Deng, G.*; Ma, T.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Onuki, Toshihiko*; Qiu, X.*; Yu, Q.*
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 286, p.143 - 158, 2020/10
In this study, Ce(III) adsorption on Mn(IV) oxide was investigated in the presence of dextran, one of polysaccharides. As a result, Ce(IV) on Mn(IV) oxide was solubilized by the complexation with dextran.
Francisco, P. C. M.; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Ishidera, Takamitsu; Tachi, Yukio; Doi, Reisuke; Shiwaku, Hideaki
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 270, p.1 - 20, 2020/02
Hasegawa, Takuma*; Nakata, Kotaro*; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Goto, Kazuyuki*; Kashiwaya, Koki*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Kunimaru, Takanori*; Takeda, Masaki
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 192, p.166 - 185, 2016/11
Groundwater dating was performed simultaneously by the He and C methods in granite of the Tono area in central Japan. Groundwater was sampled at 30 packed-off sections of six 1000-m boreholes. He concentrations increased and C concentrations decreased along a groundwater flow path on a topographic gradient. He ages were calculated by using the in situ He production rate derived from the porosity, density, and U and Th content of the rock, neglecting external flux. The linear relation between the He ages and the noncorrected C ages, except in the discharge area. Simultaneous measurements make it feasible to estimate the accumulation rate of He and initial dilution of C, which cannot be done with a single method. Cross-checking groundwater dating has the potential to provide more reliable groundwater ages.
Togo, Yoko*; Takahashi, Yoshio*; Amano, Yuki; Matsuzaki, Hiroyuki*; Suzuki, Yohei*; Terada, Yasuko*; Muramatsu, Yasuyuki*; Ito, Kazumasa*; Iwatsuki, Teruki
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 191, p.165 - 186, 2016/10
Iodine distribution, speciation, and isotope ratio (I/I) in both rock and groundwater phases were determined to investigate long-term migration of iodine in diatomaceous and siliceous shale. It was suggested that I is released to the ground water during the progress of the maturation of organic matter. Dissociated I could move toward the surface because of the upward water flow driven by the compaction during burial diagenetic process. Thus, iodine rich brine is created by integration of iodine released from underlying formations. Because of low affinity of I to solid phase, released I remains in solution phase, and the concentration of the iodine in the solution has been possibly increasing during sedimentation history.
Yu, Q.; Onuki, Toshihiko; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tani, Yukinori*
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, p.1 - 12, 2016/02
Although microorganisms possess high sorption capability for lanthanides (Lns), their biological response affecting Lns migration is unclear. We investigated the effects of microbial activity on transformation of Lns by contact of Lns with Aeremonium strictum under metabolically active condition with Mn(II). A biomolecule that specifically complex to Ce(IV) was found to be released from the fungal cell, facilitating the desorption of Ce(IV) from Mn oxide. This biomolecule was not associated with any other trivalent Lns or Fe, which differed from those non-nuclide-specific organic substances released from resting cells, as reported previously.
Onuki, Toshihiko; Jiang, M.*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Yu, Q.; Tanaka, Kazuya; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Xia, X.*; Yange, K.*; et al.
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 163, p.1 - 13, 2015/08
The association of Ce(III) with the microbial cell surface and the formation of Ce phosphate nano-particles are responsible for suppressing the oxidation of Ce(III) to Ce(IV) in the mixtures.
Tachi, Yukio; Yotsuji, Kenji
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 132, p.75 - 93, 2014/05
Sorption and diffusion of radionuclides in compacted bentonite are key processes in the safe geological disposal. The effects of porewater salinity on diffusion and sorption of Cs, Na, I and HTO in compacted montmorillonite were investigated by experimental and modeling approaches. Effective diffusion coefficients (De) and distribution coefficients (Kd) in montmorillonite (dry density of 800 kg/m) were measured under different salinities (0.01-0.5 M). The De showed cation excess and anion exclusion effects, which were influenced by salinity. The Kd values for Cs and Na were sensitive to salinity. The Da trends of Cs and Na are mostly independent on salinity. These results were interpreted by the integrated sorption and diffusion (ISD) model coupling the ion exchange model and the EDL diffusion model in narrow pores. This ISD model was further applied to diffusion data of monovalent cations and anions in compacted bentonite, performed well for a wide range of compaction.
Jiang, M. Y.*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Tanaka, Kazuya*; Kozai, Naofumi; Kamiishi, Eigo; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 93, p.30 - 46, 2012/09
We have investigated the post-adsorption process of ytterbium (Yb) phosphate nano-particle formation by . We have elucidated the nano particle formation by TEM and EXAFS analyses, that adsorbed Yb reacts on the cell surface with the released pohosphate from inside the cell.
Lukman, S.*; Saito, Takumi*; Aoyagi, Noboru; Kimura, Takaumi; Nagasaki, Shinya*
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 88, p.199 - 215, 2012/07
Tachi, Yukio; Yotsuji, Kenji; Seida, Yoshimi*; Yui, Mikazu
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(22), p.6742 - 6759, 2011/11
Diffusion and sorption behaviors of Cs, I and HTO in samples of the Wakkanai Formation from Horonobe URL were investigated as a function of ionic strength (IS) of synthetic groundwater by through-diffusion and batch sorption experiments. The values showed cation excess and anion exclusion effects, which were strongly dependent on IS; for Cs decreased as IS increased, for I showed the opposite dependency and for HTO showed no dependence. The Kd values for Cs determined by through-diffusion and batch experiments were in good agreement and decreased with IS as a result of competitive ion exchange. Diffusion and sorption behaviors were interpreted based on the clay-based modeling approach in assuming the clay components of illite and smectite control diffusion and sorption mechanisms. The model predicted the and Kd trends obtained by the series of experiments reasonably well, implying the key contribution of the clay particle and nano-size pore for ionic migration.
Xu, C.*; Zhang, S.*; Ho, Y.-F.*; Miller, E. J.*; Roberts, K. A.*; Li, H.-P.*; Schwehr, K. A.*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Kaplan, D. I.*; Brinkmeyer, R.*; et al.
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(19), p.5716 - 5735, 2011/10
In order to understand the effect of soil organic matter (SOM) on the mobility of iodine in the vicinity of the F-area seepage basin at the U.S. Department Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS), relationships between radioiodine/iodine concentration and properties of SOM (e.g., degree of humification, aromaticity, and molecular weight) were examined. Analyses were carried out for four sequential extracts of SOM (freshwater, alkaline, glycerol, and citric-alkaline solutions). Iodine in SOM was selectively bound to a small-size aromatic subunit (less than 10 kDa), and majority of water soluble I was associated with a low molecular weight amphiphilic organic carrier (13.5-15 kDa). From these results, it was suggested that (1) SOM behaved as a sink as well as a source for iodine at the SRS, and (2) the function of SOM varies with groundwater chemistry.
Tanaka, Kazuya; Tani, Yukinori*; Takahashi, Yoshio*; Tanimizu, Masaharu*; Suzuki, Yoshinori*; Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(19), p.5463 - 5477, 2010/10
We carried out sorption experiments of Ce by biogenic Mn oxide produced by a Mn(II)-oxidizing fungus strain KR21-2. The results of the sorption experiments indicated that Ce(III) was oxidized to Ce(IV) by biogenic Mn oxide in solution with pH 3.8 - 7. Furthermore, oxidized Ce(IV) by biogenic Mn oxide was complexed with organic ligands released from fungal cells under circumneutral conditions.
Takahashi, Yoshio*; Yamamoto, Mika*; Yamamoto, Yuhei; Tanaka, Kazuya
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(19), p.5443 - 5462, 2010/10
Among various natural samples, rare earth element (REE) pattern of bacteria exhibits anomalous enrichment at heavy REE (HREE) part, which can be a signature of bacteria-related materials. In this study, REE binding site on the cell surface of a Gram-positive bacterium (Bacillus subtilis) responsible for the HREE enrichment has been identified by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) coupled with the variation of REE distribution pattern. EXAFS showed that (1) HREE is bound to multiple phosphate site at lower REE-bacteria ratio (=[REE]/[bac]), but the fraction coordinated to carboxylate increased as the increase in the ratio and (2) the binding sites of light and middle REE change from phosphate with lesser coordination number to carboxylate site as the [REE]/[bac] ratio increases. On the other hand, the enrichment of HREE in the REE distribution patterns of bacteria was less marked as the increase in the [REE]/[bac] ratio. This result is consistent with the EXAFS results, since REE pattern of multiple phosphate site exhibits monotonous increase for HREE, while phosphate with lesser coordination number and carboxylate site have maxima around Sm. Based on these results, it was clear that phosphate site is more stable than carboxylate site as the binding site for REE. The average bond lengths between REE and oxygen were compared among various REE sorbed on bacteria, showing that the bond length was much shorter for HREE than those extrapolated from the trend between La and Dy due to the selective binding of HREE to the multiple phosphate site. Based on the results, it is thought that materials having such phosphate site can induce anomalous HREE enrichment in natural systems. Compared with other possible host phases of REE such as metal oxides and humic substances, the multiple phosphate site is unique to bacteria and bacteria-related materials such as biofilm and microbial mats, which leads to the potential of REE pattern as a biomarker in natural samples.
Mills, C.*; Amano, Yuki; Slater, G.*; Dias, R.*; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Mandernack, K.*
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(13), p.3785 - 3805, 2010/07
The natural abundance delta C and C values of microbial membrane phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) were measured and used to assess the carbon sources of bacteria in sedimentary and granitic groundwaters sampled from three boreholes in the vicinity of the Tono Uranium Mine, Gifu, Japan. The most abundant PLFA structures in all waters sampled were heterotrophic bacteria. A PLFA biomarker for type II methanotrophs in sedimentary and granitic waters, sampled from the KNA-6 borehole. The delta C values determined for type II methanotroph PLFAs in the groundwaters were very similar to the delta C values of dissolved inorganic carbon in each water. This suggests that type II methanotrophs ultimately derive all their carbon from inorganic carbon, whether directly from DIC and/or from CH produced by the reduction of DIC. In contrast, C values of type II PLFAs in the groundwaters indicate that these organisms use different carbon assimilation schemes in each environment despite very similar delta C values for each water. Ancient delta C values of some PLFAs suggest that many heterotrophs utilize ancient organic matter, perhaps from lignite seams within the sedimentary rocks.
Onuki, Toshihiko; Ozaki, Takuo; Yoshida, Takahiro*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Wakai, Eiichi; Francis, A. J.; Iefuji, Haruyuki*
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69(22), p.5307 - 5316, 2005/11
no abstracts in English
Takahashi, Yoshio*; Kimura, Takaumi; Minai, Yoshitaka*
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66(1), p.1 - 12, 2002/01
no abstracts in English
Kamei, Gento; Omoto, Hiroshi*
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 64(15), p.2585 - 2601, 2000/08
Matsunaga, Takeshi; G.Karametaxas*; H.R.von-Gunten*; P.C.Lichtner*
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 57, p.1691 - 1704, 1993/00
no abstracts in English