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Journal Articles

Enhancement of permeability activated by supercritical fluid flow through granite

Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Uno, Masaoki*; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*

Geofluids, 2019, p.6053815_1 - 6053815_16, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.02(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Amphibole-plagioclase thermometry was applied to estimate the temperature of a glassy vein as approximately 700. The results of observations of the rock core revealed that of supercritical fluid flow was microfracture filling with hornblende and plagioclase. The current high permeability was recognized to be microfracture network. A high-angle fracture of chlorite filling in combination with an open fracture was recognized as characteristics of a high-permeability type.

Journal Articles

Improvements in drill-core headspace gas analysis for samples from microbially active depths

Miyakawa, Kazuya; Okumura, Fumiaki*

Geofluids, 2018, p.2436814_1 - 2436814_11, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:15.51(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Evaluation of the long-term stagnancy of porewater in the neogene sedimentary rocks in northern Japan

Nakata, Kotaro*; Hasegawa, Takuma*; Oyama, Takahiro*; Ishii, Eiichi; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Sasamoto, Hiroshi

Geofluids, 2018, p.7823195_1 - 7823195_21, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:40.01(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

A groundwater scenario is one of the scenario for safety assessment of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. In the safety assessment for groundwater scenario, the slow groundwater flow for a long-term should be an important factor. In the present study, study on stability of groundwater in the Koetoi and Wakkanai formations of Neogene marine based sedimentary rock at the Horonobe area, Hokkaido was performed by investigating the isotopes of chlorine and helium, and the stable isotopes of water. As the results, the stability of groundwater in deeper part of the Wakkanai formation was suggested due to no direct evidence of meteoric water intrusion during the uplift since ca. 1 Ma. Contrary, the groundwater both in the Koetoi formation and the upper Wakkanai formation would be unstable because the meteoric water intrusion was suggested by paleohydrogeological condition and the results of groundwater dating. Likely the Horonobe area, the accurate dating of groundwater would be difficult due to the complex effects of upward and mixing water derived from diagenesis in the thick sediment formation. However, a comparative procedure using both the results of groundwater dating and paleohydrogeological information would be useful for general evaluation of groundwater flow conditions for the long-term (i.e., check the possibility for long-term stability of groundwater).

Journal Articles

Changes in chemical composition caused by water-rock interactions across a strike-slip fault zone; Case study of the Atera Fault, Central Japan

Niwa, Masakazu; Mizuochi, Yukihiro*; Tanase, Atsushi*

Geofluids, 15(3), p.387 - 409, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:51.31(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

It is expected that in some cases water-rock interaction in fault zones can strongly affect nuclide migration. In this study, we analyzed the chemical composition of well-exposed fault rocks from the Atera Fault, Central Japan, to understand the variability and behavior of major and some selected trace elements. Hydrogen and oxygen isotope ratios in fault gouges, and carbon and oxygen isotope ratios in carbonates indicate that the two major clay-rich zones formed in bedrock at near surficial depth, consistent with observed deformation structures. Based on the analyses of chemical compositions, we identified depletion of SiO$$_{2}$$, Na$$_{2}$$O, K$$_{2}$$O, and light rare earth elements associated with the formation of smectite and kaolinite, and increase of CaO, MnO, and heavy rare earth elements associated with carbonate precipitation caused by the mixing of allochthonous basalt fragments during fault activities.

Journal Articles

Long-term stability of fracture systems and their behaviour as flow paths in uplifting granitic rocks from the Japanese orogenic field

Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Metcalfe, R.*; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Minami, Masayo*

Geofluids, 13(1), p.45 - 55, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:63.37(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

In granitic rocks fracture networks provide pathways for groundwater flow and solute transport that need to be understood to assess the long-term performance of deep underground environment. In order to clarify the long-term processes, Japanese plutons of different ages were studied. Detailed investigation of in-situ fracture fillings sampled from a depth of 300 meters was carried out to clarify the fracturing and mineral infilling processes. Different plutons show identical episodes, consisting of: brittle tensile fracturing (Stage I); relatively rapid uplifting accompanied by hydrothermal water circulation that produced fracture fillings (Stage II); and a period of low-temperature meteoric water circulation (Stage III). The paragenesis of carbon isotopic compositions of carbonate minerals show that there were distinct episodes of mineral precipitation. The evolution of fillings identified here enable development of a model of fracturing and persistence of fluid conducting systems.

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