article is missing in the EXFOR entry, we updated the EXFOR entry. We minimized corrections to the experimental database to make our evaluation becomes traceable. The least-squares fitting was performed to the logarithms of the cross sections and their rations in the experimental database by using the simultaneous least-squares fitting code SOK. The best precisions of the group-wise cross sections were achieved around 2 to 3 MeV, where the external uncertainties are 1% ($$^{235,238}$$U), 1.5% ($$^{233}$$U, $$^{239}$$Pu) or 2.5% ($$^{241}$$Pu). Well documented experimental fission cross sections are desired for $$^{235}$$U between 100 and 300 keV and $$^{241}$$Pu in the whole energy range since the numbers of the usable experimental datasets are limited and it makes the uncertainties in our evaluation relatively high. The evaluated cross sections were also validated against the spectrum averaged fission cross sections measured under the $$^{252}$$Cf and $$Sigma$$-$$Sigma$$ neutron fields, and we found the newly evaluated cross sections are consistent with the experimental spectrum averaged cross sections well except for $$^{238}$$U fission cross sections measured in the $$^{252}$$Cf neutron fields, which is underestimated by the newly evaluated cross sections as well as those in many other data libraries.


Statistical uncertainty quantification of probability tables for unresolved resonance cross sections

多田 健一; 遠藤 知弘*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.14013_1 - 14013_4, 2023/05



Outcomes of WPEC SG47 on "Use of Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database for Nuclear Data Validation"

Kodeli, I. A.*; Fleming, M.*; Cabellos, O.*; Leal, L.*; Celik, Y.*; Ding, Y.*; Jansky, B.*; Neudecker, D.*; Novak, E.*; Simakov, S.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.15002_1 - 15002_8, 2023/05

経済協力開発機構原子力機関(OECD/NEA)において、放射線遮蔽積分ベンチマークアーカイブ及びデータベース(SINBAD)の利用促進とSINBAD評価活動への還元を目的として、国際核データ評価協力サブグループ47(WPEC SG47)「核データ検証のためのSINBADの利用」が2019年6月に立ち上がった。SINBADでは、核データ及び放射線輸送計算コードの検証と開発におけるニーズに合致した実験データベースの評価と保存を進めている。その中で、WPEC SG47の活動においては、SINBAD評価活動における核データの感度解析の利用、実験体系を再現する形状、放射線源、材料等のCAD情報のSINBADへの格納、OECD/NEAのソフトウェアGitLabを利用した様々な放射線輸送計算コードの入力ファイルの共有等について議論や提案が進められている。この活動中に約8例のベンチマーク実験データが核データの検証に利用され、今後、高崎量子応用研究所イオン照射研究施設(TIARA)で実施された中性子遮蔽実験を含む様々な実験データも核データの検証で利用される予定である。本発表では、WPEC SG47の活動の他、SINBADの核データ評価への利用例と評価活動計画について紹介する。


Deuteron and alpha sub-libraries of JENDL-5

中山 梓介; 岩本 修; Sublet, J.-Ch.*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.14011_1 - 14011_4, 2023/05

日本の評価済み核データライブラリの最新版であるJENDL-5には様々な応用に貢献するために複数のサブライブラリが含まれている。本論文では、主に加速器型中性子源の設計用に開発された重陽子反応サブライブラリと、主にバックエンド分野での使用を目的に開発されたアルファ粒子反応サブライブラリの評価と検証について概説する。重陽子サブライブラリについては、JENDL/DEU-2020の$$^{6,7}$$Li, $$^{9}$$Be, $$^{12,13}$$Cのデータを一部修正し、採用した。加速器構造材料として重要な$$^{27}$$Al, $$^{63,65}$$Cuおよび$$^{93}$$Nbの200MeVまでのデータは、DEURACSコードによる計算をもとに新たに評価した。アルファ粒子サブライブラリについては、LiからSi同位体までの18種類の軽核種について、入射エネルギー15MeVまでのデータをCCONEコードによる計算に基づいて評価した上で、中性子生成断面積のみをJENDL/AN-2005のデータで置き換えた。また、モンテカルロ輸送シミュレーションによる中性子収量に関する検証を両サブライブラリについて実施した。その結果、これらのライブラリに基づくシミュレーションは実験データと良い一致を示すことが確認された。


Analyses of JAEA/FNS iron in-situ experiment with latest nuclear data libraries

今野 力; 権 セロム*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.15010_1 - 15010_4, 2023/05

JENDL開発のために、原子力機構FNSの鉄体系内実験の解析を2次元SnコードDORTと最新の核データライブラリ(JEND-4.0,ENDF/B-VIII.0,JEFF-3.3)を用いて行った。その結果、ENDF/B-VIII.0を用いた計算結果はJEND-4.0とJEFF-3.3を用いた計算結果より、測定値との一致が悪い(数keV以下の中性子束の過大評価、0.3MeV以上の中性子に感度のある$$^{115}$$In(n,n')$$^{rm 115m}$$In反応の反応率の過小評価、10MeV以上の中性子束の過小評価)ことを見つけた。詳細な解析で、ENDF/B-VIII.0のFe56の非弾性散乱の断面積が数keV以下の中性子束の過大評価と$$^{115}$$In(n,n')$$^{rm 115m}$$In反応の反応率の過小評価を引き起こし、ENDF/B-VIII.0の$$^{56}$$Feの弾性散乱の角度分布と(n,2n)反応断面積が10MeV以上の中性子束の過小評価の原因であることを特定した。


Measurement of double-differential neutron yields for iron, lead, and bismuth induced by 107-MeV protons for research and development of accelerator-driven systems

岩元 大樹; 中野 敬太; 明午 伸一郎; 佐藤 大樹; 岩元 洋介; 杉原 健太*; 西尾 勝久; 石 禎浩*; 上杉 智教*; 栗山 靖敏*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.01023_1 - 01023_4, 2023/05



Present status of an R-matrix analysis code AMUR for cross-section evaluation in resolved resonance region

国枝 賢

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.03014_1 - 03014_4, 2023/05



Evaluation of light-element reactions in the resolved resonance region

Dimitriou, P.*; Chen, Z.*; deBoer, R. J.*; Hale, G.*; 国枝 賢; Leeb, H.*; Paris, M.*; Pigni, M. T.*; Srdinko, Th.*; Tamagno, P.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.03002_1 - 03002_5, 2023/05



Neutron production in the interaction of 200-MeV deuterons with Li, Be, C, Al, Cu, Nb, In, Ta, and Au

渡辺 幸信*; 定松 大樹*; 荒木 祥平; 中野 敬太; 川瀬 頌一郎*; 金 政浩*; 岩元 洋介; 佐藤 大樹; 萩原 雅之*; 八島 浩*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.01041_1 - 01041_4, 2023/05

医療用RIの製造や核融合材料の照射損傷、放射性廃棄物の核変換などの研究において重陽子加速器を用いた高強度中性子源が提案されている。そのような中性子源の設計には重陽子を様々な標的に照射した際の中性子生成データが必要である。しかし、重陽子入射中性子生成二重微分断面積などの実験データは十分でない。そこで本研究では、大阪大学核物理研究センター(RCNP)において幅広い原子番号の標的に対する200MeV重陽子入射中性子生成二重微分断面積の系統的な測定を実施した。200MeVの重陽子ビームをビームスウィンガーマグネット内の薄い標的に照射し、放出される中性子を大きさの異なるEJ301検出器(直径及び厚さが2inchと5inch)を7m、20mの位置にそれぞれ設置し、測定した。測定角度は0度から25度までの5角度とし、中性子エネルギーは飛行時間法で決定した。それぞれの測定データは入射エネルギーの半分あたりに特徴的な幅広なピークを示しており、ピークの収量は標的の質量数に従って単調に増加した。DEURACSとPHITSを用いた理論モデル計算との比較の結果、DEURACSの計算結果はPHITSのものよりも実験値に対してより良い一致を示した。加えて、得られたLi, Be, Cの結果を用いてJENDL/DEU-2020とTENDL-2017の核データライブラリのベンチマークを行った。


Nuclide production cross sections in proton-induced reactions on Bi at GeV energies

岩元 大樹; 中野 敬太*; 明午 伸一郎; 竹下 隼人; 前川 藤夫

EPJ Web of Conferences, 284, p.01033_1 - 01033_4, 2023/05

加速器駆動核変換システムの研究開発で重要となるビスマス標的に対する核種生成断面積の測定実験を行った。実験は、J-PARCの陽子ビームを用いて、0.4, 1.5及び3.0GeVの陽子ビームをビスマス標的試料に照射し、核種生成断面積を放射化法により導出した。本実験で新たに取得した計50核種127個の核種生成断面積データを最新の核反応モデル(INCL++/ABLA07及びINCL4.6/GEM)による計算結果及び評価済み核データライブラリJENDL/HE-2007の評価値と比較した。比較の結果、INCL++/ABLA07は総じて実験値を再現する一方で、INCL4.6/GEMは核分裂片に対する実験値を過小評価する等の知見が得られた。


Evaluation of covariance data in JENDL

岩本 修

EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00009_1 - 00009_4, 2023/03

Evaluation of covariance data for JENDL virtually started after the release of JENDL-3.2. Covariance data were estimated for 16 nuclides in JENDL-3.2 and compiled as JENDL-3.2 Covariance File. For JENDL-4.0, covariance evaluation was much enhanced especially for actinides; the number of nuclides with covariance was 99. With the new evaluations for light nuclides and structure materials, the latest version JENDL-5 provides covariance data for 105 nuclides. The covariances in JENDL were basically evaluated with the least square method with available experimental data. Basic methods were developed at the time of JENDL-3.2 covariance evaluation. While the nuclear reaction modeling codes were changed from the JENDL-3.2 evaluation to the JENDL-4.0 or JENDL-5 evaluations, the covariance evaluation code has been continuously used for all of them. Overview of the covariance evaluation for JENDL will be presented.


Updates to the AMUR code for R-matrix analyses on heavy nuclei

国枝 賢; 遠藤 駿典; 木村 敦

EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00017_1 - 00017_6, 2023/03



Covariance of resonance parameters ascribed to systematic uncertainties in experiments

遠藤 駿典; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; Rovira Leveroni, G.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00012_1 - 00012_5, 2023/03

In resonance analysis, experimental uncertainties affect the accuracy of resonance parameters. A resonance analysis code REFIT can consider the statistical uncertainty of the experimental data in evaluation of the resonance parameter uncertainty. On the other hand, since the systematic uncertainties of the sample thickness and normalization, which is proportional to the cross-section, are not independent at each measurement point, they must be treated differently from the statistical uncertainty. However, their treatment has not been discussed in detail so far. In this study, we evaluated the effect of the systematic uncertainties of experimental data on deduced resonance parameters by varying sample-thickness values used for the REFIT code. Covariance of resonance parameters ascribed to systematic uncertainties were evaluated from the neutron transmission data of natural zinc measured at the J-PARC MLF ANNRI. We will introduce this evaluation method and discuss the feature of obtained correlations.


Fast-neutron capture cross section data measurement of minor actinides for development of nuclear transmutation systems

片渕 竜也*; 岩本 修; 堀 順一*; 木村 敦; 岩本 信之; 中村 詔司; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 遠藤 駿典; 芝原 雄司*; 寺田 和司*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00014_1 - 00014_4, 2023/03

Long-lived minor actinides (MA) in nuclear waste from nuclear power plants are a long-standing issue to continue nuclear energy production. To solve the issue, researchers have suggested nuclear transmutation, in which long-lived radionuclides are transmuted into stable or shorter-life nuclides via neutron-induced nuclear reactions. Development of nuclear transmutation systems as an accelerator-driven system requires accurate neutron nuclear reaction data. The present research project entitled "Study on accuracy improvement of fast-neutron capture reaction data of long-lived MAs for development of nuclear transmutation systems" have been conducted as a joint collaboration, including Tokyo Tech, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and Kyoto University. This project focuses on the neutron capture reaction of MAs, especially $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{241}$$Am and $$^{243}$$Am, in the fast neutron energy region. The final goal of this project is to improve the accuracies of the neutron capture cross sections of $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{241}$$Am and $$^{243}$$Am employing a high-intensity neutron beam from a spallation source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) that reduces uncertainties of measurement. To achieve the goal, a neutron beam filter system in J-PARC, sample characteristic assay, and theoretical reaction model study were developed. In this contribution, the overview and results of the project will be presented.


Development of adjusted nuclear data library for fast reactor application

横山 賢治

EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00004_1 - 00004_10, 2023/03



Applicability evaluation of Akaike's Bayesian information criterion to covariance modeling in the cross-section adjustment method

丸山 修平; 遠藤 知弘*; 山本 章夫*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00008_1 - 00008_9, 2023/03



Development of a robust nuclear data adjustment method to outliers

福井 悠平*; 遠藤 知弘*; 山本 章夫*; 丸山 修平

EPJ Web of Conferences, 281, p.00006_1 - 00006_9, 2023/03



Phase diagram of the QCD Kondo effect and inactivation of the magnetic catalysis

服部 恒一*; 末永 大輝*; 鈴木 渓; 安井 繁宏*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 276, p.01015_1 - 01015_5, 2023/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.97

本研究では、重い不純物クォークを含む強磁場中のQCD相図を調べ、特に、平均場解析の範囲でこの系の基底状態を決定した。本研究で扱う模型の基底状態は、軽いクォークとその反クォークの対として構成される「カイラル凝縮」と軽いクォークと重いクォークの対である「近藤凝縮」の二種類の秩序変数によって特徴付けられる。強磁場中のQCDではカイラル凝縮が磁場に依存して増加するmagnetic catalysis (磁気触媒効果)と呼ばれる現象が知られているが、本研究では二種類の凝縮が相関・競合することで誘起される新たな現象として、カイラル凝縮の大きさが磁場の大きさに依らずに一定の値となる(飽和する)現象や、温度の増加に伴ってカイラル凝縮が特異的に増加する現象などを提案した。


$$phi$$ meson properties in nuclear matter from dilepton spectra in a transport approach

Gubler, P.; Bratkovskaya, E.*; Song, T.*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 274, p.07015_1 - 07015_6, 2022/12

There is presently no consensus on how the $$phi$$ meson mass and width will change once it is put in a dense environment such as nuclear matter. While many theoretical works exist, connecting them with experimental measurements remains non-trivial task, as the $$phi$$ meson in nuclear matter is usually produced in relatively high-energy pA (p: proton, A: nucleus) reactions, which are generally non-equilibrium processes. In this presentation I will report on an ongoing project, attempting to simulate pA reactions in which the $$phi$$ meson is produced in nuclei, making use of a transport approach. Results of simulations of 12 GeV/30 GeV p+C and p+Cu reactions will be presented and comparisons between obtained dilepton spectra and experimental data of the E325 experiment at KEK will be made. Furthermore, predictions for the ongoing J-PARC E16 experiment for both dilepton and $$K^+K^-$$ spectra will be given and discussed.

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