Saito, Susumu*; Wickramasinghe, N. K.*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Shiota, Daiko*
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.57_1 - 57_10, 2021/12
By using an flight trajectory generation algorithm and the global effective dose rate (EDR) distribution calculated WASAVIES, the economic impacts of SEP events on aircraft operation, namely the flight path length, flight time, and fuel consumption, are estimated. The flight path length, flight time, and fuel consumption for a flight route from New York, US to Tokyo, Japan are estimated with constraints in flight routes to avoid the hazard of radiation and compared with those of the reference case without the SEP effects. Setting more flexible constraints in the flight route and generating optimal flight trajectories with minimal economic impacts by fully utilizing the global EDR distribution is the next step.
Ishii, Mamoru*; Shiota, Daiko*; Tao, Chihiro*; Ebihara, Yusuke*; Fujiwara, Hitoshi*; Ishii, Takako*; Ichimoto, Kiyoshi*; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Koga, Kiyokazu*; Kubo, Yuki*; et al.
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.108_1 - 108_20, 2021/12
We surveyed the relationship between the scale of space weather events and their occurrence rate in Japan and we discussed the social impact of these phenomena during the Project for Solar-Terrestrial Environment Prediction (PSTEP). The information was compiled for domestic users of space weather forecasts for appropriate preparedness against space weather disasters. This paper gives a comprehensive summary of the survey, focusing on the fields of electricity, satellite operations, communication and broadcasting, satellite positioning usage, aviation, human space activity, and daily life on the Earth's surface, using the cutting-edge knowledge of space weather. Quantitative estimations of the economic impact of space weather events on electricity and aviation are also given.
Minami, Saki*; Nagata, Mitsuhiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Fukuda, Shoma; Kajita, Yuya*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Kagami, Saya; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Tagami, Takahiro*
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.231_1 - 231_7, 2021/12
Fukuda, Shoma*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Kohn, B. P.*; Tagami, Takahiro*
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 72(1), p.24_1 - 24_19, 2020/02
no abstracts in English
Kataoka, Ryuho*; Nishiyama, Takanori*; Tanaka, Yoshimasa*; Kadokura, Akira*; Uchida, Herbert Akihito*; Ebihara, Yusuke*; Ejiri, Mitsumu*; Tomikawa, Yoshihiro*; Tsutsumi, Masaki*; Sato, Kaoru*; et al.
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 71, p.9_1 - 9_10, 2019/01
Transient ionization of the mesosphere was detected at around 65 km altitude during the isolated auroral expansion occurred at 2221-2226 UT on June 30, 2017. A general-purpose Monte Carlo particle transport code PHITS suggested that significant ionization is possible in the middle atmosphere due to auroral X-rays from the auroral electrons of 10 keV.
Matsuoka, Moe*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Osawa, Takahito; Iwata, Takahiro*; Kitazato, Kohei*; Abe, Masanao*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Arai, Takehiko*; Komatsu, Mutsumi*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; et al.
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 69(1), p.120_1 - 120_12, 2017/09
We have conducted ground-based performance evaluation tests of the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) onboard Hayabusa2 spacecraft and established a method for evaluating its measured reflectance spectra. Reflectance spectra of nine powdered carbonaceous chondrite samples were measured by both NIRS3 and a FT-IR spectrometer. Since raw data obtained by NIRS3 had considerable spectral distortion caused by systematic offsets in sensitivity of individual pixels, we have established two methods for correcting the NIRS3 data by comparing them with the corresponding FT-IR data. In order to characterize the absorption bands in NIRS3 spectra, the depth of each band component D is defined for each wavelength (m). Reflectance spectra of asteroid Ryugu, the target asteroid of Hayabusa2, to be recorded by the NIRS3 are expected to reveal the characteristics of the surface materials by using the evaluation technique.
Sueoka, Shigeru; Tagami, Takahiro*; Kohn, B.*
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 69(1), p.79_1 - 79_18, 2017/05
no abstracts in English
Kubo, Yuki*; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Sato, Tatsuhiko
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 67, p.117_1 - 117_13, 2015/07
One of the extreme space weather phenomena are solar energetic particles (SEPs). The huge SEP event causes a radiation dose enhancement to aircrews to be warned as soon as possible. To warn a radiation dose enhancement to aircrew, we have tried to develop warning system for radiation exposure to solar energetic particles. This article describes one component of the system, which calculates temporal evolution of SEP intensity and spectrum just outside the terrestrial magnetosphere.
Ogawa, Yasuo*; Ichiki, Masahiro*; Kanda, Wataru*; Mishina, Masaaki*; Asamori, Koichi
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 66(1), p.158_1 - 158_13, 2014/12
We have analyzed three-dimensional resistivity structure around Naruko volcano, NE Japan. From the inversion of full tensor components, the following model features are found. Sub-vertical conductors exist at Naruko volcanoes below a depth of few kilometers. The conductor reaches to the surface of Naruko volcano and deepens southward away from the volcano along the backbone ranges. High seismicity in the upper crust is observed above and around the conductors. This implies that the seismicity is fluid-driven and also that the fluid trap is created by the precipitation of quartz due to loss of solubility at shallow depth.
Kato, Aitaro*; Saiga, Atsushi; Takeda, Tetsuya*; Iwasaki, Takaya*; Matsuzawa, Toru*
Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 66, p.86_1 - 86_8, 2014/08
To understand the mechanism of an intensive non-volcanic seismic swarm in the Kii Peninsula, Japan, we used a dense seismic linear array to measure fine-scale variations of seismic velocities and converted teleseismic waves. A low-velocity anomaly confined to just beneath the seismic swarm area is clearly imaged, which spatially correlates with an uplifted surface area, and a highly conductive and strong attenuative body. These results suggest that fluids such as partial melt or water are present beneath this non-volcanic seismic swarm area. It is notable that the island arc Moho below the seismic swarm area is at depths of ca. 32 km in the northern part of the seismic swarm area, and shallows to ca. 20 km towards the south, due to an upwardly raised structure of serpentinized mantle wedge. In addition, we show that hydrated oceanic crust of the subducting Philippine Sea slab is characterized by low-velocities with a high Poisson's ratio at depths shallower than 40 km. Water released from the subducting oceanic crust could cause serpentinization of the mantle wedge and infiltration into the forearc base of the overlying plate. The interaction between dehydration of the subducting oceanic crust and hydration of the mantle wedge and overlying plate exerts an important role in driving the non-volcanic seismic swarm activity in the Kii Peninsula.